Quality Improvement MCQ Test Questions And Answers

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Quality Improvement MCQ Test Questions And Answers - Quiz

Do you know about quality improvement? Try these MCQ test questions and answers related to quality management and assess yourself. If you pass this test with more than a 70% score, we'll consider you an expert on this topic. Quality improvement is an approach that analyzes performance and efforts to improve performance. Do you think you can ace this test? Just start the quiz, and we'll see how well you perform. Are you ready to take the test then? Let's begin then.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a focus of continuous quality improvement?

    • A.

      Processes

    • B.

      Exceeding standards

    • C.

      Individuals

    • D.

      Effective competition

    Correct Answer
    C. Individuals
    Explanation
    Continuous quality improvement focuses on improving processes, exceeding standards, and effective competition. However, individuals are not a specific focus of continuous quality improvement. While individuals play a role in implementing and participating in quality improvement initiatives, the primary focus is on improving processes and achieving higher standards of quality, rather than solely focusing on individual performance or development.

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  • 2. 

    Traditional quality assurance is described as

    • A.

      Proactive

    • B.

      Defensive

    • C.

      Reactive

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B and C because traditional quality assurance involves both defensive and reactive measures. Defensive measures are taken to prevent defects and errors from occurring in the first place, while reactive measures are taken to identify and correct defects and errors after they have occurred. By combining both approaches, traditional quality assurance aims to ensure that products or services meet the desired quality standards.

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  • 3. 

    Improving performance is dependent on improving

    • A.

      Expectations

    • B.

      The process

    • C.

      The customer

    • D.

      Attitude

    Correct Answer
    B. The process
    Explanation
    Improving performance is dependent on improving the process. This is because the process refers to the systematic series of actions that are taken to achieve a particular goal or outcome. By improving the process, organizations can streamline operations, eliminate inefficiencies, and optimize resources, ultimately leading to improved performance. Focusing on enhancing the process allows businesses to identify and address any bottlenecks or areas of improvement, resulting in increased productivity, quality, and overall success.

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  • 4. 

    One reason there is a continuous need for quality improvement is

    • A.

      A heavy turnover in staff

    • B.

      A change in the national health care policy

    • C.

      To meet customer's rising or changing expectations

    • D.

      A rise or fall in local economy

    Correct Answer
    C. To meet customer's rising or changing expectations
    Explanation
    One reason there is a continuous need for quality improvement is to meet customer's rising or changing expectations. As customers become more informed and have more options, their expectations for products and services increase. To stay competitive and retain customers, organizations must continuously improve the quality of their offerings to meet these changing expectations. This ensures that customers remain satisfied and loyal to the company.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is an example of the"right things done right" philosophy?

    • A.

      Using good equipment incorrectly

    • B.

      Using good equipment correctly all the time

    • C.

      Using out-dated equipment correctly

    • D.

      Using out-dated equipment incorrectly

    Correct Answer
    B. Using good equipment correctly all the time
    Explanation
    The "right things done right" philosophy refers to consistently using good equipment correctly. This means that not only is the equipment of high quality, but it is also being used in the correct manner consistently. This approach ensures that the best possible outcome is achieved and that resources are not wasted. The other options either involve using good equipment incorrectly or using outdated equipment, which do not align with the "right things done right" philosophy.

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  • 6. 

    Proper documentation is necessary for tracking the effectiveness of a CQI program.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Proper documentation is necessary for tracking the effectiveness of a Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) program because it provides a record of the program's activities, processes, and outcomes. It allows for the monitoring and evaluation of the program's progress, identifying areas of improvement, and measuring the impact of implemented changes. Documentation also enables transparency, accountability, and communication among stakeholders involved in the CQI program. Without proper documentation, it would be challenging to assess the program's effectiveness and make informed decisions for further improvement.

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  • 7. 

    When deciding whether or not to implement CQI, cost should be the most important deciding factor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that while cost is an important factor to consider when implementing Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI), it should not be the most important deciding factor. Other factors such as the potential benefits, impact on quality and efficiency, organizational culture, and resources available should also be taken into account. Prioritizing cost alone may lead to a short-sighted decision that overlooks the long-term benefits and potential improvements that CQI can bring.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following occured in the mid-seventies?

    • A.

      The Radiation and Safety Act was established

    • B.

      The Bureau of Radiation Health began the regulation of medical and dental x-ray equipment

    • C.

