Take This 5th Grade Science Quiz

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Take This 5th Grade Science Quiz - Quiz

These science questions for year 5 compare and contrasts the ways in which plants and animals get food. Plants use the process of photosynthesis, whereas animals eat. We learned that both plants and animals use respiration to produce energy from food. Which body part in humans pumps blood to the body? Test your understanding of nutrition, body, and health by taking up the quiz below. All the best! Do share the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What two things can keep us healthy?

    • A.

      A balanced diet and watching TV

    • B.

      A diet high in sweets and going swimming

    • C.

      Eating lots of fruit and vegetables and playing computer games

    • D.

      A balanced diet and exercise

    Correct Answer
    D. A balanced diet and exercise
    Explanation
    A balanced diet and exercise are two things that can keep us healthy. Eating a variety of nutritious foods in the right proportions provides our bodies with the necessary nutrients for optimal functioning. Regular physical activity helps to strengthen our muscles, improve cardiovascular health, and maintain a healthy weight. By combining a balanced diet with exercise, we can ensure that our bodies receive the essential nutrients they need while also promoting overall fitness and well-being.

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  • 2. 

    Which two of the following foods/drinks should we not have too much?

    • A.

      Fruit

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Fizzy drinks

    • D.

      Chocolate Bars

    • E.

      Vegetables

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Fizzy drinks
    D. Chocolate Bars
    Explanation
    Fizzy drinks and chocolate bars should not be consumed in excess because they are high in sugar, calories, and unhealthy additives. Consuming too much of these foods can lead to weight gain, tooth decay, and an increased risk of developing chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. It is important to limit the intake of these foods and opt for healthier alternatives like fruits, vegetables, and water.

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  • 3. 

    How often should we eat fruits and vegetables?

    • A.

      5 times a day

    • B.

      At least once a day

    • C.

      Once every few days

    • D.

      Once a week

    • E.

      Once a month

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 times a day
    Explanation
    Eating fruits and vegetables five times a day is recommended because they are rich in essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that are beneficial for our overall health. Consuming them regularly helps to boost our immune system, improve digestion, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Additionally, the high fiber content in fruits and vegetables aids in weight management and promotes a healthy heart. Therefore, incorporating them into our daily diet in adequate quantities ensures a well-balanced and nutritious lifestyle.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following meals shows a well-balanced diet and a variety of food?

    • A.

      A piece of white toast with chocolate spread, a banana, and a glass of coca cola

    • B.

      A piece of cake and a hot chocolate

    • C.

      A glass of milk, a sandwich with ham and lettuce, and an apple

    • D.

      A fried egg, chips, and baked beans

    • E.

      A packed of crisps, a chocolate bar, a jam sandwich, and a bottle of fizzy lemonade.

    Correct Answer
    C. A glass of milk, a sandwich with ham and lettuce, and an apple
    Explanation
    The meal consisting of a glass of milk, a sandwich with ham and lettuce, and an apple shows a well-balanced diet and a variety of food because it includes a source of protein (ham), carbohydrates (bread), fruits and vegetables (lettuce and apple), and dairy (milk). This meal provides a good mix of nutrients from different food groups, which is important for maintaining overall health and getting a variety of essential vitamins and minerals.

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  • 5. 

    Choose 2 foods that are good sources of protein.

    • A.

      Bread

    • B.

      Apple

    • C.

      Fish

    • D.

      Eggs

    • E.

      Tomato

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Fish
    D. Eggs
    Explanation
    Fish and eggs are good sources of protein because they are both animal-based foods that contain all the essential amino acids our bodies need for growth and repair. They are considered complete proteins, meaning they provide all the necessary amino acids in the right proportions. In addition to being high in protein, fish and eggs also provide other important nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Including these foods in a balanced diet can help support muscle development, promote satiety, and contribute to overall health and well-being.

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  • 6. 

    What pumps blood around the body?

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart
    Explanation
    The heart is responsible for pumping blood around the body. It is a muscular organ that contracts and relaxes, creating the necessary pressure to propel blood through the blood vessels. The heart plays a vital role in the circulatory system, ensuring that oxygen and nutrients are delivered to all cells and tissues in the body, while also removing waste products. Without the heart, the body would not receive the necessary blood supply for survival.

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  • 7. 

    When you exercise, your muscles need more energy. What happens to your heartbeat when you exercise?

    • A.

      It goes up

    • B.

      It goes down

    • C.

      It stays the same

    Correct Answer
    A. It goes up
    Explanation
    During exercise, your muscles require more oxygen and nutrients to produce energy. To meet this increased demand, your heart pumps more blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the muscles. As a result, the heart rate increases to supply the necessary oxygenated blood to the working muscles. This increased heart rate helps to maintain the body's energy needs during exercise.

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  • 8. 

    What protects your heart and lungs?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Ribs

    • C.

      Backbone

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribs
    Explanation
    The ribs protect the heart and lungs by forming a cage-like structure around them. They provide a layer of physical protection, preventing direct impact or injury to these vital organs. The ribs also play a role in supporting and stabilizing the chest cavity, allowing for proper breathing and lung function.

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  • 9. 

    Which 3 of the following are health risks?

    • A.

      Eating a balanced diet

    • B.

      Drinking a lot of alcohol

    • C.

      Smoking

    • D.

      Drinking a lot of water

    • E.

