Exam 2 Food And Nutrition

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Exam 2 Food And Nutrition - Quiz

Amount of calories


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Amount of calories in a low fat vs full fat product

    • A.

      Low fat has less sugar

    • B.

      It's going to be the same

    • C.

      Full fat has more calories than low fat

    Correct Answer
    B. It's going to be the same
    Explanation
    The given options suggest that the amount of calories in a low fat product and a full fat product will be the same. This implies that the fat content does not affect the calorie content of the product. However, without additional information or context, it is difficult to determine the accuracy of this statement.

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  • 2. 

    Resting engery

    • A.

      Expended energy by the body for heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse, kidney functions, growth plus repair other basic functions

    • B.

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. about 10% of calories consumed.

    • C.

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • D.

      Positive and negative balance.

    Correct Answer
    A. Expended energy by the body for heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse, kidney functions, growth plus repair other basic functions
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that resting energy is the energy expended by the body for various essential functions such as heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse transmission, kidney functions, growth, and repair. This energy is required to maintain the basic physiological processes of the body even at rest.

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  • 3. 

    Basal metabolism 

    • A.

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. about 10% of calories consumed.

    • B.

      Expended energy by the body for heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse, kidney functions, growth plus repair other basic functions

    • C.

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • D.

      Body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing and chemical reactions.

    Correct Answer
    D. Body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing and chemical reactions.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing, and chemical reactions. This is because basal metabolism refers to the energy expended by the body for these basic functions that are necessary for survival. It does not include the energy expended during digestion, absorption, and other voluntary activities.

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  • 4. 

    Thermic effect of food

    • A.

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. About 10% of calories consumed

    • B.

      Heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and colon

    • C.

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. About 10% of calories consumed
    Explanation
    The thermic effect of food refers to the energy expenditure that occurs during the digestion, absorption, transportation, storage, and metabolism of food. This process involves burning calories, and it accounts for approximately 10% of the calories consumed.

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  • 5. 

    Energy balance 

    • A.

      Positive and Negative Balance

    • B.

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • C.

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive and Negative Balance
    Explanation
    Positive and negative balance refers to the state of energy intake and expenditure. In a positive energy balance, the intake of energy exceeds the expenditure, leading to weight gain. On the other hand, a negative energy balance occurs when the expenditure of energy exceeds the intake, resulting in weight loss. The given answer, "Positive and Negative Balance," does not directly relate to the explanation provided.

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  • 6. 

    Extracelluar 

    • A.

      Found outside of cells

    • B.

      Found inside of cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Found outside of cells
    Explanation
    Extracellular refers to the space or environment outside of cells. It includes the fluid and substances that surround cells in tissues and organs. This extracellular space plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, such as nutrient and waste exchange, cell signaling, and immune responses. Therefore, the correct answer is "found outside of cells."

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  • 7. 

    • A.

      Found inside of cells

    • B.

      : found outside of cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Found inside of cells
  • 8. 

    • A.

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • B.

      Body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing and chemical reactions.

    • C.

      Energy expended by the body for heartbeat, breathing, Nerve Impulse, kidney function, growth +repair & other basic functions

    Correct Answer
    A. Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney
  • 9. 

    • A.

      When water moves from low concentration to a higher concentration

    • B.

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    • C.

      Nerve Impulse, kidney function, growth +repair & other basic functions

    Correct Answer
    A. When water moves from low concentration to a higher concentration
  • 10. 

    • A.

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    • B.

      When water moves from low concentration to a higher concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration
  • 11. 

    Inc muscle mass= what effect on calories burned throughout the day

    • A.

      More muscle = more calories you burn

    • B.

      - Sleep, Female, Aging, skipping meals (fasting, dieting) loss of muscle mass

    Correct Answer
    A. More muscle = more calories you burn
    Explanation
    When you have more muscle mass, your body requires more energy to maintain and support that muscle. This means that your metabolism is higher and you burn more calories throughout the day, even at rest. Therefore, the statement "more muscle = more calories you burn" is a correct explanation of the effect of increased muscle mass on calories burned throughout the day.

