Branches Of Medicine Quiz: Trivia!

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Branches Of Medicine Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz

If you have been to the hospital ever, you might have come across different sections or departments. This quiz will assess your knowledge about branches of medicine and the health care team. Read the questions carefully and answer. Let's try it out. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The specialty that treats intestinal disorders is:

    • A.

      Radiology

    • B.

      Gastroenterology

    • C.

      Urology

    Correct Answer
    B. Gastroenterology
    Explanation
    Gastroenterology is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the digestive system, including the intestines. Gastroenterologists are specialized in managing conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and gastrointestinal bleeding. They use various diagnostic procedures like endoscopy and colonoscopy to examine and treat patients with intestinal disorders. Radiology is not the correct answer as it primarily deals with medical imaging techniques, while urology focuses on the urinary system.

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  • 2. 

    The specialty that treats eye disorders is:

    • A.

      Ophthalmology

    • B.

      Dermatology

    • C.

      Anesthesiology

    Correct Answer
    A. Ophthalmology
    Explanation
    Ophthalmology is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Ophthalmologists are trained to provide comprehensive eye care, including performing eye exams, prescribing glasses or contact lenses, diagnosing and treating eye diseases, and performing eye surgeries. Dermatology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders, while anesthesiology specializes in providing anesthesia and pain management during surgical procedures.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following does not belong?

    • A.

      CMT

    • B.

      LPN

    • C.

      RN

    Correct Answer
    A. CMT
    Explanation
    The given options CMT, LPN, and RN all represent different medical professions. CMT stands for Certified Medical Technician, LPN stands for Licensed Practical Nurse, and RN stands for Registered Nurse. However, the term CMT does not fit with the other options because it does not represent a specific nursing or medical profession. Therefore, CMT does not belong in this group.

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  • 4. 

    The physician who treats disorders of the mind such as depression is a:

    • A.

      Neurosurgeon

    • B.

      Neurologist

    • C.

      Psychiatrist

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychiatrist
    Explanation
    A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses, including depression. They are trained in both medicine and psychology, allowing them to understand the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to mental disorders. Psychiatrists can prescribe medication, provide therapy, and offer a comprehensive approach to managing mental health conditions. Neurosurgeons, on the other hand, specialize in surgical treatments for disorders of the nervous system, while neurologists diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system without surgery.

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  • 5. 

    The specialty that treats heart disorders is:

    • A.

      Gastroenterology

    • B.

      Cardiology

    • C.

      Neurology

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardiology
    Explanation
    Cardiology is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of heart disorders. Cardiologists are trained to identify and manage conditions such as heart disease, heart attacks, heart failure, and arrhythmias. They use various diagnostic tests, including electrocardiograms, echocardiograms, and cardiac catheterization, to evaluate and treat patients with heart-related issues. By specializing in cardiology, medical professionals gain expertise in understanding and addressing the complexities of the heart, allowing them to provide specialized care to patients with heart disorders.

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  • 6. 

    The specialty that treats disorders of the female reproductive system is:

    • A.

      Obstetrics and gynecology

    • B.

      Urology

    • C.

      Nephrology

    Correct Answer
    A. Obstetrics and gynecology
    Explanation
    Obstetrics and gynecology is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the female reproductive system. This field includes prenatal care, childbirth, and postpartum care, as well as the management of gynecological conditions such as menstrual problems, infertility, and menopause. Urology deals with the urinary system, while nephrology focuses on the kidneys, so they are not directly related to the female reproductive system.

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  • 7. 

    The specialty that treats hormonal disorders is:

    • A.

      Gastroenterology

    • B.

      Urology

    • C.

      Endocrinology

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocrinology
    Explanation
    Endocrinology is the correct answer as it is the medical specialty that deals with the study and treatment of hormonal disorders. Hormonal disorders can affect various systems in the body, including the endocrine system, which is responsible for producing and regulating hormones. Endocrinologists are trained to diagnose and manage conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, hormonal imbalances, and reproductive disorders. They use a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests to determine the underlying cause of hormonal disorders and develop appropriate treatment plans.

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  • 8. 

    The specialty that treats urinary disorders is:

    • A.

      Urology

    • B.

      Anesthesiology

    • C.

      Rheumatology

    Correct Answer
    A. Urology
    Explanation
    Urology is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract disorders in both males and females. This includes conditions such as urinary incontinence, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and bladder and prostate problems. Urologists are trained to perform surgeries and procedures related to the urinary system, such as cystoscopies, kidney stone removal, and prostate surgeries. They also provide care for conditions affecting the male reproductive system, including erectile dysfunction and infertility. Overall, urology is the specialized field that deals specifically with urinary disorders.

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  • 9. 

    The specialty that treats musculoskeletal disorders is:

    • A.

      Plastic surgery

    • B.

      Orthopedics

    • C.

