Basics Of Clinical Bariatrics Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 17 | Total Attempts: 8,071
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Medical Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the clinical definition of obesity?

    • A.

      BMI > 40

    • B.

      BMI > 30

    • C.

      BMI > 25

    • D.

      BMI > 20

    Correct Answer
    B. BMI > 30
    Explanation
    The clinical definition of obesity is having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30. BMI is a measurement that takes into account a person's weight and height, and a BMI of 30 or higher indicates that a person is significantly overweight and at a higher risk for various health issues associated with obesity.

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  • 2. 

    What is the normal BMI range?

    • A.

      BMI 30-40

    • B.

      BMI 25-30

    • C.

      BMI 18.5-25

    • D.

      BMI 17-18.5

    Correct Answer
    C. BMI 18.5-25
    Explanation
    The normal BMI range is 18.5-25. This range indicates a healthy weight for most adults. A BMI below 18.5 is considered underweight, while a BMI above 25 is considered overweight. Therefore, the correct answer is BMI 18.5-25.

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  • 3. 

    Average normal blood pressure is equal to or less than _____ .

    Correct Answer
    120/80
    Explanation
    The average normal blood pressure is equal to or less than 120/80. This is considered a healthy blood pressure reading, with 120 representing the systolic pressure (the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats) and 80 representing the diastolic pressure (the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats). Maintaining a blood pressure within this range is important for overall cardiovascular health and can help reduce the risk of heart disease and other related conditions.

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  • 4. 

    Bariatric surgery is usually performed for morbidly obese patients.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bariatric surgery is a medical procedure that is typically carried out on individuals who are severely obese and have not been able to lose weight through other methods. The surgery aims to reduce the size of the stomach or bypass a portion of the digestive system, leading to weight loss. Therefore, it is true that bariatric surgery is usually performed for morbidly obese patients.

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  • 5. 

    Sleeve gastrectomy is irreversible.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical procedure in which a large portion of the stomach is permanently removed. This procedure is irreversible because once the stomach is removed, it cannot be reattached or regenerated. Therefore, the statement that sleeve gastrectomy is irreversible is true.

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  • 6. 

    Duodenal switch is for patients who are only moderately obese.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement given in the question is false. Duodenal switch is a type of weight loss surgery that is typically recommended for patients who are severely obese, not moderately obese. It is a more aggressive procedure that involves removing a large portion of the stomach and rerouting the small intestine to limit the absorption of food. This surgery is usually considered for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or those with a BMI of 35-39.9 with significant obesity-related health conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following are examples of bands used in gastric banding surgery?

    • A.

      REALIZE band

    • B.

      PHENTERMINE band

    • C.

      LAP-BAND

    • D.

      BELVIQ-BAND

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. REALIZE band
    C. LAP-BAND
    Explanation
    The REALIZE band and LAP-BAND are examples of bands used in gastric banding surgery. Gastric banding surgery is a weight loss procedure where a band is placed around the upper part of the stomach to create a small pouch, which restricts the amount of food the patient can eat. The REALIZE band and LAP-BAND are both specific brands of gastric bands that are commonly used in this type of surgery. The PHENTERMINE band and BELVIQ-BAND are not examples of bands used in gastric banding surgery.

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  • 8. 

    In gastric bypass, the tiny remnant of stomach is connected to the _____ .

    • A.

      Upper intestine

    • B.

      Ascending colon

    • C.

      Descending colon

    • D.

      Lower intestine

    Correct Answer
    A. Upper intestine
    Explanation
    In gastric bypass surgery, the tiny remnant of the stomach is connected to the upper intestine. This is done to reroute the digestive system, bypassing a large portion of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine. By connecting the stomach directly to the upper part of the small intestine, the absorption of nutrients is reduced, leading to weight loss. This procedure is often used to treat obesity and related health conditions.

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  • 9. 

    What is the name of the procedure in which saline is added to or removed from a gastric band to control the restriction of the band on the stomach?

    Correct Answer
    Adjustment, adjustment, ADJUSTMENT
    Explanation
    The procedure in which saline is added to or removed from a gastric band to control the restriction of the band on the stomach is called adjustment. This process allows for the customization of the band's tightness to achieve the desired level of restriction on the stomach. By adding or removing saline, the band can be adjusted to either increase or decrease the amount of food that can pass through the stomach, helping with weight loss and management.

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  • 10. 

    What is included in a lipid panel?

    • A.

      LDL

    • B.

      HDL

    • C.

      Triglycerides

    • D.

