Developmental Psychology (Psyc110) Exam #2 Ch 5-8

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which types of artistic expression blossom during early childhood?

    • A.

      Music

    • B.

      Art

    • C.

      Dance

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    During early childhood, children have a natural inclination towards exploring different forms of artistic expression. They often engage in activities like singing, playing musical instruments, creating artwork, and dancing. Music allows children to explore rhythm and melody, while art encourages creativity and self-expression. Dance helps children develop coordination and body awareness. Therefore, all of the options mentioned - music, art, and dance - are types of artistic expression that blossom during early childhood.

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  • 2. 

    In the Strange Situation, a sign of a secure attachment is:

    • A.

      Smiling at Mother when she returns to the room

    • B.

      Crying and not being comforted when mother comes back

    • C.

      Ignoring mother when she returns to the room

    • D.

      Being reluctant to leave mother to play with new toys

    Correct Answer
    A. Smiling at Mother when she returns to the room
    Explanation
    A sign of a secure attachment in the Strange Situation is when the child smiles at their mother when she returns to the room. This indicates that the child is happy to see their mother and feels comfortable and secure in her presence. This behavior suggests that the child trusts their mother and has a healthy emotional bond with her.

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  • 3. 

    Greti's little girl is deaf and therefore we would expect that shye would:

    • A.

      Not communicate until she has speech therapy

    • B.

      Babble several months earlier than hearing children

    • C.

      Babble manually at about the same time normal children babble

    • D.

      Learn sign language about 6 months later than hearing chiildren begin to speak

    Correct Answer
    C. Babble manually at about the same time normal children babble
    Explanation
    Since Greti's little girl is deaf, she would not be able to hear and imitate speech sounds like hearing children. However, she can still babble manually, using her hands and other gestures, at about the same time as normal children babble orally. This is because babbling is a natural stage of language development and is not dependent on hearing. Therefore, it is expected that Greti's little girl would babble manually at a similar age to hearing children.

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  • 4. 

    Pete's father is physically abusinve toward Pete, often leaving bruises. His mother, also living in the home, witneses the abuse but says nothing. She is:

    • A.

      Compassionate but quiet

    • B.

      Neglectful

    • C.

      Supportive of Pete

    • D.

      An innocent victim

    Correct Answer
    B. Neglectful
    Explanation
    The mother's behavior of witnessing the abuse but saying nothing suggests neglectful behavior. Neglectful parents fail to provide the necessary care, support, and protection for their child's well-being. In this case, the mother's silence enables the abuse to continue, putting Pete at risk and failing to fulfill her role in protecting him from harm. Her inaction indicates a neglectful attitude towards Pete's safety and well-being.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following emotions are apparent at birth?

    • A.

      Social smiles

    • B.

      Pleasure and pain

    • C.

      Embarrassed crying

    • D.

      Fear of strangers

    Correct Answer
    B. Pleasure and pain
    Explanation
    Pleasure and pain are emotions that are apparent at birth. Newborn babies can experience pleasure when they are comfortable, fed, or soothed, and they can also experience pain when they are hungry, uncomfortable, or in distress. These basic emotions are instinctual and do not require any learning or social interaction. While social smiles, embarrassed crying, and fear of strangers develop later as the baby grows and interacts with the environment, pleasure and pain are present from the beginning.

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  • 6. 

    Manuel is 12 months old and is showing signs of autism. Manuel's mother ingested various illegal drugs fairly frequently during her pregnancy. This might be an example of the effects of which of the following?

    • A.

      Infant drug withdrawal

    • B.

      Vaccination side effects

    • C.

      Behavioral teratogens

    • D.

      Functional teratogens

    Correct Answer
    C. Behavioral teratogens
    Explanation
    This scenario suggests that the effects Manuel is experiencing may be due to behavioral teratogens. Behavioral teratogens refer to substances or factors that can affect the development of the fetus and result in behavioral abnormalities or disorders. In this case, the mother's ingestion of illegal drugs during pregnancy could have impacted Manuel's neurological development, leading to the signs of autism that he is displaying.

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  • 7. 

