# How Racquetball-smart Are You?

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Can you pass this indoor racquetball USAR Quiz?

• 1.

### How long is a racquetball court?

• A.

10 ft.

• B.

20 ft.

• C.

30 ft.

• D.

40 ft.

D. 40 ft.
Explanation
A racquetball court is 40 ft long.

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• 2.

### How wide is a racquetball court?

• A.

10 ft.

• B.

20 ft.

• C.

30 ft.

• D.

40 ft.

B. 20 ft.
Explanation
A racquetball court is typically 20 ft wide.

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• 3.

### How tall is a racquetball court?

• A.

10 ft.

• B.

20 ft.

• C.

30 ft.

• D.

40 ft.

B. 20 ft.
Explanation
A racquetball court is typically 20 feet tall. This height allows for the ball to bounce off the walls and ceiling during gameplay. A higher ceiling would result in the ball bouncing too high, making it difficult to play the game effectively. Similarly, a lower ceiling would restrict the ball's movement and limit the gameplay. Therefore, a height of 20 feet is considered optimal for a racquetball court.

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• 4.

• A.

2,000

• B.

8,000

• C.

10,000

• D.

16,000

D. 16,000
• 5.

### Of the three parallel lines on the floor, what is the line nearest to the front wall called?

• A.

Service Line

• B.

Short Line

• C.

Receiving Line

• D.

Drive Serve Line

A. Service Line
Explanation
The line nearest to the front wall is called the service line. This line marks the boundary where the server must stand behind while serving in sports like tennis or badminton. It helps to ensure that the server does not step over the line and maintains a fair distance from the net.

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• 6.

### Of the three parallel lines on the floor, what is the middle line called?

• A.

Service Line

• B.

Short Line

• C.

Receiving Line

• D.

Drive Serve Line

B. Short Line
Explanation
The middle line on the floor is called the "Short Line".

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• 7.

### Of the three parallel lines on the floor, what is the line nearest to the back wall called?

• A.

Service Line

• B.

Short Line

• C.

Receiving Line

• D.

Drive Serve Line

C. Receiving Line
Explanation
The line nearest to the back wall is called the receiving line. This line is typically used in sports such as tennis or badminton, where it marks the area where the receiver stands to receive the serve from the opponent.

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• 8.

### The area where the ball is served is called?

• A.

Safety Zone

• B.

Service Box

• C.

Service Zone

C. Service Zone
Explanation
The Service Zone is where the ball is served. The Service Boxes are used in doubles (where the non-serving double's partner stands) and are at either end of the Service Zone.

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• 9.

### The area bounded by the back edges of the Short Line and the Receiving Line is called?

• A.

Safety Zone

• B.

Encroachment Zone

• C.

Service Zone

• D.

Service Box

• E.

Drive Service Zone

A. Safety Zone
Explanation
The area bounded by the back edges of the Short Line and the Receiving Line is called the Safety Zone. This area is designated to ensure the safety of players during a game or match. It acts as a buffer zone between the players and the spectators, preventing any potential accidents or injuries.

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• 10.

### The maximum length of a racquetball racquet is?

• A.

18"

• B.

20"

• C.

22"

• D.

24"

C. 22"
Explanation
The maximum length of a racquetball racquet is 22". This length is determined by the rules and regulations of the sport. A longer racquet may provide more power, but it can also be more difficult to maneuver. Therefore, a standardized maximum length ensures fair play and maintains a level playing field for all players.

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• 11.

### In two-serve games, which of these is NOT a fault serve?

• A.

Screen Serve

• B.

Fake Serve

• C.

Long Serve

• D.

Short Serve

• E.

Three-Wall Serve

B. Fake Serve
Explanation
A Fake or Balk Serve is an Out Serve and the server loses the serve.

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• 12.

### In doubles when the first server is retired and it is the second server's turn, what is this transition called?

• A.

Half Out

• B.

Handout

B. Handout
Explanation
In doubles tennis, when the first server is retired and it is the second server's turn, this transition is called a "Handout". This means that the serving team has lost their serve and it is now the opposing team's turn to serve.

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• 13.

### In two-serve games how many Fault Serves result in loss of serve?

• A.

0

• B.

1

• C.

2

• D.

3

C. 2
Explanation
In two-serve games, a player is allowed two serves. If a player commits a fault serve, it means that their serve did not land within the designated service area or violated any other serving rules. In this case, if a player commits two fault serves, it results in a loss of serve. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.