      Taking drugs

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Drinking a lot of alcohol
    C. Smoking
    E. Taking drugs
    Explanation
    Drinking a lot of alcohol, smoking, and taking drugs are all health risks because they can have negative effects on the body. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to liver damage, addiction, and an increased risk of accidents and injuries. Smoking cigarettes can cause lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory problems. Taking drugs, especially illicit ones, can have a range of harmful effects on physical and mental health, including addiction, overdose, and damage to organs and bodily functions. Eating a balanced diet and drinking a lot of water are actually beneficial for health and do not pose the same risks as the other options.

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  • 10. 

    All materials can be split into 3 groups. What are they called?

    • A.

      Animals, Plants, and Bugs

    • B.

      Solids, liquids, and gases

    • C.

      Rocks, soils, and magnets

    • D.

      Blocks, air, water

    Correct Answer
    B. Solids, liquids, and gases
    Explanation
    The correct answer is solids, liquids, and gases. These three groups refer to the states of matter. Solids have a fixed shape and volume, liquids have a fixed volume but take the shape of their container, and gases have neither fixed shape nor volume. These classifications are based on the physical properties and behavior of different materials.

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  • 11. 

    Which completely fills its container?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Gas
    Explanation
    Gas completely fills its container because its particles are not tightly packed together like in solids and liquids. Gas particles move freely and rapidly, spreading out to occupy all available space. This allows gas to expand and fill any container it is placed in.

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  • 12. 

    Which state of matter changes its shape depending on what container it is in?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    Correct Answer
    B. Liquid
    Explanation
    A liquid is a state of matter that takes the shape of its container. Unlike solids, which have a fixed shape, and gases, which expand to fill the entire container, liquids are able to flow and adapt to the shape of the container they are in. This property allows liquids to take on various shapes depending on the container they are poured into.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following has particles packed very closely together?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    Correct Answer
    A. Solid
    Explanation
    Solids have particles that are packed very closely together. In a solid, the particles are tightly packed and held in a fixed position by strong intermolecular forces. This close arrangement of particles gives solids their definite shape and volume.

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  • 14. 

    What happens to sugar when it is dissolved in water?

    • A.

      It changes into salt.

    • B.

      It becomes invisible but remains present in the solution.

    • C.

      It disappears permanently.

    • D.

      It turns into water.

    Correct Answer
    B. It becomes invisible but remains present in the solution.
    Explanation
    When sugar is dissolved in water, it breaks down into smaller particles that are too small to see, making it seem like it has disappeared. However, the sugar is still present in the water; it has just mixed thoroughly to form a solution. This is why the water tastes sweet. The sugar doesn't change its chemical composition into something else like salt or water; it simply disperses throughout the water.

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  • 15. 

     Which of these materials can dissolve in water?

    • A.

      Sand

    • B.

      Sugar

    • C.

      Lentils

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    B. Sugar
    Explanation
    Sugar can dissolve in water because it is a soluble substance. When sugar is added to water, the water molecules surround the sugar molecules and pull them apart, causing the sugar to dissolve. This process is known as dissolution. The resulting solution is a homogeneous mixture where the sugar molecules are evenly distributed throughout the water.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these materials can't dissolve into the water?

    • A.

      Salt

    • B.

      Coffee

    • C.

      Sand

    • D.

      Sugar

    Correct Answer
    C. Sand
    Explanation
    Sand cannot dissolve into water because it is composed of large particles that do not have the ability to form bonds with water molecules. Unlike salt, coffee, and sugar, which are soluble in water and can dissolve, sand remains as separate particles when mixed with water, resulting in a mixture rather than a solution.

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  • 17. 

    Which one of these changes is reversible?

    • A.

      Toasting a piece of bread

    • B.

      Melting chocolate

    • C.

      Baking a cake

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Melting chocolate
    Explanation
    Melting chocolate is the only change listed that is reversible. When chocolate is melted, it changes from a solid to a liquid state. However, this change can be reversed by allowing the melted chocolate to cool and solidify again. Toasting a piece of bread involves the process of heating, which permanently changes the bread's texture and taste. Baking a cake also involves irreversible changes, such as the chemical reactions that occur during the baking process. Therefore, the correct answer is melting chocolate.

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  • 18. 

    Which one of these changes is irreversible?

    • A.

      Melting wax

    • B.

      Burning a log in a fire

    • C.

      Melting an ice cube

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Burning a log in a fire
    Explanation
    Burning a log in a fire is an irreversible change because it involves a chemical reaction called combustion, which breaks down the complex molecules in the log into simpler molecules, releasing heat and light in the process. Once the log is burned, it cannot be restored to its original state as the chemical composition of the log has been permanently altered. Melting wax and melting an ice cube are physical changes that can be reversed by cooling or solidifying the substances. Therefore, burning a log in a fire is the only option that represents an irreversible change.

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  • 19. 

    What is the process for turning a liquid into a gas? (Water into water vapor)

    • A.

      Boiling

    • B.

      Melting

    • C.

      Freezing

    • D.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    A. Boiling
    Explanation
    Boiling is the process of turning a liquid into a gas, specifically in the case of water turning into water vapor. During boiling, heat is applied to the liquid, causing the molecules to gain energy and move faster. As a result, the liquid reaches its boiling point, where the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the atmospheric pressure. This causes bubbles to form and rise to the surface, converting the liquid into a gas state.

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  • 20. 

    The recycling of water on Earth is called

    • A.

      The Motor Cycle

    • B.

      The Earth's Cycle

    • C.

      The Water Cycle

    • D.

      The Life Cycle

    Correct Answer
    C. The Water Cycle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Water Cycle" because it accurately describes the process of recycling water on Earth. The water cycle involves the continuous movement of water through various stages, including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. This natural process plays a crucial role in maintaining the Earth's water balance and ensuring the availability of fresh water for various ecosystems and human activities.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Melknightadams
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