6 Basic Nutrients And 5 Food Groups! Trivia Quiz

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6 Basic Nutrients And 5 Food Groups! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


What do you know about the primary nutrients and the five food groups, and would you be able to pass this quiz? Fruits, vegetables, grains, protein, and dairy all belong to the five food groups. Fruits and vegetables are full of heart-healthy fiber. The fruit has potassium and vitamin c, and whole grains are packed with folate, magnesium, and iron. If you want to learn more, this quiz may be helpful to you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which food group does cereal belong to?

    • A.

      Grain

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Vegetable

    • D.

      Milk

    • E.

      Cereal

    Correct Answer
    A. Grain
    Explanation
    Cereal belongs to the grain food group. Cereal is made from grains such as wheat, corn, oats, or rice, which are the primary ingredients in cereals. These grains are rich in carbohydrates, fiber, and various essential nutrients, making them a significant part of a healthy diet. Therefore, the correct answer is grain.

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  • 2. 

    Which nutrient makes up most of your body?

    • A.

      Vitamins

    • B.

      Minerals

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Pepsi

    • E.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    E. Water
    Explanation
    Water makes up the majority of the human body. It is essential for various bodily functions such as transporting nutrients, regulating body temperature, and maintaining overall hydration. Water constitutes about 60% of an adult's body weight and is found in cells, tissues, and organs. It is necessary for the proper functioning of the body and plays a vital role in maintaining overall health and well-being.

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  • 3. 

    Which food group should you eat the most of each day?

    • A.

      Vegetable

    • B.

      Grain

    • C.

      Fruit

    • D.

      Sweets

    • E.

      Meat

    Correct Answer
    A. Vegetable
    Explanation
    According to dietary guidelines, vegetables should make up a significant portion of daily food intake. Vegetables are rich in essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and fiber, and are generally low in calories. They contribute to a balanced diet and help in maintaining overall health by reducing the risk of many diseases, including heart disease and some cancers. This makes them a priority in a healthy diet over other food groups like grains, fruits, sweets, and meats, which should be consumed in varied or lesser amounts depending on individual dietary needs.

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  • 4. 

    Which nutrient helps you grow and build strong muscles?

    • A.

      Lipids

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Minerals

    • D.

      Energy

    • E.

      Creatine

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that plays a crucial role in muscle growth and development. When we consume protein, it gets broken down into amino acids, which are the building blocks of muscles. These amino acids are then used by our body to repair and build new muscle tissue. Additionally, protein also helps in maintaining and strengthening existing muscles. Therefore, including an adequate amount of protein in our diet is essential for promoting muscle growth and building strong muscles.

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  • 5. 

    A strawberry belongs in which food group?

    • A.

      Vegetable

    • B.

      Fruit

    • C.

      Fructose

    • D.

      Banana

    • E.

      Milk

    Correct Answer
    B. Fruit
    Explanation
    A strawberry belongs in the fruit food group because it is a sweet and edible part of a flowering plant that contains seeds. Fruits are typically fleshy and can be consumed raw or used in various culinary preparations. Strawberries are known for their vibrant red color, juicy texture, and sweet taste, making them a popular choice for desserts, jams, and smoothies. They are also a good source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them a healthy addition to a balanced diet.

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  • 6. 

    Which nutrient provides you with your first source of energy?

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      B-vitamins

    • C.

      Lipids

    • D.

      Caffeine

    • E.

      Carbohydrates

    Correct Answer
    E. Carbohydrates
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are the nutrient that provides the body with its first source of energy. When consumed, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is then used by the body as fuel. Glucose is the primary source of energy for the brain and muscles, making carbohydrates an essential nutrient for overall energy production. Protein, b-vitamins, lipids, and caffeine do not directly provide the initial source of energy for the body.

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  • 7. 

    Which fat is the “healthy” fat?

    • A.

      Saturated fat

    • B.

      Trans fat

    • C.

      Unsaturated fat

    • D.

      Animal fat

    • E.

      Lard

    Correct Answer
    C. Unsaturated fat
    Explanation
    Unsaturated fats are considered the "healthy" fats because they can help lower bad cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. They are found in foods such as nuts, seeds, avocados, and olive oil. Saturated fats and trans fats, on the other hand, can raise bad cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease. Animal fat and lard are examples of saturated fats, which should be consumed in moderation. Therefore, unsaturated fat is the correct answer as it provides health benefits when included in a balanced diet.

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  • 8. 

    The nutrient protein can be found mostly in which food group?

    • A.

      Vegetable

    • B.

      Fruit

    • C.

      Grains

    • D.

      Meats and beans

    • E.

      Protein

    Correct Answer
    D. Meats and beans
    Explanation
    Protein is a nutrient that is primarily found in the food group of meats and beans. Meats such as beef, chicken, and fish are excellent sources of protein, as well as beans such as lentils, chickpeas, and black beans. These foods are rich in amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein and essential for the growth and repair of tissues in the body. Including meats and beans in the diet ensures an adequate intake of protein for overall health and well-being.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following minerals helps build strong teeth and bones?

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Zinc

    • C.

      Phosphorous

    • D.

      Folate

    • E.

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    A. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is the correct answer because it is a mineral that is essential for the development and maintenance of strong teeth and bones. It plays a crucial role in the formation of tooth enamel and bone density. Calcium is also involved in muscle contraction, nerve function, and blood clotting. It is important to consume enough calcium through diet or supplements to support overall bone health and prevent conditions like osteoporosis.

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  • 10. 

    Which food item is a good source of vitamin C?

    • A.

      Steak

    • B.

      Whole grain bread

    • C.

      Bacon

    • D.

      Orange

    • E.

      Walnuts

    Correct Answer
    D. Orange
    Explanation
    Oranges are a good source of vitamin C. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in immune function, collagen synthesis, and wound healing. Oranges are known for their high vitamin C content, with just one medium-sized orange providing more than 100% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin C. Consuming oranges or orange juice can help meet the body's vitamin C needs and support overall health.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 23, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    MillerNi
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