Human Growth And Development! Psychology Trivia Facts Quiz

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Human Growth And Development! Psychology Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

Human behavior and physical behavior change from the time they are newborns to adults gradually, and studying these changes helps in understanding the practice and how to deal with the changes. Can you comfortably explain each of them and the studies undertaken to explain each? Take up this psychology trivia facts quiz on human growth and development and get to refresh your understanding before the exam or assessment. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The______approach stresses that reading instruction should parallel a child's natural language learning.

    • A.

      Assisted-language

    • B.

      Remedial-language

    • C.

      Complex-language

    • D.

      Whole-language

    Correct Answer
    D. Whole-language
    Explanation
    The whole-language approach emphasizes that reading instruction should mirror a child's natural language learning process. This means that children are exposed to meaningful and authentic texts from an early age, focusing on comprehension and meaning rather than isolated skills. The whole-language approach values the integration of reading, writing, speaking, and listening, and believes that children learn to read best through immersion in rich language experiences. This approach encourages the use of context, prediction, and personal connections to make sense of texts, fostering a love for reading and promoting lifelong literacy skills.

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  • 2. 

    During elementary school years, most children double their:

    • A.

      Height

    • B.

      Weight

    • C.

      Muscle-to-fat-ratio

    • D.

      Strength capabilities

    Correct Answer
    D. Strength capabilities
    Explanation
    During elementary school years, most children experience significant growth and development in various aspects of their physical abilities. While their height and weight also increase during this period, the most notable change is seen in their strength capabilities. This is because their muscles and bones continue to develop and strengthen, enabling them to perform physical tasks with more power and efficiency. As they engage in activities like sports and play, their strength capabilities double, allowing them to handle more demanding physical challenges.

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  • 3. 

    By adolescence, the heritability of intelligence has been estimated to be about________.

    • A.

      .40

    • B.

      .55

    • C.

      .65

    • D.

      .75

    Correct Answer
    D. .75
    Explanation
    The correct answer is .75. This means that by adolescence, approximately 75% of the variability in intelligence can be attributed to genetic factors. This estimate suggests that genetic factors play a significant role in determining intelligence during this stage of development.

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  • 4. 

    Approximately______of children in the United States receive special education or related services.

    • A.

      .5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      20%

    • D.

      30%

    Correct Answer
    B. 10%
    Explanation
    Approximately 10% of children in the United States receive special education or related services. This percentage indicates that a significant portion of the population requires additional support and accommodations in their educational journey. Special education services aim to address the unique needs and challenges faced by these children, ensuring they have equal opportunities to thrive academically and socially. This statistic highlights the importance of inclusive education and the commitment to providing tailored support to students with disabilities or learning difficulties.

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  • 5. 

    Ellen Winner described three criteria that characterize gifted children. Which of the following was NOT one of these criteria?

    • A.

      Precocity

    • B.

      Marching to their own drummer

    • C.

      Easily bored

    • D.

      A passion to master

    Correct Answer
    C. Easily bored
    Explanation
    The criteria that Ellen Winner described to characterize gifted children include precocity, marching to their own drummer, and a passion to master. However, "easily bored" was not one of these criteria. This means that according to Winner, gifted children may exhibit precocious abilities, have a unique way of thinking or behaving, and display a strong drive to master their interests, but being easily bored is not necessarily a characteristic of giftedness.

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  • 6. 

    Nathan Brody (2007) observes that people who excel at one type of intellectual task are:

    • A.

      Not likely to excel at tasks in any other domain or area.

    • B.

      Geniuses.

    • C.

      Savants.

    • D.

      Likely to excel at tasks in other area or domains.

    Correct Answer
    D. Likely to excel at tasks in other area or domains.
    Explanation
    Nathan Brody (2007) suggests that individuals who excel in one intellectual task are likely to excel in tasks in other areas or domains as well. This implies that their exceptional abilities are not limited to a specific field, but can be applied across different areas. This contradicts the notion that they are only geniuses or savants, as these terms typically refer to individuals who have exceptional abilities in a specific domain. Therefore, the most fitting explanation is that individuals who excel in one intellectual task are likely to excel in tasks in other areas or domains.

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  • 7. 

    What is the best explanation for why minorities earn lower scores on IQ tests?

    • A.

      Environment

    • B.

      Heredity

    • C.

      Racism

    • D.

