Anatomy And Physiology Exam Quiz

89 Questions
Anatomy And Physiology Exam Quiz

Here you'll find some interesting and knowledgeable questions about anatomy and physiology, that will improve your knowledge. Let's play this quiz now!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Physiology

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Cells, tissues, organelles, organs, systems

    • B. 

      Tissues, cells, organs, organelles, systems

    • C. 

      Organs, organelles, systems, cells, tissues

    • D. 

      Organelles, cells, tissues, organs, systems

  • 3. 
    • A. 

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Ability of human beings to keep body weight within normal limits

    • B. 

      Maintenance of a constant external temperature inside a room

    • C. 

      Ingestion of enough food to keep hunger pains from developing

    • D. 

      Tendency of the body to maintain a stable environment

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      It controls the amount of heat produced

    • B. 

      Its a source of energy

    • C. 

      It is used to release energy that is stored in food

    • D. 

      It is part of water and is necessary to keep organisms hydrated

  • 6. 
    Which of the following organs is located in the abdominopelvic cavity?
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Trachea

    • C. 

      Thymus gland

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Visceral pleura

    • B. 

      Parietal pleura

    • C. 

      Visceral pericardium

    • D. 

      Parietal pericardium

  • 8. 
    A section that separates the body in to right and left portions would be the
    • A. 

      Frontal section

    • B. 

      Transverse section

    • C. 

      Coronal section

    • D. 

      Sagittal section

  • 9. 
    The thoracic cavity lies where in relationship to the abdominopelvic cavity?
    • A. 

      Dorsal (posterior)

    • B. 

      Ventral (anterior)

    • C. 

      Superior

    • D. 

      Inferior

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      The face is forward

    • B. 

      The arms are at the sides

    • C. 

      The palms are facing backward

    • D. 

      The body is erect

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Positive feedback

    • B. 

      Negative feedback

    • C. 

      A vicious circle

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    A parietal membrane __________, where as a visceral membrane ______________.
    • A. 

      Covers organs; lines cavities

    • B. 

      Lines cavities; covers organs

    • C. 

      Is thick; is thin

    • D. 

      Secretes mucous;secretes serous fluid

  • 13. 
    The diaphragm separates the thoracic and the abdominopelvic cavities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The elbow is distal to the wrist.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    A decomposition reaction can be symbolized by
    • A. 

      A+B --> C+D

    • B. 

      A+B -->AB

    • C. 

      AB-->A+B

    • D. 

      C+D-->AB

  • 16. 
    Electrolytes are substances that
    • A. 

      Form covalent bonds with water

    • B. 

      Ionize when dissolved in water

    • C. 

      Cannot conduct electricity in solution

    • D. 

      Are not found in the human body in any appreciable amounts.

  • 17. 
    The pH scale measures the
    • A. 

      Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution

    • B. 

      Amounts of salts dissolved in water

    • C. 

      Number of hydroxyl ions in water

    • D. 

      Strength of an electrical current carried by a solution

  • 18. 
    Synthesis reactions are particularly important in the body for
    • A. 

      Release of energy

    • B. 

      Digestion of food particles

    • C. 

      Growth of body parts

    • D. 

      Neutralization of acids by buffers

  • 19. 
    A covalent bond is characterized by
    • A. 

      One atom sharing and another atom gaining electrons

    • B. 

      Atoms sharing pairs of electrons

    • C. 

      Oppositely charged atoms being attracted to each other

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    Lipids are characterized by
    • A. 

      A group of substances that are insoluble in water.

    • B. 

      A number of compounds such as phospholipids, cholesterol and fats.

    • C. 

      Fat molecules containing C, H, & O but the proportion of oxygen is much smaller than in carbohydrates.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 21. 
    The general characteristics of proteins are that they
    • A. 

      Serve as structural materials, energy sources, and chemical messengers.

    • B. 

      Contain C, H, O and N, and sometimes sulfur.

    • C. 

      Can act as enzymes

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Protein that speeds up chemical reactions without being changed or depleted.

    • B. 

      Protein that functions as a hormone

    • C. 

