Exam 4 Psych 109

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 359

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Parental behavior that serves to support children's efforts, allowing them to be more skillful than they would be if they relied only on their own abilities, is called
    • A. 

      Bonding

    • B. 

      Scaffolding

    • C. 

      Mutuality

    • D. 

      Reciprocity

  • 2. 
    Staci is a happy infant who smiles easily and is content to be life tin her crib. As a result, her parents are more relaxed and really enjoy spending time playing with her. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Modeling

    • B. 

      Scaffolding

    • C. 

      Automaticity

    • D. 

      Reciprocal socialization

  • 3. 
    Which parental statement exemplified the best coregulation strategy? 
    • A. 

      "I want you to clean your room right now!"

    • B. 

      "What do you think Bonnie felt when you asked her to the dance and then didn't show up?"

    • C. 

      "I don't care what you do"

    • D. 

      "That decision is yours to make. I will no longer tell you what to do."

  • 4. 
    Children whose parents are authoritative are 
    • A. 

      Self reliant

    • B. 

      Socially responsible

    • C. 

      Socially competent

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 5. 
    When Holly is asked to describe her philosophy on parenting, she says, "It's my way or the highway!" This reaction would indicate that Holly is a(n) _____ parent. 
    • A. 

      Authoritative

    • B. 

      Authoritarian

    • C. 

      Permissive-neglectful

    • D. 

      Permissive-indulgent

  • 6. 
    Todd's parents were highly involved with him but also extremely indulgent with him. As a result, he lacks 
    • A. 

      Self control

    • B. 

      Creativity

    • C. 

      Nurturance

    • D. 

      Social skills

  • 7. 
    About ____ of parents who were abused themselves when they were young abuse their own children. 
    • A. 

      One fourth

    • B. 

      One third

    • C. 

      One half

    • D. 

      Three fourths

  • 8. 
    Your friend informs you that he cannot be held responsible for showing up late for a movie because he is the lastborn child in a family of six. How do you respond? 
    • A. 

      "Those excuses are lame. Birth order effects are just not that powerful"

    • B. 

      "You misread the data. Lastborns are the most socially and academically competent of the siblings."

    • C. 

      "You are correct. I'll try to keep that in mind the next time you're late."

    • D. 

      "Your parents had higher expectations for you than the other children. You should know better."

  • 9. 
    Overall, researchers have found ______ of maternal employment on children. 
    • A. 

      No detrimental effects

    • B. 

      Extremely negative effects

    • C. 

      Very little negative effect

    • D. 

      Negative effects for sons only

  • 10. 
    Divorce may be better for the family if which of the following is present?
    • A. 

      Conflict erodes the well-being of the children

    • B. 

      The mother is not perfectly happy

    • C. 

      The father spends too much time at work

    • D. 

      Financial arguments are present

  • 11. 
    Peer influences 
    • A. 

      Can be either positive or negative

    • B. 

      Are almost always positive

    • C. 

      Are almost always negative

    • D. 

      Rarely affect social development

  • 12. 
    Parent-child relationships 
    • A. 

      Generally have no effect on peer relations

    • B. 

      Only develop before peer relationships are established

    • C. 

      Develop independently of peer relations

    • D. 

      Serve as emotional bases for enjoying peer relations

  • 13. 
    Dodge(2011a) found that aggressive boys are more likely to perceive another child's actions as
    • A. 

      Hostile when their intentions are ambiguous

    • B. 

      Ambiguous when their intentions are hostile

    • C. 

      Friendly when their intentions are hostile

    • D. 

      Hostile when their intentions are hostile

  • 14. 
    Neglected children are 
    • A. 

      Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend are are actively disliked by their peers

    • B. 

      Frequently nominated as someone's best friend and are actively disliked by their peers

    • C. 

      Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers

    • D. 

      Frequently nominated as someone's best friend and are not disliked by their peers

  • 15. 
    As a school counselor aware of developmental research, you would likely predict a future of delinquent behavior for the child who is ________ with peers
    • A. 

      Described as controversial

    • B. 

      Described as neglected

    • C. 

      Described as rejected

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    If a child is bullied, he or she could be which of the following?
    • A. 

      An aggressive victim

    • B. 

      A passive victim

    • C. 

      None of these

    • D. 

      An aggressive or passive victim

  • 17. 
    Eight year old Mary seems to be very upset about something and the school psychologist believes there may be trouble in her house. In an effort to confirm his suspicion, the psychologist has Mary go to a rom containing Dolls, a toy kitchen, and other household items and "pretend to be mommy taking care of her baby girl." This psychologist is using 
    • A. 

      Behavior modification

    • B. 

      Client-centered therapy

    • C. 

      A Piagetian approach

    • D. 

      Play therapy

  • 18. 
    ________ believed that play is an excellent setting for cognitive development. He was especially interested in the symbolic and make believe aspects of play. 
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      Vygotsky

    • C. 

      Skinner

    • D. 

      Erikson

  • 19. 
    Eight year old Joan spends hours each day jumping rope. What kind of play does this exemplify?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Constructive

    • C. 

      Practice

    • D. 

      Pretend

  • 20. 
    When Mr. Alden's third grade class writes a script for and reenacts "The First Thanksgiving Feast," which category of play are they engaging in?
    • A. 

      Games

    • B. 

      Practice

    • C. 

      Symbolic

    • D. 

      Constructive

  • 21. 
    In the child-centered kindergarten, 
    • A. 

      What is learned, not how it is learned, is stressed

    • B. 

      Listening, rather than speaking, is stressed

    • C. 

      Little concern is paid to physical development

    • D. 

      Play is extremely important in the child's total development

  • 22. 
    The Montessori approach is a philosophy in which 
    • A. 

      The teacher acts are the director of learning

    • B. 

      Assessment and accountability guide the curriculum

    • C. 

      Specific time periods are set aside for back-to-basics

    • D. 

      Children are given considerable freedom

  • 23. 
    John is observing a classroom that is developmentally inappropriate. John observes that 
    • A. 

      The teacher uses highly structured, teacher-directed, department education required, lesson plans

    • B. 

      Children are able to select many of their own activities from a variety the teacher prepared

    • C. 

      Children are provided many opportunities to develop negotiating skills

    • D. 

      The teacher enhances children's self control by using positive guidance techniques

  • 24. 
    What concern about children's early school experiences is found by education and school psychology professionals?
    • A. 

      Elementary school does not have enough assessment and accountability

    • B. 

      Elementary school relies exclusively on female authority figures

    • C. 

      Elementary school proceeds mainly on the basis of negative feedback

    • D. 

      Elementary school is too early to introduce computers

  • 25. 
    A striking feature of outstanding middle schools, according to the Carnegie Foundation, is the 
    • A. 

      Willingness to adapt school practices to individual differences

    • B. 

      Back to basics movement

    • C. 

      Comprehensive training approach

    • D. 

      Proactive classroom management with teachers teams

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