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  • 12. 

    Factors that decrease resting energy expenditure

    • A.

      Sleep, Female, Aging, skipping meals (fasting, dieting) loss of muscle mass

    • B.

      -pregnant woman, nursing women, athletes, children

    Correct Answer
    A. Sleep, Female, Aging, skipping meals (fasting, dieting) loss of muscle mass
    Explanation
    The factors listed in the answer all contribute to a decrease in resting energy expenditure. Sleep is a period of rest where the body's metabolic rate slows down. Females generally have a lower resting metabolic rate compared to males. Aging also leads to a decrease in metabolic rate. Skipping meals, fasting, and dieting can lower metabolic rate as the body conserves energy in response to reduced calorie intake. Loss of muscle mass also decreases resting energy expenditure as muscle tissue burns more calories than fat tissue.

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  • 13. 

    • A.

      Pear Shape, hips and thighs

    • B.

      Apple Shape, higher risk, gut

    • C.

      Loss of muscle mass

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pear Shape, hips and thighs
    B. Apple Shape, higher risk, gut
  • 14. 

    Calories in 1 lb of fat

    • A.

      3500

    • B.

      1200

    • C.

      1400

    Correct Answer
    A. 3500
  • 15. 

    Water recommendations, what groups of population need more

    • A.

      8-12 cups per day

    • B.

      7-10 cups per day

    • C.

      10-12 cups per day

    Correct Answer
    A. 8-12 cups per day
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that the recommended water intake for different groups of population is 8-12 cups per day. This means that these groups of people need to consume at least 8 cups and up to 12 cups of water daily to maintain proper hydration. However, it is important to note that individual water needs may vary depending on factors such as age, activity level, climate, and overall health.

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  • 16. 

    Complications of dehydration

    • A.

      Headache, dizziness, heart stroke, muscle weakness, rapid breathing +heart rate

    • B.

      Heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and colon

    Correct Answer
    A. Headache, dizziness, heart stroke, muscle weakness, rapid breathing +heart rate
    Explanation
    Dehydration can lead to various complications including headache, dizziness, heart stroke, muscle weakness, and rapid breathing and heart rate. These symptoms occur because when the body lacks enough fluids, it affects the normal functioning of the brain, heart, and muscles. Headache and dizziness are common symptoms of dehydration as the brain requires proper hydration to function properly. Dehydration can also cause an increase in heart rate and breathing rate as the body tries to compensate for the lack of fluids. In severe cases, dehydration can even lead to a heart stroke, which is a life-threatening condition.

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  • 17. 

    Foods high in sodium & potassium

    • A.

      Sodium: canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, rommen nodles

    • B.

      Potassium: fresh fruits/veg (potatoes, peaches, tomatoes)

    • C.

      Canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, rommen nodles -potassium

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sodium: canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, rommen nodles
    B. Potassium: fresh fruits/veg (potatoes, peaches, tomatoes)
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the foods that are high in sodium, such as canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, and rommen noodles. It also correctly identifies fresh fruits/vegetables like potatoes, peaches, and tomatoes as foods high in potassium.

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  • 18. 

    What electrolyte dec blood pressure?

    • A.

      Potassium

    • B.

      Zinc

    • C.

      Sodium

    Correct Answer
    A. Potassium
    Explanation
    Potassium is the electrolyte that helps regulate blood pressure. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of fluids in the body, which directly affects blood pressure. Potassium helps relax the walls of blood vessels, promoting better blood flow and reducing the strain on the cardiovascular system. Adequate potassium intake can help lower high blood pressure and decrease the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

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  • 19. 

    Treatment for high blood pressure

    • A.

      Following the DASH diet, potassium, and cut down sodium

    • B.

      Fresh fruits/veg

    • C.

      Diet

    Correct Answer
    A. Following the DASH diet, potassium, and cut down sodium
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the treatment for high blood pressure includes following the DASH diet, increasing potassium intake, and reducing sodium consumption. The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products, which have been shown to lower blood pressure. Potassium helps to balance sodium levels in the body and can help lower blood pressure. Reducing sodium intake is important because high sodium levels can contribute to high blood pressure.

