Crime In Society Exam 1

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Crime Quizzes & Trivia

Exam 1 of crime in society class


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Any act that tends to disturb the public peace, scandalize the community, or shock the public sense of morality is referred to as

    • A.

      Desecration

    • B.

      Hate crime

    • C.

      Disorderly conduct

    • D.

      Vagrancy

    Correct Answer
    C. Disorderly conduct
    Explanation
    Disorderly conduct refers to any act that disrupts public peace, scandalizes the community, or shocks public morality. It involves behavior that is considered unruly, disruptive, or offensive, such as fighting in public, causing a disturbance, or engaging in offensive language or gestures. This term is commonly used in legal contexts to describe actions that violate laws or regulations related to public order and decency. Desecration refers to the disrespectful treatment of something sacred, hate crime involves acts motivated by prejudice or bias, and vagrancy refers to the state of being homeless or without a permanent address.

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  • 2. 

    The feloious killing of another human being with malice aforethought is

    • A.

      Homeycide

    • B.

      Manslaughter

    • C.

      Murder

    • D.

      Voluntary manslaughter

    • E.

      Felony-murder

    Correct Answer
    C. Murder
    Explanation
    Murder is the correct answer because it refers to the intentional and unlawful killing of another person with malice aforethought. This means that the act was planned and carried out with the intent to cause harm or death. Murder is different from manslaughter, which typically involves the killing of another person without premeditation or malice. Voluntary manslaughter refers to a killing that occurs in the heat of the moment, while felony-murder involves a death that occurs during the commission of a felony. However, in this case, the description of the killing as "felonious" and with "malice aforethought" aligns with the definition of murder.

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  • 3. 

    In comparison to the UCR, the NCVS

    • A.

      Has more credibility among the judiciary

    • B.

      Is older and more respected report

    • C.

      Is a better resource for learning about victimizations

    • D.

      Shows more data involving car theft crimes

    Correct Answer
    C. Is a better resource for learning about victimizations
    Explanation
    The NCVS is considered a better resource for learning about victimizations compared to the UCR. This is because the NCVS collects data directly from victims themselves, providing a more comprehensive and accurate picture of crime. In contrast, the UCR relies on data reported by law enforcement agencies, which may be subject to biases and underreporting. The NCVS's approach of surveying victims allows for a better understanding of the nature and extent of victimizations, making it a more credible and reliable source of information for researchers, policymakers, and the judiciary.

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  • 4. 

    The taking of our contracting to take interest on a loan at a rate that exceeds to level established by law is referred to as

    • A.

      Usury

    • B.

      Menacing

    • C.

      Burglary

    • D.

      Embezzlement

    • E.

      Forgery

    Correct Answer
    A. Usury
    Explanation
    Usury refers to the act of charging or taking interest on a loan at a rate that is higher than what is legally established. It is considered illegal in many jurisdictions as it is seen as exploitative and unfair. Usury is different from other terms listed such as menacing, burglary, embezzlement, and forgery, which refer to different types of illegal activities.

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  • 5. 

    According to the typical offense distribution pie-chart, which one of the following types of crime in the US, as reported to police agencies, occurs most?

    • A.

      Forcible rape

    • B.

      Larceny/theft

    • C.

      Motor vehicle theft

    • D.

      Aggravated assault

    • E.

      Murder

    Correct Answer
    B. Larceny/theft
    Explanation
    According to the typical offense distribution pie-chart, larceny/theft occurs most frequently as reported to police agencies in the US.

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  • 6. 

    If a person does not want to commit a crime but is forced to do so against his/her will, she or he committed the crime

    • A.

      In defense of a third party

    • B.

      In entrapment

    • C.

      In self-defense

    • D.

      Under duress

    Correct Answer
    D. Under duress
    Explanation
    If a person is forced to commit a crime against their will, they are considered to have committed the crime under duress. This means that they were coerced or threatened into committing the crime and did not willingly choose to do so. The person may have feared for their own safety or the safety of someone else, but their actions were not voluntary.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following refers to an act that is illegal for a juvenile but would not be a crime if committed by an adult, such as truancy or running away from home?

    • A.

      Index offense

    • B.

      Hate crime

    • C.

