C3 Da - Medical Emergencies & Pain Management

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C3 Da - Medical Emergencies & Pain Management - Quiz

Medical Emergencies Theory Assessment, Event 17 of 19
HLTDEN001 Prepare for and assist with oral health care procedures quiz Process reusable medical devices and equipment knowledge evidence quiz.
Refer to:Chapter 13 Reading - Essentials of Dental Assisting, 5th Edition, Robinson & Bird100% score required. Following assessment, submit a printed 100% completed certificate to your teacher by the agreed due date.
Complete your name, email and Student Declaration below. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Certificate III in Dental Assisting requires completion of the unit HLTAID003 Provide First AID?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Certificate III in Dental Assisting requires completion of the unit HLTAID003 Provide First Aid because dental assistants may encounter emergency situations in the dental office where they need to provide immediate first aid to patients. This unit equips them with the necessary skills and knowledge to respond effectively in such situations, ensuring the safety and well-being of patients.

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  • 2. 

    An emergency does not require immediate action to be taken for a person who has been injured or has suddenly become ill?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An emergency is a condition or circumstance that requires immediate action to be taken for a person who has been injured or has suddenly become ill

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  • 3. 

    The easiest way to prevent emergencies is to:

    • A.

      Request an updated medical history

    • B.

      Only treat people without special needs

    • C.

      Treat people within a hospital environment

    • D.

      Receive a certificate in first aid

    Correct Answer
    A. Request an updated medical history
    Explanation
    Requesting an updated medical history is the easiest way to prevent emergencies because it allows the person providing care to have a comprehensive understanding of any pre-existing conditions, allergies, or medications that the individual may have. This information is crucial in determining the appropriate course of action and avoiding any potential complications or adverse reactions. By having access to an updated medical history, healthcare providers can make informed decisions and take necessary precautions to prevent emergencies from occurring.

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  • 4. 

    The management of an emergency is most efficient when it involves just one person?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The management of an emergency, the combined efforts of several trained staff members are most efficient when each person takes on a specific role.

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  • 5. 

    All of the following are examples of emergency preparedness, except?

    • A.

      Training only the dentist in first aid procedures

    • B.

      Assigned roles during an emergency

    • C.

      Conducting a mock emergency regularly

    • D.

      Maintaining a complete emergency kit

    Correct Answer
    A. Training only the dentist in first aid procedures
    Explanation
    Every member of the dental team must be prepared for and emergency.

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  • 6. 

    NSW emergency telephone number is:

    • A.

      000

    • B.

      111

    • C.

      911

    • D.

      001

    Correct Answer
    A. 000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 000. In Australia, the emergency telephone number is 000. It is used to contact emergency services such as police, fire, or ambulance in case of any emergency situation. This number is widely recognized and easily remembered by the public, ensuring quick access to emergency assistance when needed.

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  • 7. 

    The most frequent medical emergency in a dental surgery is:

    • A.

      Syncope

    • B.

      Hyperventilation

    • C.

      Stroke

    • D.

      Heart Attack

    Correct Answer
    A. Syncope
    Explanation
    Syncope, or fainting, is the most frequent medical emergency in a dental surgery. This can occur due to various reasons such as anxiety, pain, or a sudden drop in blood pressure. The stress and anxiety associated with dental procedures can cause some patients to faint. It is important for dental professionals to be prepared to handle such emergencies by ensuring a safe and calm environment, monitoring vital signs, and providing prompt medical assistance if needed.

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  • 8. 

    Tick all of the psychological factors contributing to syncope

    • A.

      Stress

    • B.

      Apprehension

    • C.

      Fear

    • D.

      Skipping meals

    • E.

      Fatigue

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stress
    B. Apprehension
    C. Fear
    Explanation
    The psychological factors contributing to syncope include stress, apprehension, and fear. These factors can trigger a physiological response in the body, such as an increase in heart rate or blood pressure, which can lead to a sudden drop in blood flow to the brain and result in syncope. Skipping meals and fatigue, on the other hand, are not directly related to psychological factors and do not typically cause syncope.

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  • 9. 

    Patients with asthma commonly carry an _____  used to relieve symptoms of an attack

    • A.

      Inhaler

    • B.

      Medical braclet

    • C.

      Syringe

    • D.

      Emergency alert whisle

    Correct Answer
    A. Inhaler
    Explanation
    Patients with asthma commonly carry an inhaler to relieve symptoms of an attack. An inhaler is a device that delivers medication directly into the lungs, helping to open up the airways and alleviate breathing difficulties. It is a portable and convenient solution for asthma patients to quickly manage their symptoms when needed. Medical bracelets, syringes, and emergency alert whistles are not typically used for relieving asthma symptoms and are not as effective as an inhaler in this context.