      Protein that inhibits chemical reactions by being changed or depleted

    • D. 

      Fibrous protein that is used to help build certain tissues in the body

  • 23. 
    Sodium ions and calcium ions are examples of
    • A. 

      Cations

    • B. 

      Anions

    • C. 

      Salts

    • D. 

      Buffers

  • 24. 
    • A. 

  • 25. 
    Water causes substances formed with ionic bonds to
    • A. 

      Bond more strongly

    • B. 

      Dissociate

    • C. 

      Degrade

    • D. 

      Denature

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is not hydrophylic?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic acid

  • 27. 
    The symbol Na+ represents a sodium atom that has lost an electron
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Glycogen is a complex polysaccharide that is synthesized by the body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The endoplasmic reticulum is best described as a
    • A. 

      Formless liquid

    • B. 

      Cellular inclusion

    • C. 

      Network of interconnected membranes

    • D. 

      Membranous sac

  • 30. 
    The movement of molecules through a membrane by filtration depends upon the presence of
    • A. 

      Osmotic pressure

    • B. 

      Hydrostatic pressure

    • C. 

      Atmospheric pressure

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 31. 
    Which of the following processes involves the use of specific carrier molecules?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Pinocytosis

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Dialysis

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Water will tend to enter the cell by osmosis

    • B. 

      Water will tend to leave the cell by osmosis

    • C. 

      Glucose will tend to enter the cell by osmosis

    • D. 

      Glucose will tend to leave the cell by osmosis

  • 33. 
    Because of mitosis and cytoplasmic division, the resulting cells contain
    • A. 

      Identical chromosomes

    • B. 

      Identical DNA information

    • C. 

      Both identical chromosomes and DNA information

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 34. 
    The 2 major components of the cell membrane are
    • A. 

      Lipids and carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Proteins and carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Lipids and proteins

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates and polysaccharides

  • 35. 
    The cell membrane functions to
    • A. 

      Maintain wholeness of the cell

    • B. 

      Control the entry and exit of various substances

    • C. 

      Provide a barrier to water soluble substances

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is not a factor that influences the rate of diffusion?
    • A. 

      The distance of diffusion

    • B. 

      The concentration of the substance

    • C. 

      The amount of energy available for transport molecules

    • D. 

      The molecular weight of the diffusing molecules

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Both require cellular energy for the transport of substances.

    • B. 

      Both involve the movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane

    • C. 

      Both require a special carrier molecule to move substances across the membrane

    • D. 

      Both involve the movement of a substance from regions of higher concentration to lower concentration without cellular energy.

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      The cell will shrink

    • B. 

      The cell will swell and may eventually burst

    • C. 

      Nothing; the cell will remain the same size and shape

    • D. 

      Only permeable substances will leave the cell; otherwise the concentrations within the cell do not change

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Prophase

    • B. 

      Interphase

    • C. 

      Metaphase

    • D. 

      Telophase

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is isotonic to red blood cells?
    • A. 

      0.9% NaCl solution

    • B. 

      Distilled water

    • C. 

      0.9% glucose solution

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 41. 
    A selectively permeable membrane is defined as one that
    • A. 

      Allows all substances to pass through

    • B. 

      Allows all organic substances to pass through but excludes all inorganic substances

    • C. 

      Allows some substances to pass through and excludes others

    • D. 

      Is leaky or allows substances to leak through

  • 42. 
    Which of the following organelles has its structures and function correctly described?
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum: network of interconnected membranes forming sacs and canals; packages proteins molecules

    • B. 

      Ribosomes: membranous vesicles; contains digestive enzymes

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus: particles composed of protein and RNA; synthesizes proteins

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion: nonmembranous structure that synthesizes proteins

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      Molecules from high concentration to a low concentration

    • B. 

      Water molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration through a selectively permeable membrane

    • C. 

      Water molecules from a low concentration to a high concentration through a selectively permeable membrane

    • D. 

      Ions from a low pressure region to a high pressure region through a selectively permeable membrane

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      The lower the number of solute particles, the greater the osmotic pressure

    • B. 