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• 14.

### On a serve if a ball hits a "dead" board on the floor, the serve may be replayed. True or false: It cancels any prior fault serve?

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This is a Court Hinder and is considered a Dead-Ball Serve. All Dead-Ball Serves do not cancel a prior fault serve.

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• 15.

### A serve which passes the Short Line into the crotch of the side wall and floor is in play.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
This is called a Crotch Serve and can be detected by its unconventional rebound motion.

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• 16.

### A serve into the crotch of the back wall and floor is in play.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
This is called a Crotch Serve and can be detected by its unconventional rebound motion.

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• 17.

### After the serve has been struck, the server's doubles partner steps into the Safety Zone before the served ball passes the Short Line resulting in ...

• A.

Forfeit of the game

• B.

Fault Serve

• C.

Immediate loss of serve

• D.

No call

C. Immediate loss of serve
Explanation
This is called a Safety Zone Violation. Not only was this rule designed to prevent player injury, but leaving the Service Zone early gives the serving team an unfair advantage. A form of cheating.

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• 18.

### Serving the ball before the receiver(s) signal they are ready is a fault serve. What is NOT an acceptable way for a receiver to signal they are "not-ready"?

• A.

Turn and face the back wall.

• B.

Face the front wall while tying their shoelaces.

• C.

Raising their racquet above their head.

B. Face the front wall while tying their shoelaces.
Explanation
Though not very friendly you may serve someone facing the front wall even if they are tying their shoelaces. Most players consider it sportsmanlike conduct to wait until the receiver is settled before serving.

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• 19.

### In doubles, either receiving player may indicate their side is not ready by raising their racquet over their head or turning their back to the front wall.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In doubles, it is true that either receiving player may indicate that their side is not ready by raising their racquet over their head or turning their back to the front wall. This allows players to communicate with each other and ensure that both sides are ready before serving.

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• 20.

### What is the penalty for catching a served ball before it hits the floor when that serve was obviously going to be short or long?

• A.

Loss of rally

• B.

Replay the serve

• C.

Second serve

• D.

No call

A. Loss of rally
Explanation
If a player catches a served ball before it hits the floor when the serve was obviously going to be short or long, the penalty is a loss of rally. This means that the player who caught the ball loses the point and the opposing player or team is awarded the point.

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• 21.

### In doubles, if the partner standing in the Service Box has one foot on the floor and one foot resting against the wall, when the ball is served, then it is a ...

• A.

Loss of serve

• B.

Foot fault

• C.

Replay

• D.

Out serve

B. Foot fault
Explanation
Rule 4.2(b) the partner's position must be with back to the side wall and two feet on the floor or it is a foot fault.

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• 22.

### In doubles, either partner may serve first and redetermine who serves first throughout the game, without notification or penalty.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In doubles, the partners have the flexibility to decide who serves first and can change the serving order throughout the game without any penalty or notification. This means that there is no fixed rule or requirement regarding which partner should serve first in doubles. The players can discuss and make the decision based on their strategy or preferences. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 23.

### In doubles if a serve hits the non-serving partner in the Service Box it is a ...

• A.

Replay of Serve

• B.

Out Serve

• C.

Fault Serve

• D.

Loss of Point

C. Fault Serve
Explanation
If a serve hits the non-serving partner in the service box in doubles, it is considered a fault serve. A fault serve occurs when the server fails to make a legal serve, such as hitting the net or hitting a player on the opposing team. In this case, hitting the non-serving partner in the service box is a fault and the server will need to serve again.

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• 24.

### When returning a serve, which is a Safety Zone Violation?

• A.

Crossing the Receiving Line before the ball crosses the Receiving Line on the fly.

• B.

Crossing the Receiving Line after the ball bounces.

• C.

Crossing the Receiving Line after the ball crosses the Receiving Line.

A. Crossing the Receiving Line before the ball crosses the Receiving Line on the fly.
Explanation
When returning a serve, it is considered a Safety Zone Violation if the player crosses the Receiving Line before the ball crosses the Receiving Line on the fly. This means that the player must wait for the ball to cross the Receiving Line in the air before they can step over the line. Crossing the Receiving Line after the ball bounces or after the ball has already crossed the Receiving Line is not a violation.

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• 25.

### It is legal to hit the ball with any part of the racquet, except the tether.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
It is not a legal hit to hit the ball with the handle of your racquet.

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• 26.

### Replay Hinder. Rule 3.14 (a)6 Safety Holdup Which two of these statements is TRUE? You are NOT allowed a rally replay if ...

