Medical Quiz: Central Sterile Processing Department (CSPD) Functions!

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Medical Quiz: Central Sterile Processing Department (CSPD) Functions! - Quiz

Medical Quiz: Central Sterile Processing Department (CSPD) Functions!
There are a lot of things that can go wrong if medical equipment and supplies are not cleaned, processed, stored, and issued correctly, and this is why there is a sterile processing department within a hospital. Do you know how the functions carried out? Get to review chapter 14 on this department and function by taking this comprehensive test. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sterilization documentation is not required for items that are flash sterilized

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sterilization documentation is required for items that are flash sterilized. Flash sterilization is a process that quickly sterilizes items using steam under high pressure. Although it is a rapid sterilization method, it is still important to document and record the sterilization process to ensure proper sterilization has occurred and to maintain a record for quality control and regulatory purposes. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 2. 

    Instruments must be cleaned before flash sterilization

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Instruments must be cleaned before flash sterilization because any debris or contaminants on the instruments can interfere with the effectiveness of the sterilization process. Cleaning the instruments removes organic matter, such as blood or tissue, as well as any visible dirt or particles. This ensures that the sterilization process can penetrate and kill any microorganisms present on the instruments, reducing the risk of infection for patients. Therefore, it is essential to clean instruments thoroughly before subjecting them to flash sterilization.

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  • 3. 

    Flash sterilization is rarely performed in hospitals

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Flash sterilization is a commonly used method in hospitals for quickly sterilizing instruments or equipment that are needed urgently. It involves exposing the items to high-pressure steam for a short period of time. This method is used when there is an immediate need for sterile equipment and there is no time for the regular sterilization process. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 4. 

    Peracetic acid is a liquid oxidizing agent that effectively kills bacteria at low temps

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Peracetic acid is a highly effective liquid oxidizing agent that has been proven to kill bacteria even at low temperatures. This means that it can effectively disinfect surfaces and equipment without the need for high heat or steam. Its ability to kill bacteria at low temperatures makes it a valuable tool in various industries, including healthcare, food processing, and water treatment. Therefore, the given statement is true.

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  • 5. 

    Currently there are no process monitors available for peracetic acid sterilization processes

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because there are process monitors available for peracetic acid sterilization processes. Process monitors are used to measure and track various parameters during the sterilization process, such as temperature, pressure, and concentration of peracetic acid. These monitors help ensure that the sterilization process is effective and that the desired level of sterilization is achieved.

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  • 6. 

    A diagnostic cycle on the peracetic acid system should be run every day

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Running a diagnostic cycle on the peracetic acid system every day is necessary to ensure its proper functioning. This regular diagnostic cycle helps in identifying any potential issues or malfunctions in the system, allowing for timely maintenance and repairs. By running the diagnostic cycle daily, any problems can be detected early on, preventing any potential damage or disruption to the system's performance. Therefore, it is important to run a diagnostic cycle on the peracetic acid system every day.

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  • 7. 

    Hydrogen peroxide is an example of an oxidative chemistry

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is an example of oxidative chemistry because it is a powerful oxidizing agent. It readily donates oxygen atoms, which can react with other substances and cause oxidation reactions. This is evidenced by its ability to bleach and disinfect, as well as its use in various industrial processes involving oxidation reactions. Therefore, the statement "Hydrogen peroxide is an example of an oxidative chemistry" is true.

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  • 8. 

    Liquid peracetic acid is difficult to rinse from items

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Liquid peracetic acid is not difficult to rinse from items.

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  • 9. 

    Ethylene Oxide is not used for point of use processing because of its long cycle times

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ethylene Oxide is not used for point of use processing because of its long cycle times. This means that it takes a significant amount of time for the ethylene oxide to complete its sterilization process. As a result, it is not practical or efficient to use this method for point of use processing, which requires quick and immediate sterilization of medical equipment or devices. Therefore, the statement that Ethylene Oxide is not used for point of use processing is true.

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  • 10. 

    High level disinfection is appropriate for semi critical devices

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    High level disinfection is appropriate for semi critical devices because these devices come into contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skin, but do not penetrate body tissues. High level disinfection kills most microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and is achieved by using chemical agents or physical methods. This level of disinfection is necessary to ensure that semi critical devices are safe for use and do not transmit infections to patients.

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  • 11. 

    The process by which unwrapped instruments are steam sterilized for immediate use when an emergency situation arises is called

    • A.

      Emergency sterilization

    • B.

      Flash sterilization

    • C.

      Core sterilization

    • D.

      Rapid reprocessing

    Correct Answer
    B. Flash sterilization
    Explanation
    Flash sterilization is the process by which unwrapped instruments are steam sterilized for immediate use when an emergency situation arises. This method is used when there is an urgent need for sterilized instruments and there is no time for the regular sterilization process. Flash sterilization allows for a quicker turnaround time, but it is important to note that it is not recommended for routine use due to the increased risk of contamination.

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  • 12. 

    Endotracheal tubes and anesthesia breathing circuits are examples of

    • A.

      Critical devices

    • B.

      Semi-critical devices

    • C.

      Non-critical devices

    • D.

      Surgical instruments

    Correct Answer
    B. Semi-critical devices
    Explanation
    Endotracheal tubes and anesthesia breathing circuits are considered semi-critical devices because they come into contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skin but do not penetrate body tissues. These devices require a high level of disinfection between uses to prevent the transmission of infectious microorganisms. While they are not considered as invasive as surgical instruments, they still pose a risk of infection if not properly cleaned and disinfected. Therefore, they fall into the category of semi-critical devices.

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  • 13. 

    A material that removes electrons from another substance is called

    • A.

      An oxidizing agent

    • B.