      Bias crime

    • D.

      Status offense

    Correct Answer
    D. Status offense
    Explanation
    A status offense refers to an act that is considered illegal only for juveniles but would not be a crime if committed by an adult. Examples of status offenses include truancy, running away from home, or underage drinking. These offenses are based on the age or status of the individual rather than the nature of the act itself. The aim of treating these acts as status offenses is to provide intervention and support to juveniles rather than subjecting them to the criminal justice system.

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  • 8. 

    Any record of crime - such as offenses known to the police, arrests, convictions, or commitments to prison - can be considered _______, or an estimate of crimes committed.

    • A.

      An index crime

    • B.

      A crime index

    • C.

      A crime rate

    • D.

      The dark figure of crime

    • E.

      The true amount of crime

    Correct Answer
    B. A crime index
    Explanation
    A crime index refers to any record of crime, such as offenses known to the police, arrests, convictions, or commitments to prison. It is used as an estimate of crimes committed and helps in understanding the overall level of criminal activity in a given area or population.

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  • 9. 

    The dark figure of crime is

    • A.

      A term used for the crime scene investigators who draw the chalk outlines at crime scenes

    • B.

      Tern referring to that idea that much more crime occurs than is report to the police

    • C.

      A term associated with how offenders learn to locate victims who are vulnerable

    • D.

      A term used to describe crime committed Latin@s and African Americans

    • E.

      A term used to understand crimes committed between 10pm and 5am

    Correct Answer
    B. Tern referring to that idea that much more crime occurs than is report to the police
    Explanation
    The dark figure of crime is a term referring to the idea that much more crime occurs than is reported to the police. It suggests that there is a significant gap between the actual number of crimes that take place and the number of crimes that are officially recorded and reported. This may be due to various reasons such as fear of reprisal, lack of trust in the police, or the belief that reporting the crime will not lead to any meaningful action. This concept highlights the limitations of official crime statistics and the hidden nature of a substantial portion of criminal activity.

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  • 10. 

    In comparison to the UCR, the NCVS

    • A.

      Is better at gather data on crime against businesses

    • B.

      Shows more victimizations that the UCR

    • C.

      Is administered by poorly trainer and overworked data entry persons

    • D.

      Contains more data on white-collar crimes

    • E.

      Contains more data on drug offenses

    Correct Answer
    B. Shows more victimizations that the UCR
    Explanation
    The NCVS is a better source for gathering data on crime victimizations compared to the UCR. This means that the NCVS provides more comprehensive information about the number of individuals who have been victimized by crimes. The UCR, on the other hand, may not capture all victimizations as it relies on reported crimes to law enforcement agencies. Therefore, the NCVS is a more reliable source for understanding the true extent of victimizations in society.

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  • 11. 

    For many crime victims, which of the following is the most burdensome and lasting consequence of their victimization?

    • A.

      Fear

    • B.

      Anger

    • C.

      Threats

    • D.

      Medical expenses

    Correct Answer
    A. Fear
    Explanation
    Fear is often the most burdensome and lasting consequence of victimization for many crime victims. The traumatic experience of being a victim can lead to a constant state of fear and anxiety, impacting their daily lives and overall sense of security. This fear can manifest in various ways, such as avoiding certain places or activities, experiencing nightmares or flashbacks, and feeling constantly on edge. The lasting psychological impact of fear can significantly affect a victim's quality of life and their ability to move forward from the trauma they have experienced.

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  • 12. 

    According to the 2007 Crime Clock, it is estimated that one murder occurs every

    • A.

      5.8 minutes

    • B.

      31 minutes

    • C.

      28.8 minutes

    • D.

      36.8 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 31 minutes
    Explanation
    According to the 2007 Crime Clock, it is estimated that one murder occurs every 31 minutes. This means that on average, there would be approximately 1,051 murders in a year (assuming a constant rate). This statistic highlights the frequency and severity of murders in society, emphasizing the need for effective crime prevention and law enforcement measures.

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  • 13. 

    Mala prohibita refers to

    • A.

      Crimes that warrant spending some time in prison

    • B.

      Crimes committed solely by women

    • C.

      Crimes, such as gambling or prostitution, that are not "wrong in themselves" but are prohibited by government

    • D.

