Developmental Psychology (Psyc110) Exam #1 Ch 1-4

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 313

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Developmental Psychology Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The concept of the zone of proximal developmenmt suggests that the parent of teacher:
    • A. 

      Dictate the childs interest and abilities

    • B. 

      Urge the child far beyond his or her current skill level

    • C. 

      Hold the child back until he or she can perform the skills independently

    • D. 

      Provide support as the child takes on new challenges

  • 2. 
    The gene is recessive when:
    • A. 

      Its influences skips a generation

    • B. 

      Its influence can be hidden by a more powerful gene

    • C. 

      Its smaller than the other genes

    • D. 

      It does not appear in the genotype

  • 3. 
    The set of moral principles used by each academic discipline and professional society to protect the integrity of research is referred to as their:
    • A. 

      Policies and procedures

    • B. 

      Participant rules

    • C. 

      Code of ethics

    • D. 

      Conditions and liabilities

  • 4. 
    In Erikson's psychosocial theory, resolutions to developmental crisis deoend on the interaction between the individual and:
    • A. 

      Her genetic predisposition

    • B. 

      The social environment

    • C. 

      Her ability to learn from experience

    • D. 

      The area of her body where sexual urges are centered

  • 5. 
    In an experiement, the group of participants who receive the imposed treatment or special condition is referred to as the __________ group.
    • A. 

      Independent

    • B. 

      Dependent

    • C. 

      Experimental

    • D. 

      Comparisonh

  • 6. 
    What isreplication of a study?
    • A. 

      The repetition of a study, using different participants

    • B. 

      The repetition of study using the same participants

    • C. 

      Designing a new study based on information from a previous study

    • D. 

      Designing a new study using new ideas and information

  • 7. 
    Henry was adopted and is genetically predisposed toward alcoholism. However, his adoptive family does not drinik; they actively avoid alcohol for religious reasons. Given Henry's genetic potential:
    • A. 

      He will most certainly become an alcoholic later in life

    • B. 

      He may drink without worry asz an adult because of his early upbringing

    • C. 

      Alcoholism might not appear in Henry's phenotype

    • D. 

      Alcoholism may alter his genotype

  • 8. 
    The term for the environmental influences that affect development after conception is:
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Nature

    • C. 

      Nurture

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 9. 
    Brain cells that respond to actions performed by someone else are called"
    • A. 

      Motor neurons

    • B. 

      Mirror neurons

    • C. 

      Sensory neurons

    • D. 

      Glial cells

  • 10. 
    According to Freud, who is most likely to be in the genital stage?
    • A. 

      A 6 month old girl

    • B. 

      A 1 year old boy

    • C. 

      A 7 year old girl

    • D. 

      A 16 year old boy

  • 11. 
    The germinal period ends approx:
    • A. 

      Two days after conception

    • B. 

      Two months after conception

    • C. 

      Two weeks after conception

    • D. 

      Twelve weeks after conception

  • 12. 
    A genome is:
    • A. 

      The full set of genes for a particular organism

    • B. 

      A molecule of DNA

    • C. 

      The basic unit for a particular organism

    • D. 

      The manufacturer of protein

  • 13. 
    Chromosomal abnormalities occur when a zygote's cells have:
    • A. 

      The usual 46 chromosomes

    • B. 

      Gametes with 46 chromosomes

    • C. 

      More of fewer than the usual 46 chromosomes

    • D. 

      The usual 46 chromosomes with damage to the gamates

  • 14. 
    The sperm and the ovum are:
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Gametes

    • C. 

      Eggs

    • D. 

      Zygotes

  • 15. 
    One difference between sperm cells and ova is that
    • A. 

      Ova carry an X chromosome, whereas sperm carry either an X or a Y chromosome

    • B. 

      Ova carry two X chromosomes, wheras sperm carry two Y chromosomes

    • C. 

      Sperm carry more genetic material than ova do

    • D. 

      Sperm carry two X chromosomes, wheras ova carry an X and a Y chromosome

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is the correct pairing of the four bases that make up amino acids?
    • A. 

      A-T, T-C, C-G, G-T

    • B. 

      T-A, G-T, T-G, C-G

    • C. 

      C-T, G-A, T-C, A-G

    • D. 

      A-T, T-A, C-G, G-C

  • 17. 
    The most advanced stage of cognitive development according to Piaget is the:
    • A. 