    The specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain is called

    • A.

      Linearization

    • B.

      Lateralization

    • C.

      Equalization

    • D.

      Disequilibrium

    Correct Answer
    B. Lateralization
    Explanation
    Lateralization refers to the specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain. The brain is divided into two hemispheres, the left and the right, and each hemisphere has different functions. Lateralization means that certain cognitive processes or functions are primarily controlled by one hemisphere. For example, language processing is typically localized in the left hemisphere, while spatial awareness and visual processing are more dominant in the right hemisphere. This specialization allows for efficient processing and coordination of different tasks and functions within the brain.

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  • 8. 

    In order, the three main periods of prenatal growth are:

    • A.

      Fetal, embryonic, germinal

    • B.

      Germinal, embryonic, fetal

    • C.

      Embryonic, fetal, germinal

    • D.

      Germinal, fetal, embryonic

    Correct Answer
    B. Germinal, embryonic, fetal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is germinal, embryonic, fetal. During the germinal period, which lasts for about two weeks after conception, the zygote undergoes rapid cell division and implants itself in the uterine wall. The embryonic period follows, lasting from week 3 to week 8, during which major organs and body systems begin to form. Finally, the fetal period begins around week 9 and continues until birth, characterized by the growth and development of organs and tissues, as well as the refinement of bodily functions.

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  • 9. 

    Gross motor skills such as riding a tricycle are acquired:

    • A.

      Solely through many opportunities for practice.

    • B.

      Automatically when brain maturation occurs

    • C.

      Through a combination of brain maturation and practice

    • D.

      Only if the parents are well coordinated

    Correct Answer
    C. Through a combination of brain maturation and practice
    Explanation
    Gross motor skills such as riding a tricycle are acquired through a combination of brain maturation and practice. Brain maturation plays a crucial role in the development of motor skills, as it allows the brain to process and coordinate the necessary movements. However, practice is also essential in refining these skills and improving coordination. By repeatedly engaging in activities that require gross motor skills, individuals can strengthen the neural connections in their brain, leading to improved proficiency in tasks such as riding a tricycle. Therefore, both brain maturation and practice are necessary for the acquisition of gross motor skills.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following best defines the term affordance?

    • A.

      The oppurtunity for perception and interacdtion that is offered by people, the environment, and objects.

    • B.

      The physical means through which we interact with people and our environment

    • C.

      The process of acclimating to an object or event through repeated exposure to it

    • D.

      The cognitive ability of an infant to interact with its environment

    Correct Answer
    A. The oppurtunity for perception and interacdtion that is offered by people, the environment, and objects.
    Explanation
    Affordance refers to the opportunity for perception and interaction that is offered by people, the environment, and objects. It is the quality or property of an object or environment that allows an individual to understand how to use it or interact with it. It is not just about the physical means of interaction, nor is it solely about the process of acclimating to an object through repeated exposure. Affordance encompasses the cognitive ability to perceive and understand the potential actions and interactions that are possible in a given context.

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  • 11. 

    Jan's mother calls him high strung because he is disturbed by even the slightest noise, very hard to distract, and extrememly fussy. The New York Longitudinal Study would call him

    • A.

      Slow to warm up

    • B.

      Difficult

    • C.

      Hard to classify

    • D.

      An extrovert

    Correct Answer
    B. Difficult
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, Jan's mother describes him as being easily disturbed by noise, hard to distract, and extremely fussy. These characteristics suggest that Jan may have difficulty adapting to new situations or people, making him challenging to handle or deal with. Therefore, the New York Longitudinal Study would likely classify him as "difficult."

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  • 12. 

    Compared with mothers, fathers are more likely to make their infants

    • A.

      Cry less

    • B.

      Laugh more

    • C.

      Go to sleep

    • D.

      Say "please"

    Correct Answer
    B. Laugh more
    Explanation
    Fathers are more likely to make their infants laugh more. This could be because fathers often engage in playful and stimulating activities with their infants, such as tickling, making funny faces, or playing games. Fathers may also use a more playful tone of voice or engage in rough and tumble play, which can elicit laughter from infants. Additionally, fathers may have a different approach to caregiving, which can create a different dynamic and interaction style with their infants, leading to more laughter.

