Goes beyond senses and motor skills
Includes logical reasoning
Is characterized by reversibility of thought
Is comprised of simple abstractions
Be static thinkers
Reverse things in their perception
A focus on appearences only
An apprenticeship in thinkng
Interact with a mentor to accomplish a task
Is told instructions for a task only once
Is allowed to discover the solution to a task on his or her own
Be assisted by an adult until the child can perform the task well on his own.
Needs several experiences with a word to learn it.
Grasps the meaning of words describing emotions
Has a clear understanding of all words he uses
Learns some words after a single exposure to them.
Gross motor skills
Fine motor skills
Development and growth
Conservation of volume
Conservation of area
Conservation of number
Conservation of matter
David helps his son build a model airplane by assembling it while his son watches.
Howard and priscilla buy a Wii for their 5 year old daughter Rebecca. They set it up for her and then allow her to figure out hyow to turn it on and use the remote.
Richard buys a do it yourself kite kit for his 6 year old daughter Angela. He lays al;l of the pieces out for her and then allows her to read the instructions for herself.
Miriam helps her son Benm make cookies. She measures all of the ingredients out and placfes them on the counter in small bowls. She reads the recipe aloud while simplifying it as ben places the ingredients in the bowl and mixes them together with a spoon.
Initiative vs guilt
Phallic pride vs penis envy
The preoperational stage
Autonomy vs inferiority
At the same time as
Expectations for maturity
Jamie tries to share his toys with Jill.
Mark intentionally knocks over simons blocks
Holly watches while other children are playing jump rope.
Courtney helps her mom rake the leaves.