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  • 10. 

    Select the common antigens found in a dental surgery

    • A.

      Latex

    • B.

      Penicillin

    • C.

      Epinephrine

    • D.

      Animal hair

    • E.

      Pollen

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Latex
    B. Penicillin
    C. Epinephrine
    Explanation
    The common antigens found in a dental surgery include latex, penicillin, and epinephrine. Latex is a common allergen found in gloves, masks, and other dental equipment. Penicillin is an antibiotic commonly used in dental procedures, which can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Epinephrine is a medication used in dental anesthesia, which can also trigger allergic reactions. Therefore, these three substances are potential antigens that individuals may come into contact with during a dental surgery.

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  • 11. 

    All of the following should be recorded in a patient's record following an emergency, except?

    • A.

      The associated fees for managing the emergency

    • B.

      Exactly what happened

    • C.

      Treatment provided

    • D.

      The patient's condition when left the office

    Correct Answer
    A. The associated fees for managing the emergency
    Explanation
    In a patient's record following an emergency, it is important to document exactly what happened, the treatment provided, and the patient's condition when they left the office. However, the associated fees for managing the emergency would typically be recorded in the billing or financial records, rather than the patient's medical record. Therefore, the associated fees for managing the emergency would not be recorded in the patient's record.

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  • 12. 

    “The practice of various chemical, physiological, and psychological approaches to prevent and treat preoperative, operative, and postoperative pain and anxiety” is the definition of?

    • A.

      Pain and anxiety control

    • B.

      Harmonious patient management

    • C.

      Difficult dentistry demonstrations

    • D.

      The role of the dental assistant

    Correct Answer
    A. Pain and anxiety control
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pain and anxiety control. This definition refers to the different methods used to prevent and treat pain and anxiety before, during, and after medical procedures. It encompasses a range of approaches from chemical interventions to physiological and psychological techniques.

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  • 13. 

    It is common to use the following pain method immediatly prior to local anaesthesia

    • A.

      Topical anaesthesia

    • B.

      Anti-anxiety medication

    • C.

      General anaesthesia

    • D.

      IV sedation

    Correct Answer
    A. Topical anaesthesia
    Explanation
    Topical anesthesia is commonly used immediately prior to local anesthesia. This method involves applying a numbing agent, such as a gel or cream, directly to the skin or mucous membranes. It helps to temporarily numb the area and reduce pain or discomfort during the administration of local anesthesia, which involves injecting a numbing medication into the targeted area. Topical anesthesia is a common practice in various medical procedures, including dental work and minor surgeries.

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  • 14. 

    Please read and identify the induction time of the local anaesthesia described in the scenario below :   3:00pm    George Smith received topical anaesthesia for a lower right block injection 3:02pm    George Smith received local anaesthesia for a lower right block injection 3:07pm    George Smith felt complete numbing sensation on the lower right 4:37pm    George Smith no longer felt a numbing sensation on the lower right

    • A.

      5 minutes

    • B.

      4 minutes

    • C.

      3 minutes

    • D.

      2 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 minutes
    Explanation
    The induction time of the local anaesthesia in this scenario is 5 minutes. This is because George Smith felt a complete numbing sensation on the lower right 5 minutes after receiving the local anaesthesia.

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  • 15. 

    Please read and identify the duration time of the local anaesthesia described in the scenario below :   3:00pm    George Smith received topical anaesthesia for a lower right block injection 3:02pm    George Smith received local anaesthesia for a lower right block injection 3:07pm    George Smith felt complete numbing sensation on the lower right 4:37pm    George Smith no longer felt a numbing sensation on the lower right

    • A.

      90 minutes

    • B.

      60 minutes

    • C.

      30 minutes

    • D.

      120 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 90 minutes
    Explanation
    The duration time of the local anaesthesia described in the scenario is 90 minutes. This can be inferred from the fact that George Smith received topical anaesthesia at 3:00pm and local anaesthesia at 3:02pm. He then felt a complete numbing sensation at 3:07pm. The fact that he no longer felt a numbing sensation at 4:37pm indicates that the anaesthesia lasted for 90 minutes.

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  • 16. 

    All of the following statements are true, except?

    • A.

      Vasoconstrictors are recommended for patients with hypertension

    • B.

      Vasoconstrictors slows down the induction time

    • C.

      Epinephrine is a very common vasoconstrictors

    • D.

      Decreases blood flow in the immediate area of an injection

    Correct Answer
    A. Vasoconstrictors are recommended for patients with hypertension
    Explanation
    Vasoconstrictors are not recommended for patients with hypertension because they can further increase blood pressure. Vasoconstrictors are substances that constrict or narrow blood vessels, which can lead to an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, patients with hypertension, who already have high blood pressure, should avoid vasoconstrictors to prevent further complications.