      Crimes, such as rape or murder, that are traditionally "wrong in themselves"

    Correct Answer
    C. Crimes, such as gambling or prostitution, that are not "wrong in themselves" but are prohibited by government
    Explanation
    Mala prohibita refers to crimes that are not inherently wrong but are prohibited by the government. This means that these crimes, such as gambling or prostitution, are not universally considered immoral or unethical, but are deemed illegal by the governing authorities. The term "mala prohibita" distinguishes these crimes from "mala in se" crimes, such as rape or murder, which are universally recognized as morally wrong.

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  • 14. 

    A typical ____________ definition of crime is "an intentional violation of the criminal law or penal code, committed without defense or excuse and penalized by the state"

    • A.

      Psychological

    • B.

      Criminological

    • C.

      Legal

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    C. Legal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "legal". This is because the definition of crime provided in the question specifically refers to the violation of criminal law or penal code, which falls under the jurisdiction of the legal system. The definition excludes any psychological, criminological, or social aspects, focusing solely on the legal framework and the actions that are considered criminal within that framework.

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  • 15. 

    The statistical outcome of the NCVS is based on

    • A.

      Arrests made by local police departments

    • B.

      Reports of crime made to police officers

    • C.

      Estimates made from the criminal victimizations reported by a random selection of people and all individuals in their households

    • D.

      The number of criminal victimizations against all people in the US

    • E.

      Estimates made from the criminal victimizations reported by a random selection of people

    Correct Answer
    E. Estimates made from the criminal victimizations reported by a random selection of people
    Explanation
    The statistical outcome of the NCVS is based on estimates made from the criminal victimizations reported by a random selection of people. This means that the NCVS collects data by surveying a representative sample of individuals and households, asking them about their experiences with crime. Based on these reported victimizations, the NCVS then estimates the overall prevalence of crime in the population. This method allows for a more comprehensive understanding of crime rates, as it includes both reported and unreported crimes, and takes into account the experiences of a diverse range of individuals.

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  • 16. 

    On Labor Day, Apollo stole a 5G flash drive from the Best Buy in Boulder and was charged with misdemeanor theft under $100. Last week, Apollo stole a music CD from a Best Buy in Denver and was given a ticket for an ordinance violation for shoplifting.  Which category of crim would this diffrence in charges for a similar action best fit under?

    • A.

      Place

    • B.

      Age

    • C.

      Timing

    Correct Answer
    A. Place
    Explanation
    The difference in charges for a similar action would best fit under the category of "Place". This is because the charges for Apollo's theft incidents varied based on the location of the crime - one incident occurred in Boulder and the other in Denver. The jurisdiction and local laws may differ between these two places, leading to different charges being applied for the same action.

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  • 17. 

    In all violent crimes except murder, which of the following type of weapon are offenders most likely to have?

    • A.

      Firearm

    • B.

      Knife

    • C.

      Other weapon

    • D.

      No weapon

    Correct Answer
    D. No weapon
    Explanation
    In all violent crimes except murder, offenders are most likely to not have a weapon. This could be due to various reasons such as the use of physical force, intimidation, or the absence of premeditation. It is important to note that this answer assumes that the question is referring to general trends and does not account for specific cases or circumstances.

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  • 18. 

    Survey results discussed in your text suggest that there is a greater fear of being _______ than there is of being ________.

    • A.

      The victim of a property crime; the victim of a violent crime

    • B.

      The victim of burglaries when one is not home; the victim of sexual assault

    • C.

      A crime victim in general; the victim of a specific crime

    • D.

      The victim of sexual assault; a crime victim in general

    Correct Answer
    C. A crime victim in general; the victim of a specific crime
    Explanation
    The survey results discussed in the text indicate that people have a higher level of fear of becoming a crime victim in general rather than being the victim of a specific crime. This suggests that individuals are more concerned about the overall risk of being targeted by criminals, rather than being specifically worried about certain types of crimes such as property crimes or violent crimes.

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  • 19. 

    Herbert Packer characterizes the due process model as

    • A.

      Obstacle course justice

    • B.

      More concerned with guilt than with innocence

    • C.

      Focused on speed and efficiency

    • D.

