Exam 4 Psych 109

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Parental behavior that serves to support children's efforts, allowing them to be more skillful than they would be if they relied only on their own abilities, is called

    • A.

      Bonding

    • B.

      Scaffolding

    • C.

      Mutuality

    • D.

      Reciprocity

    Correct Answer
    B. Scaffolding
    Explanation
    Scaffolding is a term used to describe parental behavior that supports children's efforts in a way that allows them to develop skills beyond their own abilities. It involves providing guidance, assistance, and structure to help children learn and accomplish tasks. This support is gradually reduced as the child becomes more competent and independent. Scaffolding enables children to achieve higher levels of skill and understanding by building on their existing knowledge and capabilities. It is a crucial aspect of effective parenting and promotes optimal development in children.

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  • 2. 

    Staci is a happy infant who smiles easily and is content to be life tin her crib. As a result, her parents are more relaxed and really enjoy spending time playing with her. This is an example of

    • A.

      Modeling

    • B.

      Scaffolding

    • C.

      Automaticity

    • D.

      Reciprocal socialization

    Correct Answer
    D. Reciprocal socialization
    Explanation
    Reciprocal socialization refers to the mutual influence and interaction between parents and their child. In this scenario, Staci's happy and content behavior positively affects her parents, making them more relaxed and enjoy spending time with her. This demonstrates a reciprocal relationship where the child's behavior influences the parents' behavior, and vice versa.

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  • 3. 

    Which parental statement exemplified the best coregulation strategy? 

    • A.

      "I want you to clean your room right now!"

    • B.

      "What do you think Bonnie felt when you asked her to the dance and then didn't show up?"

    • C.

      "I don't care what you do"

    • D.

      "That decision is yours to make. I will no longer tell you what to do."

    Correct Answer
    B. "What do you think Bonnie felt when you asked her to the dance and then didn't show up?"
    Explanation
    The correct answer exemplifies the best coregulation strategy because it encourages the child to think about the consequences of their actions and consider the feelings of others. By asking the child about Bonnie's feelings, the parent is promoting empathy and helping the child develop their emotional intelligence. This approach fosters a sense of responsibility and encourages the child to make decisions based on the impact they may have on others.

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  • 4. 

    Children whose parents are authoritative are 

    • A.

      Self reliant

    • B.

      Socially responsible

    • C.

      Socially competent

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Children whose parents are authoritative tend to develop a sense of self-reliance as their parents provide them with guidance and support while allowing them to make their own decisions. They also tend to be socially responsible as their parents set clear expectations and rules, teaching them the importance of considering others and their needs. Additionally, these children are likely to be socially competent as their parents encourage open communication, problem-solving, and independence, which helps them develop effective social skills. Therefore, all of these qualities are likely to be present in children whose parents are authoritative.

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  • 5. 

    When Holly is asked to describe her philosophy on parenting, she says, "It's my way or the highway!" This reaction would indicate that Holly is a(n) _____ parent. 

    • A.

      Authoritative

    • B.

      Authoritarian

    • C.

      Permissive-neglectful

    • D.

      Permissive-indulgent

    Correct Answer
    B. Authoritarian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is authoritarian. Holly's statement of "It's my way or the highway!" suggests that she has a strict and controlling approach to parenting, where she expects complete obedience and does not allow for flexibility or negotiation. This aligns with the characteristics of an authoritarian parent, who tends to be demanding, controlling, and places a strong emphasis on obedience and discipline.

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  • 6. 

    Todd's parents were highly involved with him but also extremely indulgent with him. As a result, he lacks 

    • A.

      Self control

    • B.

      Creativity

    • C.

      Nurturance

    • D.

      Social skills

    Correct Answer
    A. Self control
    Explanation
    Todd's parents being highly involved and extremely indulgent with him suggests that they may have given him everything he wanted without setting boundaries or teaching him self-discipline. This lack of self-control could manifest in various ways, such as being unable to regulate his emotions, make responsible decisions, or delay gratification. It is likely that Todd's parents prioritized indulging him over teaching him important life skills like self-control.

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  • 7. 

    About ____ of parents who were abused themselves when they were young abuse their own children. 

    • A.

      One fourth

    • B.

      One third

    • C.

      One half

    • D.