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  • 13. 

    Tammi age 4 months, and Dawn, age 13 months, are left with a baby sitter. How will they react?

    • A.

      Tammi will be more upset than dawn.

    • B.

      Dawn will probably show more distress than Tami

    • C.

      Both Tammi and Dawn will be similiar in experiencing separation anxiety

    • D.

      Neither is likely to show distress

    Correct Answer
    B. Dawn will probably show more distress than Tami
    Explanation
    Based on the information given, Dawn is older than Tammi. Typically, as children grow older, they develop stronger attachments to their primary caregivers and may experience more distress when separated from them. Therefore, it is likely that Dawn, being older, will show more distress compared to Tammi when left with a babysitter.

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  • 14. 

    A teratogen is"

    • A.

      Damage sustained to the placenta

    • B.

      A substance or a condition that can increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities

    • C.

      A cell with extra chromosomes

    • D.

      Waste products from the embryo

    Correct Answer
    B. A substance or a condition that can increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities
    Explanation
    A teratogen refers to a substance or condition that can potentially increase the chances of prenatal abnormalities. This means that when a pregnant woman is exposed to a teratogen, it can potentially cause harm to the developing fetus, leading to birth defects or other abnormalities. Teratogens can include a wide range of substances such as drugs, alcohol, certain infections, radiation, and environmental pollutants. It is important for pregnant women to be aware of potential teratogens and take necessary precautions to minimize the risk of harm to their unborn child.

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  • 15. 

    Full term pregnancies typicaoll last:P

    • A.

      32 wks from the date of conception

    • B.

      34 wks from the date of conception

    • C.

      36 wks from the date of conception

    • D.

      38 wks from the date of conception

    Correct Answer
    C. 36 wks from the date of conception
    Explanation
    Full term pregnancies typically last 36 weeks from the date of conception. This is the average length of a pregnancy, and it is considered full term when the baby is fully developed and ready for birth.

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  • 16. 

    Synaptogenesis refers to an increase in the

    • A.

      Number of neurons in the brain

    • B.

      Length of axons in the brain

    • C.

      Number of brain cells

    • D.

      Number of connections between neurons in the brain

    Correct Answer
    D. Number of connections between neurons in the brain
    Explanation
    Synaptogenesis is the process by which new synapses, or connections, are formed between neurons in the brain. This process is crucial for brain development, learning, and memory. It does not refer to the increase in the number of neurons, the length of axons, or the overall number of brain cells, but specifically to the formation of new synaptic connections.

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  • 17. 

    A baby trying to pry his Dad's fingers apart to get a small toy hidden in his hands demonstrates accompli8shment of

    • A.

      Synchrony

    • B.

      Accommodation

    • C.

      Mutuality

    • D.

      Object permanence

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutuality
    Explanation
    Mutuality refers to a reciprocal and cooperative interaction between individuals. In the given scenario, the baby's attempt to pry his Dad's fingers apart to get the hidden toy demonstrates a mutual interaction between the baby and his Dad. The baby is actively engaging with his Dad, and both parties are involved in the interaction, showing a sense of shared attention and cooperation.

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  • 18. 

    The process of getting used ot an objct or an event through repeatede exposure to it is referred to as:

    • A.

      Habituation

    • B.

      Assimilation

    • C.

      Accommodation

    • D.

      Equilibration

    Correct Answer
    A. Habituation
    Explanation
    Habituation refers to the process of becoming accustomed to an object or event through repeated exposure to it. This means that with repeated exposure, an individual becomes less responsive or interested in the stimulus, as it becomes familiar and predictable. Habituation is a form of learning that allows individuals to conserve their attention and energy by not responding to stimuli that are irrelevant or non-threatening. It is a common phenomenon observed in both humans and animals, and it helps in filtering out unnecessary information from our surroundings.

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  • 19. 

    When parents find a way to provide a smooth interaction between their childs temperament and his social, family,k and school life, they have provided:

    • A.