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  • 20. 

    Electrolytes that play a role in nerve transmission

    • A.

      Sodium, potassium

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Sodium

    Correct Answer
    A. Sodium, potassium
    Explanation
    Sodium and potassium are both electrolytes that play a crucial role in nerve transmission. Nerve cells, also known as neurons, rely on the movement of these ions across their cell membranes to generate electrical signals. Sodium ions enter the cell during the depolarization phase, triggering the propagation of the electrical signal along the neuron. Potassium ions, on the other hand, are responsible for repolarizing the cell membrane after the electrical signal has passed. Without the presence of sodium and potassium ions, nerve transmission would not be possible.

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  • 21. 

    Factors that destroy vitamin content in foods, best cooking methods to keep vits

    • A.

      Heat, water, air exposure, cooking in water; stir fry, microwave, steaming

    • B.

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat, water, air exposure, cooking in water; stir fry, microwave, steaming
  • 22. 

    • A.

      Vitamine D

    • B.

      Vitamine C

    • C.

      Vitamine E

    Correct Answer
    A. Vitamine D
  • 23. 

    Which vitamin when consumed in toxic amounts will cause poor pregnancy outcomes?

    • A.

      Vitamine E

    • B.

      Vitamine A

    • C.

      Vitamine C

    Correct Answer
    B. Vitamine A
    Explanation
    Consuming excessive amounts of vitamin A during pregnancy can lead to poor pregnancy outcomes. High levels of vitamin A have been associated with an increased risk of birth defects and developmental issues in the fetus. It is recommended for pregnant women to avoid consuming excessive amounts of vitamin A, especially in the form of supplements or medications, to ensure a healthy pregnancy.

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  • 24. 

    Vitamine A

    • A.

      Vision, lung function, skin, intestines, gene regulation, aid immune system

    • B.

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

    • C.

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

    Correct Answer
    A. Vision, lung function, skin, intestines, gene regulation, aid immune system
  • 25. 

    Vitamine K

    • A.

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

    • B.

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

    • C.

      - Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines
    Explanation
    Vitamin K is essential for blood clotting as it activates proteins involved in the process. It also plays a role in activating proteins in bones, muscles, and kidneys, although only to a small extent (10%). The intestines are responsible for supplying this vitamin. The answer does not mention anything about energy metabolism or the proper function of the nervous system, so these are not relevant to the explanation.

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  • 26. 

    Vitamine B

    • A.

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

    • B.

      Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "need for energy metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system." This is because Vitamin B plays a crucial role in converting the food we eat into energy that our body can use. It also helps in maintaining the health of our nervous system, which is responsible for transmitting signals between different parts of our body. Without sufficient Vitamin B, our energy levels may decrease, and we may experience issues with our nervous system, such as numbness or tingling sensations. Additionally, Vitamin B is involved in cell growth and the development of red blood cells, but these are not the primary reasons for its need as stated in the question.

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  • 27. 

    Vitamine B6 

    • A.

      Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.

    • B.

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cell growth, Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells." This answer accurately describes the functions of Vitamin B6, which include promoting cell growth, supporting normal digestion, and playing a crucial role in the development of red blood cells. Additionally, Vitamin B6 is necessary for energy metabolism and the proper functioning of the nervous system.

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  • 28. 

    Vitamine B12

    • A.

      Building proteins in the body, red blood cells, and normal function of nervous tissues

    • B.

      Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. Building proteins in the body, red blood cells, and normal function of nervous tissues
    Explanation
    Vitamin B12 is essential for various functions in the body, including the building of proteins, formation of red blood cells, and maintaining the normal function of nervous tissues. It plays a crucial role in cell growth and development, as well as promoting proper digestion. Without sufficient levels of vitamin B12, these processes can be disrupted, leading to potential health issues.

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  • 29. 

    Nacin 

    • A.

      Needs energy for metablism, proper digestion, and healthy nervous system.