      Assembly line justice

    Correct Answer
    A. Obstacle course justice
    Explanation
    The term "obstacle course justice" accurately characterizes the due process model because it suggests that the process of obtaining justice is filled with hurdles and challenges. This model prioritizes the protection of individual rights and ensures that all legal procedures are followed meticulously. It emphasizes the presumption of innocence and places a greater emphasis on preventing wrongful convictions rather than solely focusing on determining guilt. The term "obstacle course" implies that the process is complex and rigorous, requiring careful navigation and adherence to legal safeguards.

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  • 20. 

    A sudden rise and eventual fall of a particular crime is referred to by criminologists are being

    • A.

      A result of low unemployment rate

    • B.

      Indicative of criminal behavior trends

    • C.

      Attributable to the employment of migratory workers

    • D.

      A crime wave

    Correct Answer
    D. A crime wave
    Explanation
    A sudden rise and eventual fall of a particular crime is referred to by criminologists as a crime wave. This term is used to describe a temporary increase in criminal activity within a specific area or time period. It suggests that there is a sudden surge in criminal behavior, which is followed by a decrease. Criminologists use this term to analyze and understand patterns and trends in criminal activity.

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  • 21. 

    On the Criminal Justice Wedding Cake, which crimes appear at the lowest level of the cake?

    • A.

      Felonies that occur between an offender and a victim who previously knew each other

    • B.

      Felonies that are condifered serious, including violent crimes committed by career criminals against victims the offenders did not previously know.

    • C.

      Highly unusual crimes that receive much public attention, often result in a jury trial, and may drag on through many appeals

    • D.

      Ninety percent of all crimes

    Correct Answer
    D. Ninety percent of all crimes
  • 22. 

    The full and conscious knowledge of the purpose of killing, which suggests that the offender has considered the motives for the act and its consequences, is referred to as

    • A.

      Deliberation

    • B.

      Malice aforethought

    • C.

      Premeditation

    • D.

      Mala in se

    Correct Answer
    A. Deliberation
    Explanation
    Deliberation refers to the full and conscious knowledge of the purpose of killing, indicating that the offender has thought about the motives for the act and its consequences. This suggests that the act was not impulsive or accidental, but rather carefully planned and executed. Deliberation implies a higher level of intentionality and awareness compared to the other options provided.

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  • 23. 

    Perhaps the greatest and most important difference between NIBRS and the UCR is that the NIBRS

    • A.

      Contains less data on each crime, thus streamliing the study of crime statistics

    • B.

      Focuses extensively on victims and the annual costs of victimization

    • C.

      Contains more data on each crime, making it possible to examine crimes in much more detail

    • D.

      Asks offenders to report their crime records in extensive detail

    Correct Answer
    C. Contains more data on each crime, making it possible to examine crimes in much more detail
    Explanation
    The NIBRS contains more data on each crime, allowing for a more in-depth examination of crimes. This means that researchers and analysts can gather more specific information about the nature of the crime, the victims involved, and the offenders. This increased level of detail enables a more thorough understanding of crime patterns and trends, as well as the ability to identify specific risk factors and develop targeted prevention strategies. By contrast, the UCR provides less data on each crime, limiting the depth of analysis that can be conducted.

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  • 24. 

    An intentional killing that is committed without malice aforethought and premeditation is referred to as

    • A.

      Involuntary manslaughter

    • B.

      Voluntary manslaughter

    • C.

      Murder

    • D.

      Felony-murder

    Correct Answer
    B. Voluntary manslaughter
    Explanation
    Voluntary manslaughter refers to an intentional killing that is committed without malice aforethought and premeditation. Unlike murder, which involves a deliberate and planned act, voluntary manslaughter occurs in the heat of the moment, often due to sudden provocation or in the absence of premeditation. This distinction is important in legal terms as it helps differentiate between different degrees of culpability and potential penalties for the crime committed.

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  • 25. 

    Most legal excuses for criminal responsibility are based on the belief that certain offenders lack the capacity or competence or have diminshed capacity to form

    • A.

      Legality

    • B.

      Mala prohibita

    • C.

      Actus rea

    • D.