      Temperamental congruence

    • B.

      Social compliance

    • C.

      Goodness to fit

    • D.

      Environmental attachment

    Correct Answer
    C. Goodness to fit
    Explanation
    Goodness to fit refers to the ability of parents to create a harmonious environment for their child by aligning their child's temperament with their social, family, and school life. It implies that parents have found a way to ensure that their child's temperament is compatible with their surroundings, leading to a smooth interaction and overall well-being.

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  • 20. 

    Victor and Rosa want to enhance their synchrony with their 6 month old daughter. They can best do this by:

    • A.

      Watching her imitate their mouth movements and smiles

    • B.

      Listening to her vocalizations

    • C.

      Imitating her vocal and facial expressions

    • D.

      Including her in their conversations

    Correct Answer
    C. Imitating her vocal and facial expressions
    Explanation
    To enhance synchrony with their 6-month-old daughter, Victor and Rosa should imitate her vocal and facial expressions. This means that they should mirror her sounds and mimic her facial expressions, which will help create a stronger bond and connection between them. By imitating their daughter, they are showing her that they are actively engaged and interested in her communication, which can greatly enhance their synchrony and overall relationship.

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  • 21. 

    ______ is failure to meet a childs basic physical, emotional, or educational needs.

    • A.

      Child maltreatment

    • B.

      Child neglect

    • C.

      Reported maltreatment

    • D.

      Child abuse

    Correct Answer
    B. Child neglect
    Explanation
    Child neglect refers to the failure of meeting a child's basic physical, emotional, or educational needs. It involves the neglect of providing proper nutrition, healthcare, shelter, supervision, emotional support, and education to a child. Child neglect can have severe consequences on the child's overall development and well-being, leading to physical and emotional harm. It is a form of child maltreatment but specifically focuses on the failure to meet the child's basic needs, distinguishing it from other forms of abuse such as physical or sexual abuse.

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  • 22. 

    "Proximity seeking" and "contact maintaining" behaviors are displays of:

    • A.

      Love

    • B.

      Insecurity

    • C.

      Attachment

    • D.

      Friendliness

    Correct Answer
    C. Attachment
    Explanation
    "Proximity seeking" and "contact maintaining" behaviors are displays of attachment. These behaviors are commonly observed in individuals who have formed emotional bonds and strong connections with others. Seeking proximity and maintaining contact are ways for individuals to feel secure and connected to their attachment figures. This behavior is often seen in close relationships such as parent-child relationships or romantic partnerships, where individuals seek closeness and maintain physical contact to fulfill their emotional needs and reinforce the bond between them.

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  • 23. 

    The ethnic group from which chioldren tend to be tallest is

    • A.

      Africans

    • B.

      Europeans

    • C.

      Asians

    • D.

      Latinos

    Correct Answer
    A. Africans
    Explanation
    Africans tend to be the ethnic group from which children tend to be tallest. This can be attributed to a combination of genetic factors and environmental influences. African populations have a higher prevalence of certain genetic variants that are associated with increased height. Additionally, factors such as nutrition and healthcare access also play a role in determining height.

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  • 24. 

    The infants first sensorimotor activities are:

    • A.

      Reflexes

    • B.

      First acquired adaptations

    • C.

      Anticipations

    • D.

      Active experimentation

    Correct Answer
    A. Reflexes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is reflexes. Infants' first sensorimotor activities primarily involve reflexes, which are automatic responses to stimuli. These reflexes, such as the sucking reflex or the grasping reflex, are present from birth and do not require any conscious effort or learning. They are essential for the survival and development of the infant in the early stages of life. As the infant grows and develops, they will gradually acquire new adaptations and begin to engage in more complex sensorimotor activities such as anticipation and active experimentation.

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  • 25. 

    Research indicates that infants reach the stages of Piaget's sensorimotor intelligence _________ Piaget originally predicted.

    • A.

      Earlier than

    • B.

      Later than

    • C.

      At the same time that

    • D.