    • B.

      Supplied in intestines.

    Correct Answer
    A. Needs energy for metablism, proper digestion, and healthy nervous system.
    Explanation
    This statement is correct because the body requires energy for various processes such as metabolism, digestion, and maintaining a healthy nervous system. The energy needed for these functions is supplied in the intestines, where nutrients from food are absorbed and converted into usable energy.

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  • 30. 

    Food sources of vit E

    • A.

      Wheat germ, nuts and seeds, margarine, green leafy vegetables

    • B.

      Seeds, fruits, nuts and seeds, green leafy vegetables, red meat.

    Correct Answer
    A. Wheat germ, nuts and seeds, margarine, green leafy vegetables
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes foods such as wheat germ, nuts and seeds, margarine, and green leafy vegetables. These foods are all excellent sources of vitamin E. Wheat germ is particularly high in vitamin E, with just one ounce providing over 20% of the recommended daily intake. Nuts and seeds, such as almonds, sunflower seeds, and hazelnuts, are also rich in vitamin E. Margarine, especially if it is fortified with vitamin E, is another good source. Lastly, green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale contain vitamin E as well.

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  • 31. 

    Which group of people are at a higher risk of B vitamin deficiency?

    • A.

      Alcoholics, Elderly, week muscles, muscle cramps

    • B.

      Alcohlics, pregnant women, nursing women

    Correct Answer
    A. Alcoholics, Elderly, week muscles, muscle cramps
    Explanation
    Alcoholics and the elderly are at a higher risk of B vitamin deficiency. Alcoholics may have poor dietary intake and impaired absorption of B vitamins due to alcohol's effects on the digestive system. The elderly may have reduced ability to absorb and utilize B vitamins due to age-related changes in the digestive system. The presence of weak muscles and muscle cramps in the answer options is unrelated to B vitamin deficiency.

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  • 32. 

    Deficiency & functions of folate

    • A.

      during pregnancy results sever abnormalities of the spine. Permanently disabling birth defect, or spina bifida. The function is maintain tissues in the body, in hair, skin, also important in cell division to make DNA copies.) -formation of neurotransmitters in brain, DNA needs it for cell division -Macrocytic anemia, Neural Tube Defects

    • B.

      Formation of neurotransmitters in brain, DNA needs it for cell division -Macrocytic anemia, Neural Tube Defects

    Correct Answer
    A. during pregnancy results sever abnormalities of the spine. Permanently disabling birth defect, or spina bifida. The function is maintain tissues in the body, in hair, skin, also important in cell division to make DNA copies.) -formation of neurotransmitters in brain, DNA needs it for cell division -Macrocytic anemia, Neural Tube Defects
    Explanation
    Folate deficiency during pregnancy can lead to severe abnormalities of the spine, specifically spina bifida, which is a permanently disabling birth defect. Folate is important for maintaining tissues in the body, including hair and skin, and is also crucial for cell division and DNA replication. It is involved in the formation of neurotransmitters in the brain and is necessary for proper cell division. A deficiency in folate can also result in macrocytic anemia and neural tube defects.

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  • 33. 

    What group of people are at a higher risk of vitamin B12 defeciency?

    • A.

      Strict vegans, Elderly, people with stomach cancer, gastric bypass,

    • B.

      Elderly, people with stomach cancer, gastric bypass, pregnant women, and nursing women

    Correct Answer
    A. Strict vegans, Elderly, people with stomach cancer, gastric bypass,
    Explanation
    pregnant women, and nursing women are at a higher risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. Strict vegans are at risk because vitamin B12 is predominantly found in animal products. Elderly individuals may have decreased absorption of vitamin B12 due to age-related changes in the stomach. People with stomach cancer, gastric bypass, pregnant women, and nursing women may also have impaired absorption or increased demand for vitamin B12.

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  • 34. 

    Vit that are antioxidants

    • A.

      Vitamin A,C,E

    • B.

