Developmental Psychology (Psyc110) Exam #1 Ch 1-4

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 622

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Developmental Psychology Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The concept of the zone of proximal developmenmt suggests that the parent of teacher:
    • A. 

      Dictate the childs interest and abilities

    • B. 

      Urge the child far beyond his or her current skill level

    • C. 

      Hold the child back until he or she can perform the skills independently

    • D. 

      Provide support as the child takes on new challenges

  • 2. 
    The gene is recessive when:
    • A. 

      Its influences skips a generation

    • B. 

      Its influence can be hidden by a more powerful gene

    • C. 

      Its smaller than the other genes

    • D. 

      It does not appear in the genotype

  • 3. 
    The set of moral principles used by each academic discipline and professional society to protect the integrity of research is referred to as their:
    • A. 

      Policies and procedures

    • B. 

      Participant rules

    • C. 

      Code of ethics

    • D. 

      Conditions and liabilities

  • 4. 
    In Erikson's psychosocial theory, resolutions to developmental crisis deoend on the interaction between the individual and:
    • A. 

      Her genetic predisposition

    • B. 

      The social environment

    • C. 

      Her ability to learn from experience

    • D. 

      The area of her body where sexual urges are centered

  • 5. 
    In an experiement, the group of participants who receive the imposed treatment or special condition is referred to as the __________ group.
    • A. 

      Independent

    • B. 

      Dependent

    • C. 

      Experimental

    • D. 

      Comparisonh

  • 6. 
    What isreplication of a study?
    • A. 

      The repetition of a study, using different participants

    • B. 

      The repetition of study using the same participants

    • C. 

      Designing a new study based on information from a previous study

    • D. 

      Designing a new study using new ideas and information

  • 7. 
    Henry was adopted and is genetically predisposed toward alcoholism. However, his adoptive family does not drinik; they actively avoid alcohol for religious reasons. Given Henry's genetic potential:
    • A. 

      He will most certainly become an alcoholic later in life

    • B. 

      He may drink without worry asz an adult because of his early upbringing

    • C. 

      Alcoholism might not appear in Henry's phenotype

    • D. 

      Alcoholism may alter his genotype

  • 8. 
    The term for the environmental influences that affect development after conception is:
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Nature

    • C. 

      Nurture

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 9. 
    Brain cells that respond to actions performed by someone else are called"
    • A. 

      Motor neurons

    • B. 

      Mirror neurons

    • C. 

      Sensory neurons

    • D. 

      Glial cells

  • 10. 
    According to Freud, who is most likely to be in the genital stage?
    • A. 

      A 6 month old girl

    • B. 

      A 1 year old boy

    • C. 

      A 7 year old girl

    • D. 

      A 16 year old boy

  • 11. 
    The germinal period ends approx:
    • A. 

      Two days after conception

    • B. 

      Two months after conception

    • C. 

      Two weeks after conception

    • D. 

      Twelve weeks after conception

  • 12. 
    A genome is:
    • A. 

      The full set of genes for a particular organism

    • B. 

      A molecule of DNA

    • C. 

      The basic unit for a particular organism

    • D. 

      The manufacturer of protein

  • 13. 
    Chromosomal abnormalities occur when a zygote's cells have:
    • A. 

      The usual 46 chromosomes

    • B. 

      Gametes with 46 chromosomes

    • C. 

      More of fewer than the usual 46 chromosomes

    • D. 

      The usual 46 chromosomes with damage to the gamates

  • 14. 
    The sperm and the ovum are:
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Gametes

    • C. 

      Eggs

    • D. 

      Zygotes

  • 15. 
    One difference between sperm cells and ova is that
    • A. 

      Ova carry an X chromosome, whereas sperm carry either an X or a Y chromosome

    • B. 

      Ova carry two X chromosomes, wheras sperm carry two Y chromosomes

    • C. 

      Sperm carry more genetic material than ova do

    • D. 

      Sperm carry two X chromosomes, wheras ova carry an X and a Y chromosome

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is the correct pairing of the four bases that make up amino acids?
    • A. 

      A-T, T-C, C-G, G-T

    • B. 

      T-A, G-T, T-G, C-G

    • C. 

      C-T, G-A, T-C, A-G

    • D. 

      A-T, T-A, C-G, G-C

  • 17. 
    The most advanced stage of cognitive development according to Piaget is the:
    • A. 

      Concrete operational

    • B. 

      Abstract operational

    • C. 

      Formal operational

    • D. 

      Symbolic operational

  • 18. 
    Piaget's theory of development focused primarily on:
    • A. 

      How our thinking changes as we grow older

    • B. 

      Biological and physical changes

    • C. 

      Our unconscious issues

    • D. 

      The ways in which our environment influences our physical development

  • 19. 
    Social learning theory emphasizes:
    • A. 

      Cooperation with others

    • B. 

      Observation and imitation

    • C. 

      Reinforcers

    • D. 

      Understanding how one's behavior affects other people

  • 20. 
    Which period begins three weeks after conception?:
    • A. 

      The embryonic period

    • B. 

      The fetal period

    • C. 

      The gestational period

    • D. 

      The germinal period

  • 21. 
    Genetic disorders that are dominant are:
    • A. 

      Never expressed

    • B. 

      Always expressed

    • C. 

      Usually hidden

    • D. 

      Frequently expressed

  • 22. 
    The process by which humans adapt and adjust to their environment is known as
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Survival

    • C. 

      Selective adaptation

    • D. 

      Humanism

  • 23. 
    Jeff's genome contains a recessive gene for cystic fibrosis. Jeff is said to be a ______ of the gene for cystic fibrosis.
    • A. 

      Carrier

    • B. 

      Transporter

    • C. 

      Vector

    • D. 

      Harbinger

  • 24. 
    You and your high school classmates are part of the same
    • A. 

      Social construction

    • B. 

      Context

    • C. 

      Socialeconomic status

    • D. 

      Cohort

  • 25. 
    The final stage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is:
    • A. 

      Safety and security

    • B. 

      Respect and esteem

    • C. 

      Self-actualization

    • D. 

      Physiological

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