      In a different sequence than

    Correct Answer
    A. Earlier than
    Explanation
    Research indicates that infants reach the stages of Piaget's sensorimotor intelligence earlier than Piaget originally predicted. This means that infants develop their sensorimotor skills at a faster pace than Piaget had initially anticipated.

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  • 26. 

    __________ is any deliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being.

    • A.

      Child maltreatment

    • B.

      Child neglect

    • C.

      Reported maltreatment

    • D.

      Child abuse

    Correct Answer
    D. Child abuse
    Explanation
    Child abuse refers to any intentional act that causes harm to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being. This can include physical violence, emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. Child abuse is a serious issue that can have long-lasting effects on a child's development and well-being. It is important to recognize and report any signs of child abuse to protect the child and ensure their safety.

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  • 27. 

    The most common cause(s) of death of children worldwide is(are):

    • A.

      Accidents

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Violence

    • D.

      Poor sanitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Accidents
    Explanation
    Accidents are the most common cause of death in children worldwide. This is because children are more vulnerable to accidents due to their curiosity, lack of awareness, and limited motor skills. Accidents can include road traffic accidents, falls, drowning, burns, and poisoning. These incidents often occur due to inadequate supervision, unsafe environments, or lack of safety measures. Preventive measures such as childproofing homes, teaching safety rules, and promoting awareness can help reduce the number of accidents and protect children from harm.

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  • 28. 

    The scientific method used by an infant in stage five is:

    • A.

      Trial and error

    • B.

      Considered anticipation of results

    • C.

      Theoretical

    • D.

      Behavioral conditioning

    Correct Answer
    A. Trial and error
    Explanation
    The scientific method used by an infant in stage five is trial and error. This means that the infant learns through repeated attempts and experiences, making mistakes and adjusting their behavior based on the outcomes. They are not yet capable of considering the anticipation of results or using theoretical thinking. Behavioral conditioning, which involves learning through rewards and punishments, may also play a role in the infant's learning process, but trial and error is the primary method at this stage.

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  • 29. 

    In Piaget's terminology, sensorimotor stage two is described by:

    • A.

      The stage of reflexes

    • B.

      Procedures for making interesting sights last

    • C.

      The first acquired adaptations

    • D.

      New adaptation and anticipation

    Correct Answer
    C. The first acquired adaptations
    Explanation
    In Piaget's terminology, sensorimotor stage two is described as the stage of the first acquired adaptations. This means that during this stage, infants begin to develop new behaviors and actions that allow them to adapt to their environment. They start to learn how to manipulate objects, imitate actions, and use tools to achieve their goals. This stage marks the beginning of intentional and purposeful behavior, as infants actively engage with their surroundings and learn through trial and error.

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  • 30. 

    According to dynamic perception, 1 y/o Diane would most prefer to look at:

    • A.

      A brightly colored beach ball

    • B.

      A picture of Barney

    • C.

      A mobile spinning over her head

    • D.

      The puzzle being held by her aunt Cynthia

    Correct Answer
    C. A mobile spinning over her head
    Explanation
    According to dynamic perception, 1-year-old Diane would most prefer to look at a mobile spinning over her head. This is because young children are attracted to objects that are in motion and have contrasting colors. A mobile spinning over her head would provide visual stimulation and capture Diane's attention more than a brightly colored beach ball, a picture of Barney, or a puzzle being held by her aunt Cynthia.

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  • 31. 

    Because Suzanne is pregnant, she drinks only one glass of wine a day an d smokes fewer cigarettes than previously. She should be told that:

    • A.

      This will definitely cause serious damage

    • B.

      She is taking appropriate precautions

    • C.

      Only her smoking may represent a risk

    • D.

      Each drug might intensify the effects of the other.

    Correct Answer
    D. Each drug might intensify the effects of the other.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "each drug might intensify the effects of the other." This means that both drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can have an intensified negative impact on the health of the baby. The combination of these two substances can increase the risk of complications and harm to the developing fetus. It is important for Suzanne to understand that the effects of these drugs can be heightened when used together, and therefore it is advisable to avoid both alcohol and smoking during pregnancy.

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  • 32. 

