An Advanced Quiz On Anatomy And Physiology

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An Advanced Quiz On Anatomy And Physiology - Quiz

The following quiz will stress your conceptual grasp on the subjects it concerns. It is for students who are looking to practice and stretch their concept knowledge on both the subjects. A grade of more than 60 would be considered passing. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    DEFINE ANATOMY AND pHYSIOLOGY

    Correct Answer
    THE STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURE AND ITS FUNCTIONS
    THE STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURES AND ITS FUNCTIONS
    THE STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURE AND ITS FUNCTION
    Explanation
    Anatomy and physiology refer to the study of the structure and function of the human body. It involves examining the different parts and systems of the body and understanding how they work together to maintain overall health and functionality. By studying anatomy, we gain knowledge about the physical structures, such as organs, tissues, and cells. Physiology, on the other hand, focuses on the processes and functions of these structures, including how they interact and contribute to bodily functions. The correct answer options all accurately describe the study of anatomy and physiology.

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  • 2. 

    DEFINE THIS DEFINITION  Body standing erect, facing forward, upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward  

    Correct Answer
    ANATOMICAL POSITION
    Explanation
    Anatomical position refers to the standard position of the body for anatomical reference. In this position, the body is standing erect, facing forward, with the upper limbs at the sides and the palms facing forward. This position is used as a reference point in anatomical descriptions and allows for consistent communication and understanding among healthcare professionals.

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  • 3. 

    DEFINE THE THIS TYPE OF ANATOMICAL POSITION:SUPERIOR VS INFERIOR

    Correct Answer
    UP AND DOWN
    UP VS DOWN
    Explanation
    The anatomical position of superior vs inferior refers to the orientation of body parts in relation to each other. Superior means towards the upper part of the body or above, while inferior means towards the lower part or below. This position helps in describing the location of structures in the body, such as organs or bones, in a consistent and standardized manner.

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  • 4. 

    DEFINE THE FOLOWING POSITION:ANTERIOR VS POSTERIOR

    Correct Answer
    FRONT AND BACK
    FRONT VS BACK
    Explanation
    The term "anterior vs posterior" refers to the front and back positions of an object or body part. "Front and back" and "front vs back" are alternative ways of describing the same concept. In this context, "anterior" is synonymous with "front," and "posterior" is synonymous with "back." Therefore, the correct answer is stating the same position using different terminology.

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  • 5. 

    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:MEDIAL VS LATERAL

    Correct Answer
    TOWARDS THE MIDLINE VS AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE, TOWARDS THE MIDLINE AND AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE
  • 6. 

    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS:IPILATERAL VS CONTRALATERAL

    Correct Answer
    SAME SIDE VS OPPOSITE SIDE
    SAME SIDE AND OPPOSITE SIDE
    Explanation
    The terms "ipsilateral" and "contralateral" are used to describe the relationship between two structures or positions in the body. Ipsilateral refers to two structures or positions that are on the same side of the body, while contralateral refers to two structures or positions that are on opposite sides of the body. For example, if we talk about the relationship between the right arm and the right leg, they are ipsilateral because they are on the same side of the body. On the other hand, the relationship between the right arm and the left leg is contralateral because they are on opposite sides of the body. "Same side and opposite side" is a broader term that encompasses both ipsilateral and contralateral relationships.

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  • 7. 

    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:PROXIMAL VS DISTAL

    Correct Answer
    TOWARDS THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT VS AWAY FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT
    TOWARDS THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT AND AWAY FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT
    Explanation
    The term "proximal vs distal" refers to the relative position of two structures or points in relation to a point of attachment. Proximal means closer to the point of attachment, while distal means further away from the point of attachment. In this context, the answer states that the term can be defined as both "towards the point of attachment vs away from the point of attachment" and "towards the point of attachment and away from the point of attachment". This suggests that both definitions are correct and can be used interchangeably to describe the relative positions of structures or points in relation to a point of attachment.

