Lesson 1: What Is A Computer?

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Bgibson6219
B
Bgibson6219
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 526
Questions: 39 | Attempts: 368

SettingsSettingsSettings
Computer Quizzes & Trivia

The Basic Parts and the Processing Cycle of the Computer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Explain the Processing Cycle of the Computer.  In your answer, please give details and examples.

  • 2. 

    The _______ consist of hardware, software, and data working together.

    • A.

      Network

    • B.

      Computer system

    • C.

      Internet

    • D.

      Data

    • E.

      Email

    Correct Answer
    B. Computer system
    Explanation
    A computer system is the correct answer because it is a combination of hardware, software, and data that work together. This includes physical components like the computer itself, as well as the software programs that run on it and the data that is processed and stored. The network, Internet, data, and email are all components or aspects of a computer system, but they do not encompass the entirety of it.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A tool that allows a user to send a message from one person's computer to another person's computer.

    • A.

      Network

    • B.

      Computer system

    • C.

      Internet

    • D.

      Data

    • E.

      Email

    Correct Answer
    E. Email
    Explanation
    Email is the correct answer because it is a tool that enables users to send messages from one person's computer to another person's computer. It is a form of electronic communication that uses the internet and computer systems to transmit data.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Hardware is any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the computer monitor or keyboard.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system, including devices such as the monitor and keyboard. These components can be touched and have a physical structure, distinguishing them from software or virtual components. Therefore, the statement "Hardware is any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the computer monitor or keyboard" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The first electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), was developed in _______.

    • A.

      1846

    • B.

      1925

    • C.

      1946

    • D.

      1999

    • E.

      1969

    Correct Answer
    C. 1946
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1946. The ENIAC was the first electronic computer and it was developed in 1946. This computer was massive in size and used vacuum tubes to perform calculations. It was primarily used for military purposes, particularly for calculating artillery firing tables during World War II. The development of the ENIAC marked a significant milestone in the history of computing, as it paved the way for the development of more advanced and smaller computers in the future.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The first electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) measured 18 feet by 80 feet and weighed_________.

    • A.

      30 lbs.

    • B.

      33 tons

    • C.

      30 tons

    • D.

      34 lbs

    • E.

      33 ounces

    Correct Answer
    C. 30 tons
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30 tons. This is because the ENIAC, the first electronic computer, was a massive machine that measured 18 feet by 80 feet. Due to its size and the technology used at that time, it weighed a staggering 30 tons.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The computer consist of two basis parts, the _________ and ____________.

    • A.

      Software and hardcopy

    • B.

      Hardcopy and hardware

    • C.

      Software and hardware

    • D.

      Data and software

    • E.

      Data and hardware

    Correct Answer
    C. Software and hardware
    Explanation
    The computer consists of two basic parts, software and hardware. Software refers to the programs, applications, and operating systems that run on the computer, while hardware refers to the physical components of the computer such as the processor, memory, and peripherals. Both software and hardware are essential for the functioning of a computer system.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Software is any set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Software is a collection of programs, data, and instructions that direct the operation of a computer system. It provides the necessary instructions to the hardware components, enabling them to perform specific tasks. Without software, hardware would be useless as it would not know how to execute commands or perform any functions. Therefore, the statement "Software is any set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The two types of computers are desktop computer and blackberry.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The two types of computers mentioned, desktop computer and blackberry, do not represent the complete range of computer types. There are several other types of computers such as laptops, tablets, smartphones, servers, mainframes, etc. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Information entered into the computer to be processed are called ____________.

    • A.

      Input

    • B.

      Output

    • C.

      Data

    • D.

      Mouse

    • E.

      Keyboard

    Correct Answer
    C. Data
    Explanation
    In computing, information that is entered into a computer to be processed is referred to as "data". This can include text, numbers, images, or any other form of input that the computer can interpret and manipulate. The computer then processes this data and produces an output, which can be in the form of text, images, sounds, or any other desired result. The terms "input", "output", "mouse", and "keyboard" are all components or devices used for interacting with the computer, but they do not specifically refer to the information being processed.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Some of the advantages of a desktop computer is

    • A.

      Portability and size

    • B.

      Cost and easy to upgrade

    • C.

      Size and portability

    • D.

