Trivia Questions On Product Quality Management

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Trivia Questions On Product Quality Management - Quiz

Product quality management is a set of tools that one to control and manage the data related to product quality across enterprises. There are three ways in which this can be achieved and this is through quality control, assurance and planning. The three processes are interconnected and aim at ensuring that every process runs smoothly. Take this test and see how well you understood product quality management topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Represents the number of units handled correctly through the process steps

    • A.

      Yield

    • B.

      Standard Deviation

    • C.

      Normal Distribution

    Correct Answer
    A. Yield
    Explanation
    Yield represents the number of units handled correctly through the process steps. It is a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of a process, indicating the percentage of products or services that meet the required specifications without any defects or errors. A high yield indicates a well-functioning process, while a low yield suggests inefficiencies or quality issues. Yield is an important metric in various industries, such as manufacturing, healthcare, and software development, as it helps identify areas for improvement and ensure consistent quality output.

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  • 2. 

    A measure of quality control equal to 1 fault in 1 million opportunities

    • A.

      System Testing

    • B.

      Quality Circles

    • C.

      Six 9s of Quality

    Correct Answer
    C. Six 9s of Quality
    Explanation
    The term "Six 9s of Quality" refers to a measure of quality control that aims for an extremely high level of reliability and defect-free products or services. It means achieving a level of quality where there is only one fault or defect in every one million opportunities. This measurement is often used in industries such as telecommunications and technology, where reliability and minimal defects are crucial. It signifies a commitment to excellence and continuous improvement in delivering high-quality products or services.

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  • 3. 

    Is done to test each individual component (often a program) to ensure that it is as defect-free as possible 

    • A.

      System Testing

    • B.

      Unit Test

    • C.

      User Acceptance Testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Unit Test
    Explanation
    Unit testing is a type of testing that is performed on individual components, such as a program, to ensure that each component is free from defects. It involves testing the smallest units of code, such as functions or methods, in isolation to verify their correctness. This testing approach helps identify and fix bugs early in the development process, ensuring that each component functions as intended and integrates properly with other components. Unit testing is crucial for building reliable and robust software systems.

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  • 4. 

    Occurs between unit and system testing to test functionality grouped components 

    • A.

      Integration Testing

    • B.

      Unit Test

    • C.

      User Acceptance Testing

    Correct Answer
    A. Integration Testing
    Explanation
    Integration testing occurs between unit and system testing to test the functionality of grouped components. This type of testing focuses on the interaction between different modules or components of a system to ensure that they work together correctly. It helps identify any issues or defects that may arise due to the integration of these components. Integration testing is crucial in ensuring that the system functions as a whole and that all the components work together seamlessly.

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  • 5. 

    Test the entire system as one entity

    • A.

      Integration Testing

    • B.

      User Acceptance Testing

    • C.

      System Testing

    Correct Answer
    C. System Testing
    Explanation
    System testing is the process of testing the entire system as one entity to ensure that all components work together correctly and meet the specified requirements. It focuses on evaluating the system's functionality, performance, reliability, and security. This type of testing is typically performed after unit testing and integration testing have been completed. System testing helps identify any defects or issues that may arise when different components interact with each other, ensuring that the system as a whole is functioning correctly.

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  • 6. 

    An independent test performed by end users prior to accepting the delivered system 

    • A.

      Unit Test

    • B.

      User Acceptance Testing

    • C.

      System Testing

    Correct Answer
    B. User Acceptance Testing
    Explanation
    User Acceptance Testing is the correct answer because it refers to the testing phase where end users perform tests on the delivered system to ensure that it meets their requirements and is ready for acceptance. This type of testing is important as it allows end users to validate the system's functionality, usability, and compatibility with their specific needs. It helps to identify any issues or discrepancies before the system is fully accepted and implemented.

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  • 7. 

    Anything that must be changed before delivery of the program 

    • A.

      Quality Circles

    • B.

      Integration Testing

    • C.