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  • 8. 

    DEFINE THE FOLLOWING POSITION:SUPERFICIAL VS DEEP

    Correct Answer
    TOWARDS THE SURFACE VS AWAY FROM THE SURFACE
    TOWARDS THE SURFACE AND AWAY FROM THE SURFACE
    Explanation
    The term "superficial vs deep" refers to the relative position of an object or structure in relation to the surface. "Superficial" means towards the surface, while "deep" means away from the surface. So, when something is described as "superficial vs deep," it means that it can be either towards the surface or away from the surface, depending on the context.

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  • 9. 

    NAME THE THREE TYPES OF BODY SECTIONS

    Correct Answer
    TRANVERSE, MIDSAGGITTAL AND FRONTAL
    MIDSAGGITTAL, TRANSVERSE AND FRONTAL
    FRONTAL, MIDSAGGITAL AND TRANSVERSE
    MEDIAN
    TRANVERSE, MIDSAGGITTAL, FRONTAL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is FRONTAL, MIDSAGGITTAL AND TRANSVERSE. These are the three types of body sections commonly used in anatomy. The frontal section divides the body into front and back portions, the midsagittal section divides the body into left and right halves, and the transverse section divides the body into upper and lower portions.

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  • 10. 

    WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE FRONTAL PLANE ACCORDING TO THE TYPES OF BODY SECTIONS

    Correct Answer
    OBLIQUE PLANE
    OBLIQUE
  • 11. 

    NAME THE TWO MAJOR TYPES OF BODY CAVITY AND THEIR ANATOMICAL POSITION

    Correct Answer
    DORSAL CAVITY - POSTERIOR CAVITY, VENTRAL CAVITY - ANTERIOR CAVITY, VENTRAL CAVITY - ANTERIOR CAVITY, DORSAL CAVITY - POSTERIOR CAVITY AND VENTRAL CAVITY - ANTERIOR CAVITY, VENTRAL CAVITY - ANTERIOR CAVITY AND DORSAL CAVITY - POSTERIOR CAVITY
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DORSAL CAVITY - POSTERIOR CAVITY and VENTRAL CAVITY - ANTERIOR CAVITY. The dorsal cavity is located towards the back of the body and contains the cranial cavity (which houses the brain) and the vertebral cavity (which houses the spinal cord). The ventral cavity is located towards the front of the body and is divided into the thoracic cavity (which houses the heart and lungs) and the abdominopelvic cavity (which houses the digestive organs and reproductive organs).

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  • 12. 

    WHAT TWO MAJOR COMPONENTS MAKES UP THE DORSAL CAVITY?

    Correct Answer
    CRANIAL CAVITY, VERTEBRAL CANAL
    VERTEBRAL CANAL, CRANIAL CAVITY
    SPINAL CANAL, CRANIAL CAVITY
    CRANIAL CAVITY AND VERTEBRAL CANAL
    VERTEBRAL CANAL AND CRANIAL CAVITY
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "CRANIAL CAVITY, VERTEBRAL CANAL". The dorsal cavity is divided into two major components: the cranial cavity, which houses the brain, and the vertebral canal, which contains the spinal cord.

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  • 13. 

    THE VENTRAL CAVITY IS DIVIDED BY THE DIApHRAGM INTO WHAT TWO CAVITIES 

    Correct Answer
    SUPERIOR THORACIC CAVITY AND ABDOMINO PELVIC CAVITY
    SUPERIOR THORACIC CAVITY
    THORACIC CAVITY
    PELVIC CAVITY
    Explanation
    The ventral cavity is divided by the diaphragm into two cavities: the superior thoracic cavity and the abdomino-pelvic cavity. The superior thoracic cavity is located above the diaphragm and contains organs such as the heart and lungs. The abdomino-pelvic cavity is located below the diaphragm and contains organs such as the stomach, liver, and intestines. The other options mentioned, such as superior thoracic cavity, thoracic cavity, and pelvic cavity, are either incorrect or incomplete as they do not fully describe the division of the ventral cavity.