      Unfair scoring

    Correct Answer
    A. Environment
    Explanation
    The best explanation for why minorities earn lower scores on IQ tests is the environment. This means that factors such as socioeconomic status, access to quality education, cultural bias in testing, and discrimination can all contribute to the lower scores. It suggests that external factors play a significant role in shaping intelligence test results, rather than inherent genetic or racial differences.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following BEST exemplifies "critical thinking"?

    • A.

      Being able to comphrend a scientific study

    • B.

      Being able to remember the details

    • C.

      Being able to understand the statistical analyses

    • D.

      Being able to evaluate the practical usefulness

    Correct Answer
    D. Being able to evaluate the practical usefulness
    Explanation
    The ability to evaluate the practical usefulness is the best example of "critical thinking" as it involves analyzing and assessing the relevance and applicability of information or knowledge in real-life situations. It requires considering various factors, weighing pros and cons, and making informed judgments based on logical reasoning and evidence. This skill goes beyond comprehension, memory, or understanding statistical analyses, as it involves a deeper level of analysis and evaluation.

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  • 9. 

    What does the research indicate about gender differences in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

    • A.

      Boys are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

    • B.

      Girls are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    • C.

      There are no significnt gender differences

    • D.

      Girls are more likely to be diagnosed as having attention deficit (ADHD),whereas boys are more likely to be referred for treatment

    Correct Answer
    A. Boys are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    Explanation
    The research indicates that boys are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This suggests that ADHD is more prevalent in boys compared to girls.

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  • 10. 

    Advances in the ______ of the brain are linked to childrens_______.

    • A.

      Parietal lobe:sharper color and peripheral vision.

    • B.

      Occipital lobe;better spacial skills.

    • C.

      Prefrontal cortex; improved attention, reasoning, and cognitive control.

    • D.

      Temporal lobe; eye-hand coordination.

    Correct Answer
    C. Prefrontal cortex; improved attention, reasoning, and cognitive control.
    Explanation
    Advances in the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for attention, reasoning, and cognitive control, are linked to improved abilities in these areas. This means that as the prefrontal cortex develops and becomes more advanced, children will have better attention spans, reasoning skills, and cognitive control.

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  • 11. 

    All of the following are types of intelligence according to Howard Gardner EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Naturalist skills.

    • B.

      Musical skills.

    • C.

      Artistic skills.

    • D.

      Verbal skills.

    Correct Answer
    C. Artistic skills.
    Explanation
    Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences proposes that there are several different types of intelligence, including naturalist skills, musical skills, and verbal skills. However, artistic skills are not explicitly mentioned as one of the types of intelligence in Gardner's theory. Therefore, the correct answer is artistic skills.

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  • 12. 

    "Hannah as an IQ of 135. She is very bright, and I'm sure she will have no difficulties at all in any of her school subjects. With that level of intelligence, I'm sure she'll be quite successful whether she chooses to go into medicine or law as a career". This speaker is:

    • A.

      Missusing the results of an intelligence test.

    • B.

      Giving an appropriate interpretation of an intelligence test.

    • C.

      Assuming that intelligence us composed of several different factors.

    • D.

      Not placing enough emphasis on intelligence.

    Correct Answer
    A. Missusing the results of an intelligence test.
    Explanation
    The speaker is misusing the results of an intelligence test because they are making assumptions about Hannah's future success based solely on her IQ score. They are disregarding other important factors such as motivation, work ethic, and personal interests that can greatly influence one's success in a specific career. Additionally, the speaker is assuming that intelligence alone determines success, which is not necessarily true.

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  • 13. 

    The ability to think about something in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems is called______.

    • A.

      Spontaneity.

    • B.

      Congruency.

    • C.

      Elasticisty.

    • D.

      Creativity.

    Correct Answer
    D. Creativity.
    Explanation
    Creativity refers to the ability to think about something in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems. It involves thinking outside the box and generating ideas that are original and innovative. Spontaneity refers to acting on impulse without premeditation, congruency refers to the state of being in agreement or harmony, and elasticity refers to the ability to stretch or adapt. Therefore, creativity is the correct answer as it best captures the concept described in the question.

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  • 14. 

    The term individual differences in the text discussion of intelligence refers to:

    • A.

      The relative strengths and weakness within an individual.

    • B.

      Day to day changes in an individuals knowledge and skills.

    • C.

      Differences between individuals that change over time.

    • D.

      Differences between individuals that are stable over time.