    The five vital signs that are evaluated in the Apgar are:

    • A.

      The Babinski, Moro, Stepping, swimming, and grasping reflexes

    • B.

      Heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, coolor and reflexes

    • C.

      Cuddling, startling, irritability, vocal response, and visual response

    • D.

      Sucking reflex, breathing reflex, size, weight, and disease symptoms.

    Correct Answer
    B. Heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, coolor and reflexes
    Explanation
    The Apgar is a standardized test used to assess the health and well-being of newborn babies. It evaluates five vital signs to determine the baby's overall condition. These vital signs include heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, color, and reflexes. Heart rate and breathing are important indicators of the baby's cardiovascular and respiratory function. Muscle tone reflects the baby's strength and ability to move. Color refers to the baby's skin tone, which can indicate oxygen levels. Reflexes assess the baby's neurological development and responsiveness. By evaluating these vital signs, healthcare professionals can quickly assess the baby's immediate health and determine if any interventions are needed.

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  • 33. 

    Jimmy's dad comes home from grocery shopping and see Jimmy sitting on the sofa eating chips and says {"where s that boy of mine?" Immediately, Jimmy gives his dad the biggest smile, which spreads across his entire face. Now dad responds with an exaggerated surprised look. Th8is is an example of which of the following?

    • A.

      Psychosocialization

    • B.

      Synchrony

    • C.

      Symbiosis

    • D.

      Polarization

    Correct Answer
    B. Synchrony
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates synchrony, which refers to the coordination and mirroring of behaviors between individuals. Jimmy's smile and his dad's surprised look are examples of synchronized reactions, showing a shared emotional connection and understanding between them.

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  • 34. 

    The best policy regarding prescriptions drugs during pregnancy is:

    • A.

      Avoid taking any medication because all do serious damage

    • B.

      Prescriptions drugs are safer because they have to pass strict FDA testing.

    • C.

      Take drugs only if necessary, prescribed by a knowledgeable doctor.

    • D.

      Drugs are safe when taken in low doses for short periods of time.

    Correct Answer
    C. Take drugs only if necessary, prescribed by a knowledgeable doctor.
    Explanation
    The best policy regarding prescription drugs during pregnancy is to take drugs only if necessary, prescribed by a knowledgeable doctor. This answer is supported by the fact that not all medications are safe during pregnancy, and it is important to consult with a healthcare professional who has knowledge about the potential risks and benefits of specific medications for pregnant women. Taking medications without proper guidance can pose serious risks to both the mother and the developing fetus. Therefore, it is essential to rely on the expertise of a knowledgeable doctor when making decisions about medication use during pregnancy.

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  • 35. 

    Myelination:

    • A.

      Connects the two halves of the brain.

    • B.

      Compensates for loss of brain function due to injury

    • C.

      Promotes regular childhood sleep patterns

    • D.

      Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses

    Correct Answer
    D. Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses
    Explanation
    Myelination refers to the process of forming a protective sheath around nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. This sheath, called myelin, acts as an insulator and speeds up the transmission of neural impulses. By providing a faster transmission of signals between neurons, myelination enhances the efficiency of communication within the brain, allowing for quicker and more coordinated responses. Therefore, the given answer, "speeds up the transmission of neural impulses," accurately describes the role of myelination in the brain.

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  • 36. 

    What is the function of the placenta?

    • A.

      To screen out potentially harmful substances

    • B.

      To exchange blood between the mother and the developing embryo

    • C.

      To protect and nourish the developing fetus

    • D.

      To create antibodies for the developming fetus

    Correct Answer
    C. To protect and nourish the developing fetus
    Explanation
    The placenta functions to protect and nourish the developing fetus. It acts as a barrier, preventing harmful substances from reaching the fetus while allowing necessary nutrients and oxygen to pass through. Additionally, the placenta helps in removing waste products from the fetus and produces hormones that support pregnancy.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is the best way to ensurre adequate nutrition and vitamin intake?

    • A.

      Eat 6-8 times a day

    • B.

      Take vitamin and mineral supplements

    • C.