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  • 14. 

     THIS SEROUS FLUIDS SURROUNDS WHICH CAVITY

    Correct Answer
    PERICARDIAL CAVITY
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pericardial cavity. The pericardial cavity is a small space that surrounds the heart. It is filled with a fluid called serous fluid, which helps to reduce friction and allow the heart to beat smoothly. The pericardial cavity acts as a protective layer for the heart, cushioning it and preventing damage from external forces.

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  • 15. 

    WHICH ORGAN DOES THE PERCARDIUM ENVELOPS

    • A.

      LUNGS

    • B.

      HEART

    • C.

      ESOPHAGUS

    • D.

      SPINAL CORD

    • E.

      STOMACH

    Correct Answer
    B. HEART
    Explanation
    The pericardium is a protective sac that surrounds the heart. It is a double-layered membrane that helps to prevent friction between the heart and surrounding structures as it beats. The pericardium also helps to hold the heart in place within the chest cavity and provides some protection against infection and inflammation. Therefore, the correct answer is "HEART" as the pericardium envelops the heart.

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  • 16. 

    WHICH TYPE OF PERICARDIUM THAT HAS:THIN LAYER ON THE SURFACE OF THE HEART 

    Correct Answer
    VISCERAL PERICARDIUM
    VISCERAL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Visceral Pericardium". Visceral pericardium is a thin layer that covers the surface of the heart. It is also known as the epicardium. The visceral pericardium is a serous membrane that is closely attached to the heart and forms part of the pericardial sac.

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  • 17. 

    THIS IS A TYPE OF PERICARDIUM:THICK/DOUBLE LAYER THAT FORMS A SAC AROUND THE HEART 

    Correct Answer
    PARIETAL PERICARDIUM
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the parietal pericardium. The parietal pericardium is a type of pericardium that forms a thick, double-layered sac around the heart. It is the outer layer of the pericardium and provides protection and support to the heart.

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  • 18. 

    DEFINE THE TYPE OF CAVITY AS FOLLOWS:SPACE BETWEEN THE VISCERAL AND PARIETAL PERICARDIA 

    Correct Answer
    PERICARDIAL CAVITY
    Explanation
    The pericardial cavity is the space between the visceral and parietal pericardia. The visceral pericardium is the inner layer of the pericardium that covers the heart, while the parietal pericardium is the outer layer that lines the pericardial sac. The pericardial cavity contains a small amount of fluid that acts as a lubricant, allowing the heart to beat and move within the pericardial sac without friction.

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  • 19. 

    THIS LINES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY  AND SURFACES OF THE ORGAN IN THAT CAVITY

    • A.

      PERICARDIUM

    • B.

      PARIETAL

    • C.

      VISCERAL

    • D.

      PERITONEUM

    • E.

      PATELLA

    Correct Answer
    D. PERITONEUM
    Explanation
    The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the surfaces of the organs within it. It acts as a protective layer and helps to support and hold the organs in place. The peritoneum consists of two layers - the parietal peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity, and the visceral peritoneum which covers the organs. Therefore, the peritoneum is the correct answer for the given statement.

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  • 20. 

    THIS LINES THE WALL OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY ONLY.  

    Correct Answer
    PARIETAL PERITONEUM
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "PARIETAL PERITONEUM". The parietal peritoneum lines the wall of the abdominal cavity. The peritoneum is a thin membrane that covers the organs and structures within the abdominal cavity. It consists of two layers - the parietal peritoneum, which lines the abdominal wall, and the visceral peritoneum, which covers the organs. The parietal peritoneum helps to protect and support the abdominal organs, and also produces a lubricating fluid that allows the organs to move smoothly against each other.

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  • 21. 