• A.

You holdup for an opponent.

• B.

You holdup for your partner in doubles.

• C.

You holdup for an opponent who turns out to be "just not there".

• D.

You divert your shot to avoid hitting an opponent.

• E.

You "go for it" anyway, but the ball doesn't make it to the front wall.

B. You holdup for your partner in doubles.
E. You "go for it" anyway, but the ball doesn't make it to the front wall.
Explanation
Always call a Safety Holdup when you think it could cause injury. Not every Safety Holdup results in a rally replay, for instance when you hold up for a Penalty Hinder.

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• 27.

### When is a Safety Holdup also a Penalty Hinder (mark all that are true).

• A.

• B.

• C.

Your opponent "moves into" any shot you are making.

• D.

Your doubles partner might get hit by the ball you deliver.

C. Your opponent "moves into" any shot you are making.
Explanation
A Safety Holdup occurs when your opponent is directly in front of your shot, obstructing your clear path to the target. A Penalty Hinder occurs when your opponent "moves into" any shot you are making, causing interference and preventing you from executing the shot properly. Therefore, the correct answers are: Your opponent is directly in front of your straight-in shot, Your opponent is directly in front of your cross-court shot, and Your opponent "moves into" any shot you are making.

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• 28.

### Replay Hinders, Rule 3.14 Which are Replay Hinders? Mark all that are TRUE.

• A.

Backswing Hinder

• B.

Hit By Ball

• C.

Screen Ball

• D.

Safety Holdup

A. Backswing Hinder
C. Screen Ball
D. Safety Holdup
Explanation
A backswing hinder occurs when a player's backswing is disrupted by another player or object. A screen ball hinder happens when the ball hits a screen or any other object before reaching the front wall. A safety holdup hinder occurs when a player holds up play due to safety concerns. "Hit By Ball" is not a valid option as it does not describe a specific type of hinder.

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• 29.

### USAR dropped the term "Avoidable Hinder" and replaced it with the term "Penalty Hinder". Which answer is TRUE?

• A.

Avoidable Hinders meant you hindered on purpose.

• B.

Penalty Hinders mean you hindered on purpose.

• C.

Penalty Hinders aren't called when you can't avoid the hinder.

• D.

Penalty Hinders may be called even when you did your best to prevent the hinder.

D. Penalty Hinders may be called even when you did your best to prevent the hinder.
Explanation
Penalty Hinders may be called even when you did your best to prevent the hinder. This is because the term "Penalty Hinder" has replaced the term "Avoidable Hinder" in the USAR, indicating that hindrances may be penalized even if they were unintentional or unavoidable. The change in terminology implies that the focus is now on penalizing hindrances rather than solely on intentional hindering.

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• 30.

### Club players often call Replay Hinders instead of Penalty Hinders because they want to play a "friendly" game. In reality it is just the opposite of a "friendly" game. Mark all the statements which are TRUE.

• A.

It gives the serving team a tremendous unfair advantage.

• B.

It may take away your winning rally shot PLUS give your opponent the chance to serve you again. A great disadvantage to you.

• C.

Some people use it as a form of "friendly" cheating.

• D.

When someone has a powerful serve they of course want a Replay Hinder instead of a Penalty Hinder. It gives them another chance to ace serve you.

• E.

In two-serve games a Replay Hinder gives the server TWO more chances to ace serve you.

A. It gives the serving team a tremendous unfair advantage.
B. It may take away your winning rally shot PLUS give your opponent the chance to serve you again. A great disadvantage to you.
C. Some people use it as a form of "friendly" cheating.
D. When someone has a powerful serve they of course want a Replay Hinder instead of a Penalty Hinder. It gives them another chance to ace serve you.
E. In two-serve games a Replay Hinder gives the server TWO more chances to ace serve you.
Explanation
Penalty Hinders:
"The basic rules were designed for and apply to ALL levels of play from the rankest of amateurs to the very best professionals. You never give a player another chance if he “skips” the ball, so why would we want to give him another chance if he somehow interferes with an easy set up for you? " -Otto Dietrich

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• 31.

### Stroke Interference Rule 3.15 (b) If the player returning the ball has their forward racquet stroke impeded by the body of the opponent then it is an automatic Penalty Hinder.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
According to Stroke Interference Rule 3.15 (b), if the player returning the ball has their forward racquet stroke impeded by the body of the opponent, it is considered an automatic Penalty Hinder. This means that if the opponent's body obstructs the player's racquet stroke, it is a violation and the player is awarded a penalty hinder. Therefore, the correct answer is True.