      Software Defect

    Correct Answer
    C. Software Defect
    Explanation
    A software defect refers to any flaw or error in a program that prevents it from functioning as intended. Before delivering a program, it is crucial to identify and fix any software defects to ensure the program's quality and reliability. This includes addressing any bugs, glitches, or issues that may affect the program's performance or user experience. Therefore, before delivery, all software defects must be identified and resolved to ensure a high-quality and error-free program.

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  • 8. 

    Groups of non-supervisors and work leaders in a single company department who volunteer to conduct group studies on how to improve the effectiveness of work in their department. 

    • A.

      Normal Distribution

    • B.

      Quality Circles

    • C.

      Six 9s of Quality

    Correct Answer
    B. Quality Circles
    Explanation
    Quality Circles are a group of non-supervisors and work leaders in a company department who voluntarily come together to conduct group studies on how to improve the effectiveness of work in their department. They focus on finding solutions to problems, enhancing productivity, and increasing the quality of products or services. Quality Circles promote teamwork, employee involvement, and continuous improvement within the organization.

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  • 9. 

    Originated in 1987 in the U.S. to recognize companies that have achieved a level of world class competition through quality management

    • A.

      Six 9s of Quality

    • B.

      Robust Design Methods

    • C.

      Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

    Correct Answer
    C. Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award
    Explanation
    The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award is the correct answer because it is specifically mentioned in the given information. The award was originated in 1987 in the U.S. and is given to companies that have achieved a level of world class competition through quality management. The mention of "Six 9s of Quality" and "Robust Design Methods" in the information does not provide any indication that they are the correct answer, whereas the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award is directly related to the given context.

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  • 10. 

    Focuses on eliminating defects by substituting scientific inquiry for trial and error methods 

    • A.

      Robust Design Methods

    • B.

      Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

    • C.

      ISO 9000

    Correct Answer
    A. Robust Design Methods
    Explanation
    Robust design methods focus on eliminating defects by substituting scientific inquiry for trial and error methods. This means that instead of relying on guesswork or random attempts, these methods use a systematic and scientific approach to identify and address potential defects in a product or process. By conducting experiments and analyzing data, robust design methods aim to optimize the performance and reliability of a product or process, ultimately leading to higher quality and customer satisfaction.

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  • 11. 

    A three part continuous cycle of planning, controlling, and documenting quality an organization. 

    • A.

      Cost of Quality

    • B.

      ISO 9000

    • C.

      Robust Design Methods

    Correct Answer
    B. ISO 9000
    Explanation
    ISO 9000 is a set of international standards that focuses on quality management systems. It provides guidelines and criteria for organizations to ensure that their products and services consistently meet customer requirements and regulatory standards. The three part continuous cycle of planning, controlling, and documenting quality is a key component of ISO 9000. By following this cycle, organizations can effectively manage and improve their quality processes, leading to increased customer satisfaction and overall business success.

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  • 12. 

    The cost of conformance plus the cost of non-conformance

    • A.

      Cost of Quality

    • B.

      Internal Failure Cost

    • C.

      External Failure Cost

    Correct Answer
    A. Cost of Quality
    Explanation
    The cost of quality refers to the total cost incurred by an organization to ensure that its products or services meet the required quality standards. This includes both the cost of conformance, which involves the expenses associated with preventing defects and ensuring compliance with quality standards, and the cost of non-conformance, which involves the expenses incurred due to defects and failures in meeting quality requirements. Therefore, the cost of quality encompasses both internal failure costs, which are incurred when defects are detected before delivery, and external failure costs, which are incurred when defects are detected after delivery to customers.

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  • 13. 

    The cost of planning and executing a project so that it is error-free or within an acceptable error range

    • A.

      Measurement and Test Equipment Costs

    • B.

      External Failure Cost

    • C.

      Prevention Cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Prevention Cost
    Explanation
    Prevention cost refers to the expenses incurred to prevent errors or defects from occurring in a project. This includes activities such as training, quality planning, process documentation, and quality control measures. By investing in prevention cost, organizations aim to eliminate or minimize the occurrence of errors, which in turn reduces the need for rework, customer complaints, and potential failures. This cost is essential in ensuring that the project is error-free or within an acceptable error range, as it focuses on identifying and addressing potential issues before they arise.