    THIS IS AN EXTENSION OF THE PARIETAL PERITONEUM AND  COVERS THE SURFACE OF THE ABDOMINAL ORGANS

    Correct Answer
    VISCERAL PERITONEUM
    Explanation
    The visceral peritoneum is a membrane that extends from the parietal peritoneum and covers the surface of the abdominal organs. It provides a protective covering for the organs and helps to reduce friction between them during movement. The visceral peritoneum is responsible for secreting a lubricating fluid that allows the organs to slide against each other without causing damage.

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  • 22. 

    NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE VISCERAL PERITONEUM

    Correct Answer
    Forms supportive mesenteries that support abdominal organs
    Forms supportive mesenteries
    Explanation
    The visceral peritoneum serves as a protective and supportive membrane that forms mesenteries, which are double layers of peritoneum that support and suspend abdominal organs. These mesenteries provide a framework for the organs, allowing them to be properly positioned within the abdominal cavity and preventing them from collapsing or moving excessively.

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  • 23. 

    THE SPACE BETWEEN MEMBRANES IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY IS CALLED:

    Correct Answer
    PERITONEAL CAVITY
    Explanation
    The space between the membranes in the abdominal cavity is called the peritoneal cavity. The peritoneal cavity is a potential space that is lined by the peritoneum, a membrane that covers the organs in the abdominal cavity. This cavity contains a small amount of fluid that helps to lubricate and protect the abdominal organs. The peritoneal cavity plays a crucial role in the functioning of the digestive system and is involved in processes such as digestion, absorption, and elimination of waste products.

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  • 24. 

    IN THE VENTRAL CAVITY SEROUS MEMBRANES LINING THE THORCIC CAVITY ARE CALLED: 

    Correct Answer
    PLEURAL MEMBRANE AND PLEURAE MEMBRANE
    PLEURAL MEMBRANE, PLEURA MEMBRANE
    PLEURAE AND PLEURAL MEMBRANE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is PLEURAL MEMBRANE AND PLEURAE MEMBRANE. The ventral cavity is divided into several smaller cavities, including the thoracic cavity. The serous membranes that line the thoracic cavity are called the pleural membranes. There are two layers of pleural membranes: the visceral pleura, which covers the surface of the lungs, and the parietal pleura, which lines the inner surface of the thoracic cavity. Together, these membranes help to reduce friction and facilitate the movement of the lungs during breathing.

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  • 25. 

    THE LEFT AND RIGHT CELL IS LINED WITH WHICH MEMBRANE WITHIN THE THORACIC CAVITY?

    Correct Answer
    PARIETAL MEMBRANE
    PARIETAL
    Explanation
    The left and right cell within the thoracic cavity are lined with the parietal membrane. The parietal membrane is a thin layer of tissue that lines the walls of the thoracic cavity, providing protection and support to the organs within. It helps to separate the organs from the surrounding structures and allows for smooth movement of the lungs and other organs during breathing. The parietal membrane plays an important role in maintaining the integrity and function of the thoracic cavity.

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  • 26. 

    THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE LUNGS ARE COVERED WITH WHAT SEROUS MEMBRANE WITHIN THE THORACIC CAVITY

    Correct Answer
    VISCERAL PLEURAE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is VISCERAL PLEURAE. The outer surface of the lungs is covered with a serous membrane called the visceral pleurae. This membrane is located within the thoracic cavity and it helps to protect and lubricate the lungs, allowing them to expand and contract smoothly during breathing. The visceral pleurae also forms a continuous lining with the parietal pleurae, which lines the walls of the thoracic cavity, creating a sealed space known as the pleural cavity.

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  • 27. 

    THE POTENTIAL SPACE BETWEEN THE PARIETAL AND PLEURAE WALL IS KNOWN AS:

    Correct Answer
    PLEURAL CAVITY
    Explanation
    The potential space between the parietal and pleurae wall is known as the pleural cavity. This cavity is filled with a small amount of pleural fluid, which acts as a lubricant and allows the lungs to expand and contract smoothly during breathing. The pleural cavity is essential for maintaining the integrity and function of the lungs, as it helps to create a pressure gradient that allows for efficient gas exchange.

