Anatomy And Physiology Final Exam Prep Test!

272 Questions | Total Attempts: 5110

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Anatomy And Physiology Final Exam Prep Test!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Olfactory receptors are found
    • A. 

      Throughout the nasal cavity

    • B. 

      Only in the inferior portion of the nasal cavity

    • C. 

      Only in the superior portion of the nasal cavity

    • D. 

      Only in the mid nasal regions

  • 2. 
    Which hormones does the posterior pituitary gland produce?
    • A. 

      Prolactin and Human Growth Hormone

    • B. 

      Oxytocin and Prolactin

    • C. 

      FSH and TSH

    • D. 

      Oxytocin and Antidiuretic Hormone

  • 3. 
    This is the volume of blood ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta each minute.
    • A. 

      Cardiac output

    • B. 

      Stroke volume

    • C. 

      Heart rate

    • D. 

      Cardiac input

  • 4. 
    Which of the following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
    • A. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • B. 

      Glycolysis

    • C. 

      Glucosamine

    • D. 

      Calcitrol

  • 6. 
    An acute allergic reaction can lead to
    • A. 

      Transplantation

    • B. 

      Passive immunity

    • C. 

      Anaphylactic shock

    • D. 

      Active immunity

  • 7. 
    Which hormone promotes an increased metabolic rate?
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Adrenocorticotropic hormone

    • C. 

      Thyroid hormone

    • D. 

      Calcitonin

    • E. 

      Glucagon

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
    • A. 

      Draining excess interstitial fluid

    • B. 

      Maintaining water homeostasis in the body

    • C. 

      Transporting dietary lipids

    • D. 

      Carrying out immune responses

  • 9. 
    How much of the total volume of body fluid is intracellular fluid?
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      2/3

    • D. 

      90%

  • 10. 
    What is the major hormone that regulates water loss?
    • A. 

      ANP

    • B. 

      Angiotensin II

    • C. 

      Renin

    • D. 

      ADH

    • E. 

      Angiotensin

  • 11. 
    The ______________ muscles contract in response to cold temperatures and move the testes closer to the body to absorb more body heat.
  • 12. 
    The B Cell receptors, the light/heavy variable regions are located
    • A. 

      Transmembrane region

    • B. 

      Tips of the molecules

    • C. 

      There is no variable region on a B cell receptor

    • D. 

      Depends on the type of B cell

    • E. 

      There are only constant regions

  • 13. 
    Which artery wall is responsible for vasoconstriction?
    • A. 

      Tunica interna

    • B. 

      Tunica media

    • C. 

      Tunica externa

    • D. 

      Tunica fascia

  • 14. 
    When B and T cells are fully developed and mature, they are known to be
    • A. 

      Immunocompetent

    • B. 

      Pluripotent stem cells

    • C. 

      Primary lymphatic cells

    • D. 

      Germ cells

    • E. 

      Specifically promoted

  • 15. 
    The cardiovascular center is located in _____________ _______________.
  • 16. 
    Which is NOT a major function of the blood?
    • A. 

      Transportation of nutrients

    • B. 

      Regulation of blood pH

    • C. 

      Protection against disease infection

    • D. 

      Transportation of heat

    • E. 

      Production of oxygen

  • 17. 
    Which blood glucose lowering hormone is produced by the pancreatic islet cells?
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Plasma proteins

    • C. 

      Blood clotting factors

    • D. 

      Thyroid hormones

    • E. 

      Calcitonin

  • 18. 
    How many hormones do the five types of anterior pituitary cells secrete?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      Unlimited

  • 19. 
    The pars distalis and the pars tuberalis comprise:
    • A. 

      The anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      The hypothalamus

    • C. 

      The posterior pituitary

    • D. 

      The adrenal gland

    • E. 

      The thyroid gland

  • 20. 
    These cells provide for the sense of smell.
    • A. 

      Olfactory hair cells

    • B. 

      Glial cells

    • C. 

      Basal stem cells

    • D. 

      Bowman's glands

    • E. 

      Gustatory cells

  • 21. 
    Which of the below structures converts vibrations to action potentials?
    • A. 

      Cochlea

    • B. 

      Pinna

    • C. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • D. 

      Organ of Corti

    • E. 

      Vestibulocochlear nerve

  • 22. 
    This darkly pigmented structure reduces light reflection within the eyeball.
    • A. 

      Sclera

    • B. 

      Conjunctiva

    • C. 

      Iris

    • D. 

      Choroid

    • E. 

      Retina

  • 23. 
    Taste buds are found
    • A. 

      Epiglottis

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Soft palate

    • D. 

      Both a and b

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Which of the below vessels is a pulse point at the wrist?
    • A. 

      Radial artery

    • B. 

      Subclavian artery

    • C. 

      Axillary artery

    • D. 

      Cephalic artery

    • E. 

      Palmar artery

  • 25. 
    Which of the below vessels supplies blood to the intestines?
    • A. 

      Subclavian artery

    • B. 

      Mesenteric artery

    • C. 

      Coronary artery

    • D. 

      Popliteal artery

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