    Correct Answer
    D. Differences between individuals that are stable over time.
    Explanation
    The term "individual differences" in the context of intelligence refers to the variations or disparities that exist between individuals and remain consistent or stable over time. It implies that people differ in their cognitive abilities, intellectual potential, and aptitude, and these differences tend to persist throughout their lives. This concept recognizes that individuals have unique strengths, weaknesses, and characteristics that differentiate them from one another and are not likely to change significantly over time.

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  • 15. 

    Mimi looks at her mother and says, "Grandma cant be your mother because she is my grandmother." Mimi does not yet understand:

    • A.

      Classification.

    • B.

      Reversibility.

    • C.

      Conservation.

    • D.

      Mental representation.

    Correct Answer
    A. Classification.
    Explanation
    Mimi's statement indicates that she is able to classify her grandmother as a separate category from her mother. This suggests that she has an understanding of the concept of classification, which involves grouping objects or people based on their similarities and differences. Mimi recognizes that her grandmother cannot be her mother because they belong to different categories, despite the fact that her grandmother is also her mother's mother. This demonstrates her understanding of classification.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of concrete operational thought?

    • A.

      The ability to mentally reverse action.

    • B.

      Logical reasoning.

    • C.

      Classification skills.

    • D.

      The ability to think abstractly.

    Correct Answer
    D. The ability to think abstractly.
    Explanation
    Concrete operational thought is a stage of cognitive development in which children are able to think logically and perform mental operations, such as mental reversibility and classification skills. However, abstract thinking is not a characteristic of concrete operational thought. Abstract thinking is typically developed during the formal operational stage of cognitive development, which occurs during adolescence. In concrete operational thought, children primarily focus on concrete objects and events that they can directly observe and manipulate. They have difficulty understanding abstract concepts and hypothetical situations.

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  • 17. 

    A dimension that distinguishes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from other types of learning disability is:

    • A.

      Activity level.

    • B.

      Success in school.

    • C.

      Emotional maturity.

    • D.

      Level of intelligence.

    Correct Answer
    A. Activity level.
    Explanation
    The dimension that distinguishes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from other types of learning disabilities is activity level. ADHD is characterized by hyperactivity and impulsivity, which can significantly affect a person's ability to focus and pay attention. Other types of learning disabilities may not necessarily involve hyperactivity or high levels of physical activity. Therefore, activity level is a key factor in distinguishing ADHD from other learning disabilities.

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  • 18. 

    Knowing about knowing is referred to as:

    • A.

      Metamemory.

    • B.

      First-order congnition.

    • C.

      Metacognition.

    • D.

      Second-order condition.

    Correct Answer
    C. Metacognition.
    Explanation
    Metacognition refers to the awareness and understanding of one's own cognitive processes, including knowledge about one's own thinking and learning abilities. It involves the ability to reflect on and monitor one's own thoughts, memories, and problem-solving strategies. Metamemory, on the other hand, specifically refers to knowledge and awareness about one's own memory processes. Therefore, the concept of "knowing about knowing" aligns more closely with metacognition rather than metamemory or any other options provided.

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  • 19. 

    Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been criticized in four areas. Which of the following is NOT a criticism of Piaget's theory?

    • A.

      Serveral concrete operational cencepts do not appear in synchrony.

    • B.

      some cognitive abilities emerge earlier than piagets thought.

    • C.

      Children who are at one cognitive stage can be trained.

    • D.

      Culture and education exert less influence on childrens development than Piagets believed.

    Correct Answer
    D. Culture and education exert less influence on childrens development than Piagets believed.
    Explanation
    Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been criticized in four areas, but the statement "culture and education exert less influence on children's development than Piaget believed" is NOT one of the criticisms. The other options provide valid criticisms of Piaget's theory, such as the fact that several concrete operational concepts do not appear in synchrony and that some cognitive abilities emerge earlier than Piaget thought. Additionally, the statement that children who are at one cognitive stage can be trained is also a criticism of Piaget's theory.

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  • 20. 

    The development of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what people should do in their interactions with other people is called:

    • A.

      Moral development.

    • B.

      Superego development.

    • C.

      Integrity development.

    • D.

      Democratic development.

    Correct Answer
    A. Moral development.
    Explanation
    The development of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what people should do in their interactions with other people is referred to as moral development. This process involves the internalization of societal norms and values, leading individuals to differentiate between right and wrong and make ethical decisions. It encompasses the formation of a personal moral code and the ability to empathize with others, ultimately shaping one's moral character and guiding their actions in social contexts.

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  • 21. 

    Which type of play increases dramatically during the preschool years?

    • A.

      Practice play

    • B.

      Sensorimotor play

    • C.

