Quality Quiz | Round 2

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| By TanmayVarshney
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TanmayVarshney
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 275
Questions: 29 | Attempts: 275

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Quality Quiz | Round 2 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Seven tools include

    • A.

      Team meetings

    • B.

      Management meeting regularly with workers

    • C.

      Workers' toolkit

    • D.

      Histogram

    Correct Answer
    D. Histogram
    Explanation
    A histogram is a graphical representation of data that shows the frequency distribution of a set of continuous or discrete variables. It is a useful tool for visualizing and analyzing data, especially when dealing with large datasets. Histograms provide a clear picture of the distribution of data, allowing us to identify patterns, trends, and outliers. They are commonly used in quality control, process improvement, and data analysis to understand the distribution of a variable and make informed decisions based on the data.

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  • 2. 

    Six sigma is 

    • A.

      Latest Japanese Quality Theory

    • B.

      A BMW

    • C.

      Cpk = 2.0

    • D.

      CKP

    Correct Answer
    C. Cpk = 2.0
    Explanation
    Cpk = 2.0 is the correct answer because Cpk is a statistical measure used in Six Sigma methodology to assess the capability of a process to meet customer requirements. A Cpk value of 2.0 indicates that the process is highly capable and has a very low defect rate. It signifies that the process is performing well within the defined specifications and is able to consistently produce high-quality output.

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  • 3. 

    Flow charts indicate 

    • A.

      Causes of process variation

    • B.

      The kind of forms to fill out

    • C.

      Who reports to whom

    • D.

      How inputs get processed into outputs

    Correct Answer
    D. How inputs get processed into outputs
    Explanation
    Flow charts are visual representations that illustrate the sequence of steps or activities involved in a process. They depict the flow of inputs through various stages of processing until they are transformed into outputs. Therefore, the correct answer is "How inputs get processed into outputs." Flow charts provide a clear and concise overview of the process, allowing individuals to understand the steps involved and identify any potential bottlenecks or areas for improvement. They are commonly used in various fields, such as manufacturing, software development, and business processes, to streamline operations and enhance efficiency.

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  • 4. 

    ISO 9000 determines

    • A.

      If the company practices its written procedures

    • B.

      If vendors are performing well

    • C.

      Process capability

    • D.

      The kind of control chart to be used

    Correct Answer
    A. If the company practices its written procedures
    Explanation
    ISO 9000 is a set of standards that focuses on quality management systems. It determines if a company practices its written procedures, ensuring that the company follows its established processes and guidelines. This helps to ensure consistency and quality in the company's operations. ISO 9000 does not directly determine if vendors are performing well or the process capability, but it does provide a framework for evaluating and improving these aspects of the company's operations. The kind of control chart to be used is determined by statistical analysis and process requirements, not by ISO 9000.

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  • 5. 

    Cost of quality is affected by 

    • A.

      Workers’ performance

    • B.

      Field failures

    • C.

      Calibration of instruments

    • D.

      All above

    Correct Answer
    D. All above
    Explanation
    The cost of quality is affected by all the factors mentioned above. Workers' performance can impact the cost of quality if they make errors or produce defective products. Field failures, such as product recalls or customer complaints, can result in additional costs for rework or replacement. Calibration of instruments is important for maintaining accurate measurements and preventing errors that could lead to quality issues. Therefore, all of these factors can contribute to the cost of quality.

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  • 6. 

    How many records does ISO 9001 require?

    • A.

      1 to 10

    • B.

      11 to 20

    • C.

      21 to 30

    • D.

      31 to 40

    Correct Answer
    C. 21 to 30
    Explanation
    ISO 9001 does not specify the exact number of records required. Instead, it emphasizes the need for an organization to maintain documented information necessary for the effectiveness of the quality management system. The number of records will vary depending on the size and complexity of the organization, as well as the industry it operates in. Therefore, the answer "21 to 30" suggests a range of records that could be required, but it is not a definitive number set by ISO 9001.

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  • 7. 

    What is root cause analysis?

    • A.

      Something a gardener would use

    • B.

      A problem solving technique

    • C.

      One of the seven Quality Circle tools

    • D.

      Part of FMEA Part of FMEA Part of FMEA Part of FMEA Part of FMEA

    Correct Answer
    B. A problem solving technique
    Explanation
    Root cause analysis is a problem-solving technique that aims to identify the underlying causes of a problem or issue. It involves systematically analyzing the problem, identifying contributing factors, and determining the primary cause. This technique helps in addressing the root cause rather than just treating the symptoms, leading to more effective and long-lasting solutions. It is commonly used in various fields such as engineering, quality management, and healthcare to prevent the recurrence of problems and improve overall performance.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following statements is NOT a ISO 9001 requirement?