      Total quality management was introduced to Japan

    • D.

      The Mammographic Standards Act was established

    Correct Answer
    B. The Bureau of Radiation Health began the regulation of medical and dental x-ray equipment
    Explanation
    In the mid-seventies, the Bureau of Radiation Health began the regulation of medical and dental x-ray equipment. This means that during this time, the Bureau started implementing rules and guidelines to ensure the safety and proper use of x-ray equipment in medical and dental settings. This regulation was likely put in place to protect patients and healthcare professionals from unnecessary radiation exposure and to ensure the quality and accuracy of diagnostic imaging.

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  • 9. 

    It is possible that while you are changing a process, another problem will surface.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When making changes to a process, it is possible that new issues or problems may arise as a result. This is because any alteration to a process can have unintended consequences or interactions with other elements of the system. Therefore, it is important to be prepared for the possibility of new problems surfacing during the process change.

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  • 10. 

    Typically, which of the following groups is the "forgotten" customer of a radiology department's processes?

    • A.

      The provider of radiographic services

    • B.

      Outside inspection agencies

    • C.

      Students in the clinical phase of their education

    • D.

      The hospital administrator

    Correct Answer
    C. Students in the clinical phase of their education
    Explanation
    Students in the clinical phase of their education are often considered the "forgotten" customer of a radiology department's processes. This is because they are not the primary focus of the department's operations, as they are still in the learning phase and not yet fully qualified professionals. The department may prioritize providing services to patients and meeting the needs of the healthcare providers. As a result, students may not receive the same level of attention and support in their education and training as other stakeholders.

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  • 11. 

    Typically, which of the following groups is the "forgotten" customer of a radiology department's processes?

    • A.

      Problems

    • B.

      Overtime

    • C.

      Processes

    • D.

      Efficiency

    Correct Answer
    D. Efficiency
    Explanation
    The "forgotten" customer of a radiology department's processes is typically efficiency. This means that the department may focus on other aspects such as solving problems, managing overtime, and improving processes, but may neglect the importance of efficiency. This could result in delays, longer wait times, and decreased overall productivity.

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  • 12. 

    Taylor was the first person to create a chart that measured the effectiveness and use of equipment in the late 1930s.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. Frederick Winslow Taylor is often referred to as the "Father of Scientific Management," but he did not create a chart that measured the effectiveness and use of equipment in the late 1930s. While Taylor made significant contributions to the field of management and efficiency, the creation of such a chart in the late 1930s would have been after his time.

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  • 13. 

    Why were quality management programs developed?

    • A.

      Need to increase productivity

    • B.

      Need to decrease cost

    • C.

      Need to keep good employees

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    Quality management programs were developed to address the need to increase productivity and decrease costs. By implementing quality management practices, organizations can identify and eliminate inefficiencies and errors in their processes, leading to improved productivity. Additionally, quality management programs can help organizations identify and reduce costs associated with poor quality, such as rework or customer complaints. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following in not a critical facet of a comprehensive strategy?

    • A.

      Environment

    • B.

      Costs

    • C.

      Performance

    • D.

      Processes

    Correct Answer
    B. Costs
    Explanation
    Costs are not a critical facet of a comprehensive strategy because while they are important to consider, they are not the only factor that determines the success of a strategy. A comprehensive strategy should also take into account other aspects such as the environment, performance, and processes. These factors are crucial in ensuring that the strategy aligns with the overall goals and objectives of the organization and can effectively address the challenges and opportunities in the external and internal environment. Therefore, costs alone cannot be considered as the sole determinant of a comprehensive strategy.

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  • 15. 

    In order for quality performance to occur, staff should be

    • A.

      Involved

    • B.

      Bystanders

    • C.

      Ready

    • D.

      Rested

    Correct Answer
    A. Involved
    Explanation
    To achieve quality performance, it is important for staff members to be actively engaged and participate in their tasks. When staff members are involved, they are more likely to take ownership of their work, contribute their ideas, and collaborate effectively with others. This level of engagement helps to ensure that they are fully committed to delivering high-quality results.

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  • 16. 

    CQI is considered to be

    • A.

      Reactive

    • B.

      Proactive

    • C.

      Based on processes

    • D.