      Easy to carry and cost

    Correct Answer
    B. Cost and easy to upgrade
    Explanation
    Desktop computers have the advantage of being cost-effective compared to other types of computers. They are also easy to upgrade, allowing users to replace or add components such as memory, storage, or graphics cards to improve performance without having to purchase a completely new system. This flexibility and ability to customize make desktop computers a popular choice for those who want to save money and have the option to easily upgrade their hardware.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What are the two most popular types of personal computers?

    • A.

      IBM and Heweitt Packard

    • B.

      Macintosh and DELL

    • C.

      Macintosh and Samsung

    • D.

      IBM and Macintosh

    • E.

      Gateway and IBM

    Correct Answer
    D. IBM and Macintosh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IBM and Macintosh. IBM and Macintosh are two of the most popular types of personal computers. IBM is known for its compatibility with various software and hardware, while Macintosh, also known as Mac, is known for its sleek design and user-friendly interface. Both IBM and Macintosh have a large user base and are widely used in different industries and households around the world.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What computer became the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface or GUI (pronounced gooey).

    • A.

      DELL

    • B.

      IBM

    • C.

      Gateway

    • D.

      Samsung

    • E.

      Macintosh

    Correct Answer
    E. Macintosh
    Explanation
    The Macintosh computer became the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface or GUI. The GUI revolutionized the way users interacted with computers by using icons, windows, and menus instead of typing commands. This made computers more user-friendly and accessible to a wider audience.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What year did the computer company introduce the computer and that became the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface or GUI (pronounced gooey).

    • A.

      1988

    • B.

      1984

    • C.

      1980

    • D.

      1994

    • E.

      1998

    Correct Answer
    B. 1984
    Explanation
    In 1984, the computer company introduced the first widely sold personal computer with a graphical user interface or GUI. This innovation revolutionized the way people interacted with computers by providing a visual representation of files, folders, and applications. The GUI made computers more user-friendly and accessible to a wider audience, paving the way for the modern computer era.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The first personal computer was produced by ______ in what year ____.

    • A.

      IBM, 1991

    • B.

      Gateway, 1981

    • C.

      IBM, 1981

    • D.

      Macintosh, 1991

    • E.

      DELL, 1994

    Correct Answer
    C. IBM, 1981
    Explanation
    IBM is the correct answer because they produced the first personal computer in 1981. The other options, Gateway, Macintosh, and DELL, were not the first to produce personal computers.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    What are some of the other types of computers discussed in class?

    • A.

      Macintosh and servers

    • B.

      Work station and IBM

    • C.

      Work stations and Gateway

    • D.

      Work stations and servers

    • E.

      Servers and IBM

    Correct Answer
    D. Work stations and servers
    Explanation
    In the class, the discussion included various types of computers such as workstations and servers. Workstations are powerful computers designed for technical or scientific applications, while servers are computers that provide services to other computers on a network. Therefore, the correct answer is workstations and servers.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A workstation is similar to a ___________.

    • A.

      Laptop

    • B.

      Desktop

    • C.

      Notebook

    • D.

      Server

    • E.

      Printer

    Correct Answer
    B. Desktop
    Explanation
    A workstation is similar to a desktop because both are personal computers designed for professional use. They have similar hardware components and capabilities, such as a powerful processor, ample storage space, and high-performance graphics. Workstations and desktops also typically run the same operating systems and software applications. This similarity allows users to perform complex tasks, such as graphic design, video editing, or scientific simulations, on both workstations and desktops effectively.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A _________ computer called the iMac, which is a desktop computer that features an all-in-one design

    • A.

      Gateway

    • B.

      IBM

    • C.

      Macintosh

    • D.

      DELL

    • E.

      Samsung

    Correct Answer
    C. Macintosh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Macintosh because the question is asking for the name of a computer that features an all-in-one design, and the iMac is a well-known desktop computer made by Apple that fits this description.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    A file server can share files and access then from any computer on the network.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A file server is a computer or device that is dedicated to storing, managing, and sharing files over a network. It allows multiple computers on the network to access and retrieve files from a central location. This promotes collaboration and ease of file sharing within an organization. Therefore, the statement "A file server can share files and access them from any computer on the network" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What type of devices are used to enter information into the computer. 

    • A.

      Output

    • B.

      Storage

    • C.

      Input

    • D.

      Processing

    • E.

