ISTQB-all Chapters Exam4

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 430

SettingsSettingsSettings
ISTQB-all Chapters Exam4 - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Analyze the following highly simplified procedure: Ask: "What type of ticket do you require, single or return?" IF the customer wants ‘return’ Ask: "What rate, Standard or Cheap-day?" IF the customer replies ‘Cheap-day’ Say: "That will be £11:20" ELSE Say: "That will be £19:50" ENDIF ELSE Say: "That will be £9:75" ENDIF Now decide the minimum number of tests that are needed to ensure that all the questions have been asked, all combinations have occurred and all replies given.
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      6

  • 2. 
    What is impact analysis? Select one:
    • A. 

      The assessment of the impact of a change to the layers of development documentation,test documentation and components

    • B. 

      The process of assessing identified risks to estimate their impact and probability of occurrence.

    • C. 

      Testing the changes to an operational system or the impact of a changed environment to an operational system

    • D. 

      Testing of a previously tested program following modification.

  • 3. 
    You are working as a test manager. The project involves developing software for a customer whihc is also the end-user. You are in charge of system test. One of the test suites your team has run during system test is the acceptance test suite, which is based on the customer requirements and contractually defined. The customer's most experienced users will run the acceptance test suite on delivery. Final payment and acceptance of the software by the customer is contingent on the successful completion of these tests. In a project meeting near the end of the project, you report that 15 of the acceptance tests, about five percent of the total number acceptance tests, failed. If you are asked in the meeting about why the team should be concerned about th efailed tests, which of the following might be a reasonable reply? Select one:
    • A. 

      "Oh, I'm sorry, I shouldn't have mentioned those tests and their status, as that's not appropriate test progress monitoring data."

    • B. 

      "All software should always be released completely defect-free, and this software does not meet that standard."

    • C. 

      "Depending on the customer's reaction to some of the bugs that affect those tests, we might have contractual problems with acceptance and final payment."

    • D. 

      "It doesn't matter, really, since the customer's will be satisfied as long 80% of the tests pass."

  • 4. 
    Consider the following factors: I.  Rolling out the tool incrementally II. Adapating and improving processes to fit the tool III.Providing training for new users IV. Defining usage guidelines V.  Implementing to continuosulsy improve tool use Which of the following statements is true ? Select one:
    • A. 

      Factors I, III, IV, and V are important to successful deployment of a test tool, but II is not important

    • B. 

      Factors I, II, and III are important to successful deployment of a test tool, bu IV and V are not important.

    • C. 

      All these factors are important to successful deployment of a test tool

    • D. 

      Factor I is important to successful deployment of a test tool, but II, III, IV and V are not important

  • 5. 
    Consider the following excerpt from a defect report: This is the third time this bug has come back. Every time we hit this problem in test,it  costs us 3-5 person-hours of effort.Really,this is ridiculous. You developers are Killing our productivity. Which of the following statements is true? Select one:
    • A. 

      This excerpt belongs in the incident description section of an IEEE 829 Incident Report.

    • B. 

      This excerpt belongs in an IEEE 829 test log,not an IEEE 829 incident report

    • C. 

      This excerpt does not conform to best practices in terms of tester/developer communications

    • D. 

      This excerpt belongs in the impact section of an IEEE 829 incident report

  • 6. 
    You are working as the manager of an independent test team. At a project meeting, you are explaining the results of your testing so far. You show the team that, while testing is proceeding productively, it is taking a while to get some critical bugs and test failures resolved. Another manager comments that he is concerned that the test team is delaying the release of the software. Which of the following is a drawback of independent testing illustrated by this manager's comment ? Select one:
    • A. 

      The test team is isolated from the rest of the project team.

    • B. 

      Independent testers see other and different defects, and are unbiased

    • C. 

      Independent testers can verify assumptions that other people made

    • D. 

      The test team is seen as responsible for the delays.

  • 7. 
    Consider the following test levels discussed in the ISTQB Foundation syllabus 2005. I.Component test II.Integration test III.System test IV.Acceptance test Which of these levels are explicitly discussed in the syllabus as benifiting from test design based on use case? Select one:
    • A. 