      Social play

    • D.

      Constrictive play

    Correct Answer
    C. Social play
    Explanation
    During the preschool years, children's social skills and interactions with others develop rapidly. They start to engage in more cooperative and interactive play with their peers, which is known as social play. This type of play involves sharing, taking turns, and engaging in pretend play scenarios together. As children become more socially aware and develop a better understanding of social norms, the frequency and complexity of their social play increase. Therefore, social play is the type of play that increases dramatically during the preschool years.

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  • 22. 

    One of the following terms does NOT belong with others. Which is it?

    • A.

      Multile classification.

    • B.

      Egocentrism.

    • C.

      Reversibility.

    • D.

      Logical reasoning.

    Correct Answer
    B. Egocentrism.
    Explanation
    The terms "multile classification," "reversibility," and "logical reasoning" are all related to cognitive processes and thinking abilities. Multile classification refers to the ability to categorize objects into multiple groups, reversibility refers to the understanding that certain actions can be undone or reversed, and logical reasoning refers to the ability to think and draw conclusions based on logical principles. However, egocentrism refers to the tendency to only see things from one's own perspective and difficulty in understanding others' viewpoints. It is not directly related to cognitive processes and is the odd one out among the given terms.

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  • 23. 

    Overall, the effects of television on children's development are:

    • A.

      Almost all negative.

    • B.

      Almost all positive.

    • C.

      Mixed-some positive, some negative.

    • D.

      Not measurable enough to be significant.

    Correct Answer
    C. Mixed-some positive, some negative.
    Explanation
    The effects of television on children's development are mixed, with both positive and negative aspects. While television can provide educational content and promote cognitive development, excessive screen time can lead to sedentary behavior, decreased physical activity, and poor social skills. Additionally, exposure to violence and inappropriate content can have negative effects on children's behavior and attitudes. Therefore, it can be concluded that the effects of television on children's development are a combination of both positive and negative outcomes.

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  • 24. 

    A parent who denies, ignores, or tries to change the negative emotions of their children would be called a(n):

    • A.

      Emotion-dismissing parent.

    • B.

      Emotion-criticizing parent.

    • C.

      Emotion-coaching parent.

    • D.

      Emotion-encouraging parent.

    Correct Answer
    A. Emotion-dismissing parent.
    Explanation
    An emotion-dismissing parent is someone who denies, ignores, or tries to change the negative emotions of their children. This means that they do not validate or acknowledge their child's feelings, which can be detrimental to their emotional development. Instead of providing support and guidance, they dismiss or downplay their child's emotions, potentially causing them to feel invalidated and misunderstood.

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  • 25. 

    Which idea about divorce is BEST supported by available evidence?

    • A.

      A divorce may improve choldrens lives under some circumstances.

    • B.

      Divorces invitably impair childrens ablilty to adapt.

    • C.

      Competent children cannot be raised in a single-parent families.

    • D.

      Divorce has only minor effects in children.

    Correct Answer
    A. A divorce may improve choldrens lives under some circumstances.
    Explanation
    The best supported idea about divorce based on available evidence is that a divorce may improve children's lives under some circumstances. This suggests that divorce does not necessarily have a negative impact on children's well-being, but rather its effects depend on various factors such as the specific circumstances surrounding the divorce, the quality of the parent-child relationships, and the support systems available to the children. This viewpoint acknowledges that divorce can have both positive and negative effects on children, emphasizing the importance of considering individual circumstances when assessing its impact.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following statements regarding most children of gay and lesbian parents is NOT true?

    • A.

      Most children of gay and lesbian parents were adopted

    • B.

      Most children of gay and lesbian parents were born in heterosexual relationships that ended in divorce.

    • C.

      Children whose parents are gay or lesbian are just as popular as their peers.

    • D.

      Children whos parents are gay or lesbian have no more mental health issues.

    Correct Answer
    A. Most children of gay and lesbian parents were adopted
    Explanation
    The given answer, "most children of gay and lesbian parents were adopted," is not true. Research has shown that the majority of children raised by gay and lesbian parents were born in heterosexual relationships that ended in divorce. This suggests that these children were not adopted but rather came from previous heterosexual unions.

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  • 27. 

    After kate, age 3, has called her playmate a "jerk", her mother tells her that she needs to think about how words can hurt other peoples feelings. Kates mother is helping Kate to develop her:

    • A.

      Social understanding.

    • B.

      Sympathy quotient.

    • C.

      Self-consciousness.

    • D.

      None of these.