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  • 28. 

    THE ABDOMINOPELVIC SURFACE IS DIVIDED INTO HOW MANY QUADRANTS

    Correct Answer
    4
    FOUR
    Explanation
    The abdominopelvic surface is divided into four quadrants. This means that the surface is divided into four equal parts, with each quadrant representing a specific region of the abdominopelvic area. This division allows for a more precise and systematic approach in locating and describing structures within the abdominopelvic cavity.

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  • 29. 

    HOW MANY REGIONS MAKES UP THE ABDOMINO PELVIC SUBDIVISION

    Correct Answer
    NINE
    9
    Explanation
    The abdomino-pelvic subdivision is made up of nine regions.

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  • 30. 

    NAME THE NINE REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINOPELVIC REGION

    Correct Answer
    RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIA REGION, EPIGASTRIC REGION, LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION, RIGHT LUMBAR REGION, UMBILICUS, LEFT LUMBAR REGION, RIGHT ILIAC REGION, HYPOGASTRIC REGION, LEFT ILIAC REGION
    Explanation
    The correct answer lists the nine regions of the abdominopelvic region. These regions are: right hypochondria region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lumbar region, umbilicus, left lumbar region, right iliac region, hypogastric region, and left iliac region.

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  • 31. 

    NAME THE TWO PORTIONS THE BODY IS CONSIST OF:

    Correct Answer
    AXIAL PORTION AND APPENDICULAR PORTION
    AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR PORTIONS
    APPENDICULAR PORTION
    AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR
    Explanation
    The body is divided into two main portions: the axial portion and the appendicular portion. The axial portion includes the head, neck, and trunk, which form the main axis of the body. The appendicular portion includes the limbs or appendages, such as the arms and legs, which are attached to the axial portion. Therefore, the correct answer is AXIAL PORTION AND APPENDICULAR PORTION, AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR PORTIONS, APPENDICULAR PORTION, AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR.

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  • 32. 

    NAME THE SIX LEVELS OF ORGANIZATIONS BEGINNING FROM SIMPLEST TO MOST COMPLEX:

    Correct Answer
    CHEMICAL LEVEL, CELLULAR LEVEL,TISSUE LEVEL, ORGAN LEVEL,ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL, ORGANISM
    CHEMICAL, CELLULAR, TISSUE, ORGAN, ORGAN SYSTEM, ORGANISM
    CHEMICAL, CELLULAR, TISSUE, ORGAN, ORGAN SYSTEM AND ORGANISM
    CHEMICAL LEVEL, CELLULAR LEVEL,TISSUE LEVEL, ORGAN LEVEL,ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL, ORGANISM LEVEL
    CHEMICAL LEVEL, CELLULAR LEVEL,TISSUE LEVEL, ORGAN LEVEL,ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL AND ORGANISM LEVEL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: CHEMICAL LEVEL, CELLULAR LEVEL, TISSUE LEVEL, ORGAN LEVEL, ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL, ORGANISM. This answer lists the six levels of organization in order from simplest to most complex. Starting with the chemical level, which involves atoms and molecules, the levels progress to the cellular level, where cells are the basic unit of life. The tissue level consists of groups of similar cells working together, followed by the organ level, where different tissues come together to perform specific functions. The organ system level involves multiple organs working together, and finally, the organism level refers to the entire living being.

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  • 33. 

    NAME THE LEVEL THAT THESE COMPONENTS ARE IN:  ATOMSMOLECULES

    • A.

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • B.

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • C.

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

    • D.

      TISSUE LEVEL

    • E.

      CELLULAR LEVEL

    Correct Answer
    C. CHEMICAL LEVEL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Chemical Level. This level refers to the smallest units of matter, which are atoms and molecules. At this level, chemical reactions occur and molecules interact to form larger structures. It is the foundation for all other levels of organization in living organisms.