      Mens rea

    Correct Answer
    D. Mens rea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mens rea. Mens rea refers to the mental state or intention of the offender when committing a crime. It is an essential element in determining criminal responsibility as it establishes that the offender had the necessary guilty mind to commit the prohibited act. This concept recognizes that some offenders may lack the capacity or competence to form the required intent, which can serve as a legal excuse for criminal responsibility.

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  • 26. 

    A discrepancy between a perceived and an actual threat that can generate public support for taking dramatic action about a problem is known as

    • A.

      The CSI effect

    • B.

      A drug scared

    • C.

      Infotainment

    • D.

      A moral panic

    • E.

      A crime wave

    Correct Answer
    D. A moral panic
    Explanation
    A moral panic refers to a situation where there is an exaggerated and widespread fear or concern about a particular issue or group of people, often fueled by sensationalized media coverage. This discrepancy between the perceived threat and the actual threat can lead to public support for taking dramatic action to address the problem, even if the threat is not as significant as it is portrayed.

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  • 27. 

    Last night, !7 year old Chachi was stopped by the police and given a ticket for hanging out at the mall after midnight without a parent or legal guardian. The next night Chachi was walking toward his home with some of his friends who were all 18.  The same cop stopped to talk to Chachi, and then let Chachi proceed home without and infractions. Which category of crime would this difference in actions by the police officer best fit under?

    • A.

      Timing

    • B.

      Place

    • C.

      Age

    Correct Answer
    A. Timing
    Explanation
    The difference in actions by the police officer best fits under the category of timing. In the first instance, Chachi was given a ticket for hanging out at the mall after midnight, indicating that the officer was concerned about the time. However, in the second instance, even though Chachi was with friends who were all 18, the officer let him proceed home without any infractions, suggesting that the officer's focus was on the timing of the situation rather than the age or place.

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  • 28. 

    The answer is C

    • A.

      Fda

    • B.

      Ghj

    • C.

      Bhjk

    Correct Answer
    C. Bhjk
  • 29. 

    The most frequently used weapon in murders is

    • A.

      Shotgun/rifle

    • B.

      Handgun

    • C.

      Blunt object

    • D.

      Knife

    • E.

      Hands

    Correct Answer
    B. Handgun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is handgun. Handguns are the most frequently used weapon in murders due to their easy accessibility, concealability, and effectiveness in causing fatal injuries. They are commonly used in crimes of passion, robberies, and gang-related violence. Handguns are preferred by criminals because they are relatively small and can be easily carried and concealed, making them a popular choice for illegal activities.

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  • 30. 

    According to the NVCS, which violent crime is the most likely to be committed by a stranger?

    • A.

      Robbery

    • B.

      Aggravated assault

    • C.

      Murder

    • D.

      Simple assault

    • E.

      Sexual assault

    Correct Answer
    A. Robbery
    Explanation
    Robbery is the correct answer because it involves the taking of property from a person using force or threat of force. This crime is most likely to be committed by a stranger as they target individuals who are not known to them and are often motivated by the desire to steal. In contrast, crimes like murder, aggravated assault, simple assault, and sexual assault are more likely to be committed by someone known to the victim, such as a family member, acquaintance, or intimate partner.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following statements regarding the insanity defense is TRUE?

    • A.

      Defendents found not guilty by reason of insanity are generally confined to solitary confinement sections of state or federal prisons

    • B.

      The insanity defense is used in approximately 10% of all criminal cases

    • C.

      The availability of of the insanity defense allows dangerous offenders to escape convictions and go free

    • D.

      Defendants found not guilty by reason of insanity rarely go free

    Correct Answer
    D. Defendants found not guilty by reason of insanity rarely go free
    Explanation
    Defendants found not guilty by reason of insanity rarely go free. This means that although they are not held criminally responsible for their actions due to their mental state, they are still subject to legal consequences. Instead of being released, they are often confined to mental health facilities or hospitals for treatment and evaluation. The notion that they are confined to solitary confinement sections of prisons is incorrect, as they are usually placed in specialized facilities for psychiatric treatment rather than being incarcerated with the general prison population.

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  • 32. 

    Which on the following is a reason given in the text for viewing to "criminal justice system" as a "nonsystem"?