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• 32.

### Mark all that are Penalty Hinders.

• A.

Pushing.

• B.

Stroke Interference.

• C.

Intentional Distractions.

• D.

Moving across an opponent's line of vision just before the opponent strikes the ball.

• E.

Moving into a position which blocks the opponent from getting to, or returning, the ball.

A. Pushing.
B. Stroke Interference.
C. Intentional Distractions.
D. Moving across an opponent's line of vision just before the opponent strikes the ball.
E. Moving into a position which blocks the opponent from getting to, or returning, the ball.
Explanation
The given answer includes all the actions that are considered Penalty Hinders in the context of the question. Pushing, Stroke Interference, Intentional Distractions, Moving across an opponent's line of vision just before the opponent strikes the ball, and Moving into a position which blocks the opponent from getting to, or returning, the ball are all actions that can hinder the opponent's ability to play the game effectively and are therefore considered Penalty Hinders.

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• 33.

### Can a racquetball game final score ever be 15 to negative 1?

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
If the loser of the match earns no points and loses a point for a Technical Foul they can end up with a negative one score.

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• 34.

### Which of the following does NOT qualify for a possible Technical Foul?

• A.

Profanity.

• B.

Slamming the racquet on the wall or floor.

• C.

Congratulating your opponent after they make a great shot.

• D.

Unsportmanlike behavior.

C. Congratulating your opponent after they make a great shot.
Explanation
Congratulating your opponent after they make a great shot is a positive and sportsmanlike behavior, which does not qualify for a possible Technical Foul. Technical Fouls are typically given for negative actions such as profanity, slamming objects, or unsportsmanlike behavior.

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• 35.

### In two-serve games two Screen Serves in a row result in a loss of serve.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In two-serve games, if a player performs two Screen Serves in a row, they will lose their serve. This means that if the ball hits the net and lands in the correct service box twice consecutively, the serving player will lose their turn to serve and the opposing player will gain the serve instead.

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• 36.

### It is a Penalty Hinder against you ...

• A.

If you talk when it is your opponent's turn to hit.

• B.

If you hit yourself with the ball.

• C.

If you dive and make the floor wet.

• D.

If you wear an ugly shirt.

A. If you talk when it is your opponent's turn to hit.
Explanation
Penalty Hinder.
Rule 3.15 (f) Intentional Distractions.
Talking when it your opponent's turn to hit is considered an Intentional Distraction.

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• 37.

### What is a Drive Serve Zone violation?

• A.

Two foot faults in a row.

• B.

Two short serves in a row.

• C.

A frame-shot serve.

• D.

Drive serve within three feet of either wall.

D. Drive serve within three feet of either wall.
Explanation
Rule 3.6 DRIVE SERVICE ZONES.
There is a drive serve line 3 feet from each side wall in the service zone. Viewed one at a time, each drive serve line divides the service zone into a 3-foot and a 17-foot section. The player may drive serve between the body and the side wall nearest to where the service motion began only if the player, the racquet, and the ball (only until it is struck by the server) starts and remains outside of that 3-foot drive service zone until the served ball crosses the short line.

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• 38.

### What is the penalty for a Drive Serve Zone violation?

• A.

Fault Serve

• B.

Out Serve

• C.

Defective Serve

• D.

Replay Penalty

A. Fault Serve
Explanation
The penalty for a Drive Serve Zone violation is a Fault Serve.

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• 39.

### If you don't wear protective eye wear while playing racquetball you are a moron.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
This statement implies that not wearing protective eye wear while playing racquetball is foolish or unintelligent. It suggests that wearing protective eye wear is necessary to prevent potential injuries or accidents while playing the sport. Therefore, the correct answer is "True" as it aligns with the statement's assertion.

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• 40.

### Only a player on offensive can call a screened ball.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Note: During a rally if it is not your turn to hit the ball and your opponent screens you from the ball causing the ball to hit you while still in play, then you lose the rally. Also, only the receiver of a serve, not the server, can call a Screen Serve.

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• 41.

### Which of the following is considered a Foot Fault during a serve?

• A.

Stepping over the Service Line.

• B.

Stepping over the Short Line.

• C.

Stepping on the Service Line.

• D.

Stepping on the Short Line.

