A change in the speed or rhythm of movement affects stability.
Raising the body's center of gravity improves stability.
A decrease in the load on support muscles increases stability.
Increasing the body's base of support improves stability.
Leaning the body forward as the foot makes contact with the ball
Kicking the ball as straight up as possible
planting the nonkicking foot in front of the ball
following through with the kicking leg in the direction of the kick
Moving the striking arm in a pendulum swing
Shifting body weight rapidly to the back foot
Keeping the trunk as motionless as possible
Minimizing bending of the knees
Galloping to music
Catching a rolled ball
Swinging from a bar
Pivoting to catch a ball
Gradually increasing the duration of each session
Gradually increasing the number of sessions each week
Gradually increasing the load involved in the activity (e.g., by adding weight to a backpack)
Alternating the number of sessions each week
Enhancing balance during physical activity
Enhancing muscular strength and endurance
Reducing the risk of injury to joints and soft tissue
Reducing stress on the cardiovascular system during exercise
Schedule frequent rest and water breaks during the children's activities.
Permit the children to perform at lower intensity levels during aerobic activities and when exercising in cold, dry weather.
Allow the children to be excusedfrom all physical education activities involving running.
Encourage the children to breathe through their mouths during aerobic activities and when exercising outdoors.
Includes components that build children's strength and endurance.
Enables all children to participate comfortably and enhance their movement skills.
Includes both individual and group components.
Has interdisciplinary connections with several academic content areas.
Have students engage in team activities in which team members must collaborate and reach consensus about strategies in order to succeed.
Guide students in analyzing their own individual fitness test results and designing an activity program to enhance their personal fitness level.
Organize physical education activities so that only one or two components of health-related fitness are addressed at one time, rather than all components simultaneously.
Organize a series of fitness activities in a circuit, and require that students demonstrate a predetermined level of competence in each activity before moving on to the next.
Prompts children to work cooperatively to achieve a common goal.
Involves extensive physical contact among many children at the same time.
Requires children's use of specific safety practices related to supporting the body weight of others
Promotes children's appreciation of personal differences and the rights of others.
An increased interest in returning to traditional physical conditioning methods such as calisthenics and circuit training
An increased emphasis on programs designed to promote individuals' lifelong participation in physical activity
An increase in the amount of time allotted each day for student participation in physical education classes
An increase in the use of standardized paper-and-pencil tests to evaluate students' understanding and application of fitness principles