Anatomy And Physiology, For Exercise And Health

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 2844

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Anatomy And Physiology, For Exercise And Health

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the name of the valve that is located between the left ventrice and left atrium?
    • A. 

      Tricuspid

    • B. 

      Aortic

    • C. 

      Pulmonary

    • D. 

      Bicuspid

  • 2. 
    Which sensory organs register the position of the body?
    • A. 

      Proprioceptors

    • B. 

      Thermoreceptors

    • C. 

      Chemoreceptors

    • D. 

      Baroreceptors

  • 3. 
    Which statement describes the endocrine system?
    • A. 

      It is made up of neurons that transmit information between different parts of the body

    • B. 

      It is made up of glands which secrete hormones into the bloodstream to regulate the body

    • C. 

      It is made up of bones which provide support and protection to major organs

    • D. 

      It is made up of muscles which allow movement of different parts of the body

  • 4. 
    In which anatomical plane does lordosis occur?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Coronal

  • 5. 
    If a client with moderate hypertension began regular cardiovascular training, resting and exercising blood pressures can be reduced by:
    • A. 

      1-10 mmHg

    • B. 

      11-20 mmHg

    • C. 

      21-30 mmHg

    • D. 

      31-40 mmHg

  • 6. 
    Which one of the following valves prevents backflow of blood into the left ventricle?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 7. 
    The ovaries release hormones which:
    • A. 

      Activate milk production in women who are breast feeding

    • B. 

      Promote bone growth and development

    • C. 

      Stimulate the breakdown of Glycogen to Glucose

    • D. 

      Decrease hair growth on the body

  • 8. 
    How can the vascular system increase blood flow to a specific area of the body?
    • A. 

      By vasoconstriction of the arterioles leading to that area of the body

    • B. 

      By vasodilation of venules leading to that area of the body

    • C. 

      By vasoconstriction of venules leading to that area of the body

    • D. 

      By vasodilation of arterioles leading to that area of the body

  • 9. 
    What is pyruvic acid converted to when there is inadequate oxygen?
    • A. 

      Lactic acid

    • B. 

      Creatine

    • C. 

      Carbon Dioxide

    • D. 

      ADP

  • 10. 
    What statement describes a short term effect of exercise?
    • A. 

      A decrease in systoliic blood pressure

    • B. 

      A decrease in stroke volume

    • C. 

      A increase in systolic blood pressure unrealted to exercise intensity

    • D. 

      A increase in systolic blood pressure related to exercise intensity

  • 11. 
    Which term is used to describe the outer layer of a muscle?
    • A. 

      Endomysium

    • B. 

      Epimysium

    • C. 

      Periosteum

    • D. 

      Perimysium

  • 12. 
    Which activity will predominantly recruit 'slow oxidative' motor units?
    • A. 

      Sprinting

    • B. 

      Throwing

    • C. 

      Walking

    • D. 

      Jumping

  • 13. 
    Which statement describes the systolic blood pressure response during exercise?
    • A. 

      It decreases under the influence of the autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      It Increases under the influence of the autonomic nervous system

    • C. 

      It decreases under the influence of the somatic nervous system

    • D. 

      It Increases under the influence of the somatic nervous system

  • 14. 
    Which of the following muscles does NOT attach to the ribs and the iliac crest?
    • A. 

      External obliques

    • B. 

      Transverse absominis

    • C. 

      Internal obliques

    • D. 

      Rectus abdominis

  • 15. 
    A benefit of core stability training is:
    • A. 

      Increased risk of joint laxity

    • B. 

      Reduced bone density

    • C. 

      Increased cardiac output

    • D. 

      Improved balance

  • 16. 
    Which quadricep muscle crosses two joints?
    • A. 

      Vastus intermedius

    • B. 

      Vastus medialis

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 17. 
    Which structure is the arrow pointing to?
    • A. 

      Circumflex artery

    • B. 

      Right coronary artery

    • C. 

      Left aortic valve

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery

  • 18. 
    Complete the sentencse? The anaerobic threshold is described as the point at which                                                                                               than it can be cleared.
    • A. 

      Heat build-up occurs slower

    • B. 

      Lactate build-up occurs slower

    • C. 

      Heat build-up occurs faster

    • D. 

      Lactate build-up occurs faster

  • 19. 
    Which statement describes the action of supraspinatus?
    • A. 

      Abduction of the shoulder in the frontal plane

    • B. 

      Abduction of the shoulder in the transverse plane

    • C. 

      External rotation of the humerus in the frontal plane

    • D. 

      External rotation if the humerus in the transverse plane

  • 20. 
    Plaque deposits on the walls of blood vessels may be decreased by:
    • A. 

      Regular consumption of red meat

    • B. 

      Genetic factors

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      An active lifestyle

  • 21. 
    The structure of collagen fibres in a synovial joint capsule can be described as:
    • A. 

      Dense, elastic, regular

    • B. 

      Dense, inelastic, irregular

    • C. 

      Dense, elastic, irregular

    • D. 

      Dense, inelastic, regular

  • 22. 
    Where is the transverse abdominis located?
    • A. 

      Deep to the internal obliques and external obliques

    • B. 

      Superficial to the external obliques and internal obliques

    • C. 

      Deep to the external obliques and superficial to the internal obliques

    • D. 

      Superficial to the external obliques and deep to the internal obliques

  • 23. 
    What muscle contributes to the extension of the vertebral column?
    • A. 

      Pectineus

    • B. 

      Multifidus

    • C. 

      Levator scapulae

    • D. 

      Rectus abdominis

  • 24. 
    Complete the sentence: The                                                 stimulates the relaxation of muscle during PNF stretching.
    • A. 

      Afferent nerve

    • B. 

      Golgi tendon organ

    • C. 

      Myosin filaments

    • D. 

      Muscle spindles

  • 25. 
    Which muscle is involved in hip abduction?
    • A. 

      Gracilis

    • B. 

      Piriformis

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • D. 

      Pectineus

Back to Top Back to top