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  • 34. 

    NAME THE LEVEL THESE COMPONENT ARE STORED:  –Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of the body –Organelle (Little organs)

    • A.

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • B.

      TISSUE LEVEL

    • C.

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • D.

      CELLULAR LEVEL

    • E.

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

    Correct Answer
    D. CELLULAR LEVEL
    Explanation
    The given answer is "CELLULAR LEVEL". This is because the statement "Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of the body" indicates that the components being referred to are cells, which are the building blocks of living organisms. The statement "Organelle (Little organs)" further supports this, as organelles are found within cells and carry out specific functions. Therefore, the components mentioned in the question are stored at the cellular level.

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  • 35. 

    NAME THE LEVEL THESE COMPONENTS ARE IN:  AGGREGATION OF SIMILAR CELLS THAT PERFORM SIMILAR FUNCTIONSSEVERAL DIFFERENT TYPES  

    • A.

      ORGAN LEVEL

    • B.

      ORGANISM LEVEL

    • C.

      CHEMICAL LEVEL

    • D.

      CELLULAR LEVEL

    • E.

      TISSUE LEVEL

    Correct Answer
    E. TISSUE LEVEL
    Explanation
    The given components, which are an aggregation of similar cells that perform similar functions, are at the tissue level. At the tissue level, cells with similar structures and functions come together to form tissues, which are specialized groups of cells. This level is above the cellular level, where individual cells exist, and below the organ level, where different tissues come together to form organs. Therefore, the correct answer is the tissue level.

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  • 36. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURESKINFUNCTION:PROTECTIONBODY TEMPERATURESENSATION 

    • A.

      REPIRATORY

    • B.

      ENDOCRINE

    • C.

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • D.

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • E.

      NERVOUS

    Correct Answer
    C. INTEGUMENTARY
    Explanation
    The correct answer is INTEGUMENTARY. The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, and glands. Its main function is to protect the body from external factors such as pathogens, UV radiation, and dehydration. It also helps regulate body temperature by sweating or conserving heat. Additionally, the skin contains sensory receptors that allow us to feel sensations such as touch, pain, and temperature.

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  • 37. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTUREBRAIN SPINAL CORDNERVESFUNCTIONCOMMUNICATIONINTEGRATIONCONTROL  

    • A.

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • B.

      ENDOCRINE

    • C.

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • D.

      RESPIRATORY

    • E.

      NERVOUS

    Correct Answer
    E. NERVOUS
    Explanation
    The given body system is the nervous system. The nervous system is responsible for communication, integration, and control in the body. It consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. The brain is the control center of the body, while the spinal cord acts as a pathway for signals between the brain and the rest of the body. Nerves carry these signals to different parts of the body, allowing for communication and coordination of bodily functions.

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  • 38. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  STRUCTUREHYPOTHALMUSPITUARYFUNCTIONREGULATIONLONGER TERM CONTROL  

    • A.

      REPIRATORY

    • B.

      REPRODUCTIVE

    • C.

      ENDOCRINE

    • D.

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • E.

      SKELETAL

    Correct Answer
    C. ENDOCRINE
    Explanation
    The given answer, ENDOCRINE, is correct because the body system being described in the question is responsible for the regulation of longer-term control. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland are part of the endocrine system, which is responsible for producing and regulating hormones that control various bodily functions. The endocrine system plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and regulating processes such as growth, metabolism, reproduction, and stress response.

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  • 39. 

    NAME THE BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:HEARTVESSELSFUNCTIONTRANSPORTATIONTEMPERATURE REGULATORIMMUNITY 

    • A.

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B.

      REPRODUCTION

    • C.

      ENDOCRINE

    • D.

      NERVOUS

    • E.