    • A.

      There is not considerable conflict and confusion between different agencies of criminal agencies.

    • B.

      There is little confederation of criminal justice agencies spread throughout the country with different, sometimes overlapping, jurisdictions

    • C.

      There is a strict confederation of many independent criminal justice agencies at all levels of government.

    • D.

      All United States criminal justice agencies follow procedures permitted by the US Constitution

    Correct Answer
    B. There is little confederation of criminal justice agencies spread throughout the country with different, sometimes overlapping, jurisdictions
    Explanation
    The reason given in the text for viewing the "criminal justice system" as a "nonsystem" is that there is little confederation of criminal justice agencies spread throughout the country with different, sometimes overlapping, jurisdictions. This implies that there is a lack of coordination and collaboration among the various agencies involved in the criminal justice system, leading to a fragmented and disjointed approach to addressing crime.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following offenses would NOT be categorized as a Part I Index crime in the UCR?

    • A.

      Biting someone's earlobe in a fight

    • B.

      Having sexual intercourse with a boy, without his consent

    • C.

      Unlawfully killing another person

    • D.

      Setting a fire to a place of business

    • E.

      Breaking into another person's home

    Correct Answer
    B. Having sexual intercourse with a boy, without his consent
    Explanation
    The offenses categorized as Part I Index crimes in the UCR are murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Having sexual intercourse with a boy without his consent would be categorized as rape, which is a Part I Index crime. Therefore, this offense would not be categorized as a Part I Index crime in the UCR.

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  • 34. 

    Which is the correct formula for calculating to crime rate?

    • A.

      Number of crimes/population base x resident population

    • B.

      Resident population/number of crimes x population base

    • C.

      Population base/resident population x number of crimes

    • D.

      Number of crimes/resident population x population base

    Correct Answer
    D. Number of crimes/resident population x population base
    Explanation
    The correct formula for calculating the crime rate is by dividing the number of crimes by the resident population and then multiplying it by the population base. This formula takes into account the number of crimes relative to the size of the resident population and the overall population base.

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  • 35. 

    ____ refers to criminal conduct, specifically intentional, or criminally negligent action or inaction that causes harm

    • A.

      Concurrence

    • B.

      Ex post facto

    • C.

      Actus reus

    • D.

      Mens rea

    Correct Answer
    C. Actus reus
    Explanation
    Actus reus refers to criminal conduct, specifically intentional or criminally negligent action or inaction that causes harm. It is a Latin term that means "guilty act." In order to establish criminal liability, both actus reus and mens rea (the mental state of the defendant) must be present. Actus reus focuses on the physical element of a crime, such as the actual commission of a prohibited act or the failure to act when there is a legal duty to do so. Therefore, actus reus is the correct answer as it directly relates to criminal conduct causing harm through action or inaction.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following statements is NOT true about violent victimizations by gender?

    • A.

      Women are victimized more than men for sexual assault crimes

    • B.

      Men are victimized more than women for all types of violent crime

    • C.

      Women are victimized more than men for all types of violent crime

    • D.

      Women are victimized more than more for rape crimes

    Correct Answer
    C. Women are victimized more than men for all types of violent crime
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Women are victimized more than men for all types of violent crime." This statement is not true because men are actually victimized more than women for certain types of violent crimes, such as assault and robbery. While women are more likely to be victimized for sexual assault crimes, they are not victimized more than men for all types of violent crime.

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  • 37. 

    One of the limitations of the NVCS is that

    • A.

      The personal assessment of what is a crime or not a crime may vary between individuals

    • B.

      It includes crimes only cleared by arrest

    • C.

      In only counts the most serious offense in a single incident

    • D.

      It exudes simple assaults and non-forcible rapes

    • E.

      Forcible rape is only measured for women victims

    Correct Answer
    A. The personal assessment of what is a crime or not a crime may vary between individuals
    Explanation
    The NVCS is limited because individuals may have different opinions on what constitutes a crime. This subjectivity can lead to inconsistencies in reporting and data collection, making it difficult to accurately measure crime rates.

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  • 38. 

    In the adult  criminal justice system, offenders can be convicted. The equivalent action for juveniles is called

    • A.

      Adjudicatory hearing

    • B.

