The Food We Eat - Health Quiz

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The Food We Eat - Health Quiz - Quiz

The food we eat gives our bodies the "information" and materials they need to function properly. If we don't get the right information, our metabolic processes suffer and our health declines.
Do you know well about the foods we eat? Take this Health Quiz and find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why do we need food

    • A.

      To get energy

    • B.

      To grow

    • C.

      To sleep

    • D.

      To help fight diseases

    • E.

      To replace damaged parts of your body

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To get energy
    B. To grow
    D. To help fight diseases
    E. To replace damaged parts of your body
    Explanation
    We need food to get energy because it provides us with the necessary nutrients and calories that our body needs to function properly. Food is also essential for growth as it provides the building blocks for our cells, tissues, and organs. Additionally, food helps fight diseases by boosting our immune system and providing essential vitamins and minerals that support our overall health. Lastly, food is needed to replace damaged parts of our body as it provides the necessary nutrients for tissue repair and regeneration.

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  • 2. 

    How many types of nutrients does food have?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    There are five types of nutrients that food has: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. These nutrients are essential for the body to function properly and maintain good health. Carbohydrates provide energy, proteins are the building blocks of cells and tissues, fats help in absorbing vitamins and provide energy, vitamins and minerals are necessary for various bodily functions. Therefore, food contains five types of nutrients.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following are nutrients in food

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Fats

    • D.

      Vitamins

    • E.

      Minerals

    • F.

      Anti oxidants

    • G.

      Free radicals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Carbohydrates
    B. Proteins
    C. Fats
    D. Vitamins
    E. Minerals
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals are all essential nutrients found in food. Carbohydrates provide energy, proteins are necessary for growth and repair of tissues, fats are important for insulation and energy storage, vitamins are required for various metabolic processes, and minerals are essential for proper bodily functions. All these nutrients play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and well-being. Anti-oxidants and free radicals, on the other hand, are not considered nutrients but rather substances that can affect the body's oxidative balance.

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  • 4. 

    Different foods contain same nutrients

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because different foods do not necessarily contain the same nutrients. Nutrients can vary greatly depending on the type of food. For example, fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, while meat and dairy products are good sources of protein and calcium. Therefore, it is important to have a varied diet to ensure that all necessary nutrients are consumed.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following foods are energy giving

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Vitamins

    • D.

      Fats

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Carbohydrates
    D. Fats
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates and fats are both sources of energy for the body. Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is used by the body as a primary source of energy. Fats, on the other hand, are a concentrated source of energy and are stored in the body for later use. Proteins are primarily used for building and repairing tissues, while vitamins are essential for various bodily functions but do not provide energy directly. Therefore, the correct answer is carbohydrates and fats.

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  • 6. 

    Why of the following foods are rich in carbohydrates

    • A.

      Idli

    • B.

      Pasta

    • C.

      Chicken

    • D.

      French fries

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Idli
    B. Pasta
    D. French fries
    Explanation
    Idli, Pasta, and French fries are rich in carbohydrates because they are primarily made from grains or starchy vegetables. Idli is a traditional Indian dish made from fermented rice and lentils, both of which are high in carbohydrates. Pasta is made from wheat flour, which is also a good source of carbs. French fries are made from potatoes, which are starchy vegetables containing a significant amount of carbohydrates. On the other hand, chicken is a lean protein source and does not contain a significant amount of carbohydrates.

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  • 7. 

    Why does the body store fat?

    • A.

      Body cannot digest fat immediately

    • B.

      To give you energy

    • C.

      Fat is tasty

    • D.

      Fat looks good

    Correct Answer
    B. To give you energy
    Explanation
    The body stores fat as a way to provide energy for the body. Fat is a concentrated source of energy, containing more than twice the amount of energy per gram compared to carbohydrates or protein. When the body needs energy, it can break down stored fat and convert it into a usable form. This is especially important during times of fasting or prolonged physical activity when other sources of energy, such as glucose, are not readily available. Therefore, storing fat allows the body to have a reserve of energy to tap into when needed.

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  • 8. 

    Fat helps you keep warm

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fat helps to insulate the body and acts as a layer of insulation, preventing heat loss. It also provides a source of energy that can be used to generate heat. Therefore, having an adequate amount of fat in the body can help to keep warm in colder temperatures.