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  • 14. 

    The cost of evaluating processes and their outputs to ensure that a project is error-free or within an acceptable error range 

    • A.

      Internal Failure Cost

    • B.

      Prevention Cost

    • C.

      Appraisal Cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Appraisal Cost
    Explanation
    Appraisal cost refers to the expenses incurred in evaluating processes and their outputs to ensure that a project is error-free or within an acceptable error range. This includes activities such as inspections, testing, and audits to identify and rectify any defects or errors. By investing in appraisal activities, organizations can identify and address issues early on, reducing the likelihood of costly errors or failures later in the project. Therefore, the given answer correctly identifies the cost associated with evaluating processes to ensure project quality.

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  • 15. 

    A cost incurred to correct an identified defect before the customer receives the product 

    • A.

      Measurement and Test Equipment Costs

    • B.

      Internal Failure Cost

    • C.

      External Failure Cost

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal Failure Cost
    Explanation
    Internal failure costs refer to the costs incurred to correct defects or problems identified within the organization before the product is delivered to the customer. These costs include rework, scrap, and repair costs, as well as any additional labor or materials required to fix the issues. In this case, the cost incurred to correct an identified defect before the customer receives the product falls under the category of internal failure costs.

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  • 16. 

    A cost that relates to all errors not detected and not corrected before delivery to the customer 

    • A.

      Internal Failure Cost

    • B.

      Prevention Cost

    • C.

      External Failure Cost

    Correct Answer
    C. External Failure Cost
    Explanation
    External failure costs are costs incurred when errors or defects in a product or service are not detected and corrected before delivery to the customer. These costs include things like customer complaints, product recalls, warranty claims, and legal expenses. They are called "external" because they occur after the product or service has left the organization and are incurred externally to the company. These costs can be significant and can damage the company's reputation and customer satisfaction. Therefore, it is important for organizations to invest in prevention and detection measures to minimize external failure costs.

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  • 17. 

    The capital cost of equipment used to perform prevention and appraisal activities 

    • A.

      Measurement and Test Equipment Costs

    • B.

      Appraisal Cost

    • C.

      Prevention Cost

    Correct Answer
    A. Measurement and Test Equipment Costs
    Explanation
    Measurement and Test Equipment Costs are considered as part of the capital cost of equipment used to perform prevention and appraisal activities. This refers to the expenses incurred in acquiring and maintaining the necessary tools and instruments to measure and test the quality of products or services. These costs are categorized under appraisal costs because they are associated with activities aimed at evaluating and ensuring the conformance of products or services to established standards. By investing in reliable measurement and test equipment, organizations can prevent defects and non-conformance, thereby reducing the overall cost of quality.

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  • 18. 

    Delivering products that meet requirements and fitness for use

    • A.

      Maturity Models

    • B.

      Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI)

    • C.

      Conformance

    Correct Answer
    C. Conformance
    Explanation
    Conformance refers to the act of delivering products that meet the specified requirements and are fit for use. It involves ensuring that the products or services align with the established standards and guidelines. This includes meeting the necessary quality criteria, adhering to the agreed-upon specifications, and satisfying customer expectations. Conformance is essential for ensuring customer satisfaction and maintaining the overall quality of the products or services being delivered.

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  • 19. 

    Taking responsibility for failures or not meeting quality 

    • A.

      Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI)

    • B.

      Standard Deviation

    • C.

      Cost of Non-Conformance

    Correct Answer
    C. Cost of Non-Conformance
    Explanation
    The term "Cost of Non-Conformance" refers to the expenses incurred as a result of not meeting quality standards or failing to meet objectives. This can include the costs of rework, customer complaints, lost sales, and damaged reputation. By understanding and addressing the cost of non-conformance, organizations can identify areas for improvement and allocate resources effectively to minimize these costs.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 19, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Roadman19771
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