Developmental Psychology (Psyc110) Exam #2 Ch 5-8

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 177

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which types of artistic expression blossom during early childhood?
    • A. 

      Music

    • B. 

      Art

    • C. 

      Dance

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    In the Strange Situation, a sign of a secure attachment is:
    • A. 

      Smiling at Mother when she returns to the room

    • B. 

      Crying and not being comforted when mother comes back

    • C. 

      Ignoring mother when she returns to the room

    • D. 

      Being reluctant to leave mother to play with new toys

  • 3. 
    Greti's little girl is deaf and therefore we would expect that shye would:
    • A. 

      Not communicate until she has speech therapy

    • B. 

      Babble several months earlier than hearing children

    • C. 

      Babble manually at about the same time normal children babble

    • D. 

      Learn sign language about 6 months later than hearing chiildren begin to speak

  • 4. 
    Pete's father is physically abusinve toward Pete, often leaving bruises. His mother, also living in the home, witneses the abuse but says nothing. She is:
    • A. 

      Compassionate but quiet

    • B. 

      Neglectful

    • C. 

      Supportive of Pete

    • D. 

      An innocent victim

  • 5. 
    Which of the following emotions are apparent at birth?
    • A. 

      Social smiles

    • B. 

      Pleasure and pain

    • C. 

      Embarrassed crying

    • D. 

      Fear of strangers

  • 6. 
    Manuel is 12 months old and is showing signs of autism. Manuel's mother ingested various illegal drugs fairly frequently during her pregnancy. This might be an example of the effects of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Infant drug withdrawal

    • B. 

      Vaccination side effects

    • C. 

      Behavioral teratogens

    • D. 

      Functional teratogens

  • 7. 
    The specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain is called
    • A. 

      Linearization

    • B. 

      Lateralization

    • C. 

      Equalization

    • D. 

      Disequilibrium

  • 8. 
    In order, the three main periods of prenatal growth are:
    • A. 

      Fetal, embryonic, germinal

    • B. 

      Germinal, embryonic, fetal

    • C. 

      Embryonic, fetal, germinal

    • D. 

      Germinal, fetal, embryonic

  • 9. 
    Gross motor skills such as riding a tricycle are acquired:
    • A. 

      Solely through many opportunities for practice.

    • B. 

      Automatically when brain maturation occurs

    • C. 

      Through a combination of brain maturation and practice

    • D. 

      Only if the parents are well coordinated

  • 10. 
    Which of the following best defines the term affordance?
    • A. 

      The oppurtunity for perception and interacdtion that is offered by people, the environment, and objects.

    • B. 

      The physical means through which we interact with people and our environment

    • C. 

      The process of acclimating to an object or event through repeated exposure to it

    • D. 

      The cognitive ability of an infant to interact with its environment

  • 11. 
    Jan's mother calls him high strung because he is disturbed by even the slightest noise, very hard to distract, and extrememly fussy. The New York Longitudinal Study would call him
    • A. 

      Slow to warm up

    • B. 

      Difficult

    • C. 

      Hard to classify

    • D. 

      An extrovert

  • 12. 
    Compared with mothers, fathers are more likely to make their infants
    • A. 

      Cry less

    • B. 

      Laugh more

    • C. 

      Go to sleep

    • D. 

      Say "please"

  • 13. 
    Tammi age 4 months, and Dawn, age 13 months, are left with a baby sitter. How will they react?
    • A. 

      Tammi will be more upset than dawn.

    • B. 

      Dawn will probably show more distress than Tami

    • C. 

      Both Tammi and Dawn will be similiar in experiencing separation anxiety

    • D. 

      Neither is likely to show distress

  • 14. 
    A teratogen is"
    • A. 

      Damage sustained to the placenta

    • B. 

      A substance or a condition that can increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities

    • C. 

      A cell with extra chromosomes

    • D. 

      Waste products from the embryo

  • 15. 
    Full term pregnancies typicaoll last:P
    • A. 

      32 wks from the date of conception

    • B. 

      34 wks from the date of conception

    • C. 

      36 wks from the date of conception

    • D. 

      38 wks from the date of conception

  • 16. 
    Synaptogenesis refers to an increase in the
    • A. 

      Number of neurons in the brain

    • B. 

      Length of axons in the brain

    • C. 

      Number of brain cells

    • D. 

      Number of connections btween neurons in the brain

  • 17. 
    A baby trying to pry his Dad's fingers apart to get a small toy hidden in his hands demonstrates accompli8shment of
    • A. 

      Synchrony

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Mutuality

    • D. 

      Object permanence

  • 18. 
    The process of getting used ot an objct or an event through repeatede exposure to it is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Accommodation

    • D. 

      Equilibration

  • 19. 
    When parents find a way to provide a smooth interaction between their childs temperament and his social, family,k and school life, they have provided:
    • A. 

      Temperamental congruence

    • B. 

      Social compliance

    • C. 

      Goodness to fit

    • D. 

      Environmental attachment

  • 20. 
    Victor and Rosa want to enhance their synchrony with their 6 month old daughter. They can best do this by:
    • A. 

      Watching her imitate their mouth movements and smiles

    • B. 

      Listening to her vocalizations

    • C. 

      Imitating her vocal and facial expressions

    • D. 

      Including her in their conversations

  • 21. 
    ______ is failure to meet a childs basic physical, emotional, or educational needs.
    • A. 

      Child maltreatment

    • B. 

      Child neglect

    • C. 

      Reported maltreatment

    • D. 

      Child abuse

  • 22. 
    "Proximity seeking" and "contact maintaining" behaviors are displays of:
    • A. 

      Love

    • B. 

      Insecurity

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Friendliness

  • 23. 
    The ethnic group from which chioldren tend to be tallest is
    • A. 

      Africans

    • B. 

      Europeans

    • C. 

      Asians

    • D. 

      Latinos

  • 24. 
    The infants first sensorimotor activities are:
    • A. 

      Reflexes

    • B. 

      First acquired adaptations

    • C. 

      Anticipations

    • D. 

      Active experimentation

  • 25. 
    Research indicates that infants reach the stages of Piaget's sensorimotor intelligence _________ Piaget originally predicted.
    • A. 

      Earlier than

    • B. 

      Later than

    • C. 

      At the same time that

    • D. 

      In a different sequence than

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