      A demagnetizer

    • C.

      An atom

    • D.

      A molecule

    Correct Answer
    A. An oxidizing agent
    Explanation
    An oxidizing agent is a substance that has the ability to remove electrons from another substance. This process is known as oxidation. By accepting electrons, the oxidizing agent itself gets reduced. In chemical reactions, oxidizing agents are often involved in causing the oxidation of other substances. They are commonly used in industries, such as in the production of chemicals and fuels, as well as in various biological processes. Therefore, an oxidizing agent is the correct term for a material that removes electrons from another substance.

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  • 14. 

    Before an item can be placed in a liquid chemical sterile processing system they must be

    • A.

      Heated

    • B.

      Filled with air

    • C.

      Sterilized

    • D.

      Cleaned

    Correct Answer
    D. Cleaned
    Explanation
    Before an item can be placed in a liquid chemical sterile processing system, it must be cleaned. Cleaning is the initial step in the sterilization process, where any dirt, debris, or organic material is removed from the item's surface. This ensures that the sterilization process can effectively eliminate any microorganisms present on the item. Cleaning involves using detergent, water, and mechanical action to physically remove contaminants. Once the item is thoroughly cleaned, it can then proceed to the sterilization step in the processing system.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following statements about flash sterilization is true

    • A.

      It is the sterilization method of choice for metal instruments

    • B.

      It is recommended to be used as a primary sterilization process by AAMI and AORN

    • C.

      It reduces turnaround time because cleaning is not required

    • D.

      It should be used only in emergencies

    Correct Answer
    D. It should be used only in emergencies
    Explanation
    Flash sterilization should be used only in emergencies. This is because flash sterilization is a rapid sterilization process that is used when there is an urgent need for a sterile instrument or equipment and there is no time for the standard sterilization process. It is not recommended as a primary sterilization process by AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) and AORN (Association of periOperative Registered Nurses). Flash sterilization does not eliminate the need for cleaning, and proper cleaning and decontamination of instruments is still required before flash sterilization.

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  • 16. 

    Both AORN and the Joint Commission recommend that

    • A.

      The use of flash sterilization be minimized or decreased

    • B.

      Flash sterilization be performed in only one sterilizer per facility

    • C.

      Healthcare facilities get FDA approval for flash sterilization

    • D.

      Only central service techs operate flash sterilizers

    Correct Answer
    A. The use of flash sterilization be minimized or decreased
    Explanation
    Both AORN (Association of periOperative Registered Nurses) and the Joint Commission, which is a healthcare accreditation organization, recommend that the use of flash sterilization be minimized or decreased. Flash sterilization is a method of sterilizing instruments quickly in emergency situations. However, it is not as reliable as other sterilization methods and can increase the risk of infection. Therefore, these organizations advise healthcare facilities to limit the use of flash sterilization and prioritize other more effective sterilization methods whenever possible.

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  • 17. 

    Implantable devices

    • A.

      Should be flash sterilized in extended cycles

    • B.

      Should only be sterilized using ethylene oxide

    • C.

      Should not be flash sterilized

    • D.

      Should be discarded if not used

    Correct Answer
    C. Should not be flash sterilized
    Explanation
    Flash sterilization is a method of sterilizing instruments or devices quickly, typically in a hospital setting. However, implantable devices should not be flash sterilized because the high temperatures and rapid sterilization process may damage the delicate materials or components of the device. Flash sterilization is not suitable for implantable devices as it may compromise their safety and effectiveness. Instead, these devices should be sterilized using other appropriate methods that are compatible with their materials and construction.

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  • 18. 

    The transport of flash sterilzed items is difficult because

    • A.

      They have no protective wrapping

    • B.

      They are wet

    • C.

      They are hot

    • D.

      Contained in heavy trays

    Correct Answer
    A. They have no protective wrapping
    Explanation
    Flash sterilized items are difficult to transport because they have no protective wrapping. Without protective wrapping, these items are more vulnerable to contamination and damage during transportation. Protective wrapping provides a barrier against external factors such as dust, moisture, and physical impact, ensuring the sterility and integrity of the items. Without this protective layer, the risk of contamination and compromised sterility increases, making transportation challenging and potentially compromising the effectiveness of the flash sterilization process.

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  • 19. 

    Heat sensitive items

    • A.

      Cannot be flash sterilized

    • B.

      Should be disposable

    • C.

      Must not be immersed

    • D.

      Should not be used

    Correct Answer
    A. Cannot be flash sterilized
    Explanation
    Heat sensitive items cannot be flash sterilized because flash sterilization involves the use of high temperatures for a short period of time to quickly sterilize items. This method is not suitable for heat sensitive items as they may get damaged or lose their effectiveness when exposed to high temperatures. Therefore, alternative methods such as low-temperature sterilization or using disposable items should be considered for sterilizing heat sensitive items.

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  • 20. 

    When processing flexible endoscopes in a liquid chemical sterile processing system you should

    • A.

      Pressurize the scope before starting the machine

    • B.

      Use tap water as a pre-rinse

    • C.

      Connect channels to special connectors that allow liquid to flow through them

    • D.

      Run the cycle twice to ensure that proper microbial kill has taken place

    Correct Answer
    C. Connect channels to special connectors that allow liquid to flow through them
    Explanation
    When processing flexible endoscopes in a liquid chemical sterile processing system, it is important to connect channels to special connectors that allow liquid to flow through them. This is necessary to ensure that all parts of the endoscope are properly cleaned and sterilized. By connecting the channels to special connectors, the liquid can flow through the channels and effectively remove any debris or contaminants. This step is crucial for maintaining the safety and effectiveness of the endoscope during the sterilization process.

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