      Eat breakfast cereals which contain 100% of the days nutrients and vitamins.

    • D.

      Eat well balanced meals with a variety of foods.

    Correct Answer
    D. Eat well balanced meals with a variety of foods.
    Explanation
    Eating well-balanced meals with a variety of foods is the best way to ensure adequate nutrition and vitamin intake. This approach ensures that the body receives a wide range of essential nutrients from different food groups, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. By incorporating a variety of foods into meals, individuals can meet their nutritional needs and prevent deficiencies. This approach is preferable to relying solely on supplements or specific food products, as it promotes a more holistic and balanced approach to nutrition.

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  • 38. 

    An example of teritiary prevention is:

    • A.

      Making laws against hit and run drivers

    • B.

      Insisting that children walk with adults

    • C.

      Emergency room procedures that reduce brain swelling

    • D.

      Requiringt flashing lights on stopped school buses

    Correct Answer
    A. Making laws against hit and run drivers
    Explanation
    Tertiary prevention refers to measures taken to prevent further complications or harm after a disease or injury has occurred. Making laws against hit and run drivers can be considered an example of tertiary prevention because it aims to prevent future incidents of hit and run accidents, which can cause severe injuries or even death. By implementing laws and penalties, it is expected that individuals will be deterred from committing such acts, ultimately reducing the occurrence of hit and run incidents and minimizing their negative impact on individuals and society.

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  • 39. 

    The neural tube will become the:

    • A.

      Reproductive organs

    • B.

      Intestinal tract

    • C.

      Brain and spinal cord

    • D.

      Backbone, legs and arms

    Correct Answer
    C. Brain and spinal cord
    Explanation
    During embryonic development, the neural tube forms from the ectoderm and eventually develops into the brain and spinal cord. It is a crucial structure that gives rise to the central nervous system, which controls various bodily functions and processes information. The other options listed, such as reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and backbone, legs, and arms, develop from different embryonic tissues and are not derived from the neural tube.

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  • 40. 

    Piaget called the infants' first period of cognitive development:

    • A.

      Sensorimotor intelligence

    • B.

      Adaptation

    • C.

      Object awareness

    • D.

      Imitative learning

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensorimotor intelligence
    Explanation
    Piaget referred to the infants' initial stage of cognitive development as sensorimotor intelligence. This stage is characterized by the child's exploration and understanding of the world through their senses and motor actions. During this period, infants learn to coordinate their sensory experiences with their physical movements, gradually developing object permanence and the ability to mentally represent objects and events. This stage lays the foundation for further cognitive development in later childhood.

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  • 41. 

    When playing with their children, mothers are more likely than fathers to:

    • A.

      Engage in physical play

    • B.

      Provide less basic care

    • C.

      Engage in noisy play

    • D.

      Play peek a boo and patty ake

    Correct Answer
    D. Play peek a boo and patty ake
    Explanation
    Mothers are more likely than fathers to play peek-a-boo and patty cake with their children. This is because these activities are often associated with nurturing and bonding with infants and young children. Peek-a-boo helps develop object permanence and social interaction skills, while patty cake promotes motor skills and rhythm. Mothers may engage in these activities more frequently as they are traditionally seen as the primary caregivers and may have more opportunities for interaction with their children. Additionally, mothers may have a natural inclination towards nurturing and engaging in playful activities with their children.

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  • 42. 

    The researchers in the film were conerned of deaf children are behind in their developmental milestones because:

    • A.

      Deaf children do not truly use speech and language

    • B.

      Deaf children are not exposed to true language of learning sign language

    • C.

      Deafr children, compare dto hearing chldren, are developmentally behind because of the disability.

    • D.

      Deaf children meet all the major milestones as their counterparts if given the opportunity to learn sign language

    Correct Answer
    D. Deaf children meet all the major milestones as their counterparts if given the opportunity to learn sign language
    Explanation
    The researchers in the film believed that deaf children meet all the major milestones as their counterparts if given the opportunity to learn sign language. This suggests that the researchers think that the developmental delays observed in deaf children are not inherent to their disability, but rather a result of not being exposed to true language and communication. By providing deaf children with the opportunity to learn sign language, the researchers believe that they can overcome these delays and achieve the same milestones as their hearing peers.