    Correct Answer
    A. Social understanding.
    Explanation
    Kate's mother is helping her develop social understanding by teaching her about the impact of her words on other people's feelings. Social understanding refers to the ability to recognize and interpret social cues, understand others' perspectives, and navigate social interactions effectively. By explaining the consequences of her words, Kate's mother is helping her develop empathy and consider the feelings of others, which is an important aspect of social understanding.

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  • 28. 

    Suzie just brought home her report card. she earned C's and D's in all of her classes. When looking at the grades, her father stated, "you are an embrrassment to me! You better get those grades up, or else!" Suzies Dad is most likelt a(n):

    • A.

      Authoritarian parent.

    • B.

      Authoritative parent.

    • C.

      Indulgent parent.

    • D.

      Neglectful parent.

    Correct Answer
    A. Authoritarian parent.
    Explanation
    The father's response of calling Suzie an embarrassment and threatening her indicates a controlling and strict parenting style. Authoritarian parents tend to have high expectations, enforce strict rules, and may use punishment and criticism to maintain control. This aligns with the father's behavior in this scenario.

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  • 29. 

    Because many studies show that exposure to violent TV programming is associated with increased aggression in children, many people conclude that watching TV causes aggression. This conclusion is going beyond database because most studies:

    • A.

      Are correlational.

    • B.

      Are experimental.

    • C.

      Are cross-sectional and not longitudinal.

    • D.

      Use only children who alredy watch a lot of TV.

    Correct Answer
    A. Are correlational.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "are correlational." This means that the studies mentioned in the question only show a relationship or correlation between exposure to violent TV programming and increased aggression in children. Correlational studies cannot establish a cause-and-effect relationship, so it would be incorrect to conclude that watching TV causes aggression based solely on these types of studies.

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  • 30. 

    Jean Piaget was primarily interested in:

    • A.

      Moral reasoning.of children.

    • B.

      Moral behavior of children.

    • C.

      How parents tech moral standards.

    • D.

      The biological basis.

    Correct Answer
    A. Moral reasoning.of children.
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget was primarily interested in studying the cognitive development of children, including their moral reasoning. He believed that children go through different stages of moral development, from a focus on obedience to an understanding of social rules and principles. Piaget's research focused on how children develop their own understanding of right and wrong, and how their moral reasoning evolves as they grow. Therefore, the answer "moral reasoning of children" aligns with Piaget's primary interest in studying children's cognitive development in the moral domain.

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  • 31. 

    What does a child get from peers that he or she typically cannot get from siblings?

    • A.

      a same-sex friend

    • B.

      A chance to share intimate feelings.

    • C.

      An idea of how the child compares with other children the same age.

    • D.

      A view of what the world looks like from another person.

    Correct Answer
    C. An idea of how the child compares with other children the same age.
    Explanation
    Children typically cannot get an idea of how they compare with other children the same age from their siblings because siblings are usually close in age and development. Peers, on the other hand, come from a variety of backgrounds and have different abilities, which allows children to gauge their own strengths and weaknesses in relation to others. This comparison helps children develop a sense of self and understand their place in the world.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following provide gender role models?

    • A.

      Peer.

    • B.

      School.

    • C.

      The media.

    • D.

      All of these.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these.
    Explanation
    All of these options provide gender role models. Peers can serve as role models by exhibiting certain behaviors and attitudes that align with traditional gender roles. Schools can also provide role models through teachers and staff who demonstrate gender-appropriate behavior. The media, including television, movies, and advertisements, often portray gender role models that can influence individuals' perceptions and expectations. Therefore, all of these sources can contribute to the formation of gender role models.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following statements about practice play is NOT true?

    • A.

      Practice play involves increases in elementary schoolo years.

    • B.

      Practice play can be engaged in throughout life.

    • C.

      Practice play involves the repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned.

    • D.

      Practice play is prevalent in the preschool years.

    Correct Answer
    A. Practice play involves increases in elementary schoolo years.
    Explanation
    The statement "practice play involves increases in elementary school years" is not true. Practice play is prevalent in the preschool years, where children engage in repetitive behaviors to learn new skills. However, as children progress into elementary school years, their play becomes more focused on rules and social interactions rather than repetitive practice. Practice play can be engaged in throughout life, as individuals continue to learn and develop new skills.

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  • 34. 

    How does maternal employment outside of the home affect children?

    • A.

      Children are not properly socialized for the adult roles.

    • B.

      Children are not able to develop a secure attachment to their parents.

