Psychology Final Year 3. Marc Lee

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 228

SettingsSettingsSettings
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The field of human development is considered to be an applied discipline because
    • A. 

      It is motivated largely by scientific curiosity.

    • B. 

      Findings are used for practical purposes to improve people’s lives.

    • C. 

      It deals with answering questions about development throughout the lifespan.

    • D. 

      Investigators from a variety of fields collaborate on research projects.

  • 2. 
    Theories
    • A. 

      Ensure proper use of research procedures.

    • B. 

      Illustrate the ultimate truth regarding human behavior.

    • C. 

      Are mere opinions or beliefs.

    • D. 

      Guide and give meaning to what we see.

  • 3. 
    Doctors can estimate __________ using X-rays of epiphyses.
    • A. 

      Height

    • B. 

      Loss of baby teeth

    • C. 

      Skeletal age

    • D. 

      Weight

  • 4. 
    Theorists who emphasize qualitative changes
    • A. 

      Stress the contexts that shape development.

    • B. 

      Regard development as largely due to nature

    • C. 

      Regard development as taking place in stages.

    • D. 

      Stress diversity in development.

  • 5. 
    The lifespan perspective on human development assumes that development is
    • A. 

      Static and stable.

    • B. 

      Multidimensional and multidirectional.

    • C. 

      Continuous, rather than discontinuous.

    • D. 

      Largely the result of heredity.

  • 6. 
    __________ explains why some children growing up in difficult circumstances thrive, while others are less successful.
    • A. 

      Assimilation

    • B. 

      Plasticity

    • C. 

      Resilience

    • D. 

      Stamina

  • 7. 
    Throughout childhood and adolescence, a nutritionally deficient diet is associated with
    • A. 

      Taller stature

    • B. 

      Attention difficulties.

    • C. 

      Obesity

    • D. 

      Higher achievement scores.

  • 8. 
    Children’s self-directed speech is now called __________ speech.
    • A. 

      Telegraphic

    • B. 

      ​​​​​​egocentric

    • C. 

      Inner

    • D. 

      Private

  • 9. 
    Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon addressed practical educational concerns by
    • A. 

      Launching the normative approach.

    • B. 

      Constructing the first successful intelligence test.

    • C. 

      Writing the first parenting books.

    • D. 

      Conducting child observations and parent interviews.

  • 10. 
    According to the psychoanalytic perspective, people move through a series of stages in which they
    • A. 

      Acquire increasingly complex information-processing skills.

    • B. 

      Confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations.

    • C. 

      Model the behavior of parents and other caregivers.

    • D. 

      Actively explore the environment.

  • 11. 
    Vygotsky saw __________ play as the ideal social context for fostering cognitive development in early childhood.
    • A. 

      Outdoor

    • B. 

      Make-believe

    • C. 

      Parallel

    • D. 

      ​​​​​cooperative

  • 12. 
    According to B.F. Skinner, the frequency of a behavior can be decreased through
    • A. 

      Modeling.

    • B. 

      Punishment.

    • C. 

      Reinforcement

    • D. 

      Classical conditioning.

  • 13. 
    According to Bandura’s revised social-cognitive theory, as children watch others engage in self-praise and self-blame, they develop a sense of
    • A. 

      Shame.

    • B. 

      Self-doubt.

    • C. 

      Humor.

    • D. 

      Self-efficacy.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements about brain development in early childhood is true?
    • A. 

      Between ages 2 and 6, energy consumption of most cortical regions diminishes to near-adult levels.

    • B. 

      The left hemisphere is relatively inactive between 3 and 6 years.

    • C. 

      By age 4, most parts of the cerebral cortex have underproduced synapses.

    • D. 

      Activity in the right hemisphere increases steadily throughout early and middle childhood for most children.

  • 15. 
    Piaget’s view of development was greatly influenced by his early training in
    • A. 

      Physics

    • B. 

      Sociology.

    • C. 

      Biology.

    • D. 

      Kinesiology.

  • 16. 
    The __________ approach views the mind as a symbol-manipulating system through which information flows.
    • A. 

      Social learning

    • B. 

      Information-processing

    • C. 

      Cognitive-developmental

    • D. 

      Ethological

  • 17. 
    Mary is helping her son, Dean, put together a difficult, but manageable, puzzle. When Dean tries to insert a piece in the wrong place a few times, Mary points to the bottom of the puzzle and says, “Does it go down here?” Mary is engaging in
    • A. 

      Scaffolding.

    • B. 

      Dual representation.

    • C. 

      Proximal teaching.

    • D. 

      Transitive inference.

  • 18. 
    Conservation refers to the
    • A. 

      Failure to distinguish others’ symbolic viewpoints from one’s own.

    • B. 

      Belief that inanimate objects have lifelike qualities, such as thoughts, wishes, feelings, and intentions.

    • C. 

      Inability to mentally go through a series of steps and then reverse direction, returning to the starting point.

    • D. 

      Idea that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same, even when their outward appearance changes.

  • 19. 
    Differences in development of the two cerebral hemispheres suggests that __________ in early childhood.
    • A. 

      The right hemisphere is more important than the left hemisphere

    • B. 

      The left hemisphere is more important than the right hemisphere

    • C. 

      They are continuing to lateralize

    • D. 

      Activity in both hemispheres is slow

  • 20. 
    A __________ is a complex blend of genetic information that determines the species and influences unique characteristics.
    • A. 

      Genotype

    • B. 

      Karyotype

    • C. 

      Phenotype

    • D. 

      Chromosome

  • 21. 
    Through a process called mitosis, DNA can
    • A. 

      Split itself in thirds

    • B. 

      Untwist itself.

    • C. 

      Duplicate itself.

    • D. 

      Divide itself in half.

  • 22. 
    Theory of mind involves
    • A. 

      Using scripts to tell stories.

    • B. 

      Using deliberate mental activities that improve recall.

    • C. 

      Using a repetitive communication style.

    • D. 

      Thinking about thought.

  • 23. 
    The sex of a new organism is determined by whether
    • A. 

      The ovum is carrying an X chromosome or a Y chromosome.

    • B. 

      The sperm fertilizes an X-bearing ovum or a Y-bearing ovum.

    • C. 

      The X and Y chromosomes separate into sperm cells or ovum.

    • D. 

      An X-bearing sperm or a Y-bearing sperm fertilizes the ovum.

  • 24. 
    In dominant-recessive inheritance, the one allele that does not affect the child’s characteristics is called
    • A. 

      Dominant–recessive

    • B. 

      Dominant.

    • C. 

      A carrier.

    • D. 

      Recessive.

  • 25. 
    Irreversibility is the
    • A. 

      Failure to distinguish others’ symbolic viewpoints from one’s own

    • B. 

      Belief that inanimate objects have lifelike qualities.

    • C. 

      Most important illogical feature of preoperational thought

    • D. 

      Tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation, neglecting other important features.

Back to Top Back to top