      III only

    • B. 

      All four levels

    • C. 

      I,II and III Only

    • D. 

      II,III and IV Only

  • 8. 
    What is data -driven automated test scripting? Select one:
    • A. 

      A scripting technique that stores test input and expected results in a table or spreadsheet,so that a single control script can execute all of the tests in the table

    • B. 

      Data that exists(for example, in the database)before a test is executed and that affects or is affected by the component or system under test

    • C. 

      A statement of test objectives, and possibly test ideas on how to test

    • D. 

      A scripting technique that uses data files to contain not only test data and expected results,but also keywords related to the application being tested.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following roles is not a role played in a typical formal review ? Select one:
    • A. 

      Reviewer

    • B. 

      Author

    • C. 

      Business analyst

    • D. 

      Moderator

  • 10. 
    You are working on an e-commerce project. During the analysis portion of the test process, you become conerned about possible slow response to customer requests when the system is under ordinary load. Which of the following statements best describes the situation ? Select one:
    • A. 

      You have identified a product risk that should be considered for testing.

    • B. 

      You have identified a project risk which is unlikely to affect testing.

    • C. 

      The application's performance will fail to meet requirements during testing

    • D. 

      Response time is not a quality attribute for e-commerce applications

  • 11. 
    You are currently engaged in working as a test manager on a large project. You anticipate a large number of defects in the system.What kind of tool support might be helpful to you a as a manger? Select one:
    • A. 

      Test execution

    • B. 

      Static analysis

    • C. 

      Test comparator

    • D. 

      Incident management

  • 12. 
    Consider the following work products, test types, and test levels: I   System architecture design document II. Use case document III.Functional testing IV. Structural testing V.  Integration testing VI. Acceptance testing Which of the following statements are true ? Select one:
    • A. 

      I is not useful for IV during V; but II is useful for III during VI.

    • B. 

      II is useful for IV during V; I is useful for III during VI.

    • C. 

      I is useful for IV during V; II is useful for III during VI.

    • D. 

      II is useful for IV during V; but I is not useful for III during VI.

  • 13. 
    What is error guessing ? Select one:
    • A. 

      The process of intentionally adding known defects to those already in the component or system for the purpose of monitoring the rate of detection and removal, and estimating the number of remaining defects.

    • B. 

      The ability of a system or component to continue normal operation despite the presence of erroneous inputs.

    • C. 

      A test design technique where the experience of the tester is used to anticipate what defects might be present in the component or system under test as a result of errors made, and to design tests specifically to expose them.

    • D. 

      An informal test design technique where the tester actively controls the design of the tests as those tests are performed and uses information gained while testing to design new and better tests.

  • 14. 
    Consider the following: I.  Prevent defects II. Remove defects III.Gain confidence in the system IV. Provide information V.  Find defects Which of the following statements is true ? Select one:
    • A. 

      I, II, III, and V are common test objective

    • B. 

      I, III, IV and V are common test objectives

    • C. 

      II and V are common test objectives

    • D. 

      All are common test objectives.

  • 15. 
    You are working on testing an e-learning application. A business analyst gives you a document that describes the most common user scenarios. You would use this document to create what kind of tests ? Select one:
    • A. 

      Structure-based test

    • B. 

      Experience-based test

    • C. 

      Specification-based tests

    • D. 

      Component tests

  • 16. 
    A tester is performing a test.She notices an unusual amount of network access during a period when she knows the application should not be accessing the network.Even though the test does not specify comparing actual network access to an expect result,She decides to investigate.This is an example of what? Select one:
    • A. 

      A tester's curious mindset.

    • B. 

      A tester performing exhaustive testing.

    • C. 

      A tester's effective communication with development.

    • D. 

      A tester performing maintenance testing. 

  • 17. 
    Consider the following excerpt from a bug report: To recreate the failure, we used test fileTS0ITCO72.dat, Which is available in the shared test directory. Which incident report objective does this excerpt satisfy? Select one:
    • A. 