    • C.

      Children tend to perform poorly academically.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "none of the above." This means that maternal employment outside of the home does not have any of the negative effects mentioned in the options. It suggests that children are still able to socialize properly, develop a secure attachment to their parents, and perform well academically, despite their mother's employment.

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  • 35. 

    Who has the easiest time learning a second language?

    • A.

      Children in early childhood

    • B.

      Children in late childhood

    • C.

      Adolescents.

    • D.

      Young adults.

    Correct Answer
    A. Children in early childhood
    Explanation
    Children in early childhood have the easiest time learning a second language because their brains are more flexible and adaptable during this period. Their neural connections are still developing, allowing them to acquire language skills more effortlessly. Additionally, their exposure to different sounds and linguistic patterns at a young age enhances their ability to mimic and absorb new languages. As they grow older, the brain becomes less receptive to language acquisition, making it more challenging for children in late childhood, adolescents, and young adults to learn a second language with the same ease.

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  • 36. 

    Organic retardation is caused by:

    • A.

      A genetic disorder or brian damge.

    • B.

      Being raised by poorly educated parents.

    • C.

      An improvished intellectual environment.

    • D.

      Traumatic experiences.

    Correct Answer
    A. A genetic disorder or brian damge.
    Explanation
    Organic retardation refers to a condition characterized by intellectual impairment caused by either a genetic disorder or brain damage. Genetic disorders can result in abnormalities in the structure or function of the brain, leading to cognitive deficits. Similarly, brain damage caused by injury, infection, or other factors can also impact intellectual abilities. The other options, such as being raised by poorly educated parents, an impoverished intellectual environment, or traumatic experiences, may contribute to developmental or environmental factors that can affect cognitive development but are not directly associated with organic retardation.

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  • 37. 

    Which public service announcement would be beneficial in preventing cultural-familial retardation?

    • A.

      Protect your chiuldren from lead exposure.

    • B.

      Provide an enriching home enviroment for your children.

    • C.

      Make nutrition your number one priority.

    • D.

      Do not have children after the age of 40

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide an enriching home enviroment for your children.
    Explanation
    Providing an enriching home environment for children can be beneficial in preventing cultural-familial retardation. This is because a stimulating and supportive home environment can promote cognitive development, social skills, and overall well-being in children. It can help them learn and grow, develop positive relationships, and have access to resources and opportunities that contribute to their overall development.

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  • 38. 

    The individuals with disabilities education improvement ACT (2004) requires:

    • A.

      Mainstreaming of all students with disabilities.

    • B.

      Special classes for all strudents.

    • C.

      A free and appropriate education for all children.

    • D.

      The same daily activities for students.

    Correct Answer
    C. A free and appropriate education for all children.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a free and appropriate education for all children. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004) mandates that all children with disabilities receive a free and appropriate education. This means that schools must provide special education services and accommodations to meet the unique needs of each student with a disability, at no cost to the parents. The act emphasizes the importance of individualized education plans, inclusion in general education classrooms to the maximum extent possible, and access to the same educational opportunities as their non-disabled peers.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following statements about chiuldren and cardiovascular disaese is TRUE?

    • A.

      Cardiovascular disease is common in children

    • B.

      High blood pressure is most likely to be seen in asian american children.

    • C.

      High blood pressure goes indignosed in 75% of the children.

    • D.

      Behaviors in childhood do not affect the development.

    Correct Answer
    C. High blood pressure goes indignosed in 75% of the children.
    Explanation
    High blood pressure goes undiagnosed in 75% of children. This means that a significant number of children with high blood pressure are not identified and therefore not receiving appropriate treatment. This is a concerning finding as untreated high blood pressure can lead to serious cardiovascular complications later in life. It highlights the need for better screening and awareness of this condition in children.

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  • 40. 

    Dante is 10 years old who likes to play soccer during recess. one day a friend teaches him a different aset of rules about the game that Dante accepts. He now plays soccer in a new way. Dante is in which stage of moral development?

    • A.

      Autonomous morality.

    • B.

      Heteronomous morality.

    • C.

      Basic morality.

    • D.

      Extended morality.

    Correct Answer
    A. Autonomous morality.
    Explanation
    Dante is in the stage of autonomous morality because he willingly accepts and adopts a new set of rules for playing soccer. This shows that he is capable of making independent moral decisions and is no longer solely reliant on external authority figures or rules. In this stage, individuals begin to develop their own sense of right and wrong and take responsibility for their actions based on their own internal moral compass.

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