      Vitamin E,K,A

    Correct Answer
    A. Vitamin A,C,E
    Explanation
    Vitamin A, C, and E are all antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that help protect the body's cells from damage caused by free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can harm cells and contribute to the development of various diseases. Vitamin A is important for vision, immune function, and cell growth. Vitamin C is essential for collagen production, immune function, and acts as an antioxidant in the body. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect cell membranes from damage. Therefore, the combination of these three vitamins provides a comprehensive antioxidant effect for the body.

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  • 35. 

    Know about ephedra, why was it taken off the market?

    • A.

      Is a herbal stimulant used tor respiratory illness (asthma), helps open airways. Also marketed for weight loss and performance enhancement. -Because it raised blood pressure, effects on heart, connected to several deaths

    • B.

      Also marketed for weight loss and performance enhancement. -Because it raised blood pressure, effects on heart, connected to several deaths

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a herbal stimulant used tor respiratory illness (asthma), helps open airways. Also marketed for weight loss and performance enhancement. -Because it raised blood pressure, effects on heart, connected to several deaths
    Explanation
    Ephedra was taken off the market because it raised blood pressure, had adverse effects on the heart, and was connected to several deaths. Although it was initially used as a herbal stimulant for respiratory illness such as asthma and to help open airways, it was also marketed for weight loss and performance enhancement. However, the dangerous side effects and potential risks associated with ephedra led to its removal from the market.

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  • 36. 

    Missing components from food if you take vits & mins from supplements

    • A.

      You won’t get all the nutrients, the fiber and other beneficial compounds such as Phytochemicals found in food.

    • B.

      High CHO food products

    Correct Answer
    A. You won’t get all the nutrients, the fiber and other beneficial compounds such as Phytochemicals found in food.
    Explanation
    Taking vitamins and minerals from supplements may provide some of the essential nutrients that are found in food, but it does not provide the complete package of nutrients that food offers. Food contains a wide range of nutrients, fiber, and beneficial compounds such as phytochemicals that are not present in supplements. These components are important for overall health and cannot be fully replaced by taking supplements alone. Therefore, relying solely on supplements may result in missing out on these important components.

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  • 37. 

    Calories per gram in alcohol

    • A.

      9 kcal/g

    • B.

      10 kcal/g

    • C.

      12 kcal/g

    Correct Answer
    A. 9 kcal/g
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 9 kcal/g. Alcohol contains 9 calories per gram. This means that for every gram of alcohol consumed, the body will receive 9 calories. This is higher than the calorie content of carbohydrates and proteins, which contain 4 calories per gram, but lower than the calorie content of fats, which contain 9 calories per gram. It is important to note that alcohol is high in calories and can contribute to weight gain if consumed in excess.

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  • 38. 

    Nutrient that encourages the growth of yeast

    • A.

      High CHO food products

    • B.

      High Vitamin B food products

    Correct Answer
    A. High CHO food products
    Explanation
    High CHO (carbohydrate) food products provide a source of energy for yeast to grow. Yeast is a microorganism that feeds on sugar, which is a type of carbohydrate. When yeast is provided with high CHO food products, it gets the necessary fuel to metabolize and reproduce, resulting in its growth. Therefore, high CHO food products encourage the growth of yeast.

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  • 39. 

    • A.

      NO

    • B.

      Yes

    • C.

      Depdent

    Correct Answer
    A. NO
  • 40. 

    Alcohol damages what part of the cell?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Nerve cell

    • C.

      Brain cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    Alcohol damages the cell membrane. The cell membrane is a protective layer that surrounds the cell and regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell. Alcohol can disrupt the structure and function of the cell membrane, leading to cell damage and dysfunction. This can have various negative effects on the overall health and functioning of the cell and potentially impact the surrounding tissues and organs.

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  • 41. 

    What enzyme helps breakdown & metabolizes alcohol?

    • A.

      Alcohol dehydrogenase Enzyme

    • B.

      Electrolytes

    • C.