A. Stepping over the Service Line.
Explanation
Stepping over the Short Line into the Safety Zone during the serve is a Safety Zone Violation which results in loss of serve.

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• 42.

### A Safety Zone Violation results in a ...

• A.

Replay Rally

• B.

Loss of Rally

• C.

No Call

• D.

Forfeit Game

B. Loss of Rally
Explanation
A Safety Zone Violation occurs when a player steps into the safety zone while making a shot. This violation leads to the loss of the rally because it is considered a fault. The safety zone is designed to ensure fair play and prevent players from gaining an unfair advantage by stepping into the designated area. Therefore, when a player violates this rule, they lose the rally as a consequence.

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• 43.

### The server should always say the full score before they serve because it avoids later conflicts over what the score should be.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because stating the full score before serving in a game helps to prevent any potential conflicts or disagreements about the score later on. By clearly stating the score, both players can ensure they are on the same page and avoid any misunderstandings or disputes during the game. This practice promotes fairness and sportsmanship in the game.

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• 44.

### During a rally you are allowed to remain in any location on the court, including center court, unless it will create a Penalty Hinder.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During a rally in a game, players are indeed allowed to remain in any location on the court, including center court, unless it would result in a Penalty Hinder. This means that as long as the player's position does not obstruct or impede the opponent's ability to play the game, they are free to stay in any part of the court during the rally.

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• 45.

### Replay Hinders Rule 3.14 (a)4 Screen Ball During a rally a Screen Ball Replay Hinder may be called by the offensive player if they don't have a clear view of the ball rebounding off the front wall and what other condition?

• A.

The ball does not hit a side wall.

• B.

It is not a defensive ceiling shot.

• C.

Close to the body of the defensive player.

• D.

They are behind in the score.

C. Close to the body of the defensive player.
Explanation
There also as to be some player impairment caused by that “closeness’ as evidenced by the “screened” player’s reaction to the ball. -Otto Dietrich

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• 46.

### Otto Dietrich, the National Rules Commissioner, thinks that, for every level of play, not calling Penalty Hinders could make the game very dangerous and eventually uncontrollable.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
"To play the game without recognizing that the last category exists [Penalty Hinders] could make the game very dangerous and eventually uncontrollable. For example, let’s say that you are about to take a very easy shot that might result in you winning the rally, I could just “push” you or yell out loud. If the only penalty to me for doing such things were to play the rally over, then that would not only happen far more often, but also would become a standard tactic for players all over to employ. Or what if you were running to get a very easy setup on the other side of the court, I could just “fail” to get out of your path to the ball or even “trip” you as you moved to the ball. Are you really suggesting that all racquetball play lower than the “Open” skill level be played like that? I think not!" -Otto Dietrich

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• 47.

### Penalty Hinders. 3.15 (c) Blocking. Which of the following is a Blocking Penalty Hinder?

• A.

A hinder you call when you are behind in the score.

• B.

Blocking the opponent from getting to, or returning, the ball.

• C.

Blocking the opponent from going after a ball they couldn't possibly get anyway.

• D.

Opponent runs the wrong way, then back into the defensive player.

B. Blocking the opponent from getting to, or returning, the ball.
• 48.

### As part of the service motion the server taps their racquet in the Safety Zone.  This is a ...

• A.

Legal Serve

• B.

Foot Fault

• C.

Safety Zone Violation

• D.

Technical Foul

B. Foot Fault
Explanation
Rule 39(a)1
(a) Foot Faults. A foot fault results when:
1. At the start of or during the service motion, any part of the server (or doubles partner), including the racquet, touches the floor outside of the service zone.

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• 49.

### The service component of racquetball can be divided into three parts. 1) You have 10 seconds to prepare to serve (and stepping into the Safety Zone during this time is okay). 2) The service motion up until you hit the ball (and stepping into the Safety Zone during this time is a foot fault). 3) You hit the ball and stepping into the Safety Zone before it passes the Short Line is a ...

• A.

Legal Serve

• B.

Foot Fault

• C.

Immediate loss of serve

• D.

Technical Foul

C. Immediate loss of serve
Explanation
The correct answer is "Immediate loss of serve". According to the given information, stepping into the Safety Zone before the ball passes the Short Line is considered a violation during the service motion. This violation results in an immediate loss of serve.

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• 50.

### What is the most common cause of player argument during a non-ref'd racquetball game.

• A.

Penalty Hinder versus Replay Hinder

• B.

Safety Holdup

• C.

Safety Zone Violations

• D.

What the score should be