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  • 9. 

    Too much fat or obesity does not cause diseases of the heart in old age

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because too much fat or obesity is a known risk factor for developing diseases of the heart, especially in old age. Research has shown that excess body fat can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes, all of which increase the likelihood of developing heart diseases. Maintaining a healthy weight and lifestyle is crucial for reducing the risk of heart diseases in old age.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are foods rich in fats

    • A.

      Butter

    • B.

      Avacado

    • C.

      Rice

    • D.

      Ghee

    • E.

      Peanuts

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Butter
    B. Avacado
    D. Ghee
    E. Peanuts
    Explanation
    Butter, avocado, ghee, and peanuts are all foods that are rich in fats. These foods contain a high amount of dietary fats, which are essential for our body's energy production, absorption of vitamins, and protection of organs. These fats are also a source of essential fatty acids, which are important for brain function and maintaining healthy skin. Rice, on the other hand, is not a food rich in fats. It is a staple food that primarily provides carbohydrates for energy.

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  • 11. 

    Protein rich food

    • A.

      Help the body grow

    • B.

      Replace damaged cells

    • C.

      Are the only tasty foods

    • D.

      Are called body building food

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Help the body grow
    B. Replace damaged cells
    D. Are called body building food
    Explanation
    Protein-rich foods are important for helping the body grow and repair damaged cells. They provide the necessary building blocks for the development and maintenance of muscles, tissues, and organs. These foods are often referred to as bodybuilding foods because they support muscle growth and help in the recovery process after physical activity.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are protective foods

    • A.

      Fats

    • B.

      Vitamins

    • C.

      Proteins

    • D.

      Minerals

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Vitamins
    D. Minerals
    Explanation
    Vitamins and minerals are considered protective foods because they play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and preventing diseases. Vitamins are essential for various bodily functions and help boost the immune system, promote healthy skin, and support the growth and development of cells. Minerals, on the other hand, are necessary for maintaining healthy bones, regulating fluid balance, and aiding in muscle function. Both vitamins and minerals are required in small amounts but are vital for optimal health and protection against illnesses.

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  • 13. 

    Roughage or Fibre 

    • A.

      Is a nutrient

    • B.

      Part of food that cannot be digested by the body

    • C.

      Helps you get rid of undigested food

    • D.

      It is present in plant foods like cabbage and apple

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Part of food that cannot be digested by the body
    C. Helps you get rid of undigested food
    D. It is present in plant foods like cabbage and apple
    Explanation
    Roughage or fiber is a part of food that cannot be digested by the body. It helps you get rid of undigested food and is present in plant foods like cabbage and apple.

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  • 14. 

    What body processes need water

    • A.

      Digestion

    • B.

      Transport of oxygen

    • C.

      Removal of waste

    • D.

      Breathing

    • E.

      Motor movement

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Digestion
    B. Transport of oxygen
    C. Removal of waste
    Explanation
    Water is essential for various body processes. Digestion requires water to break down food and facilitate the absorption of nutrients. The transport of oxygen in the body relies on water to maintain the fluidity of blood. Water is also necessary for the removal of waste products through urine and sweat. Additionally, water is involved in the process of breathing as it helps to moisten and warm the air entering the lungs. Lastly, water is crucial for motor movement as it lubricates joints and supports the functioning of muscles.

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  • 15. 

    What are the food groups that form part of balanced diet

    • A.

      Cereal group like chapati, rice, bread

    • B.

      Milk group like cheese, curd

    • C.

      Protein group like eggs, meat, fish, pulses

    • D.

      Fruits and vegetables

    • E.

      Junk food

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cereal group like chapati, rice, bread
    B. Milk group like cheese, curd
    C. Protein group like eggs, meat, fish, pulses
    D. Fruits and vegetables
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the cereal group (chapati, rice, bread), the milk group (cheese, curd), the protein group (eggs, meat, fish, pulses), and fruits and vegetables. These food groups are essential for a balanced diet as they provide a variety of nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. Including foods from these groups ensures that the body gets a sufficient amount of energy and essential nutrients for proper growth and functioning. Junk food, on the other hand, is not part of a balanced diet as it is typically high in unhealthy fats, sugars, and empty calories, providing little to no nutritional value.

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