      Concrete operational

    • B. 

      Abstract operational

    • C. 

      Formal operational

    • D. 

      Symbolic operational

  • 18. 
    Piaget's theory of development focused primarily on:
    • A. 

      How our thinking changes as we grow older

    • B. 

      Biological and physical changes

    • C. 

      Our unconscious issues

    • D. 

      The ways in which our environment influences our physical development

  • 19. 
    Social learning theory emphasizes:
    • A. 

      Cooperation with others

    • B. 

      Observation and imitation

    • C. 

      Reinforcers

    • D. 

      Understanding how one's behavior affects other people

  • 20. 
    Which period begins three weeks after conception?:
    • A. 

      The embryonic period

    • B. 

      The fetal period

    • C. 

      The gestational period

    • D. 

      The germinal period

  • 21. 
    Genetic disorders that are dominant are:
    • A. 

      Never expressed

    • B. 

      Always expressed

    • C. 

      Usually hidden

    • D. 

      Frequently expressed

  • 22. 
    The process by which humans adapt and adjust to their environment is known as
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Survival

    • C. 

      Selective adaptation

    • D. 

      Humanism

  • 23. 
    Jeff's genome contains a recessive gene for cystic fibrosis. Jeff is said to be a ______ of the gene for cystic fibrosis.
    • A. 

      Carrier

    • B. 

      Transporter

    • C. 

      Vector

    • D. 

      Harbinger

  • 24. 
    You and your high school classmates are part of the same
    • A. 

      Social construction

    • B. 

      Context

    • C. 

      Socialeconomic status

    • D. 

      Cohort

  • 25. 
    The final stage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is:
    • A. 

      Safety and security

    • B. 

      Respect and esteem

    • C. 

      Self-actualization

    • D. 

      Physiological

  • 26. 
    Stem cells are cells from which any other specialized type of cell can form.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    When something is said to be "empirical" it is based on:
    • A. 

      Theories

    • B. 

      Facts

    • C. 

      Inferences

    • D. 

      Opinions

  • 28. 
    The idea that the study of development involves several academic fields defines the ________characteristics of develpment.
    • A. 

      Multidisciplinary

    • B. 

      Multicontextual

    • C. 

      Plasticity

    • D. 

      Multidirectional

  • 29. 
    The naval or belly button is the result of cutting the baby's umbilical cord at birth
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    A teratogen is:
    • A. 

      Damages sustained to the placenta

    • B. 

      A substance or condition that can increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities

    • C. 

      A cell with extra chromosomes

    • D. 

      Waste products from the embryo

  • 31. 
    Individuals in the same cohort are exposed to the same historical  context.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    What did Lev Vygotsky conclude from observing the behaviors of the diverse people of the former Soviet Union>
    • A. 

      Culture influences how a person learns

    • B. 

      Diversity itself contributes to learning

    • C. 

      People learn new behaviors by working with mentors

    • D. 

      New behaviors can only be learned in new contexts

  • 33. 
    A researcher in human development who takes an eclectic approach:
    • A. 

      Emphasizes the role of ecosystems

    • B. 

      Believes that social learning is the best decriptor of human behavior

    • C. 

      Uses part of several theories rather than sticking to one particular theory

    • D. 

      Does not use any theories

  • 34. 
    The concept of a cohort is important because individual in the same cohort experience the same ________ circumstances.
    • A. 

      Educational

    • B. 

      Socioeconomic

    • C. 

      Historical

    • D. 

      Familial

  • 35. 
    Once a fetus has developed to a point that it can survive outside the uterus, it has reached the age of:
    • A. 

      Survival

    • B. 

      Viability

    • C. 

      Neurogenesis

    • D. 

      Longevity

  • 36. 
    A father wants his son to help his mother wash the dishes every night. According to social learning theory,. the father should:
    • A. 

      Give his son a time out if he doesnt help with the dishes

    • B. 

      Promise the boy a new basketball if he helps ash the dishes

    • C. 

      Help out with the dishes himself

    • D. 

      Tell his son that he cant have desert unless he helps with the dishes

  • 37. 
    To study change over time, researchers use three basic research designs?
    • A. 

      Observation, experiments, survey

    • B. 

      Cross-sectional, longitudinal, cross-sequential

    • C. 

      Biological, social, cognitive

    • D. 