      Provides test leaders with information to report test progress

    • B. 

      Provides idea for test process improvement

    • C. 

      Provides developers with the information to isolate the failure

    • D. 

      Does not belong in an incident report

  • 18. 
    You are brought in as the sole tester at the end of a project.  You were selected because of your understanding of the system and  its intended behavior. Users, customers, and other project stakeholders consider the software low-risk. You are given one week  to execute tests to see if any show-stopping defects are present. Which of the following is likely to be your main test design technique ? Select one:
    • A. 

      Static testing

    • B. 

      Structure-based

    • C. 

      Experience-based

    • D. 

      Specification-based

  • 19. 
    You are testing an e-commerce system that sells cooking supplies such as spices, flour, and other items in bulk. The units in which the items are sold are either grams (for spices and other expensive items) or kilograms (for flour and other inexpensive items). Regardless of the units, the smallest valid order amount is 0.5 units (e.g., half a gram of cardamom pods) and the largest valid order amount is 25.0 units (e.g., 25 kilograms of sugar). The precision of the units filed is 0.1 units. Which of the following is a set of input values that over the equivalence partitions for this field ? Select one:
    • A. 

      10.0, 28.0

    • B. 

      0.2, 0.9, 29.5

    • C. 

      12.3

    • D. 

      0.4, 0.5, 25.0, 25.1

  • 20. 
    What is a stub ? Select one:
    • A. 

      A test environment needed to conduct a tester

    • B. 

      The effect on the component or system when it is being measured

    • C. 

      A software component or test tool that replaces a component that takes care of the control and/or the calling of a component or system.

    • D. 

      A skeletal or special-purpose implementation of a software component, used to develop or test a component that calls or is otherwise dependent on it.

  • 21. 
    You are running a written test which other testers have run previously. In addition, this test has found bugs previously, and those bugs have been confirmed to be fixed. The test manager has encouraged you to vary the specific way in which you run the test, such as the order of certain actions, the use of mouse versus hot-keys, and the particular inpur values, based on the way users will use the system. Which of the following is a testing principle that could explain the test manager's directive ? Select one:
    • A. 

      Random testing

    • B. 

      Early testing

    • C. 

      Absence-of-error fallacy

    • D. 

      Pesticide paradox

  • 22. 
    You are working on a project on which any slippage in the test execution completion date would result in financial penalities for your employer.Achieving the planned delivery date is seen as the highest single priority.Which benefit of static techniques is likely to convince management to use them? Select one:
    • A. 

      Reduced testing cost and time

    • B. 

      Productivity Improvements

    • C. 

      Improved communication within the team

    • D. 

      Reduced post-release support costs.

  • 23. 
    What is regression testing ? Select one:
    • A. 

      A synonym for confirmation testing

    • B. 

      Testing of a previously tested program following modification

    • C. 

      Testing that runs test cases that failed the last time they were run

    • D. 

      Testing to determine the reliability of a software product

  • 24. 
    Consider the following pieces of information: I.Inputs provided II.Actual results observed III.Expected results under these conditions IV.Environment used V.Reproducibility of behaviour Which of the following statements is the most accurate if we are talking about an incident report that complies  with the IEEE 829 standard? Select one:
    • A. 

      None of this information belongs in an incident report.

    • B. 

      All of this information belongs in an incident report.

    • C. 

      Items I,II,IV, and V belong in an incident report.

    • D. 

      Items I,II and III belong in an incident report.

  • 25. 
    Consider the following list of typical test strategies: I.  Analytical II. Model-based III.Methodical IV. Standard-compliant V.  Heuristic Which of the following statements is true? Select one:
    • A. 

      Only V is inherently reactive

    • B. 

      All five test strategies, I, II, III, IV and V are inherently preventive strategies

    • C. 

      All file strategies, I, II, III, IV and V are inherently reactive strategies

    • D. 

      III, IV and V are inherently reactive

Back to Top Back to top