      Agree to filing

    • C.

      Commitment

    • D.

      Adjudicated

    • E.

      Denying the petition

    Correct Answer
    D. Adjudicated
    Explanation
    In the adult criminal justice system, offenders can be convicted. Similarly, in the juvenile justice system, the equivalent action for offenders is called "adjudicated." This term refers to the process of officially determining that a juvenile is guilty of committing a delinquent act. It is the outcome of an adjudicatory hearing, which is a legal proceeding where evidence is presented, and a judge or a panel of judges decides whether the juvenile is responsible for the alleged offense.

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  • 39. 

    In the UCR, individuals who identify themselves as Latin@s usually have their race automatically recorded as

    • A.

      Black

    • B.

      Native American

    • C.

      Other

    • D.

      Hispanic

    • E.

      White

    Correct Answer
    E. White
    Explanation
    The correct answer is White because in the UCR (Uniform Crime Reporting), individuals who identify themselves as Latin@s usually have their race recorded as White. This is because the UCR classifies Hispanic/Latinx ethnicity as an ethnicity rather than a race category. Therefore, when individuals identify as Latin@, their race is typically recorded as White in the UCR.

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  • 40. 

    A serious crime usually carrying a penalty of incarceration in prison for more than one year or the death penalty is referred to as

    • A.

      Mala prohibita

    • B.

      A felony

    • C.

      A misdemeanor

    • D.

      Mala in se

    • E.

      A crime wave

    Correct Answer
    B. A felony
    Explanation
    A serious crime usually carrying a penalty of incarceration in prison for more than one year or the death penalty is referred to as a felony. Felonies are considered more severe offenses compared to misdemeanors, which typically carry lesser penalties. Felonies include crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, and burglary. The term "mala prohibita" refers to crimes that are prohibited by law but may not necessarily be inherently wrong or immoral, while "mala in se" refers to crimes that are inherently wrong or immoral. "A crime wave" refers to a sudden increase in criminal activity within a specific area or period.

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  • 41. 

    The FBI's definition of forcible rape is

    • A.

      The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will

    • B.

      Sexual intercourse between a man and a woman, at least one of whom is married to someone else

    • C.

      Sexual intercourse between unmarried persons

    • D.

      Having sexual intercourse with a person against his or her will

    • E.

      The practice of having several spouses

    Correct Answer
    A. The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will." This definition aligns with the commonly understood understanding of forcible rape, which involves non-consensual sexual intercourse with a female through the use of force or coercion. This definition emphasizes the importance of consent and the absence of consent in defining rape.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following statements about the fear of crime is true?

    • A.

      Latin@s and blacks are no more fearful than whites of sexual assault of themselves or someone in their household and of being murdered

    • B.

      Fear of being beaten, knifed or shot and fear of being mugged decreases with the level of urbanization of the community in which people live.

    • C.

      Younger people are more fearful than older people of sexual assault and burglary

    • D.

      Females are more fearful than males of having their homes burglarized

    Correct Answer
    C. Younger people are more fearful than older people of sexual assault and burglary
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that younger people are more fearful than older people of sexual assault and burglary. This suggests that age may play a role in the level of fear individuals have towards these specific crimes. It implies that as people grow older, their fear of sexual assault and burglary may decrease. This answer is based on the information provided in the question and highlights a potential difference in fear levels based on age.

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  • 43. 

    The felonious taking of money or goods from a victim's person, or in a victim's presence and against their will, through the use of force or threat is called

    • A.

      Robbery

    • B.

      Simple assault

    • C.

      Burglary

    • D.

      Usury

    • E.

      Larceny

    Correct Answer
    A. Robbery
    Explanation
    Robbery is the correct answer because it involves the act of taking money or goods from a victim's person or in their presence against their will. This act is done through the use of force or threat. Simple assault refers to the intentional act of causing apprehension of harmful or offensive contact, but it does not involve the taking of money or goods. Burglary refers to the unlawful entry into a building or structure with the intent to commit a crime, but it does not necessarily involve the use of force or threat against a person. Usury refers to the illegal practice of charging excessive interest on a loan. Larceny refers to the unlawful taking and carrying away of someone else's personal property with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of it, but it does not necessarily involve force or threat.