      Three fourths

    Correct Answer
    B. One third
    Explanation
    One third of parents who were abused themselves when they were young abuse their own children. This suggests that there is a significant cycle of abuse, where individuals who were victims of abuse in their childhood are more likely to perpetuate the cycle by abusing their own children. This statistic highlights the importance of breaking this cycle through intervention and support for both the victims and the perpetrators to prevent further harm to future generations.

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  • 8. 

    Your friend informs you that he cannot be held responsible for showing up late for a movie because he is the lastborn child in a family of six. How do you respond? 

    • A.

      "Those excuses are lame. Birth order effects are just not that powerful"

    • B.

      "You misread the data. Lastborns are the most socially and academically competent of the siblings."

    • C.

      "You are correct. I'll try to keep that in mind the next time you're late."

    • D.

      "Your parents had higher expectations for you than the other children. You should know better."

    Correct Answer
    A. "Those excuses are lame. Birth order effects are just not that powerful"
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that birth order effects are not significant enough to be used as an excuse for being late. This implies that the speaker does not believe that being the lastborn child in a family of six has any impact on punctuality or responsibility.

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  • 9. 

    Overall, researchers have found ______ of maternal employment on children. 

    • A.

      No detrimental effects

    • B.

      Extremely negative effects

    • C.

      Very little negative effect

    • D.

      Negative effects for sons only

    Correct Answer
    A. No detrimental effects
    Explanation
    Researchers have found that maternal employment has no detrimental effects on children. This means that the research conducted on this topic has shown that when mothers work, it does not have any negative impact on their children. This suggests that children can thrive and develop well even when their mothers are employed, challenging the notion that maternal employment is harmful to children.

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  • 10. 

    Divorce may be better for the family if which of the following is present?

    • A.

      Conflict erodes the well-being of the children

    • B.

      The mother is not perfectly happy

    • C.

      The father spends too much time at work

    • D.

      Financial arguments are present

    Correct Answer
    A. Conflict erodes the well-being of the children
    Explanation
    When conflict within a family is present, it can have a negative impact on the well-being of the children. Divorce may be better for the family in this situation because it can potentially remove the source of conflict and create a more stable and peaceful environment for the children. This can ultimately lead to improved emotional and psychological well-being for the children involved.

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  • 11. 

    Peer influences 

    • A.

      Can be either positive or negative

    • B.

      Are almost always positive

    • C.

      Are almost always negative

    • D.

      Rarely affect social development

    Correct Answer
    A. Can be either positive or negative
    Explanation
    Peer influences can be either positive or negative because peers have a significant impact on an individual's behavior, attitudes, and choices. Positive peer influences can include encouraging healthy habits, promoting academic success, and fostering supportive relationships. On the other hand, negative peer influences can involve engaging in risky behaviors, encouraging substance abuse, or promoting negative attitudes. Therefore, it is essential to recognize that peer influences can have both positive and negative effects on social development.

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  • 12. 

    Parent-child relationships 

    • A.

      Generally have no effect on peer relations

    • B.

      Only develop before peer relationships are established

    • C.

      Develop independently of peer relations

    • D.

      Serve as emotional bases for enjoying peer relations

    Correct Answer
    D. Serve as emotional bases for enjoying peer relations
    Explanation
    Parent-child relationships serve as emotional bases for enjoying peer relations. This means that the quality of the relationship between a child and their parent can have an impact on their ability to form and maintain healthy relationships with their peers. When children have a secure and nurturing relationship with their parents, they are more likely to feel emotionally supported and confident in their interactions with peers. This emotional foundation can contribute to the child's social development and their ability to form positive and satisfying relationships with their peers.

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  • 13. 

    Dodge(2011a) found that aggressive boys are more likely to perceive another child's actions as

    • A.

      Hostile when their intentions are ambiguous

    • B.

      Ambiguous when their intentions are hostile

    • C.

      Friendly when their intentions are hostile

    • D.

      Hostile when their intentions are hostile

    Correct Answer
    A. Hostile when their intentions are ambiguous
    Explanation
    Dodge (2011a) conducted a study and found that aggressive boys are more likely to interpret another child's actions as hostile when the intentions of the other child are unclear or ambiguous. This suggests that aggressive boys tend to perceive hostility even in situations where the other child may not have hostile intentions.

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  • 14. 

    Neglected children are 

    • A.

      Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend are are actively disliked by their peers

    • B.

      Frequently nominated as someone's best friend and are actively disliked by their peers

    • C.

      Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers

    • D.

      Frequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers

    Correct Answer
    C. Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers
    Explanation
    Neglected children are infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers. This means that they are rarely chosen as best friends by others, but they are also not actively disliked by their peers. This suggests that neglected children may be overlooked or excluded by their peers, but they are not necessarily disliked or ostracized.

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  • 15. 

    As a school counselor aware of developmental research, you would likely predict a future of delinquent behavior for the child who is ________ with peers

    • A.

      Described as controversial

    • B.

      Described as neglected

    • C.

      Described as rejected

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Described as rejected
    Explanation
    Children who are described as rejected by their peers are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior in the future. Rejection from peers can lead to feelings of isolation, low self-esteem, and a lack of social support, which can increase the risk of engaging in delinquent activities as a way to gain acceptance or cope with negative emotions. Developmental research has consistently shown that rejected children are more vulnerable to developing behavioral problems, including delinquency, compared to their peers who are described as controversial or neglected.

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  • 16. 

    If a child is bullied, he or she could be which of the following?

    • A.

      An aggressive victim

    • B.

      A passive victim

    • C.

      None of these

    • D.

      An aggressive or passive victim

    Correct Answer
    D. An aggressive or passive victim
    Explanation
    A child who is bullied could be either an aggressive or passive victim. An aggressive victim may respond to bullying by retaliating or fighting back, while a passive victim may not respond or may try to avoid the situation. Both types of victims can be affected by bullying and may experience negative emotional and psychological effects.

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  • 17. 

    Eight year old Mary seems to be very upset about something and the school psychologist believes there may be trouble in her house. In an effort to confirm his suspicion, the psychologist has Mary go to a rom containing Dolls, a toy kitchen, and other household items and "pretend to be mommy taking care of her baby girl." This psychologist is using 

    • A.

      Behavior modification

    • B.

      Client-centered therapy

    • C.

      A Piagetian approach

    • D.

      Play therapy

    Correct Answer
    D. Play therapy
    Explanation
    The psychologist is using play therapy to assess Mary's emotional state and potentially uncover any issues she may be experiencing at home. Play therapy allows children to express their thoughts, feelings, and experiences through play, providing a safe and non-threatening environment for them to communicate and work through their emotions. By observing how Mary interacts with the dolls and household items, the psychologist can gain insight into her understanding of family dynamics and potentially identify any signs of distress or trouble in her household.

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  • 18. 

    ________ believed that play is an excellent setting for cognitive development. He was especially interested in the symbolic and make believe aspects of play. 

    • A.

      Freud

    • B.

      Vygotsky

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      Erikson

    Correct Answer
    B. Vygotsky
    Explanation
    Vygotsky believed that play is an excellent setting for cognitive development because he recognized the importance of symbolic and make-believe play in children's learning. He argued that through play, children are able to use their imagination and engage in pretend scenarios, which allows them to develop their thinking and problem-solving skills. Vygotsky believed that play provides a context for children to practice and apply their knowledge, as well as interact with others, leading to cognitive growth and development.

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  • 19. 

    Eight year old Joan spends hours each day jumping rope. What kind of play does this exemplify?

    • A.

      Sensorimotor

    • B.

      Constructive

    • C.

      Practice

    • D.

      Pretend

    Correct Answer
    C. Practice
    Explanation
    The given scenario of an eight-year-old spending hours each day jumping rope exemplifies the concept of practice. Practice refers to the repetitive engagement in an activity to improve skills or proficiency. In this case, Joan's continuous jumping rope sessions indicate that she is dedicating time and effort to enhance her jumping rope abilities. This regular practice can lead to improvement and mastery of the skill.

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  • 20. 

    When Mr. Alden's third grade class writes a script for and reenacts "The First Thanksgiving Feast," which category of play are they engaging in?

    • A.

      Games

    • B.

      Practice

    • C.

      Symbolic

    • D.

      Constructive

    Correct Answer
    D. Constructive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "constructive." When Mr. Alden's third grade class writes a script for and reenacts "The First Thanksgiving Feast," they are engaging in a constructive play. Constructive play involves creating or building something, in this case, the script and the reenactment. They are using their imagination and creativity to construct a play and bring it to life.

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  • 21. 

    In the child-centered kindergarten, 

    • A.

      What is learned, not how it is learned, is stressed

    • B.

