0°F to 212°F (-18°C to 100°C)
32°F to 100°F (0°C to 38°C)
41°F to 135°F (5°C to 57°C)
70°F to 155°F (21°C to 68°C)
Common cloth towel
Single-use paper towel
Their appetites are suppressed.
They are more likely to suffer allergic reactions.
They are more likely to spend time in a hospital.
Their immune systems are not yet fully developed.
Reducing the number of pathogens on a surface to safe levels.
Using a cloth or brush on a surface until it is clean.
Rinsing a surface to a clean level.
Removing the amount of soil from a surface to safe levels.
Labels on food
In a microwave
In a cooler
As part of the cooking process
At room temperature
Bandage the wound and wear a single-use glove.
Bandage the wound and limit contact with food.
Wash hands and bandage the wound.
Apply ointment and a bandage.
Food containing protein
Food containing carbohydrates
Degreased, scrubbed, rinsed
Washed, rinsed, sanitized
Cleaned, rinsed, air-dried
Wiped, rinsed, stored
Controlling time and temperature
Managing personal hygiene
Evaluating the menu selection
Using food additives
The food will spoil quickly.
Acids in the food can cause the container to rust.
The food will not be stored at the right temperature.
Acids in the food can leach zinc into the food.
5 to 10 seconds
10 to 15 seconds
15 to 20 seconds
20 to 25 seconds
Washing hands before handling food.
Using galvanized containers to store liquids.
Maintaining proper time and temperature controls.
Keeping sanitation liquids away from cooking liquids.
Washing items in detergent.
Immersing items in sanitizer.
Rinsing, scraping or soaking items.
Use only food-grade equipment.
Clean and sanitize utensils before each use.
Store ready-to-eat and raw food separately.
Purchase food only from approved, reputable suppliers.
Fully describe each menu item to customers who ask, including any “secret” ingredients.
Fully describe the symptoms of an allergic reaction to customers before they place order.
Tell customers upon delivery of food order that the food may cause allergic reactions.
Tell customers with food allergies that you refuse to fulfill their order.