      Neurology

    Correct Answer
    B. Orthopedics
    Explanation
    Orthopedics is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. This field primarily deals with conditions affecting the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joints. Orthopedic surgeons are trained to perform surgeries, prescribe medications, and provide non-surgical treatments to address various musculoskeletal issues such as fractures, arthritis, sports injuries, and congenital disorders. They work closely with physical therapists and other healthcare professionals to help patients regain mobility and function in their musculoskeletal system.

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  • 10. 

    The specialty that treats kidney disorders is:

    • A.

      Nuclear medicine

    • B.

      Hematology

    • C.

      Nephrology

    Correct Answer
    C. Nephrology
    Explanation
    Nephrology is the specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disorders. This field deals with various conditions such as kidney stones, kidney infections, chronic kidney disease, and kidney failure. Nephrologists are trained to manage and prevent kidney diseases, as well as provide dialysis treatment and kidney transplants when necessary. They also work closely with other healthcare professionals to develop personalized treatment plans for patients with kidney disorders. Therefore, Nephrology is the correct answer for the specialty that treats kidney disorders.

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  • 11. 

    The specialty that treats musculoskeletal disorders is:

    • A.

      Orthopedics

    • B.

      Dermatology

    • C.

      Plastic Surgery

    Correct Answer
    A. Orthopedics
    Explanation
    Orthopedics is the correct answer because it is the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal disorders. This field deals with conditions affecting the bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, and nerves. Orthopedic specialists are trained to provide both surgical and non-surgical interventions for a wide range of musculoskeletal problems, such as fractures, arthritis, sports injuries, and spinal disorders. Dermatology primarily deals with skin disorders, while plastic surgery focuses on reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. Therefore, orthopedics is the most appropriate specialty for treating musculoskeletal disorders.

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  • 12. 

    Which health care professional is responsible for maintaining medical records?

    • A.

      RHIT

    • B.

      CMT

    • C.

      OT

    Correct Answer
    A. RHIT
    Explanation
    RHIT stands for Registered Health Information Technician. This healthcare professional is responsible for maintaining medical records. They ensure that patient information is accurately recorded, stored, and protected. They also ensure that the records are accessible to authorized individuals when needed. RHITs play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and confidentiality of medical records, which is essential for providing quality healthcare services.

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  • 13. 

    Which health care professional is trained in clinical and administrative duties in a medical office?

    • A.

      LPN

    • B.

      CNA

    • C.

      CMA

    Correct Answer
    C. CMA
    Explanation
    A CMA, or Certified Medical Assistant, is a health care professional who is trained in both clinical and administrative duties in a medical office. They are responsible for tasks such as taking patient histories, preparing patients for examinations, assisting with procedures, administering medications, and managing the administrative aspects of the office such as scheduling appointments and maintaining patient records.

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  • 14. 

    This doctor specializes in disorders of the foot:

    • A.

      DPM

    • B.

      OD

    • C.

      OT

    Correct Answer
    A. DPM
    Explanation
    A doctor who specializes in disorders of the foot is known as a DPM, which stands for Doctor of Podiatric Medicine. Podiatrists are medical professionals who diagnose, treat, and prevent conditions affecting the foot and ankle. They are trained to provide medical and surgical care for foot and ankle problems such as fractures, sprains, infections, and deformities. By earning a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree, a doctor becomes qualified to specifically focus on foot-related disorders and provide specialized care for patients with foot ailments.

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  • 15. 

    Optometrist:

    • A.

      OD

    • B.

      OT

    • C.

      DO

    Correct Answer
    A. OD
    Explanation
    The correct answer is OD, which stands for Optometrist. Optometrists are healthcare professionals who specialize in examining eyes for vision problems and prescribing corrective lenses. They also diagnose and treat certain eye conditions and diseases. The other options, OT and DO, do not represent the profession of an optometrist.

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  • 16. 

    This health care provider provides routine health care under the supervision of a physician.

    • A.

      PA

    • B.

      CNA

    • C.

      LPN

    Correct Answer
    A. PA
    Explanation
    A Physician Assistant (PA) is a health care provider who is able to provide routine health care services under the supervision of a physician. They are trained and licensed to diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret tests, prescribe medications, and assist in surgeries. PAs work closely with physicians to provide comprehensive and coordinated care to patients. They play a crucial role in the healthcare team by assisting in the delivery of routine care and helping to alleviate the workload of physicians.

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  • 17. 

    Takes X-rays.

    • A.

      CNA

    • B.

      RT

    • C.

      LPN

    Correct Answer
    B. RT
    Explanation
    The correct answer is RT because an RT, or Radiologic Technologist, is a healthcare professional trained to take X-rays. CNAs, or Certified Nursing Assistants, typically assist with patient care but are not trained to take X-rays. LPNs, or Licensed Practical Nurses, also do not typically have the training or certification to take X-rays.

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  • 18. 

    Advanced practice nurse who provides health care under the supervision of a physician; may specialize in family medicine, pediatrics, or women's health.