      Listening, rather than speaking, is stressed

    • C.

      Little concern is paid to physical development

    • D.

      Play is extremely important in the child's total development

    Correct Answer
    D. Play is extremely important in the child's total development
    Explanation
    The correct answer is play is extremely important in the child's total development. This is because in a child-centered kindergarten, the emphasis is on the child's overall development, and play is considered a crucial aspect of this development. Through play, children learn important skills such as problem-solving, creativity, social interaction, and emotional regulation. Play also allows children to explore their interests and develop their imagination. Therefore, the focus on play in a child-centered kindergarten reflects the understanding that it is a vital component of a child's holistic growth and learning.

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  • 22. 

    The Montessori approach is a philosophy in which 

    • A.

      The teacher acts are the director of learning

    • B.

      Assessment and accountability guide the curriculum

    • C.

      Specific time periods are set aside for back-to-basics

    • D.

      Children are given considerable freedom

    Correct Answer
    D. Children are given considerable freedom
    Explanation
    The Montessori approach emphasizes giving children considerable freedom. This means that children are given the opportunity to make choices and take responsibility for their own learning. They are encouraged to explore their interests and learn at their own pace. This approach believes that children learn best when they are given the freedom to choose their activities and follow their own natural curiosity. The teacher acts as a guide and facilitator, providing support and guidance when needed, but ultimately allowing the child to take ownership of their learning. This approach promotes independence, self-discipline, and a love for learning.

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  • 23. 

    John is observing a classroom that is developmentally inappropriate. John observes that 

    • A.

      The teacher uses highly structured, teacher-directed, department education required, lesson plans

    • B.

      Children are able to select many of their own activities from a variety the teacher prepared

    • C.

      Children are provided many opportunities to develop negotiating skills

    • D.

      The teacher enhances children's self control by using positive guidance techniques

    Correct Answer
    A. The teacher uses highly structured, teacher-directed, department education required, lesson plans
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the teacher uses highly structured, teacher-directed, department education required, lesson plans. This is because the question is asking for an observation of a developmentally inappropriate classroom, and highly structured, teacher-directed lesson plans may not allow for individualized learning or accommodate different learning styles and abilities.

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  • 24. 

    What concern about children's early school experiences is found by education and school psychology professionals?

    • A.

      Elementary school does not have enough assessment and accountability

    • B.

      Elementary school relies exclusively on female authority figures

    • C.

      Elementary school proceeds mainly on the basis of negative feedback

    • D.

      Elementary school is too early to introduce computers

    Correct Answer
    C. Elementary school proceeds mainly on the basis of negative feedback
    Explanation
    Education and school psychology professionals are concerned about the fact that elementary school often operates primarily on the basis of negative feedback. This means that students are frequently corrected and criticized for their mistakes, which can lead to negative emotional experiences and a lack of motivation to learn. This approach may not effectively promote a positive and supportive learning environment for children, and can potentially hinder their academic and social development.

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  • 25. 

    A striking feature of outstanding middle schools, according to the Carnegie Foundation, is the 

    • A.

      Willingness to adapt school practices to individual differences

    • B.

      Back to basics movement

    • C.

      Comprehensive training approach

    • D.

      Proactive classroom management with teachers teams

    Correct Answer
    A. Willingness to adapt school practices to individual differences
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the willingness to adapt school practices to individual differences. This means that outstanding middle schools are open to adjusting their teaching methods and approaches to cater to the unique needs and abilities of each student. They understand that not all students learn the same way and are willing to make necessary changes to ensure that every student receives the support and resources they need to succeed. This adaptability promotes inclusivity and personalized learning, which are key factors in creating a successful educational environment.

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  • 26. 

    Joyce is dropping out of high school. The most likely reason for her doing so is 

    • A.

      School-related

    • B.

      Economic reasons

    • C.

      Peer pressure

    • D.

      Pregnancy or marriage

    Correct Answer
    A. School-related
    Explanation
    The most likely reason for Joyce dropping out of high school is because of school-related issues. This could include academic difficulties, lack of interest or motivation, bullying, or any other challenges she may be facing within the school environment. It is important to consider these factors before assuming other reasons such as economic difficulties, peer pressure, or personal circumstances like pregnancy or marriage.

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  • 27. 