      Hardware

    Correct Answer
    C. Input
    Explanation
    Input devices are used to enter information into the computer. These devices allow users to input data or commands into the computer system for processing. Examples of input devices include keyboards, mice, scanners, and microphones. These devices enable users to interact with the computer and provide the necessary input for various tasks and operations.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What type of devices displays or prints information produced by a computer.

    • A.

      Output

    • B.

      Storage

    • C.

      Input

    • D.

      Processing

    • E.

      Hardware

    Correct Answer
    A. Output
    Explanation
    Output devices are the type of devices that display or print information produced by a computer. These devices allow the user to view or receive the results of the computer's processing. Examples of output devices include monitors, printers, speakers, and projectors. They play a crucial role in presenting data or information in a format that can be easily understood by the user.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    What type of device that processes data into information.

    • A.

      Output

    • B.

      Storage

    • C.

      Input

    • D.

      Processing

    • E.

      Hardware

    Correct Answer
    D. Processing
    Explanation
    Processing is the correct answer because it refers to the type of device that takes in raw data and converts it into meaningful information. Processing devices, such as computers or smartphones, use various components and algorithms to perform calculations, manipulate data, and execute instructions. They transform input data into output information through a series of logical and arithmetic operations, making them crucial for data processing and analysis tasks.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    The device (s) that saves data so it can be used again. 

    • A.

      Ouput

    • B.

      Storage

    • C.

      Input

    • D.

      Processing

    • E.

      Hardware

    Correct Answer
    B. Storage
    Explanation
    Storage refers to the device or system that is used to save data so that it can be accessed and used again in the future. This can include various types of storage devices such as hard drives, solid-state drives, USB flash drives, and cloud storage. These devices are essential for preserving data and ensuring that it can be retrieved and utilized whenever needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The technology that enables computers to communicate between each other is called _____________.

    • A.

      Information technology

    • B.

      Data communications

    • C.

      Telecommunication

    • D.

      Data

    • E.

      Data information

    Correct Answer
    B. Data communications
    Explanation
    Data communications refers to the technology that enables computers to communicate with each other. It involves the transmission and reception of digital data over various communication channels, such as wired or wireless networks. This technology allows computers to exchange information and share resources, facilitating efficient and reliable communication between different devices and systems.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched.

    • A.

      Hard drive

    • B.

      Diskettes

    • C.

      Flashdrive

    • D.

      Software

    • E.

      Hardware

    Correct Answer
    E. Hardware
    Explanation
    The given answer, "hardware," is correct because it refers to tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched. The other options mentioned, such as hard drive, diskettes, and flashdrive, are all examples of hardware. On the other hand, software is not considered hardware as it refers to the programs and instructions that run on the hardware. Therefore, the correct answer is hardware.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Hardware, software, data, and people are parts of a __________________ _____________________.

    • A.

      Computer technology

    • B.

      Network

    • C.

      Computer system

    • D.

      Microcomputer

    • E.

      Data communication

    Correct Answer
    C. Computer system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is computer system. A computer system consists of hardware, software, data, and people working together to perform various tasks and functions. Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer, such as the processor, memory, and input/output devices. Software refers to the programs and applications that run on the computer. Data refers to the information that is stored and processed by the computer system. People are the users and operators of the computer system. Together, these components form a computer system that enables the execution of tasks and operations.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Some examples of data are text, sounds and images.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because data can indeed include various forms such as text, sounds, and images. Data refers to any information that can be stored and processed by a computer or any other digital device. Text data can be in the form of documents, messages, or any written content. Sounds can be recorded audio files or music, while images can be photographs, graphics, or visual representations. All of these examples demonstrate different types of data that can be stored and utilized in digital systems.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    The  ____ is the largest network used as a communication tool.

    • A.

      E-mail

    • B.

      Internet

    • C.

      Network

    • D.

      Data communication

    • E.

      Scanner

    Correct Answer
    B. Internet
    Explanation
    The internet is the largest network used as a communication tool. It is a global network of interconnected computers that allows for the transfer of information and communication between individuals and organizations worldwide. The internet enables various services such as email, social media, video conferencing, and online browsing, making it the largest and most widely used network for communication purposes.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Random Access Memory is the permanent memory of the computer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. Random Access Memory (RAM) is not the permanent memory of the computer. RAM is a type of volatile memory that is used to temporarily store data and instructions that are actively being used by the computer's processor. It is a temporary storage space and does not retain data when the computer is powered off. Permanent memory in a computer is typically referred to as secondary storage, such as a hard drive or solid-state drive, which retains data even when the power is turned off.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    The ____ computer hardware allows information to be passed through the telephone lines.