      B and C

    • E.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. B and C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "B and C" because CQI (Continuous Quality Improvement) can be both proactive and based on processes. Proactive CQI involves identifying potential issues and implementing measures to prevent them from occurring, while process-based CQI focuses on analyzing and improving existing processes to enhance quality. Therefore, the answer "B and C" is the most accurate as it encompasses both proactive and process-based approaches to CQI.

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  • 17. 

    Organization-wide, effective competition, and exceeding standards are all characteristics of

    • A.

      TQA

    • B.

      CQI

    Correct Answer
    B. CQI
    Explanation
    CQI stands for Continuous Quality Improvement, which is a process that focuses on making ongoing improvements to an organization's products, services, and processes. It involves setting and exceeding standards, promoting effective competition within the organization, and ensuring that quality improvement efforts are implemented throughout the entire organization. Therefore, organization-wide, effective competition, and exceeding standards are all characteristics of CQI.

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  • 18. 

    The term that refers to everyone with whom the organization has contact is

    • A.

      Staff

    • B.

      Public

    • C.

      Customer

    • D.

      Management

    Correct Answer
    C. Customer
    Explanation
    The term "customer" refers to everyone with whom the organization has contact. This includes not only individuals who purchase goods or services from the organization, but also clients, stakeholders, and any other parties that interact with the organization in any way. The term "customer" is used to encompass all of these individuals, highlighting the importance of building and maintaining positive relationships with all stakeholders.

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  • 19. 

    A customer comes into the radiology check-in desk for an 8:00 UGI. The secretary informs the tech the patient has arrived. Ten minutes later, the tech brings the patient back to the dressing room, explaining the procedure and verifies the patient has been properly prepped, and the exam is performed. This is an example of which level of customer satisfaction?

    • A.

      Basic

    • B.

      Intermediate

    • C.

      High

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates basic customer satisfaction. The customer arrived on time for their appointment and was promptly informed of their arrival. The technician then ensured that the patient understood the procedure and confirmed that they were properly prepared. The exam was then performed. This level of service meets the basic expectations of the customer, ensuring that their needs are met and the process runs smoothly.

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  • 20. 

    Workers need_________________to feel invovled in the processes of the department.

    • A.

      Criticism

    • B.

      Feedback

    • C.

      Constant supervision

    • D.

      No information

    Correct Answer
    B. Feedback
    Explanation
    Workers need feedback to feel involved in the processes of the department. Feedback provides employees with information about their performance, helps them understand their strengths and areas for improvement, and allows them to actively participate in the decision-making and problem-solving processes. It also fosters a sense of engagement and ownership, as workers feel that their opinions and contributions are valued. By receiving feedback, employees feel more connected to their work and the overall goals of the department, leading to increased motivation, productivity, and satisfaction.

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  • 21. 

    All of Deming's points should be applicable to every CQI program and must be used by a quality manager.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Deming's points are a set of principles for managing quality, which include creating constancy of purpose, adopting the new philosophy, driving out fear, and many others. While these points are important and widely recognized in the field of quality management, it is not necessary for every CQI program to incorporate all of them. The applicability of Deming's points may vary depending on the specific goals, context, and requirements of each CQI program. Therefore, it is not true that all of Deming's points should be applicable to every CQI program and must be used by a quality manager.

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  • 22. 

    One of Deming's 14 points is that allowing employees to formulate their own slogans will empower them to do a good job.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Deming's 14 points emphasize the importance of empowering employees and giving them a sense of ownership in their work. Allowing employees to create their own slogans can be seen as a way to involve them in decision-making and encourage their creativity and engagement. By formulating their own slogans, employees feel more connected to their work and are more likely to take pride in their job, leading to improved performance and job satisfaction. Therefore, the statement that allowing employees to formulate their own slogans will empower them to do a good job is true.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is not a key role of the quality manager?

    • A.

      Customer advocate

    • B.

      Immobilizer

    • C.

      Standard pusher

    • D.

      Partner

    Correct Answer
    B. Immobilizer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "immobilizer". A quality manager is responsible for ensuring that products or services meet the established quality standards and customer requirements. They act as a customer advocate, representing the interests and needs of the customers. They also play the role of a partner, collaborating with different departments and stakeholders to improve quality processes. Additionally, they act as a standard pusher, promoting and enforcing quality standards within the organization. However, an immobilizer does not align with the responsibilities of a quality manager, as it suggests a role that restricts or hinders progress rather than promoting quality improvement.

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  • 24. 