      Significance, odds ration, facftor analysis

  • 38. 
    An organism's entire genetic inheritance is referred to as its:
    • A. 

      Gamete

    • B. 

      Genome

    • C. 

      Zygote

    • D. 

      Genotype

  • 39. 
    Any birth which occurfs 35 of fewer weeks after conception is considered to be
    • A. 

      Preterm

    • B. 

      Very low birthweight

    • C. 

      Pregestational

    • D. 

      Nonviable

  • 40. 
    Monozygotic twins are produced when
    • A. 

      Two ova are fetilized by a single sperm

    • B. 

      One ovum is fertilized by one sperm, and then then splits to form two clusters

    • C. 

      Two ova are fertilized by two different sperm

    • D. 

      One ovum is fertilized by two sperm and the splits to form two clusters

  • 41. 
    A correlation is considered to be positive if:
    • A. 

      Both variables increase or decrease together

    • B. 

      One variable increases while the other variable decreases

    • C. 

      No connection between the two variables is seen

    • D. 

      There is no instance of a positive correlation

  • 42. 
    Brain damage, loss of vision, and mental retardation which may be caused by eating undercooked meat and handling cat feces or garden dirt is attributable to:
    • A. 

      Lead or mercury pollution

    • B. 

      German measles

    • C. 

      Syphillis

    • D. 

      Toxoplasmosis

  • 43. 
    Research on SIDS has shown that babies should be
    • A. 

      Put to sleep on their backs

    • B. 

      Swaddled tightly before being put to bed

    • C. 

      Kept in a warm bedroom

    • D. 

      Fed right before being put to bed

  • 44. 
    The neural tube will become the:
    • A. 

      Reproductive organs

    • B. 

      Intestinal tract

    • C. 

      Brain and spinal cord

    • D. 

      Backbone, legs and arms

  • 45. 
    In an experiment the group of participants who do not receive the independent variable is called the
    • A. 

      Dependent group

    • B. 

      Significant group

    • C. 

      Control group

    • D. 

      Experimental group

  • 46. 
    In an uncomplicated birth, the position of presentation is:
    • A. 

      Head first

    • B. 

      Knees first

    • C. 

      Buttocks first

    • D. 

      Feet first

  • 47. 
    A dog learns to shake paws on command because it has been given dog biscuits for doing so. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant condition

    • C. 

      Cognitive conditioning

    • D. 

      Stimulus conditioning

  • 48. 
    Trisomy-21 is also called
    • A. 

      Fragile X syndrome

    • B. 

      Down syndrome

    • C. 

      Muscular dystrophy

    • D. 

      Klinefelter syndrome

  • 49. 
    One of the surprising findings of the Human Genome Project is that
    • A. 

      Humans have about 1 million genes

    • B. 

      All living creatures share genes

    • C. 

      Humans and chimpanzees share about 25 percent of their genes

    • D. 

      Human genes are not share by any other species

  • 50. 
    In order, Freud's first three stages of development are
    • A. 

      Mouth, body, eyes

    • B. 

      Trust, autonomy, identity,

    • C. 

      Oral, anal, phallic

    • D. 

      Anal, genital, latent

  • 51. 
    An XX pattern in the 23rd pair orf chromosomes indicates the fetus will
    • A. 

      Have down syndrome

    • B. 

      Be female

    • C. 

      Be male

    • D. 

      Be homosexual

  • 52. 
    According to social learning theory, individuals model any behavior they see repeatedly.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    Behaviorism focuses on which of the following?
    • A. 

      Observable behavior

    • B. 

      Unconscious urges

    • C. 

      Thoughts

    • D. 

      Emotions

  • 54. 
    What does current research tell us about the resolution of nature-nurture controversy?
    • A. 

      Nature is proving to be dominant over nurture in the understanding of human behavior

    • B. 

      We can no longer attribute behavior to one of the other since virtually all human behaviors result from a complex interaction between nature and nurture

    • C. 

      Nurture is far more important in understanding behavior than is nature.

    • D. 

      It is clear that some behaviors are driven solely by nature and some are driven soley by nurture

  • 55. 
    Monique contracted rubella early on in her pregnancy. Damage is most likely to affect the embryo's:
    • A. 

      Eyes

    • B. 

      Arms and legs

    • C. 

      Breathing

    • D. 

      Bloodstream