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      ROM

    • C.

      CPU

    • D.

      Modem

    • E.

      Hard copy

    Correct Answer
    D. Modem
    Explanation
    A modem is the correct answer because it is a device that allows information to be transmitted over telephone lines. It modulates digital signals from a computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over telephone lines, and then demodulates the analog signals back into digital signals at the receiving end. This allows for the transfer of data, such as internet connectivity, through telephone lines.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    ROM stands for _____________.

    • A.

      Random Only Memory

    • B.

      Read Off Memory

    • C.

      Random Offset Modem

    • D.

      Read Offset Modem

    • E.

      Read Only Memory

    Correct Answer
    E. Read Only Memory
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read Only Memory. This type of memory is non-volatile, meaning it retains its data even when the power is turned off. It is used to store permanent data that cannot be altered or written to by normal computer operations. The data stored in ROM is typically programmed during manufacturing and cannot be modified or erased by the user. This makes ROM ideal for storing firmware and software instructions that are essential for the operation of a computer or electronic device.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    The output view on the monitor is called a _____.

    • A.

      CPU

    • B.

      Graphical user interface

    • C.

      Scanner

    • D.

      Softcopy

    • E.

      Hardcopy

    Correct Answer
    D. Softcopy
    Explanation
    The output view on the monitor is referred to as a softcopy because it is a digital representation of the information displayed on the screen. Unlike a hardcopy, which is a physical printout, a softcopy can be easily edited, manipulated, and shared electronically. The term "softcopy" is commonly used in contrast to "hardcopy" to distinguish between digital and physical forms of information.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The Keyboard and mouse are examples of output devices.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The keyboard and mouse are actually input devices, not output devices. They allow the user to input data or commands into a computer system. Output devices, on the other hand, are used to display or provide information to the user, such as monitors or printers. Therefore, the statement that the keyboard and mouse are examples of output devices is incorrect.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    The graphical User Interface is a menu based interface known as icons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. A graphical user interface (GUI) is a menu-based interface that uses icons to represent various functions and actions. Icons are visual representations that users can interact with by clicking or tapping on them to perform specific tasks. GUIs are widely used in modern operating systems and software applications as they provide a user-friendly and intuitive way for users to navigate and interact with the system or application.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    What does CPU stands for (what does the letters means).

    • A.

      Central Protocol Unit

    • B.

      Command Processing Unit

    • C.

      Control Processing Unit

    • D.

      Central Processing Unit

    • E.

      Command Protocol Unit

    Correct Answer
    D. Central Processing Unit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Central Processing Unit. The CPU, or Central Processing Unit, is the primary component of a computer that performs most of the processing inside the computer. It interprets and executes instructions from the computer's memory, performs calculations, and manages the flow of data between various parts of the computer. It is often referred to as the "brain" of the computer.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Printed page of text or graphics are called _____.

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Softcopy

    • C.

      Hardcopy

    • D.

      Software

    Correct Answer
    C. Hardcopy
    Explanation
    A printed page of text or graphics is referred to as a "hardcopy" because it is a physical copy that can be held, stored, and viewed without the need for electronic devices. Unlike a "softcopy," which is a digital or electronic version of the content, a hardcopy provides a tangible representation of the information. The term "hardware" refers to the physical components of a computer system, while "software" pertains to the programs and instructions that operate on the hardware.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    A mouse is a device used to repair the computer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a mouse is not used to repair a computer. A mouse is an input device that allows the user to interact with the computer by moving the cursor on the screen. It is used for pointing, clicking, and scrolling, but it does not have any repair functionality.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    The computer consist of two basic parts hardcopy and softcopy

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that the computer consists of two basic parts, hardcopy and softcopy, is false. The computer actually consists of two basic parts, hardware and software. Hardware refers to the physical components of the computer such as the monitor, keyboard, and CPU. Software, on the other hand, refers to the programs and data that are stored on the computer and allow it to perform various tasks.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    List the four main types of hardware.

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 22, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Bgibson6219
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.