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  • 17. 

    Vasoconstrictors increases the duration time of a local anaesthetic?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Vasoconstrictors increase the duration time of a local anaesthetic because they constrict the blood vessels at the site of administration. This constriction reduces blood flow to the area, which in turn slows down the absorption and distribution of the local anaesthetic. As a result, the anaesthetic remains in the targeted area for a longer period, prolonging its effect and providing extended pain relief.

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  • 18. 

    The principal method of local anaesthesia in the mandibular posterior area is the ___?

    • A.

      Block

    • B.

      Infiltration

    • C.

      Palatal

    • D.

      Lingual

    Correct Answer
    A. Block
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Block." In the mandibular posterior area, the principal method of local anesthesia is the block technique. This involves injecting the anesthetic solution near the main nerve trunk that supplies sensation to the area. By blocking the nerve, the entire area supplied by that nerve becomes numb, allowing for effective pain control during dental procedures. Infiltration, palatal, and lingual techniques are also used for anesthesia in other areas of the mouth, but in the mandibular posterior area, the block technique is the most commonly used.

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  • 19. 

    Which type of needle would commonly be used in the maxillary arch?

    • A.

      Short needle

    • B.

      Long needle

    • C.

      Double-ended needle

    • D.

      Xtra-long needle

    Correct Answer
    A. Short needle
    Explanation
    A short needle would commonly be used in the maxillary arch because it allows for better control and maneuverability in the smaller oral cavity. The maxillary arch refers to the upper jaw, and since it is a smaller area compared to the mandibular arch (lower jaw), a shorter needle would be more suitable for injections in this region. Using a shorter needle also reduces the risk of hitting underlying structures and causing complications.

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  • 20. 

    Which part of the anaesthetic cartridge comes in contact with the harpoon of the syringe?

    • A.

      Plunger

    • B.

      Neck

    • C.

      Diaphragm

    • D.

      Aluminium cap

    Correct Answer
    A. Plunger
    Explanation
    The plunger of the anaesthetic cartridge comes in contact with the harpoon of the syringe. This is because the harpoon is responsible for puncturing the diaphragm of the cartridge, and the plunger is used to push the anaesthetic solution out of the cartridge and into the syringe. The neck and aluminium cap are not in direct contact with the harpoon during this process.

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  • 21. 

    All of the following statements are ADA Guidelines for Infection Control, except?

    • A.

      Needles may be broken to better reach

    • B.

      Needles must never be passed by hand

    • C.

      Needles must be placed in a puncture-resistant tray after each use

    • D.

      Needles must never be removed from disposable syringes

    Correct Answer
    A. Needles may be broken to better reach
  • 22. 

    Nitrous Oxide analgesia will achieve total pain control for a patient

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Nitrous oxide analgesia is a form of pain relief that is commonly used in dentistry and childbirth. While it can help to reduce pain and anxiety, it does not provide total pain control for a patient. Nitrous oxide is a mild sedative and analgesic, meaning it can help to relax a patient and reduce their perception of pain, but it is not strong enough to completely eliminate all pain. Therefore, the statement that nitrous oxide analgesia will achieve total pain control for a patient is false.

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  • 23. 

    Following nitrous oxide analgesia, the minimal minutes of 100% oxygen should be delivered through the nosepiece is _____ ?

    • A.

      5 minutes

    • B.

      2 minutes

    • C.

      10 minutes

    • D.

      15 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 minutes
    Explanation
    After administering nitrous oxide analgesia, it is important to deliver 100% oxygen through the nosepiece to the patient. This is done to prevent hypoxia, as nitrous oxide can displace oxygen from the lungs. The minimal duration for delivering 100% oxygen is 5 minutes, which allows for the elimination of any remaining nitrous oxide from the patient's system and ensures an adequate supply of oxygen to the tissues.

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  • 24. 

    Prescribed drugs that dull the perception of pain without producing unconsciousness are known as?

    • A.

      Analgesic agents

    • B.

      Antianxiety agents

    • C.

      Antidepression agents

    • D.

      Axillary agents

    Correct Answer
    A. Analgesic agents
    Explanation
    Analgesic agents are prescribed drugs that dull the perception of pain without causing unconsciousness. These drugs are commonly used to relieve pain in various medical conditions. They work by blocking pain signals to the brain or by reducing inflammation. Examples of analgesic agents include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and local anesthetics. These medications are often used in combination with other treatments to manage pain effectively.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 10, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Lynn
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