Patho Quiz 1

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 688

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Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Prolonged exposure of cells to adverse or exaggerated normal stimuli which evokes various changes at the level of individual cells, tissues or whole organs is known as what?
    • A. 

      Altered cells

    • B. 

      Cell alteration

    • C. 

      Cell adaptation

    • D. 

      Cell variation

  • 2. 
    True or False?  Once the cause or stimulus has been removed, most cells that have adapted to chronic stimulation are able to revert back to normal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The loss of cells, decrease in the size of a tissue, organ or the entire body is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 4. 
    Thymus undergoing involution, bones and muscles becoming thin in the elderly are just two examples of what?
    • A. 

      Pathologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Physiologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy

  • 5. 
    Alzheimer's Disease is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Physiologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Pathologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy

  • 6. 
    Enlargement, an increase in the size of tissues or organs due to enlargement of individual cells is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 7. 
    Enlargement of muscles in body builders is an example of _____________ while enlargement of the heart due to increased workload is an example of _____________.
    • A. 

      Physiologic atrophy, pathologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Pathologic atrophy, physiologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy, physiologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy, pathologic hypertrophy

  • 8. 
    An adaptive increase in the number of cells that can cause enlargement of tissuews or organs is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 9. 
    True or False?  Hyperplasia can be seen along with hypertrophy?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The change of one cell to another cell type is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 11. 
    True or false?  Metaplasia is reversible but it can also progress to dysplasia
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    What are two examples of Metaplasia?
    • A. 

      Polyps on the colon and BPH

    • B. 

      Bronchial epithelium due to smoking and the GE junction in Barrett Esophagus

    • C. 

      Testicular atrophy and Alzheimer's disease

    • D. 

      Endometrial hyperlasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

  • 13. 
    Disordered growth of tissues resulting from chronic irritation or infection is known as what?
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Metaplasia

    • D. 

      Dysplasia

  • 14. 
    True or false?  There is no association between dysplasia and cancer.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Based on pap smears, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is the best example of what condition?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Metaplasia

    • D. 

      Dysplasia

  • 16. 
    True or false, in the normal pap smear, there should be only one large dark purple nucleus in each cell? 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    True or false?  Any women with HPV is automatically put in CIN-I (mild dysplasia)?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Undifferentiated and uncontrolled growth of cells is known as what?
    • A. 

      Anaplasia

    • B. 

      Metaplasia

    • C. 

      Dysplasia

    • D. 

      Hyperplasia

  • 19. 
    Malignancy, carcinoma, cancer, and neoplasm are synonyms for what?
    • A. 

      Metaplasia

    • B. 

      Dysplasia

    • C. 

      Anaplasia

    • D. 

      Bastard

  • 20. 
    What is one of the microscopic hallmarks of anaplasia?
    • A. 

      Low N/C ratio, 1:4

    • B. 

      High N/C ratio, 1:1

    • C. 

      Small nucleoli

    • D. 

      Cells similar in size and shape

  • 21. 
    True or false?  If the nucleus dies, the cell dies?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What is an example of reversible cell injury?
    • A. 

      Changes in the nucleus

    • B. 

      Hypoxia

    • C. 

      Rupture of the cell membrane

    • D. 

      Loss of cell integrity

  • 23. 
    Pyknosis, Karyorrhexis, and Karyolysis are all forms of what?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Pinocytosis

    • C. 

      Autolysis

    • D. 

      Damage to the nucleus

  • 24. 
    True or false?  Can irreversible cellular changes by diagnosed?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    High levels of what enzymes are typically found in pts with MI's or viral hepatitis?
    • A. 

      AST or ALT

    • B. 

      AST or LDH

    • C. 

      LDH or BLT

    • D. 

      ALST or LDL

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