      The greater the number of solute particles, the lower the osmotic pressure

    • C. 

      The greater the osmotic pressure, the lower the number of solute particles

    • D. 

      The greater the number of solute particles, the greater the osmotic pressure

  • 45. 
    A hypertonic solution
    • A. 

      Has a greater concentration of solute particles than the cells in the solution

    • B. 

      Would cause cells in the solution to lose water or become shrunken

    • C. 

      Has greater osmotic pressure than do the cells in the solution

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 46. 
    Lipids are synthesized in
    • A. 

      The Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      The smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      The rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      The liver

  • 47. 
    Cytoplasm occurs between the cell membrane and the nuclear envelope of a cell
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    A cell that secretes a large quantity of protein, would have a larger number of lysosomes for this function
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    A 5% glucose solution is isotonic to human cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    The movement of sodium ions from a region of lower concentration inside a cell  toward a region of higher concentration outside the cell is accomplished by
  • 51. 
    The outer membrane of the rough endoplasmic reticulum has organelles called __________ attached to it.
  • 52. 
    In dehydration synthesis of a carbohydrate,
    • A. 

      Larger molecules are decomposed into smaller ones

    • B. 

      Monosaccharides become joined together

    • C. 

      Water molecules become joined to monosaccharide molecules

    • D. 

      The molecule is decomposed in to CO2 and H2O

  • 53. 
    When a sucrose molecule is decomposed to yield a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule,
    • A. 

      The process involves dehydration synthesis

    • B. 

      A water molecule is released

    • C. 

      A water molecule is used

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 54. 
    The reactions of anaerobic respiration occur in the
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 55. 
    • A. 

  • 56. 
    Which of the following is an example of catabolism?
    • A. 

      The synthesis of the cell membrane from precursor molecules

    • B. 

      The oxidation of glucose in the cytoplasm and mitochondria

    • C. 

      The formation of secretory proteins in the pancreas

    • D. 

      The duplication of DNA molecules in the nucleus

  • 57. 
    • A. 

      They form a genetic material important for reproduction

    • B. 

      They act to "capture" energy from the oxidation of fuels to be used in other cell processes

    • C. 

      They act as coenzymes so that the fats can be synthesized.

    • D. 

      They are an integral part of the cell membrane, important in the transport of water molecules.

  • 58. 
    In the citric acid cycle,
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide is released

    • B. 

      Hydrogen atoms are released

    • C. 

      2 ATP's form

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 59. 
    • A. 

      Energy is released from molecules and is transferred to other molecules

    • B. 

      Cells breathe, or take in O2 and give off CO2

    • C. 

      Cells produce energy from O2 and absorb heat.

    • D. 

      Energy is absorbed from glucose and is transferred to CO2

  • 60. 
    • A. 

      Mitochondria; cytplasm with O2 needed

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm without O2 needed; cytoplasm with CO2 required

    • C. 

      Mitochondria without O2 needed; mitochondria with O2 needed

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm without O2 needed; mitochondria with O2 needed

  • 61. 
    The process of copying DNA information into the structure of the mRNA molecule is called which of the following?
    • A. 

      Translation

    • B. 

      Synthesis

    • C. 

      Replication

    • D. 

      Transcription

  • 62. 
    During the anaerobic phase of respiration, pyruvic acid is transformed in to glucose
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    An ATP molecule consists of an adenine, a ribose and 3 phosphates.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Which of the following is not one of the 4 basic body tissues
    • A. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • B. 

      Connective tissue

    • C. 

      Brain tissue

    • D. 

      Muscle tissue

  • 65. 
    A basement membrane occurs between
    • A. 

      Muscle and nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Epithelial and connective tissue

    • C. 

      Connective tissue and muscle tissue

    • D. 

      Brain and nervous tissue

  • 66. 
    Epithelial tissue functions in
    • A. 

      Secretion

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Protection

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 67. 
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Intercalated

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 68. 
    Connective tissue fibers are produced by
    • A. 

      Macrophages

    • B. 

      Mast cells

    • C. 