      Water intoxication

    Correct Answer
    A. Alcohol dehydrogenase Enzyme
    Explanation
    Alcohol dehydrogenase is the enzyme that helps break down and metabolize alcohol. This enzyme is responsible for converting alcohol into acetaldehyde, which is then further metabolized into acetic acid and eventually eliminated from the body. Without alcohol dehydrogenase, alcohol would not be effectively broken down and eliminated, leading to higher levels of alcohol in the bloodstream and prolonged intoxication.

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  • 42. 

    Benefits of moderate alcohol use

    • A.

      Causes a relaxed state, Coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke risk lowered

    • B.

      Raised blood pressure, effects on heart, connected to several deaths

    Correct Answer
    A. Causes a relaxed state, Coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke risk lowered
    Explanation
    Moderate alcohol use can cause a relaxed state in individuals. Additionally, it has been found to lower the risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke.

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  • 43. 

    What phytochemical is found in red wine?

    • A.

      Polyphenol

    • B.

      Molyphenol

    Correct Answer
    A. Polyphenol
    Explanation
    Polyphenols are a type of phytochemical that are found in red wine. These compounds are known for their antioxidant properties and have been associated with various health benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease. Red wine is particularly rich in polyphenols, such as resveratrol, which is believed to contribute to its potential health effects.

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  • 44. 

    Explain cirrhosis, define proof

    • A.

      Hardening and scarring of the liver due to alcohol consumption.(fat accumulates)

    • B.

      Intracellular water is used

    Correct Answer
    A. Hardening and scarring of the liver due to alcohol consumption.(fat accumulates)
    Explanation
    Cirrhosis is a condition characterized by the hardening and scarring of the liver, which is often caused by excessive alcohol consumption. This excessive alcohol intake leads to the accumulation of fat in the liver, which can eventually result in the liver becoming scarred and hardened. This condition can severely impair liver function and can lead to various complications, including liver failure.

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  • 45. 

    • A.

      Vitamin B

    • B.

      Counseling, alcoholic anonymous, 2 yrs treatment

    • C.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vitamin B
    B. Counseling, alcoholic anonymous, 2 yrs treatment
  • 46. 

    Are herbs always safe to consume?

    • A.

      No

    • B.

      Yes

    • C.

      Maybe

    Correct Answer
    A. No
    Explanation
    Herbs are not always safe to consume. While many herbs have medicinal properties and can be beneficial for health, some herbs can have adverse effects or interact negatively with certain medications. It is important to research and consult with a healthcare professional before consuming herbs to ensure safety and avoid any potential risks or side effects.

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  • 47. 

    Factors that increase water loss + what happens when we lose extracellular water

    • A.

      Intracellular water is used

    • B.

      Extracellular water is used

    Correct Answer
    A. Intracellular water is used
    Explanation
    When we lose extracellular water, the body compensates by using intracellular water. This means that water from inside the cells is utilized to maintain the overall balance of water in the body. This process helps to prevent dehydration and ensures that the body functions properly.

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  • 48. 

    When should an athlete drink water?

    • A.

      Before, after, and during exercise

    • B.

      Before exercise

    • C.

      After exercise

    Correct Answer
    A. Before, after, and during exercise
    Explanation
    Athletes should drink water before, after, and during exercise to stay hydrated and maintain optimal performance. Before exercise, drinking water helps to ensure that the body is properly hydrated and ready for physical activity. During exercise, drinking water helps to replace the fluids lost through sweating and prevent dehydration. After exercise, drinking water helps to replenish the fluids lost during the workout and aids in the recovery process. By drinking water at these times, athletes can maintain their hydration levels and support their overall athletic performance.

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  • 49. 

    • A.

      Women have more fat because of the added sex-specific fat, for optimal reproductive function. Women: 18-25% Men: 10-20%

    • B.

      Men 10-20%

    Correct Answer
    A. Women have more fat because of the added sex-specific fat, for optimal reproductive function. Women: 18-25% Men: 10-20%
  • 50. 

    • A.

      Vertical Banded gastroplasty, gastric bypass surgery, gastroplasty

    • B.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Vertical Banded gastroplasty, gastric bypass surgery, gastroplasty

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