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  • 44. 

    Crimes considered wrong in themselves are called

    • A.

      Mala in se

    • B.

      Mala prohibita

    • C.

      Gambling

    • D.

      Crime waves

    • E.

      Moral panics

    Correct Answer
    A. Mala in se
    Explanation
    The term "mala in se" refers to crimes that are considered inherently wrong or evil, regardless of whether they are prohibited by law. These are offenses that are universally recognized as morally wrong, such as murder, theft, or rape. The term is derived from Latin and is used to distinguish these crimes from "mala prohibita," which are crimes that are only wrong because they are prohibited by law. In other words, "mala in se" crimes are inherently immoral, while "mala prohibita" crimes are only wrong because they are against the law.

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  • 45. 

    Like the family, schools, organized religion, the media, and the law, criminal justice is

    • A.

      A private response to crime

    • B.

      A subtle social control

    • C.

      An informal method of social control

    • D.

      An institution of social control

    Correct Answer
    D. An institution of social control
    Explanation
    Criminal justice is considered an institution of social control because it is a formal system established by society to enforce laws, maintain order, and punish individuals who violate those laws. It operates within a set of established rules and procedures and is responsible for investigating crimes, apprehending offenders, conducting trials, and imposing penalties. As an institution, criminal justice plays a crucial role in maintaining social order and ensuring that individuals are held accountable for their actions.

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  • 46. 

    The answer is b

    • A.

      Fghj

    • B.

      Ghjk

    Correct Answer
    B. Ghjk
  • 47. 

    The infliction of injury on another person with the intent to cause serious boduly harm is referred to as

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Misdemeanor assault

    • C.

      Simple assault

    • D.

      Aggravated assault

    Correct Answer
    D. Aggravated assault
    Explanation
    Aggravated assault is the correct answer because it refers to intentionally causing serious bodily harm to another person. This term is used to describe a more severe form of assault that involves the intention to cause significant harm, such as using a deadly weapon or causing permanent disfigurement. Misdemeanor assault refers to a less serious form of assault, while simple assault is a general term for any intentional act that causes harm or fear of harm to another person.

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  • 48. 

    A typical ______ definition of crime is "behavior that violates the norms of society"

    • A.

      Criminological

    • B.

      Legal

    • C.

      Social

    • D.

      Psychological

    Correct Answer
    C. Social
    Explanation
    A typical social definition of crime refers to behavior that goes against the accepted norms and values of society. This definition emphasizes the role of society in determining what is considered criminal behavior, as it is based on societal norms rather than legal or psychological factors. It recognizes that crime is not solely determined by legal statutes, but also by the social context in which it occurs. This definition highlights the importance of understanding crime within the broader social framework and the impact of societal values on defining and responding to criminal behavior.

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  • 49. 

    On the C.J. wedding cake, which crimes appear at the highest level of the cake?

    • A.

      Felonies that occur between an offender and victim that knew each other

    • B.

      Felonies considered serious, violent crimes against victims that didn't know offender

    • C.

      Highly unusual crimes that receive much public attention

    • D.

      90% of all crime

    Correct Answer
    C. Highly unusual crimes that receive much public attention
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "highly unusual crimes that receive much public attention." This is because the question asks for the crimes that appear at the highest level of the cake, indicating that these crimes are given the most prominence or importance. Highly unusual crimes that receive much public attention are often sensationalized by the media and therefore receive more visibility and public interest compared to other types of crimes.

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  • 50. 

    In the CJS, a male-to-female transgendered person who identifies as a woman and has not yet have genital surgery would likely be housed in which of the following areas in a correctional facility?

    • A.

      Women's section

    • B.

      Men's section

    • C.

      Infirmary

    • D.

      Section for the mentally ill

    Correct Answer
    B. Men's section
    Explanation
    A male-to-female transgendered person who identifies as a woman and has not yet had genital surgery would likely be housed in the Men's section of a correctional facility. This is because in the CJS (Criminal Justice System), housing decisions are typically based on biological sex rather than gender identity. Therefore, regardless of how the individual identifies, they would be placed in the section that corresponds to their assigned sex at birth.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Sodthewalk
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