      Fibroblasts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 69. 
    A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
    • A. 

      Consists of cells with much intercellular material between tehm

    • B. 

      Has no blood supply to the tissue

    • C. 

      Covers the outside of organs

    • D. 

      Commonly is found lining body cavities

  • 70. 
    Adipose tissue is a specialized form of
    • A. 

      Fibrous connective tissue

    • B. 

      Elastic connective tissue

    • C. 

      Loose connective tissue

    • D. 

      Reticular connective tissue

  • 71. 
    Epithelial tissues are characterized by a lack of blood vessels
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    The tissue that covers all body surfaces is
  • 73. 
    A single layer of flattened epithelium would constitute the tissue called
  • 74. 
    Membranes lining the body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called
    • A. 

      Synovial

    • B. 

      Mucous

    • C. 

      Serous

    • D. 

      Cutaneous

  • 75. 
    The primary means by which body heat is lost
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Radiation

  • 76. 
    Which of the following is a normal response to excessive loss of body heat in a cold environment?
    • A. 

      Dermal blood vessels become constricted

    • B. 

      Sweat glands become inactive

    • C. 

      Skeletal muscles contract involuntarily

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 77. 
    Exposure to ultraviolet light causes the skin to darken by stimulating the production of
    • A. 

      Melanin

    • B. 

      Carotene

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Cyanin

  • 78. 
    An example of a serous membrane is
    • A. 

      The nasal membranes that secrete mucous

    • B. 

      The linings of the gastrointestinal system

    • C. 

      The lining of the thorax

    • D. 

      The membranes covering joint cavities in the knee

  • 79. 
    Sweat functions to cool the body by
    • A. 

      Convection

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Radiation

  • 80. 
    • A. 

      Stratum corneum

    • B. 

      Stratum granulosum

    • C. 

      Stratum spinosum

    • D. 

      Stratum germinativum

  • 81. 
    Shafts of hair are composed of
    • A. 

      Living dermal cells

    • B. 

      Dead dermal cells

    • C. 

      Living epidermal cells

    • D. 

      Dead epidermal cells

  • 82. 
    Eccrine sweat glands differ from sebaceous glands
    • A. 

      In terms of what is secreted

    • B. 

      In their location in the body

    • C. 

      Because subaceous glands are associated with hair follicles, sweat glands are not.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 83. 
    Epidermal cells are supplied with nutrients from blood vessels located in the
    • A. 

      Epidermis

    • B. 

      Dermis

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous layer

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 84. 
    Serous membranes are characterized by __________, whereas mucous membranes are characterized by____________.
    • A. 

      Lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside; lining body cavities and tubes opening to the outside

    • B. 

      Being composed of connective tissue only; being composed of epithelial tissue only

    • C. 

      Secreting synovial fluid that lubricates the joint surfaces; secreting mucous

    • D. 

      Lining joint cavities; covering the surface of the body

  • 85. 
    • A. 

      The innermost layer of the skin; under the dermis

    • B. 

      Composed of largely fibrous connective tissue; composed of stratified squamous epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      The outermost layer of skin; composed of stratified squamous epithelial tissue

    • D. 

      Composed of stratified squamous epithelial tissue; composed of fibrous connective tissue.

  • 86. 
    A hair is distinguished from a hair follicle by
    • A. 

      Being composed of living stratified squamous cells, whereas a hair follicle is composed of dead dermal cells

    • B. 

      Originating in the subcutaneous layer, whereas a hair follicle originates in the dermis

    • C. 

      Strictly the position, with the hair being in the center of the follicle

    • D. 

      Being composed of dead epidermal cells, whereas a hair follicle is composed of living dermal cells

  • 87. 
    The subcutaneous layer can be described as
    • A. 

      Being composed of loose connective tissue and adipose tissue

    • B. 

      The skin

    • C. 

      Functioning as a heat insulator or helping to conserve body heat

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 88. 
    The tough layer of waterproof material that makes up the outermost portion of the wpidermis is called the stratum lucidum
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    The outermost layer of the epidermis is stratum basale and the innermost layer is the stratum corneum
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False