    • A.

      The organization shall determine the necessary competence for personnel performing work affecting product quality.

    • B.

      The organization shall establish and maintain a procedure to identify and have access to legal requirements that are applicable to quality aspects of its products and/or services.

    • C.

      Top management shall ensure that the quality policy is appropriate to the purpose of the organization.

    • D.

      • A documented procedure shall be established to define requirements for determining potential nonconformities and their causes. • A documented procedure shall be established to define requirements for determining potential nonconformities and their causes. A documented procedure shall be established to define requirements for determining potential nonconformities and their causes.

    Correct Answer
    B. The organization shall establish and maintain a procedure to identify and have access to legal requirements that are applicable to quality aspects of its products and/or services.
    Explanation
    The statement "The organization shall establish and maintain a procedure to identify and have access to legal requirements that are applicable to quality aspects of its products and/or services" is not a requirement of ISO 9001. While it is important for organizations to comply with legal requirements, this specific requirement is not stated in ISO 9001. ISO 9001 focuses on quality management systems and processes, including determining necessary competence for personnel, establishing a quality policy, and defining requirements for determining potential nonconformities and their causes.

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  • 9. 

    What is the first stage in any quality improvement initiative?

    • A.

      Planning

    • B.

      Check the talk

    • C.

      Analyse the data

    • D.

      Management commitment

    Correct Answer
    D. Management commitment
    Explanation
    In any quality improvement initiative, the first stage is management commitment. This means that the management of an organization must be fully dedicated and supportive of the initiative in order for it to be successful. Without management commitment, it is unlikely that the necessary resources, time, and effort will be allocated to the initiative, making it difficult to achieve the desired quality improvement goals.

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  • 10. 

    Who was generally credited with the phrase "Important few and trivial many"?

    • A.

      Winston Churchill

    • B.

      Ishikawa

    • C.

      Juran

    • D.

      Taguchi

    Correct Answer
    C. Juran
    Explanation
    Juran is generally credited with the phrase "Important few and trivial many." This phrase refers to the concept of focusing on the vital few factors that have a significant impact, rather than getting overwhelmed by the trivial many factors that have minimal importance. Juran, a renowned management consultant and quality guru, emphasized the importance of identifying and prioritizing the key factors that drive results and quality improvement. His philosophy has been widely influential in the field of quality management.

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  • 11. 

    Which is a Preventive Action technique?

    • A.

      Pareto Analysis

    • B.

      Cause and Effect diagrams

    • C.

      Quality Planning

    • D.

      Process Capability Studies

    Correct Answer
    C. Quality Planning
    Explanation
    Quality planning is a preventive action technique because it involves identifying and establishing the necessary processes and resources to meet quality objectives. It focuses on proactively identifying potential issues or risks that could affect the quality of a product or service and taking steps to prevent them from occurring. By planning ahead and implementing preventive measures, organizations can avoid quality problems and ensure that their products or services meet the desired standards.

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  • 12. 

    A run up on the range chart would mean?  Process spread is deteriorating

    • A.

      Process spread is deteriorating

    • B.

      Process average is worsening

    • C.

      Process average is improving

    • D.

      Process spread is improving

    Correct Answer
    A. Process spread is deteriorating
    Explanation
    A run up on the range chart indicates that the process spread is deteriorating. This means that the variation or dispersion of the data points in the process is increasing, leading to a wider range between the minimum and maximum values. This can be a sign of instability or inconsistency in the process, which may need to be addressed to ensure quality and efficiency.

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  • 13. 

    The process of evaluating overall project performance on a regular basis to provide confidence that the project will satisfy the relevant quality standards is called:

    • A.

      Quality Assurance

    • B.

      Quality Control

    • C.

      Quality Planning

    • D.

      Quality Review

    Correct Answer
    A. Quality Assurance
    Explanation
    Quality Assurance is the process of evaluating overall project performance on a regular basis to provide confidence that the project will satisfy the relevant quality standards. It involves assessing the project activities, deliverables, and processes to ensure that they meet the defined quality criteria. Quality Assurance focuses on preventing defects and ensuring that the project follows established quality processes and standards. It includes activities such as quality audits, reviews, and process improvements. Quality Control, on the other hand, is the process of monitoring and inspecting project deliverables to identify defects or deviations from quality standards. Quality Planning involves developing a plan to meet the quality requirements of the project. Quality Review is a general term that can refer to various types of reviews conducted to assess the quality of project deliverables.

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  • 14. 

     The process of monitoring specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards is called:

    • A.

      Quality Assurance

    • B.

      Quality Control

    • C.

      Quality Planning

    • D.