    An example of _______ in the classroom would be when a teacher displays images of children in diverse ethnic and cultural groups, selects play materials and classroom actives that encourage cultural understanding, helps students resist stereotyping, and works with parents. 

    • A.

      Viewing the school

    • B.

      Reducing bias

    • C.

      Critically thinking

    • D.

      Jigsaw learning

    Correct Answer
    B. Reducing bias
    Explanation
    The correct answer is reducing bias. This is because the example provided describes actions taken by a teacher to promote cultural understanding and resist stereotyping in the classroom. By displaying images of diverse ethnic and cultural groups, selecting inclusive play materials and activities, and working with parents, the teacher is actively working to reduce bias and promote a more inclusive and equitable learning environment.

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  • 28. 

    Twelve year old Peter is excellent in math and is considered a good student in most other subjects areas. Peter, however, has a very difficult time comprehending written text and is failing his reading class. Peter is classified as

    • A.

      Learning disabled

    • B.

      Emotionally conflicted

    • C.

      Mentally retarded

    • D.

      A typical boy

    Correct Answer
    A. Learning disabled
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, Peter is described as having difficulty comprehending written text and failing his reading class. This suggests that he may have a specific learning disability in reading, which is impacting his overall academic performance. Therefore, the correct answer is learning disabled.

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  • 29. 

    More boys than girls are classified as having a learning disability. An explanation could be referral bias. In this case, what is referral bias? 

    • A.

      Teachers will refer more girls with inappropriate behavior than boys when it comes to learning disabilities

    • B.

      Teachers will refer more boys with inappropriate behavior than girls when it comes to learning disabilities

    • C.

      Teachers will refer both boys and girls equally when they have inappropriate behavior

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Teachers will refer more boys with inappropriate behavior than girls when it comes to learning disabilities
    Explanation
    Referral bias refers to the tendency of teachers to refer certain groups of students more often than others based on their behavior or characteristics. In this case, the explanation suggests that teachers are more likely to refer boys with inappropriate behavior for learning disabilities compared to girls. This bias could lead to a higher number of boys being classified as having a learning disability, even if the actual prevalence is equal or different.

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  • 30. 

    Autism spectrum disorders would involve 

    • A.

      Communication problems

    • B.

      Social problems

    • C.

      Repetitive behavior

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Autism spectrum disorders are characterized by a range of symptoms, including communication problems, social problems, and repetitive behavior. Individuals with autism may have difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, such as understanding and using language effectively. They may also struggle with social interactions, finding it challenging to engage in and understand social cues and relationships. Additionally, repetitive behaviors, such as repetitive movements or insistence on sameness, are common in individuals with autism. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of these" as all the mentioned symptoms are associated with autism spectrum disorders.

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  • 31. 

    The belief that a person's individual culture is the correct culture is an example of 

    • A.

      Ethics

    • B.

      Ethnocentrism

    • C.

      Ego

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethnocentrism
    Explanation
    Ethnocentrism refers to the belief that one's own culture is superior or more correct than others. It involves judging and evaluating other cultures based on the standards and values of one's own culture. In this case, the belief that an individual's culture is the correct culture aligns with the concept of ethnocentrism.

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  • 32. 

    Most of the friends that Andre hangs around with have a college degree, wait tables for a living and make around $25,000 a year. This suggests that Andrew's friends are of similar 

    • A.

      Socioeconomic status

    • B.

      Moral values

    • C.

      Ethnicity

    • D.

      Cultural background

    Correct Answer
    A. Socioeconomic status
    Explanation
    The fact that most of Andre's friends have a college degree, work as waiters, and earn around $25,000 a year suggests that they are of similar socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic status refers to a person's social and economic position in society, which includes factors such as education, occupation, and income. In this case, Andre's friends share similar educational attainment, occupation, and income level, indicating that they likely belong to a similar socioeconomic group.

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  • 33. 

    Some children are ______ and cope with the challenges of poverty without any major setbacks, but too many struggle unsuccessfully. 

    • A.

      Resilient

    • B.

      Aggressive

    • C.

      Juvenile delinquents

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Resilient
    Explanation
    Resilient refers to the ability to bounce back or recover quickly from difficult situations. The statement suggests that some children are resilient and are able to handle the challenges of poverty without any major setbacks. This implies that they are able to adapt and cope effectively, while many others struggle and are unable to do so. Therefore, the correct answer is resilient.

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  • 34. 

