Criminal Justice Test

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 1648

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Criminal Justice Test

ANOTHER CJ TEST


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An eye for an eye is an example of punishment based on
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabilation

    • C. 

      Incapacitation

    • D. 

      Deterrence

  • 2. 
    Which of the following are most consistent with incapacitation
    • A. 

      Drug treatment, indeterminate sentence and parole

    • B. 

      Banishment, life in prison and the death penalty

    • C. 

      Indefinite sentences, probation and parole

    • D. 

      Indefinite sentences, indeterminate sentece and probation

  • 3. 
    The older theory of punishment is
    • A. 

      Rehabilation

    • B. 

      Deterrance

    • C. 

      Incapaciation

    • D. 

      Retribuation

  • 4. 
    Incapacitation that focuses on offenders with a high risk of serious recidivism is termed ______ incapacitation
    • A. 

      Focused

    • B. 

      Special

    • C. 

      Selective

    • D. 

      Preferential

  • 5. 
    The concept of __________ dominated most thinking about sentencing for the most of twentieth century
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabiliation

    • C. 

      Incapacitation

    • D. 

      Deterrence

  • 6. 
    SInce the mid 1970s, the trend in sentencing has been to
    • A. 

      Turn toward rehabiliation

    • B. 

      Increased the use of indeterminate sentencing

    • C. 

      Ignore incapacitation and deterrence

    • D. 

      Decrese judicial and parole board discretion

  • 7. 
    A sentence of one to five years imprisonment is a __________ sentence
    • A. 

      Determinate

    • B. 

      Fixed

    • C. 

      Indeterminate

    • D. 

      Mandatory minimum

  • 8. 
    A ____ or fixed sentence is a sentence of a specific number of years imprisonment
    • A. 

      Determinate

    • B. 

      Indeterminate

    • C. 

      Indefinite

    • D. 

      Definite

  • 9. 
    Wide sentencing discretion and makig the punihsment fit the criminal is most consistent with
    • A. 

      General deterrance

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation

    • C. 

      Retribution

    • D. 

      Just deserts

  • 10. 
    The _______ amendment bans cruel and unusual punishments
    • A. 

      Fifth

    • B. 

      Sixth

    • C. 

      Eighth

    • D. 

      Ninth

  • 11. 
    Beginning around 1975, trends in prison populations showed
    • A. 

      Slight decreases

    • B. 

      Slight increases

    • C. 

      Marked decreases

    • D. 

      Marked increases

  • 12. 
    Traditionally in the U.S., the primary alternative to prison was
    • A. 

      Parole

    • B. 

      Banishment

    • C. 

      Intermediate

    • D. 

      Probation

  • 13. 
    Symbolic restitution usually involves some form of
    • A. 

      Community service

    • B. 

      Direct pyment to victim

    • C. 

      A fine

    • D. 

      House arrest

  • 14. 
    In many jurisdiction with indeterminate sentencing, the earliest the convict can be paroled is typically when time served plus ____ equals the minium sentence
    • A. 

      Merit credits

    • B. 

      Positive days

    • C. 

      Rehabiliation credits

    • D. 

      Good time

  • 15. 
    Fines are most consistent with the punihsment theory of
    • A. 

      Retribution

    • B. 

      Rehabilitation

    • C. 

      Deterrence

    • D. 

      Incapacitation

  • 16. 
    Evidence shows that the success at rehabilitation centers on what
    • A. 

      The quality, including the funding, of the rehabilitation program

    • B. 

      That the program forces inmates tochange their behavior by participating job training, counseling, and other reentry programs

    • C. 

      The desire of the inmate to change behavior

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Sentences of flogging, branding, or chopping off a hand are no long permitted in the United States. Why?
    • A. 

      Because states have prohibited these kinds of punishment

    • B. 

      Because of the Eighth Amendments ban on cruel and unusual punishment

    • C. 

      Because of activism of human rights

    • D. 

      Floggin is still permitted in some U.S. jurisdiction

  • 18. 
    Most prisoners on death row have atleast one prior felong conviction
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Retribution focuses on the crime committed, not on the defendant
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The executive branch of government becomes involved in punishment by way of pardons and parole
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The second amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    An indeterminate sentence can also be called a indefinite sentence because it represents a range based on whether or not treatment is successful
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Restitution is infrequently ordered in federal court because most defendants do not have the ability to pay
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Courtroom work groups use ____ penalties in seeking individual sentences
    • A. 

      Usual crime

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Going rate

    • D. 

      Typical sanction

  • 25. 
    The most important factor in setting normal penalties in the
    • A. 

      Seriousness of the offense

    • B. 

      Prior record of the offender

    • C. 

      Persuasiveness of the prosecutor

    • D. 

      Skill of the defense attorney