      Quality Review

    Correct Answer
    B. Quality Control
    Explanation
    Quality Control is the correct answer because it refers to the process of monitoring specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards. This involves inspecting and testing the deliverables to ensure that they meet the required specifications and quality criteria. Quality Control activities are performed throughout the project lifecycle to identify and address any deviations or defects in the project deliverables, ultimately ensuring that the final product or service meets the desired level of quality.

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  • 15. 

    A histogram ordered by frequency of occurrence that shows how many results were generated by each identified cause is:

    • A.

      Statistical Histogram

    • B.

      Juran Histogram

    • C.

      Fishbone Diagram

    • D.

      Pareto Diagram

    Correct Answer
    D. Pareto Diagram
    Explanation
    A Pareto Diagram is a type of histogram that shows the frequency of occurrence of different causes in descending order. It helps to identify and prioritize the most significant causes contributing to a problem or issue. By visually representing the data, it allows for easy identification of the vital few causes that account for the majority of the problems, enabling focused efforts on addressing these causes for maximum impact.

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  • 16. 

    The overall intentions and direction of an organization with regard to quality as formally expressed by top management is a:

    • A.

      Quality Plan

    • B.

      Quality Statement

    • C.

      Quality Policy

    • D.

      TQM

    Correct Answer
    C. Quality Policy
    Explanation
    A quality policy is a formal expression of an organization's intentions and direction with regard to quality. It outlines the organization's commitment to meeting customer requirements, continuous improvement, and adherence to relevant quality standards. It provides a framework for establishing quality objectives and serves as a guide for decision-making and resource allocation to achieve those objectives. A quality policy helps align the entire organization towards a common quality goal and provides a basis for developing and implementing quality plans and strategies.

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  • 17. 

    Tools and techniques used during the Quality Planning process include:

    • A.

      Benefit / cost analysis

    • B.

      Benchmarking

    • C.

      Quality audits

    • D.

      A and b

    Correct Answer
    D. A and b
    Explanation
    The tools and techniques used during the Quality Planning process include benefit/cost analysis and benchmarking. Benefit/cost analysis helps to evaluate the potential benefits and costs of different quality improvement options, allowing organizations to make informed decisions. Benchmarking involves comparing the organization's processes and performance with those of industry leaders or competitors, in order to identify best practices and areas for improvement. Both benefit/cost analysis and benchmarking are important tools for ensuring quality planning and continuous improvement.

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  • 18. 

    CIP is:

    • A.

      Continuous improvement process

    • B.

      A sustained, gradual change

    • C.

      Includes constancy of purpose and commitment to quality as part of its focus

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    CIP, or Continuous Improvement Process, refers to a systematic approach of making sustained, gradual changes in order to improve processes, products, or services. It involves a constancy of purpose and a commitment to quality, ensuring that the focus remains on enhancing and refining various aspects of the organization. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above," as it encompasses the continuous improvement process, sustained, gradual change, and the inclusion of constancy of purpose and commitment to quality.

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  • 19. 

    Quality is:

    • A.

      Zero defects found

    • B.

      Conformance to requirements

    • C.

      The totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs

    • D.

      B and c

    Correct Answer
    D. B and c
    Explanation
    Quality is defined as the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. This includes both conformance to requirements and the absence of defects. Therefore, the correct answer is b and c.

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  • 20. 

    The concept that it is easier and less costly to do the work right the first time is called:

    • A.

      Zero defects

    • B.

      Continuous improvement

    • C.

      DIFTR 

    • D.

      The customer is the next person in the process

    Correct Answer
    C. DIFTR 
    Explanation
    DIFTR stands for "Do it right the first time." This concept emphasizes the importance of performing tasks correctly and accurately from the beginning, rather than having to correct mistakes later on. It promotes efficiency, reduces costs associated with rework or fixing errors, and ensures customer satisfaction.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is not considered a cost of non-conformance to quality?

    • A.

      Scrap

    • B.

      Rework

    • C.

      Expediting

    • D.

      Process control

    Correct Answer
    D. Process control
    Explanation
    Process control is not considered a cost of non-conformance to quality because it is actually a proactive measure taken to ensure that products or services meet the required quality standards. Process control involves monitoring and adjusting production processes to minimize defects and deviations from quality requirements. It helps to prevent defects and non-conformance from occurring in the first place, thus reducing the need for rework, scrap, or expediting. Therefore, process control is not considered a cost but rather an investment in maintaining quality and preventing non-conformance.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following statements concerning acceptance sampling is false?

    • A.

      Used when expensive and time-consuming to test the product 100%.

    • B.

      The number of allowable defects before lot is rejected is predetermined.

    • C.

      If the number of defects found in the sample exceeds the predetermined amount, the entire lot is rejected.

    • D.

