Renal Pathology MCQs

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 5006

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Renal Pathology MCQs

Renal quiz for pathology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 7 year old child presents with hypoalbuminemia, edema, hyperlipidemia, and proteinuria. The edema is in the periorbital region initially and eventually spreads to the rest of the body. The patient is given steroid therapy and the disease goes away. What is a key morphological feature of the patients disease?
    • A. 

      Fusion of the foot processes

    • B. 

      Destruction of the basement membrane

    • C. 

      Destruction of the glomerulus

    • D. 

      Hemosiderin laden macrophages in the kidney

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    A patient presents with symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. The disease is immune complex mediated and is known to create an increase in glomerular basement membrane size. IgG and C3 levels are deposited on subepithelial side of the basement membrane. Which of the following would best describe the morphology of the disease?
    • A. 

      Proliferation of new basement membrane between complexes

    • B. 

      Spike and Hair-comb pattern

    • C. 

      Infiltration of the area with lymphocytes

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B only

  • 3. 
    A diabetic patient presents with macroalbuminuria that was once microalbuminuria. He also has hypertension and his GFR has decreased a lot. He has retinopathy. His kidney glomerular basement membrane is thickened and there appears to be sclerosing. What is a key feature of his syndrome.
    • A. 

      Kimmelsteil-Wilson nodules

    • B. 

      Haberden Nodes

    • C. 

      Bouchard nodes

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      B and c

  • 4. 
    A patient presents with proteinuria, edema, and symptoms of renal insufficiency. There appears to be nodular hyaline masses in the glomerulus of the kidney. Tests indicate that the kidney has enlarged. The disease with the most similar presentation would be?
    • A. 

      Diabetic Nephropathy

    • B. 

      IgA Nephropathy

    • C. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • D. 

      Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 5. 
    A child after a strep infection, presents 10 days later with hypertension, hematuria, edema, and sometime oliguria. There appears to be elevated titers of anti-streptolysin O anitbodies. What is a key morphological feature of his disease?
    • A. 

      Spike and dome appearance

    • B. 

      Humps

    • C. 

      Deposition of IgG and C3

    • D. 

      Deposition of IgM and C3

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 6. 
    A patient presents with hematuria, proteinuria on urinanalysis, edema and recurrent episodes of gross hematuria. C3 levels are low and examination of the basement membrane reveals thickening of the glomerular loop or tram-tracking. He is diagnosed with the type 1 of MPGN. Electron dense deposition is most commonly seen in:
    • A. 

      The subendothelial area

    • B. 

      Glomerular basement membrane

    • C. 

      Mesangium

    • D. 

      The loops of henle

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is a group of disorders associated with severe oliguria and death from renal failure within weeks and is commonly associated with _ formation
  • 8. 
    A patient presents with malar rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, arthritis, and signs of nephritic syndrome. Upon examination of his kidney, there appears to be crescent formation. Test samples reveal antibodies against DNA, ANA, and snRNA. What is the pathogenic mechanism of the disease?
    • A. 

      Immune complex mediated

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Tumor

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    A black male that is diabetic, initially has no organ failure, and his arterioles seem to have undergone hyaline deposition. As time progresses, his diastolic blood pressure ends up being over 120, his organs start to fail, which proteinuria, nausea, vomiting, MI's, and blurry eyes. What is a key morphological feature of his conditions?
    • A. 

      Fibrinoid necrosis and thrombus formation

    • B. 

      Hyaline deposition continues

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Embolism formation

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    A patient presents with hypotension, low urine output, uremic signs like pericaridal friction rub, asterxis and confusion. Laboratory findings indicate elevated serum creatinine and BUN levels, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and metabolic acidosis. Urinary findings would indicate:
    • A. 

      Muddy brown granular casts

    • B. 

      Epithelial cell casts

    • C. 

      Rbc casts

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 11. 
    A patient presents with fever, flank pain, dysuria, costovertebral angle tenderness, papillary necrosis, pyonephrosis and perinephric abscess. Laboratory findings indicate elevated creatine and BUN levels. Laboratory findings will also reveal:
    • A. 

      WBC casts

    • B. 

      RBC casts

    • C. 

      Granular casts

    • D. 

      No casts

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Obstructive uropathy will cause dilation of renal pelvises and calyses also known as -
  • 13. 
    A patient with a history of gout experiences abrupt onset of flank pain extending to the groin, nausea, vomiting, and microscopic hematuria. All of the following are related to his condition except:
    • A. 

      Renal colic

    • B. 

      UTI

    • C. 

      Calcium oxalate

    • D. 

      Increased fluid intake

    • E. 

      All are related

  • 14. 
    A patient presents with hypertension, hematuria, flank pain, and nephrolithiasis. Examination of his kidney reveals many cysts. A common complication of his disease is:
    • A. 

      Berry aneurysms

    • B. 

      Pneumonia

    • C. 

      Hemorrhages

    • D. 

      Hypertension

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    A 60 year old male comes to your office and upon examination, there appears to be a mass on his kidney. He has hematuria and flank pain. The tumor arises from and is associated with_ in the non sporadic form:
    • A. 

      Ductal cells, Von Hippel lindau

    • B. 

      Glomerulus, NF2

    • C. 

      Adrenal medulla, polycystic kidney disease

    • D. 

      Ductal cells, NF1

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    A patient presents with fever and rash and has been on NSAIDs. Upon taking a renal biopsy, his kidney shows inflammatory infiltration of lymphocytes and _
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