Developmental Psychology (Psyc110) Exam #3 Ch 9-12

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 302

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Preoperational intelligence differs from sensorimortor intelligence in that preoperational intelligence:
    • A. 

      Goes beyond senses and motor skills

    • B. 

      Includes logical reasoning

    • C. 

      Is characterized by reversibility of thought

    • D. 

      Is comprised of simple abstractions

  • 2. 
    A magician's stock and trade is getting the audience to focus on one aspect of his demo whole he is manipulating another. This is the most easy with preoperational children, as they are easily fooled with their tendency to:
    • A. 

      Be static thinkers

    • B. 

      Reverse things in their perception

    • C. 

      Demonstrate centration

    • D. 

      Equilibrate

  • 3. 
    To assume that the world is unchanging is to engage in
    • A. 

      Magical thinking

    • B. 

      Static reasoning

    • C. 

      Centration

    • D. 

      A focus on appearences only

  • 4. 
    Jakes father is taking him to the barber for his first real haircut. At first, jake is excited about his trip, but as soon as the barber makes the first cut in his hair, he becomes very upset and tells his father to make the barber stop. In spite of his fathers efforts to assure jake his hair will grow back, Jake is exhibiting the concept of:
    • A. 

      Illoogic

    • B. 

      Centration

    • C. 

      Egocentrism

    • D. 

      Irreversibility

  • 5. 
    Vygotsky's term for a person wh9ose cognition is stimulated and direcdted by older ande more skilled members of soceity is:
    • A. 

      An apprenticeship in thinkng

    • B. 

      Guided participation

    • C. 

      Magical thinking

    • D. 

      Scaffolding

  • 6. 
    According to Vygotsky, guided participation requires that a child:
    • A. 

      Interact with a mentor to accomplish a task

    • B. 

      Is told instructions for a task only once

    • C. 

      Is allowed to discover the solution to a task on his or her own

    • D. 

      Be assisted by an adult until the child can perform the task well on his own.

  • 7. 
    The youngest children to demonstrate theory of mind in experiments are age
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      9

  • 8. 
    Because of fast mapping, a preschooler:
    • A. 

      Needs several experiences with a word to learn it.

    • B. 

      Grasps the meaning of words describing emotions

    • C. 

      Has a clear understanding of all words he uses

    • D. 

      Learns some words after a single exposure to them.

  • 9. 
    Programs are called child-centered because they stress children's:
    • A. 

      Gross motor skills

    • B. 

      Fine motor skills

    • C. 

      Development and growth

    • D. 

      Language development

  • 10. 
    Krista understand that 4+6=10 but does not understand that 10-6=4. She is displaying
    • A. 

      Irreversibility

    • B. 

      Centration

    • C. 

      Egocentrism

    • D. 

      Animsim

  • 11. 
    An experiment lines up pairs of checkers into two identical rows. Then the experimenter elongates one of the rows by spacing the checkers farther apart. This is a classic test of:
    • A. 

      Conservation of volume

    • B. 

      Conservation of area

    • C. 

      Conservation of number

    • D. 

      Conservation of matter

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is the best example of scaffolding?
    • A. 

      David helps his son build a model airplane by assembling it while his son watches.

    • B. 

      Howard and priscilla buy a Wii for their 5 year old daughter Rebecca. They set it up for her and then allow her to figure out hyow to turn it on and use the remote.

    • C. 

      Richard buys a do it yourself kite kit for his 6 year old daughter Angela. He lays al;l of the pieces out for her and then allows her to read the instructions for herself.

    • D. 

      Miriam helps her son Benm make cookies. She measures all of the ingredients out and placfes them on the counter in small bowls. She reads the recipe aloud while simplifying it as ben places the ingredients in the bowl and mixes them together with a spoon.

  • 13. 
    An angry 5 year old might stop herself from hitting another child because she has developed:
    • A. 

      Social referencing

    • B. 

      Self esteem

    • C. 

      Identification

    • D. 

      Emotional regulation

  • 14. 
    Erikson's stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age is called:
    • A. 

      Initiative vs guilt

    • B. 

      Phallic pride vs penis envy

    • C. 

      The preoperational stage

    • D. 

      Autonomy vs inferiority

  • 15. 
    Girls usually develop emotional reg8ulation ___________ boys, which is especially evident when comparing girls' and boys' externalizing emotions.
    • A. 

      Behind

    • B. 

      At the same time as

    • C. 

      Ahead of

    • D. 

      Instead of

  • 16. 
    An illness or disorder of the mind is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Psychopathology

    • B. 

      Craziness

    • C. 

      Insanity

    • D. 

      Mental disturbance.

  • 17. 
    Control of which of the following emotions is emphasized in the US?
    • A. 

      Anger

    • B. 

      Aggression

    • C. 

      Fear

    • D. 

      Pride

  • 18. 
    A drive or reason to pursue a goal that comes from inside a person is called:
    • A. 

      Extensive motivation

    • B. 

      Extrinsic motivation

    • C. 

      Intrinsic motivation

    • D. 

      Internal drive

  • 19. 
    The four dimensions of parenting style are warmth, discipline communication  and
    • A. 

      Physical contact

    • B. 

      Expectations for maturity

    • C. 

      Trust

    • D. 

      Supportiveness

  • 20. 
    Janelle's usual bedtime is 830pm and her parents strictly enforce this rule. One evening, Janelle is watching an educational program which ends at 9pm. She asks her parents if she can stay up this one night to watch the end f the program. Her parents agree to let her stay up as long as she gets up in time for school in the morning. Which type of parents style are Janelle's parents demonstrating?
    • A. 

      Authoritarian

    • B. 

      Authoritative

    • C. 

      Permissive

    • D. 

      Preventive

  • 21. 
    Children who lack self control are most likely to have parents who are
    • A. 

      Abusive

    • B. 

      Over-controlling

    • C. 

      Authoritarian

    • D. 

      Permissive

  • 22. 
    An example of antisocial behavior is:
    • A. 

      Jamie tries to share his toys with Jill.

    • B. 

      Mark intentionally knocks over simons blocks

    • C. 

      Holly watches while other children are playing jump rope.

    • D. 

      Courtney helps her mom rake the leaves.

  • 23. 
    Which type of aggression tends to be characteristic of 2 year olds?
    • A. 

      Reactive

    • B. 

      Instrumental

    • C. 

      Bullying

    • D. 

      Relational

  • 24. 
    Aggression used to obtain or retain a toy or object is called:
    • A. 

      Bullying

    • B. 

      Instrumental aggression

    • C. 

      Reactive aggression

    • D. 

      Personal aggression

  • 25. 
    Three girls start a rumor that 7 year old Heather is a bed wetter who still uses a pacifier. They are demonstrating:
    • A. 

      Instrumental aggression

    • B. 

      Reactive aggression

    • C. 

      Bullying aggression

    • D. 

      Relational aggression

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