    Research shows that children raised in poverty experience widespeard environmental inequities such as 

    • A.

      Family instability

    • B.

      Dangerous neighborhoods

    • C.

      Less social support

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Children raised in poverty often experience a combination of family instability, dangerous neighborhoods, and less social support. Family instability can refer to factors such as frequent changes in caregivers or unstable living situations, which can disrupt a child's sense of security and stability. Dangerous neighborhoods can expose children to higher levels of crime, violence, and limited access to resources such as quality education and healthcare. Additionally, poverty can limit the social support available to children, including access to mentors, positive role models, and supportive networks. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that children raised in poverty experience widespread environmental inequities encompassing all of these factors.

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  • 35. 

    In the United States, previous findings on the effect of ethnic minority status are being challenged because 

    • A.

      Numerous researchers have been identified as being racists

    • B.

      Past research often fails to consider the fact that ethnicity and SES are cofounded

    • C.

      New culture-free intelligence tests have been developed

    • D.

      Most previous research on ethnicity utilized Native Americans as subjects, and today this group is one of the smaller ethnic minority groups

    Correct Answer
    B. Past research often fails to consider the fact that ethnicity and SES are cofounded
    Explanation
    The correct answer is past research often fails to consider the fact that ethnicity and SES are cofounded. This explanation suggests that previous findings on the effect of ethnic minority status in the United States are being challenged because past research did not adequately account for the confounding factor of socioeconomic status (SES). This means that the relationship between ethnicity and certain outcomes may have been influenced by socioeconomic factors, leading to inaccurate or incomplete conclusions.

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  • 36. 

    Edgar has an unjustified negative attitude towards Thomas because Thomas is a member of the Cherokee Tribe. This illustrates 

    • A.

      Ethnic gloss

    • B.

      Prejudice

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Acculturation

    Correct Answer
    B. Prejudice
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a situation where Edgar holds a negative attitude towards Thomas solely based on his membership in the Cherokee Tribe. This demonstrates prejudice, which refers to preconceived opinions or attitudes towards a particular group without any valid reason or evidence. Prejudice involves making unfair judgments or stereotypes about individuals based on their ethnicity, race, or other characteristics.

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  • 37. 

    Joey is watching television, text messaging, and listening to his iPod. This activity is called 

    • A.

      Mulitexting

    • B.

      Multimessaging

    • C.

      Multitasking

    • D.

      Multimedia

    Correct Answer
    C. Multitasking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is multitasking because Joey is engaged in multiple activities simultaneously, which is the definition of multitasking.

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  • 38. 

    In a research study where one group of children watched violent cartoons on television while another group did not, their interactions on the playground were observed. What would you expect from the children who watched more violence? 

    • A.

      There was no difference between the two groups

    • B.

      The children who did not watch the violent cartoons did not show aggressive behaviors

    • C.

      The children who watched the violent cartoons did not show aggressive behaviors

    • D.

      The children who watched the violent cartoons did show aggressive behaviors

    Correct Answer
    D. The children who watched the violent cartoons did show aggressive behaviors
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the children who watched the violent cartoons displayed aggressive behaviors. This can be expected because exposure to violent media has been linked to increased aggression in children. The observation of their interactions on the playground supports this expectation.

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  • 39. 

    When creative children were studied, what was the outcome of television viewing and creativity? 

    • A.

      The children were extremely creative because they watched creativity on television all the time

    • B.

      Television is negatively related to children's creativity

    • C.

      The children go from point A of creativity to point B of creativity in leaps and bounds when watching television

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Television is negatively related to children's creativity
    Explanation
    The outcome of the study on creative children and television viewing was that television is negatively related to children's creativity. This means that the more children watched television, the less creative they were.

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  • 40. 

    Which is a problem of the influence of television on children's development?

    • A.

      Motivating educational programming

    • B.

      Increasing information about the world that is beyond the immediate environment

    • C.

      Models of prosocial behavior

    • D.

      Models of more and untrue gender specific roles

    Correct Answer
    D. Models of more and untrue gender specific roles
    Explanation
    Television can have a negative influence on children's development by portraying unrealistic and stereotypical gender roles. When children see these gender-specific roles on TV, they may internalize these stereotypes and believe that certain behaviors or characteristics are only appropriate for one gender. This can limit their understanding of gender equality and hinder their personal development.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Oxsmittygirlxo
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