      RESPIRATORY

    Correct Answer
    A. CARDIOVASCULAR
    Explanation
    The given structure, heart and vessels, along with the mentioned functions of transportation and temperature regulation, are characteristic of the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and blood vessels, which work together to transport oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body. It also helps regulate body temperature by redistributing heat through the blood. The cardiovascular system is not involved in reproduction, endocrine functions, nervous functions, or respiratory functions.

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  • 40. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: •Nodes •Vessels •Thymus •Spleen Function: (COLLECTS, CLEANSES AND RETURN INTERSTITIAL FLUID TO THE BLOOD) •Fluid transport •Immunity

    • A.

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B.

      ENDOCRINE

    • C.

      NERVOUS

    • D.

      LYMPHATIC

    • E.

      REPIRATORY

    Correct Answer
    D. LYMPHATIC
    Explanation
    The given structure and function of the system described in the question, such as nodes, vessels, thymus, spleen, collecting, cleansing, and returning interstitial fluid to the blood, fluid transport, and immunity, are all characteristics of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is responsible for maintaining fluid balance, filtering out harmful substances, and aiding in immune response. Therefore, the correct answer is lymphatic.

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  • 41. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTUREBONESJOINTSFUNCTIONSUPPORTMOVEMENT   

    • A.

      MUSCLE

    • B.

      SKELETAL

    • C.

      NERVOUS

    • D.

      LYMPHATIC

    • E.

      ENDOCRINE

    Correct Answer
    B. SKELETAL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is skeletal. The skeletal system consists of bones and joints, which provide support and enable movement in the body. It also protects vital organs and produces blood cells. The muscles work in conjunction with the skeletal system to facilitate movement, but the skeletal system is primarily responsible for providing structure and support. The nervous system transmits signals throughout the body, the lymphatic system helps with immune function, and the endocrine system regulates hormones. However, these systems are not specifically related to the structure and functions of bones and joints.

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  • 42. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:3 KINDSFUNCTION:MOVEMENT POSTURETEMPERATURE 

    • A.

      REPIRATORY

    • B.

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • C.

      MUSCULAR

    • D.

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • E.

      ENDOCRINE

    Correct Answer
    C. MUSCULAR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is MUSCULAR because the given information describes the structure, function, and movement of this body system. The muscular system is responsible for movement, maintaining posture, and regulating body temperature. It consists of three types of muscles: skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscles.

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  • 43. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:STRUCTURE:NOSE, pHARNYX, LARNYXTRACHEA, BRONCHI, LUNGSFUNCTION:GAS EXCHANGEACID BASE BALANCE   

    • A.

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B.

      SKELETAL

    • C.

      INTEGUMENTARY

    • D.

      ENDOCRINE

    • E.

      REPIRATORY

    Correct Answer
    E. REPIRATORY
    Explanation
    The correct answer is respiratory because the listed structures (nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs) are all part of the respiratory system. The function of the respiratory system is to facilitate gas exchange, allowing oxygen to enter the body and carbon dioxide to be expelled. Additionally, the respiratory system plays a role in maintaining acid-base balance by regulating the levels of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood.

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  • 44. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: •Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus •Stomach, Intestines, Rectum •Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas Function: •Breakdown food •Nutrient absorption •Solid waste removal

    • A.

      ENDOCRINE

    • B.

      INTEGMENTARY

    • C.

      LYMPHATIC

    • D.

      DIGESTIVE

    • E.

      MUSCULAR

    Correct Answer
    D. DIGESTIVE
    Explanation
    The given answer, "DIGESTIVE," is correct because the structures listed, such as the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, are all part of the digestive system. Additionally, the functions mentioned, including breaking down food, nutrient absorption, and solid waste removal, are all essential functions of the digestive system.

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  • 45. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:Structure: •Kidneys, Ureters •Urinary Bladder, Urethra Function: •Nitrogenous waste removal •Acid-base balance •Water balance

    • A.

      CARDIOVASCULAR

    • B.

      NERVOUS

    • C.