      All of the above are true

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are true
    Explanation
    Acceptance sampling is a statistical technique used when it is impractical or costly to test the entire product. It involves inspecting a sample from a lot and deciding whether to accept or reject the entire lot based on the number of defects found in the sample. The number of allowable defects before the lot is rejected is predetermined, and if the number of defects found exceeds this predetermined amount, the entire lot is rejected. Therefore, all of the above statements are true.

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  • 23. 

    80% of the problems are found in 20% of the work is a concept of:

    • A.

      Edward Deming

    • B.

      Philip Crosby

    • C.

      Juran

    • D.

      Pareto

    Correct Answer
    D. Pareto
    Explanation
    The concept of "80% of the problems are found in 20% of the work" is known as the Pareto Principle or the 80/20 rule. This principle suggests that a small number of causes or factors are responsible for a large majority of the problems or outcomes. It was named after Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto, who observed that 80% of the wealth in Italy was owned by 20% of the population. This principle has been widely applied in various fields, including business, economics, and quality management, to identify and prioritize the most significant factors or issues.

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  • 24. 

    A tool that analyzes the Input to a process to identify the causes of errors is called:

    • A.

      Cause and effect diagram

    • B.

      Scatter diagram

    • C.

      Ishikawa diagram

    • D.

      A and c

    Correct Answer
    D. A and c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a and c" because both the cause and effect diagram and the Ishikawa diagram are tools that are used to analyze the input to a process and identify the causes of errors. These diagrams help to visually represent the various factors that can contribute to a problem or error, allowing for a systematic approach to identifying and addressing the root causes.

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  • 25. 

    The concept of zero inventory is called:

    • A.

      Six sigma

    • B.

      Continuous improvement

    • C.

      Just in Time

    • D.

      Zero defects

    Correct Answer
    C. Just in Time
    Explanation
    Just in Time is the correct answer because it refers to a production strategy where materials and goods are delivered exactly when they are needed, eliminating the need for inventory. This concept aims to reduce waste, improve efficiency, and minimize costs by ensuring that production processes are synchronized with customer demand. It involves close coordination with suppliers and a focus on quality control to meet customer requirements without the need for excess inventory. Six sigma, continuous improvement, and zero defects are related concepts but do not specifically refer to the concept of zero inventory.

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  • 26. 

    The zero defects concept

    • A.

      Is a performance standard for management

    • B.

      Is a motivational technique that promotes "doing it right the first time"

    • C.

      Is used by management to communicate to all employees that everyone should do things right the first time

    • D.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and C
    Explanation
    The zero defects concept is a performance standard for management and is used by management to communicate to all employees that everyone should do things right the first time. This concept emphasizes the importance of quality and encourages employees to strive for perfection in their work. It sets a high standard for performance and aims to eliminate any errors or defects in the products or services provided by the organization. By implementing this concept, management aims to improve efficiency, customer satisfaction, and overall organizational performance.

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  • 27. 

    Quality assurance

    • A.

      Refers to the prevention of product defects

    • B.

      Is an auditing function that provides feedback to the project team and client about the quality of output being produced

    • C.

      Is the technical process that includes the construction of control charts which specify acceptability limits for conforming output

    • D.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    B. Is an auditing function that provides feedback to the project team and client about the quality of output being produced
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is an auditing function that provides feedback to the project team and client about the quality of output being produced." Quality assurance is a process that ensures that the desired level of quality is achieved in a product or service. It involves evaluating the quality of output and providing feedback to the project team and client to identify any defects or areas for improvement. This helps in maintaining and improving the overall quality of the output being produced.

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  • 28. 

    Financial compensation is the primary motivational tool for which of the following management theories or programs?

    • A.

      Zero Defects program

    • B.

      Theory X management

    • C.

      Theory Y management

    • D.

      Quality Control Circles

    Correct Answer
    B. Theory X management
    Explanation
    Theory X management is based on the assumption that employees are inherently lazy and need to be motivated primarily through financial compensation. This theory believes that employees have little ambition and do not enjoy work, therefore, they need to be closely supervised and given strict guidelines. Financial incentives are used to motivate employees to meet their targets and perform well. This theory contrasts with Theory Y management, which believes that employees are self-motivated and enjoy work.

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  • 29. 

    Quality attributes

    • A.

      Are used to determine how effectively the organization accomplishes its goals

    • B.

      Can be objective or subjective in nature

    • C.

      Are specific quality characteristics for which a product is designed, built, and tested

    • D.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. B and C
    Explanation
    Quality attributes are specific quality characteristics for which a product is designed, built, and tested. They can be objective or subjective in nature. By considering these attributes, an organization can determine how effectively it is accomplishing its goals. Therefore, the correct answer is B and C.

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