      Total cholesterol

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    A lipid panel is a blood test that measures the levels of different types of lipids in the blood. These lipids include LDL (low-density lipoprotein), HDL (high-density lipoprotein), triglycerides, and total cholesterol. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" because all of these components are included in a lipid panel.

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  • 11. 

    What is the "bad cholesterol"?

    • A.

      HDL

    • B.

      LDL

    Correct Answer
    B. LDL
    Explanation
    LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein, which is commonly referred to as "bad cholesterol." LDL carries cholesterol from the liver to the cells in the body, but when there is an excess amount of LDL in the blood, it can build up in the arteries and form plaques. These plaques can narrow and harden the arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Therefore, LDL is considered the "bad cholesterol" because high levels of it are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular problems.

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  • 12. 

    Check all options which are included in a basic metabolic panel (BMP).

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Chloride

    • D.

      Creatinine

    • E.

      BUN

    • F.

      Glucose

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sodium
    B. Potassium
    C. Chloride
    D. Creatinine
    E. BUN
    F. Glucose
    Explanation
    A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a blood test that measures certain substances in the blood to assess the overall function of the body's organs. The substances included in a BMP are sodium, potassium, chloride, creatinine, BUN (blood urea nitrogen), and glucose. These substances are important indicators of electrolyte balance, kidney function, and blood sugar levels. By checking these levels, healthcare providers can diagnose and monitor conditions such as dehydration, kidney disease, and diabetes.

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  • 13. 

    Bilirubin is a product of hemoglobin breakdown and helps diagnose liver disease.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bilirubin is indeed a product of hemoglobin breakdown and its levels can be used to diagnose liver disease. When red blood cells are broken down, bilirubin is produced and then processed by the liver. If the liver is not functioning properly, it may not be able to process bilirubin effectively, leading to elevated levels in the blood. Therefore, measuring bilirubin levels can be a useful diagnostic tool for liver disease.

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  • 14. 

    What is the most commonly prescribed appetite suppressant in the United States?

    Correct Answer
    phentermine, Phentermine
    Explanation
    Phentermine is the most commonly prescribed appetite suppressant in the United States. It is a medication that works by stimulating the hypothalamus gland and affecting certain neurotransmitters to decrease appetite. Phentermine is typically prescribed for short-term use in conjunction with a reduced-calorie diet and exercise for the treatment of obesity. It is widely used due to its effectiveness in suppressing appetite and promoting weight loss.

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  • 15. 

    Which medication listed is NOT an appetite suppressant?

    • A.

      Phentermine

    • B.

      Exenatide

    • C.

      Benzphetamine

    • D.

      Lisinopril

    Correct Answer
    D. Lisinopril
    Explanation
    Lisinopril is not an appetite suppressant because it is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It works by relaxing blood vessels, not by suppressing appetite. On the other hand, Phentermine, Exenatide, and Benzphetamine are all appetite suppressants commonly used for weight loss.

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  • 16. 

    Bariatric surgery aims to reduce and/or restrict the size of the colon.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Bariatric surgery does not aim to reduce or restrict the size of the colon. Instead, it is a surgical procedure that aims to reduce the size of the stomach and sometimes reroute the small intestine, leading to weight loss. The surgery helps individuals with severe obesity by limiting the amount of food they can consume and altering the digestion process. Therefore, the statement that bariatric surgery aims to reduce and/or restrict the size of the colon is false.

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  • 17. 

    The best chance of keeping weight off after surgery is a high carbohydrate diet and minimal physical activity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a high carbohydrate diet and minimal physical activity are not the best ways to keep weight off after surgery. In fact, a balanced diet with a moderate amount of carbohydrates, along with regular physical activity, is recommended for maintaining weight loss. This combination helps to increase metabolism, burn calories, and build lean muscle mass, which are essential for long-term weight management.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following medical issues is an obese patient NOT at increased risk for? 

    • A.

      Obstructive sleep apnea

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Diabetes

    • D.

      Congenital heart disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Congenital heart disease
    Explanation
    Obese patients are at an increased risk for various medical issues due to the excess weight they carry. However, congenital heart disease is not directly related to obesity. Congenital heart disease refers to heart defects that are present at birth and are usually caused by genetic factors or abnormal development in the womb. While obesity can contribute to heart disease, it does not specifically increase the risk of congenital heart disease, as this condition is not caused by lifestyle or weight-related factors.

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  • 19. 

    _____ is made by pituitary gland in the brain and regulates thyroid hormone production.

    Correct Answer
    TSH, tsh, Thyroid stimulating hormone, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, Thyroid Stimulating hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone
    Explanation
    TSH, also known as thyroid stimulating hormone, is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain and is responsible for regulating the production of thyroid hormones.

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