      LYMPHATIC

    • D.

      DIGESTIVE

    • E.

      URINARY

    Correct Answer
    E. URINARY
    Explanation
    The given structure and function of this body system clearly indicate that it is the urinary system. The kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra are all part of the urinary system. The function of nitrogenous waste removal, acid-base balance, and water balance align with the main functions of the urinary system, which is to filter waste products from the blood, regulate electrolyte and acid-base balance, and control water balance in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is urinary.

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  • 46. 

    NAME THIS BODY SYSTEM:  Structure: Ovaries, Uterine tubes,  Uterus, Vagina Testes, Ducts, Prostate,  Penis, Scrotum Function: •Hormones

    • A.

      SKELETAL

    • B.

      REPRODUCTION

    • C.

      ENDOCRINE

    • D.

      LYMPHATIC

    • E.

      DIGESTIVE

    Correct Answer
    B. REPRODUCTION
    Explanation
    The given structure consists of organs that are directly involved in the process of reproduction, such as the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, testes, ducts, prostate, penis, and scrotum. These organs are responsible for the production and transport of gametes (eggs and sperm) and the subsequent fertilization and development of offspring. The mention of hormones in the function also aligns with the reproductive system, as the production and regulation of hormones are crucial for the proper functioning of this system. Therefore, the correct answer is REPRODUCTION.

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  • 47. 

    THIS IS CONSIST OF ALL THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT ARE COLLECTIVELY KNOWN AS LIFE 

    Correct Answer
    METABOLISM
    Explanation
    Metabolism refers to all the chemical reactions that occur in an organism to maintain life. It includes processes such as breaking down food molecules to release energy, synthesizing new molecules for growth and repair, and eliminating waste products. Metabolism is essential for the functioning and survival of living organisms, as it provides the energy and building blocks necessary for various biological processes.

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  • 48. 

    NAME THE FIVE SURVIVAL NEEDS OF LIFE (ANSWER IN ALpHABETICAL ORDER) 

    Correct Answer
    FOOD, ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE, WATER, OXYGEN, BODY TEMPERATURE
    ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE, BODY TEMPERATURE,FOOD, OXYGEN, WATER
    WATER, FOOD, ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE, OXYGEN, BODY TEMPERATURE
    OXYGEN, WATER, FOOD, ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE, BODY TEMPERATURE
    BODY TEMPERATURE, FOOD, WATER, OXYGEN, BODY TEMPERATURE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is WATER, FOOD, ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE, OXYGEN, BODY TEMPERATURE.

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  • 49. 

    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF METABOLISM AND THEIR DEFINITION

    Correct Answer
    ANABOLISM – The synthesis (build up) of the body chemicals, CATABOLISM - The breakdown of body chemicals
    CATABOLISM - The breakdown of body chemicals, ANABOLISM – The synthesis (build up) of the body chemicals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ANABOLISM – The synthesis (build up) of the body chemicals, CATABOLISM - The breakdown of body chemicals. Anabolism refers to the process by which the body builds up or synthesizes complex molecules from simpler ones, such as the synthesis of proteins from amino acids. Catabolism, on the other hand, refers to the process by which the body breaks down complex molecules into simpler ones, such as the breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose for energy production. These two processes work together to maintain the body's overall metabolism and energy balance.

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  • 50. 

    THIS IS THE BODY MAINTENANCE OF A STABLE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT

    Correct Answer
    HOMEOSTASIS
    Explanation
    The given answer, "HOMEOSTASIS," is the correct answer because it accurately describes the concept of maintaining a stable internal environment. Homeostasis refers to the body's ability to regulate various physiological processes in order to maintain a balanced state. It involves mechanisms that monitor and adjust factors such as body temperature, blood pressure, pH levels, and hormone levels to ensure optimal functioning. By maintaining homeostasis, the body is able to adapt and respond to changes in the external environment, allowing for proper functioning and overall health.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Smensah
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