Pathology- Git & Lung

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 235

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Pathology- Git & Lung


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Q. 1 The most common location of Chronic gastric ulcer is..............?
    • A. 

      Greater Curvature

    • B. 

      Lesser Curvature

    • C. 

      Lesser Curvature near incisura

    • D. 

      Pylorus

  • 2. 
    Q. 2 The gastric outlet obstruction in a peptic ulcer patient, the site of obstruction is most likely to be-
    • A. 

      Antrum

    • B. 

      Duodenum

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Fundus

  • 3. 
    Q. 3 A 20 year old woman presents with a 2 year history of difficulty in swallowing and increasing fatigue. A CBC shows iron-deficiency anaemia. Upper endoscopy reveals an annular marrowing in the upper third of the esophagus. A mucosal biopsy shows no evidence of inflammation or neoplasia. Which of the following is most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Achalasia

    • B. 

      Barrett Esophagus

    • C. 

      Diventiculum

    • D. 

      Esophageal web

  • 4. 
    Q. 4 A 45 year old man presents with long-standing heart-burn with dyspepsia. An X-ray film of chest shows a retro-cardiac gas filled structures. This patient most likely has which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Boerhaave syndrome

    • B. 

      Esophageal varices

    • C. 

      Esophageal webs

    • D. 

      Hiatal Hernia

  • 5. 
    Q. 5 False statement about Barrett esophagus is..........?
    • A. 

      Goblet cells seen in Histology

    • B. 

      Patient may lead to malignancy after few years

    • C. 

      Columnar to squamous metaplasia

    • D. 

      Chronic GERD is a predisposing factor

  • 6. 
    Q. 6 All of the following statements is/are true regarding esophageal atresia except......?
    • A. 

      There is absence of esophagus

    • B. 

      It is a mechanical obstruction

    • C. 

      It occurs most commonly at or near Tracheal bifurcation

    • D. 

      It is associated with other congenital anomalies

  • 7. 
    Q. 7 All of the following are features of Paterson-Brown-Kelly syndrome except........?
    • A. 

      Esophageal mucosal webs

    • B. 

      Megaloblastic anaemia

    • C. 

      Glossitis

    • D. 

      Cheilosis

  • 8. 
    Q. 8 Predisposing factors for esophageal cancer are all of the following except.......?
    • A. 

      Mediastinal fibrosis

    • B. 

      Diverticula

    • C. 

      Caustic alkali burn

    • D. 

      HPV

  • 9. 
    Q. 9 The most common cause of esophageal perforation is............?
    • A. 

      Mallory weiss syndrome

    • B. 

      Boerhaave syndrome

    • C. 

      Iatrogenic       

    • D. 

      Esophageal varices

  • 10. 
    Q. 10 Barrett's esophagus results in which type of carcinoma?
    • A. 

      Adenocarcinoma

    • B. 

      Squamous cell carcinoma

    • C. 

      Adeno-squamous carcinoma

    • D. 

      Basal cell carcinoma

  • 11. 
    Q. 11 Which is the most common site of carcinoma of esophagus?
    • A. 

      . Lower 1/3rd   

    • B. 

      Middle 1/3rd

    • C. 

      Upper 1/3rd     

    • D. 

      GE Junction

  • 12. 
    Q. 12 Acidification of duodenum will be....................?
    • A. 

      Decrease pancreatic secretion of bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Increase secretion of gastric acids

    • C. 

      Decrease gastric emptying

    • D. 

      Increase contraction of gall bladder

  • 13. 
    Q. 13 HCl secretion in stomach................?
    • A. 

      Is a function of peptic cells

    • B. 

      Requires no energy

    • C. 

      Requires presence of carbonic anhydrase enzyme

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Q. 14 Which of the following causes hiatal hernia?
    • A. 

      Increased intrathoracic pressure

    • B. 

      Weakness of diaphragm muscle

    • C. 

      Increased esophageal muscle pressure

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Q. 15 Which of the following test is used to diagnose ulcer?
    • A. 

      EGD   

    • B. 

      Barium swallow

    • C. 

      CT Scan

    • D. 

      X-ray

  • 16. 
    Q. 16 A highly sensitive and specific marker for detecting intestinal inflammation as in ulcerative colitis is ............?
    • A. 

      CRP   

    • B. 

      Fecal Lactoferrin

    • C. 

      Fecal Calprotectin

    • D. 

      Leukocytosis

  • 17. 
    Q. 17 Which of the following statements about Crohn's disease is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Granulomas present frequently

    • B. 

      It is having transmural inflammation

    • C. 

      Cigarette smoking is a risk factor

    • D. 

      Rectum is most commonly involved in these patients

  • 18. 
    Q. 18 Backwash Ileitis is seen in .......................?
    • A. 

      Crohn's disease

    • B. 

      Ulcerative colitis

    • C. 

      Colonic carcinoma

    • D. 

      Ileal polyp

  • 19. 
    Q. 19 Granulomatous inflammation is found in .......................?
    • A. 

      Crohn's disease

    • B. 

      Ulcerative colitis

    • C. 

      Giardiasis

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    Q. 20 Which of the following is not true about GIST?
    • A. 

      Stomach is the most common site

    • B. 

      Highly propensity of malignant change

    • C. 

      Associated with C-KIT mutation

    • D. 

      Histology shows spindle shaped cells

  • 21. 
    Q. 21 Sister Mary Joseph nodule is most commonly seen in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Ovarian cancer           

    • B. 

      Stomach cancer

    • C. 

      Pancreatic cancer       

    • D. 

      Colon cancer

  • 22. 
    Q. 22 A 3 week old boy is brought to the physician by his parents who report that he vomits forcefully immediately after nursing. "Physical examination" reveals an "Olive like" palpable mass with visible peristaltic movements within the infant's abdomen. What is the most likely cause of projectile vomiting in this infant?
    • A. 

      Appendicitis

    • B. 

      Congenital pyrotic stenosis

    • C. 

      Hirschsprung disease

    • D. 

      Meconium Ileus

  • 23. 
    Q. 23 Mallory weiss syndrome is caused due to tear in ......................?
    • A. 

      Lower esophageal end

    • B. 

      Upper esophageal end

    • C. 

      Cricopharyngeal Junction

    • D. 

      Gastroesophageal Junction

  • 24. 
    Q. 24 The best site for taking biopsy for Viral esophagitis is ..................?
    • A. 

      Edge of ulcer

    • B. 

      Base of ulcer

    • C. 

      Adjacent indurated area under ulcer

    • D. 

      Surrounding normal mucosa

  • 25. 
    Q. 25 Cushing ulcer is seen in ................?
    • A. 

      Stress ulcer in head injury

    • B. 

      Stress ulcer in burns

    • C. 

      Ulcer in severe hypertension

    • D. 

      Ulcer in Crohn's disease

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