Exam 2 Food And Nutrition

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 60

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Exam 2 Food And Nutrition

Amount of calories


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Amount of calories in a low fat vs full fat product
    • A. 

      Low fat has less sugar

    • B. 

      It's going to be the same

    • C. 

      Full fat has more calories than low fat

  • 2. 
    Resting engery
    • A. 

      Expended energy by the body for heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse, kidney functions, growth plus repair other basic functions

    • B. 

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. about 10% of calories consumed.

    • C. 

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • D. 

      Positive and negative balance.

  • 3. 
    Basal metabolism 
    • A. 

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. about 10% of calories consumed.

    • B. 

      Expended energy by the body for heartbeat, breathing, nerve impulse, kidney functions, growth plus repair other basic functions

    • C. 

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • D. 

      Body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing and chemical reactions.

  • 4. 
    Thermic effect of food
    • A. 

      The process of burning calories as you digest, absorb, transport, store, and metabolize food. About 10% of calories consumed

    • B. 

      Heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and colon

    • C. 

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

  • 5. 
    Energy balance 
    • A. 

      Positive and Negative Balance

    • B. 

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • C. 

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

  • 6. 
    Extracelluar 
    • A. 

      Found outside of cells

    • B. 

      Found inside of cells

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Found inside of cells

    • B. 

      : found outside of cells

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Excess of water consumption that results in dilution of blood electrolytes, particularly sodium issues with kidney

    • B. 

      Body processes involving involuntary activities only such as heartbeat, breathing and chemical reactions.

    • C. 

      Energy expended by the body for heartbeat, breathing, Nerve Impulse, kidney function, growth +repair & other basic functions

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      When water moves from low concentration to a higher concentration

    • B. 

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    • C. 

      Nerve Impulse, kidney function, growth +repair & other basic functions

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Movement of electrolytes from high to low concentration

    • B. 

      When water moves from low concentration to a higher concentration

  • 11. 
    Inc muscle mass= what effect on calories burned throughout the day
    • A. 

      More muscle = more calories you burn

    • B. 

      - Sleep, Female, Aging, skipping meals (fasting, dieting) loss of muscle mass

  • 12. 
    Factors that decrease resting energy expenditure
    • A. 

      Sleep, Female, Aging, skipping meals (fasting, dieting) loss of muscle mass

    • B. 

      -pregnant woman, nursing women, athletes, children

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Pear Shape, hips and thighs

    • B. 

      Apple Shape, higher risk, gut

    • C. 

      Loss of muscle mass

  • 14. 
    Calories in 1 lb of fat
    • A. 

      3500

    • B. 

      1200

    • C. 

      1400

  • 15. 
    Water recommendations, what groups of population need more
    • A. 

      8-12 cups per day

    • B. 

      7-10 cups per day

    • C. 

      10-12 cups per day

  • 16. 
    Complications of dehydration
    • A. 

      Headache, dizziness, heart stroke, muscle weakness, rapid breathing +heart rate

    • B. 

      Heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and colon

  • 17. 
    Foods high in sodium & potassium
    • A. 

      Sodium: canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, rommen nodles

    • B. 

      Potassium: fresh fruits/veg (potatoes, peaches, tomatoes)

    • C. 

      Canned foods, hotdogs/sausage, French fries, frozen foods, rommen nodles -potassium

  • 18. 
    What electrolyte dec blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Zinc

    • C. 

      Sodium

  • 19. 
    Treatment for high blood pressure
    • A. 

      Following the DASH diet, potassium, and cut down sodium

    • B. 

      Fresh fruits/veg

    • C. 

      Diet

  • 20. 
    Electrolytes that play a role in nerve transmission
    • A. 

      Sodium, potassium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Sodium

  • 21. 
    Factors that destroy vitamin content in foods, best cooking methods to keep vits
    • A. 

      Heat, water, air exposure, cooking in water; stir fry, microwave, steaming

    • B. 

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Vitamine D

    • B. 

      Vitamine C

    • C. 

      Vitamine E

  • 23. 
    Which vitamin when consumed in toxic amounts will cause poor pregnancy outcomes?
    • A. 

      Vitamine E

    • B. 

      Vitamine A

    • C. 

      Vitamine C

  • 24. 
    Vitamine A
    • A. 

      Vision, lung function, skin, intestines, gene regulation, aid immune system

    • B. 

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

    • C. 

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

  • 25. 
    Vitamine K
    • A. 

      Blood clotting, activates protein in bones, muscles and kidneys 10% supplied in intestines

    • B. 

      Need for engery metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.

    • C. 

      - Cell growth,. Floate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.