    • A.

      CNA

    • B.

      CNP

    • C.

      LPN

    Correct Answer
    B. CNP
    Explanation
    A CNP (Certified Nurse Practitioner) is an advanced practice nurse who provides healthcare under the supervision of a physician. They may specialize in family medicine, pediatrics, or women's health. CNPs have advanced training and are qualified to diagnose and treat patients, prescribe medications, and provide primary care services. They work closely with physicians to deliver comprehensive healthcare to patients.

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  • 19. 

    Provides hygiene care for patients; may assist patients with eating.

    • A.

      CNA

    • B.

      PT

    • C.

      PTA

    Correct Answer
    A. CNA
    Explanation
    A Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) is responsible for providing hygiene care to patients, which includes assisting them with activities such as bathing, grooming, and toileting. Additionally, CNAs may also help patients with eating by providing assistance with feeding or ensuring that patients have the necessary utensils and support to eat their meals. Therefore, the given answer, CNA, is correct.

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  • 20. 

    The nurse who sometimes works under the supervision of an RN.

    • A.

      LPN

    • B.

      CNA

    • C.

      CNM

    Correct Answer
    A. LPN
    Explanation
    LPN stands for Licensed Practical Nurse. LPNs are healthcare professionals who work under the supervision of Registered Nurses (RNs) or physicians. They provide basic nursing care to patients, such as administering medications, taking vital signs, and assisting with daily activities. In this context, the nurse mentioned in the question sometimes works under the supervision of an RN, which aligns with the role of an LPN. Therefore, LPN is the correct answer.

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  • 21. 

    The term health care provider is used to describe an individual who is chiefly responsible for coordinating and delivering care to a patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The term "health care provider" refers to an individual who is primarily responsible for coordinating and delivering care to a patient. This includes doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals who are involved in the treatment and management of a patient's health. Therefore, the statement is true as it accurately describes the role and responsibility of a health care provider.

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  • 22. 

    The USMLE is a licensing examination administered to nurses across the U.S.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination) is not a licensing examination administered to nurses, but rather to medical students and graduates who seek licensure to practice medicine in the United States. Nurses typically take the NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination) to obtain their nursing license.

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  • 23. 

    Once a physician is licensed to practice medicine, he or she may practice in any state in the U.S. without reapplying for another license.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A physician is required to obtain a license to practice medicine in each state they wish to practice in. This is because each state has its own licensing requirements and regulations for healthcare professionals. Therefore, once a physician is licensed in one state, they cannot automatically practice in another state without going through the process of obtaining a new license in that state.

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  • 24. 

    Many insurance companies pay for home health services because they are often less costly than other health care alternatives.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Insurance companies often pay for home health services because they are typically less expensive compared to other healthcare options. By providing care at home, patients can avoid costly hospital stays or long-term care facilities. Home health services can also help prevent readmissions to the hospital, reducing overall healthcare costs. Additionally, home health services allow patients to receive personalized care in a familiar and comfortable environment, which can lead to better health outcomes. Therefore, it is true that insurance companies often cover home health services due to their cost-effectiveness.

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  • 25. 

    Urgent care centers are usually located in outpatient surgery centers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Urgent care centers are not usually located in outpatient surgery centers. Urgent care centers are standalone facilities that provide immediate medical care for non-life-threatening conditions, such as minor injuries or illnesses. Outpatient surgery centers, on the other hand, are specialized facilities where surgical procedures that do not require an overnight stay are performed. These two types of facilities serve different purposes and are typically located separately. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 26. 

    Managed care plans help hold down health care costs for consumers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Managed care plans help hold down health care costs for consumers by implementing cost-saving measures such as negotiating discounted rates with healthcare providers, requiring pre-authorization for certain services, and promoting preventive care. These plans also often have networks of preferred providers, which can help reduce costs by limiting access to more expensive out-of-network providers. Additionally, managed care plans typically focus on coordinating care and managing chronic conditions, which can lead to better health outcomes and lower costs in the long run.

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  • 27. 

    Doctors of Osteopathy are more common in the U.S. than Doctors of Medicine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Doctors of Medicine (MDs) are more common in the U.S. than Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs). MDs are the more traditional medical doctors who have completed allopathic medical training, while DOs are also medical doctors but have additional training in osteopathic manipulative medicine. Although DOs are becoming more prevalent in the U.S., MDs still outnumber them.

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  • 28. 

    Continuing education is important because things in the health care field are constantly changing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Continuing education is important in the healthcare field because it ensures that healthcare professionals stay up to date with the latest advancements, research, and best practices. With constant changes in technology, treatments, and regulations, it is crucial for healthcare professionals to continually learn and improve their knowledge and skills. This allows them to provide the best possible care to patients and adapt to the evolving healthcare landscape. Therefore, the statement that continuing education is important because things in the healthcare field are constantly changing is true.

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