    The key role of the quality manager that describes the manager as knowing how to lead people to discover the new and better ways rather than dictation to them is:

    • A.

      Designer

    • B.

      Team builder

    • C.

      Facilitator

    • D.

      Stabilizing force

    Correct Answer
    C. Facilitator
    Explanation
    A quality manager who acts as a facilitator plays a key role in leading people to discover new and better ways. Instead of dictating to them, the manager encourages and supports team members in finding innovative solutions and improving processes. By facilitating collaboration and communication, the manager creates an environment where individuals can freely share ideas and work together towards continuous improvement. This approach fosters creativity, engagement, and a sense of ownership among team members, ultimately leading to better outcomes and a culture of innovation within the organization.

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  • 25. 

    Sharing any and all information that affects people's morale, understanding of vision, preceptions of progress, etc. is a description of which of the following key roles of the quality manager?

    • A.

      Designer

    • B.

      Facilitator

    • C.

      Overcommunicator

    • D.

      Partner

    Correct Answer
    C. Overcommunicator
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "overcommunicator." This role of the quality manager involves sharing all information that affects people's morale, understanding of vision, perceptions of progress, and other relevant aspects. By overcommunicating, the quality manager ensures that everyone is well-informed and has a clear understanding of the goals and progress of the organization. This helps to build trust, alignment, and a positive work culture.

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  • 26. 

    Managers who direct people to do certain tasks are in "a QI mind-set"

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Managers who direct people to do certain tasks are not necessarily in a "QI mind-set". A "QI mind-set" refers to a mindset focused on continuous improvement and finding better ways to do things. While managers who direct people to do tasks may have a more authoritative or directive approach, it does not necessarily mean they are actively seeking ways to improve processes or encourage innovation. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 27. 

    Managers who can motivate others to get results is considered to be in "a QI mind-set."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Managers who can motivate others to get results are considered to be in a "QI mind-set" because QI, which stands for Quality Improvement, emphasizes the importance of continuous improvement and achieving better outcomes. Motivating others to achieve results aligns with this mindset as it involves inspiring and encouraging individuals to strive for excellence and contribute to the overall improvement of processes and performance. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 28. 

    All of the following are key roles of the quality manager except:

    • A.

      Mobilizer

    • B.

      Overcommunicator

    • C.

      Maintains a static environment

    • D.

      Stabilizer

    Correct Answer
    C. Maintains a static environment
    Explanation
    The quality manager is responsible for ensuring and improving the quality of products or services within an organization. They play various key roles such as mobilizing resources, coordinating efforts, and overcommunicating to ensure everyone is on the same page. However, maintaining a static environment is not a role of the quality manager. Instead, they strive to create a dynamic and adaptable environment that can continuously improve and meet the changing needs of customers and stakeholders.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following are components of the "check" stage of the PDCA model?

    • A.

      Evaluate and draw conclusions

    • B.

      Evaluate and standardize the change

    • C.

      Draw conclusions and implement trial run

    • D.

      Draw conclusions and standardize the change

    Correct Answer
    A. Evaluate and draw conclusions
    Explanation
    In the "check" stage of the PDCA model, the components include evaluating the results of the implemented change and drawing conclusions based on the evaluation. This step involves comparing the actual outcomes with the expected outcomes and determining whether the change was successful or not. By evaluating the results and drawing conclusions, organizations can identify any gaps or areas for improvement and make informed decisions for the next steps in the improvement cycle. Standardizing the change or implementing a trial run are not specifically mentioned as components of the "check" stage.

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  • 30. 

    Your department has been informed that things are changing in the hospital. Over time, you notice that the floor supervisor has been asking for employee input regarding vendor issues, increasing morale, and how to improve patient satisfaction (which is a change, because decisions had been made without such input). This is a switch from ________ to _________.

    • A.

      Cynic to tolerance

    • B.

      Employee as resource to employee as customer

    • C.

      Turf protection to teamwork across departmental lines

    • D.

      Reactive to proactive

    Correct Answer
    B. Employee as resource to employee as customer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "employee as resource to employee as customer". This switch indicates a change in perspective where employees are no longer seen as mere resources but as valuable customers. The floor supervisor's actions of seeking employee input on various issues demonstrate a shift towards valuing and prioritizing the needs and opinions of the employees, treating them as important stakeholders in the organization. This change can lead to improved morale and overall employee satisfaction.

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  • Current Version
  • May 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ajcarlson
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