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  • 43. 

    It appears that a babies' brain is unable to larn how to process speech and language only with the ability of sound...even if it is internal sounds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. Babies' brains are indeed capable of learning how to process speech and language through the ability of sound, including internal sounds. Research has shown that even before birth, babies are able to hear and recognize their mother's voice and other sounds in the environment. This early exposure to sound helps in the development of language skills in infants.

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  • 44. 

    The premise for the film is the that brain is geared to receive only the spoken word as the brain develops.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, False, is that the premise for the film is not accurate. The brain is not solely geared to receive only the spoken word as it develops. In fact, the brain is capable of processing and understanding various forms of communication, including written language, visual cues, and non-verbal signals. This premise oversimplifies the brain's capabilities and ignores the complex nature of human communication and cognition.

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  • 45. 

    Parenting styles have no impact on the baby's expression of traits.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that parenting styles have no impact on the baby's expression of traits is false. Parenting styles can greatly influence a child's development and behavior. Different parenting styles, such as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful, can shape a child's personality, social skills, and emotional well-being. The way parents interact with their child, set boundaries, provide support, and communicate can all impact how the child expresses their traits and develops their identity. Thus, parenting styles do have an impact on the baby's expression of traits.

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  • 46. 

    This film addressed the folloowing "big issues" in developments psycholoogy

    • A.

      Nature vs. nurture

    • B.

      Parental genes and evolution

    • C.

      Stability vs change

    • D.

      A & C

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Nature vs. nurture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nature vs. nurture". This film explored the debate surrounding the influence of genetics (nature) versus environmental factors (nurture) on human development. It delved into the question of whether our traits and behaviors are primarily determined by our genes or shaped by our upbringing and experiences. By addressing this "big issue" in developmental psychology, the film provided insights into the complex interplay between nature and nurture in shaping human development.

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  • 47. 

    After viewing the film,. you might surmise which of the following:

    • A.

      Babies brains cannot process language and speech separately

    • B.

      Babies brains process speech seprately and language develops from this ability

    • C.

      Babies brains are hard wired for specific languages

    • D.

      Babies brains cannot express speech

    Correct Answer
    A. Babies brains cannot process language and speech separately
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that babies' brains cannot process language and speech separately. This means that language development is not solely dependent on the ability to process speech, but rather involves other cognitive processes as well. It implies that there is an interconnectedness between language and speech processing in the brain, and they cannot be isolated from each other.

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  • 48. 

    The boldest monkeys in the film exhibited a(an) ________ style while the timid monkeys exhibited a(an) ____________ style.

    • A.

      Reactive attachment, avoidant attachment

    • B.

      Secure attachment, reactive attachment

    • C.

      Avoidant attachment, difficult attachment

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
  • 49. 

    Traits can be described as:

    • A.

      Learned patterns of behavior

    • B.

      Patterns of behavior that have been repeated because of the environment

    • C.

      Patterns of behavior that have a genetic basis

    • D.

      Patterns that are always fixed

    Correct Answer
    C. Patterns of behavior that have a genetic basis
    Explanation
    Traits can be described as patterns of behavior that have a genetic basis. This means that certain behaviors or characteristics are inherited and passed down from one generation to another through genes. These patterns of behavior are not learned or acquired from the environment, but rather are determined by an individual's genetic makeup. They are not always fixed and can be influenced by various factors, but their foundation lies in the genetic code.

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  • 50. 

    It is not possible to adjust traits to the behavior expected in the environment

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "It is not possible to adjust traits to the behavior expected in the environment" is false. Individuals can adapt and adjust their traits to align with the behavior expected in a particular environment. This ability to adapt is a fundamental aspect of human nature and allows individuals to modify their behavior, attitudes, and characteristics to fit the social, cultural, and environmental context they are in. People can learn and develop new traits, skills, and behaviors to better adapt and thrive in different environments.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 27, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 13, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    MszWard
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