Final Chapters 25, 26 And Others

119 Questions | Total Attempts: 98

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Final Chapters 25, 26 And Others

Final week 4


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is true about interstitial fluid, plasma, lymph and transcellular fluid?
    • A. 

      Contain no electrolytes

    • B. 

      Protein-free fluids

    • C. 

      Classified as extracellular

    • D. 

      PH less than 6 (highly acidic)

  • 2. 
    Which of the following forms the greatest extracellular fluid compartment?
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Interstitial

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Transcelular

  • 3. 
    Which fluid compartment is located between the cells and is also called tissue fluid?
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Interstitial

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is descriptive of normal saline?
    • A. 

      Distailed water

    • B. 

      0.9% sodium chloride

    • C. 

      Highly acidic

    • D. 

      Contains albumin

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is most likely to occur when output exceeds intake?
    • A. 

      Diuresis

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Hematuria

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 6. 
    Water and chloride usually follow the movement of this cation
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 7. 
    Poor skin turgor is most indicative of
    • A. 

      Cystitis

    • B. 

      Acidosis

    • C. 

      Edema

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 8. 
    Kaliuresis refers to the urinary loss of 
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Albumin

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 9. 
    K+
    • A. 

      Is a cation

    • B. 

      Is an acid

    • C. 

      Neutralizes H+

    • D. 

      Is the chief extracellular cation

  • 10. 
    Bicarbonate (HCO-3) is considered an anion because it
    • A. 

      Contains hydrogen

    • B. 

      Contains carbon

    • C. 

      Contains oxygen

    • D. 

      Contains a negative charge

  • 11. 
    Which of the following can be defined as an H+ donor?
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Tincture

    • C. 

      Acid

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 12. 
    Which of the following acts as a base?
    • A. 

      H+

    • B. 

      OH-

    • C. 

      Calcium ion

    • D. 

      Gastric juice

  • 13. 
    Excess diuresis is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Edema

    • B. 

      Overhydration

    • C. 

      Blood volume depletion

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is most likely to occur when output is less than intake?
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Edema

    • C. 

      Hypovolemia

    • D. 

      Polyuria

  • 15. 
    Hypoventilation is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Acidosis

    • B. 

      Edema

    • C. 

      Renal excretion of bicarbonate

    • D. 

      Hypokalemia

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the lungs?
    • A. 

      Oxygenation of blood

    • B. 

      Excretion of carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Secretion of aldosterone and the regulation of Na+

    • D. 

      Regulation of blood pH

  • 17. 
    Hyperventilation is most likely to cause 
    • A. 

      A blood pH greater than 7.45

    • B. 

      Diuresis

    • C. 

      Edema

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 18. 
    Metabolic acidosis such as diabetic ketoacidosis is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Hypoventilation

    • B. 

      Kussmaul respirations

    • C. 

      The renal excretion of bicarbonate

    • D. 

      The renal retention of H+

  • 19. 
    Most body water is located within which space?
    • A. 

      Interstitial

    • B. 

      Intravascular

    • C. 

      Intracellular

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is not true of extracellular fluid?
    • A. 

      Most body water is extracellular

    • B. 

      Plasma is extracellular

    • C. 

      Transcellular fluid is extracellular

    • D. 

      Ther is more interstitial fluid than intravascular fluid

  • 21. 
    Which ion determines pH?
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Bicarbonate

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 22. 
    Hyperkalemia refers to an increase in the blood levels of which ion?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 23. 
    Retention of the ion causes water retention and edema formation
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 24. 
    More than 99% of this cation is stored in the bones and teeth
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 25. 
    This is the chief extracellular cation
    • A. 

      Chloride

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Potassium

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