Cognitive Thinking & Learning Chapt 9

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 49

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Cognitive Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is NOT one of the three basic units of thought?
    • A. 

      Image

    • B. 

      Prototype

    • C. 

      Concept

    • D. 

      Language

  • 2. 
    The WAIS-II divides intelligence into which of the following two IQ scores?
    • A. 

      Performance and verbal intelligence

    • B. 

      Emotional and verbal intelligence

    • C. 

      Mathematical and verbal intelligence

    • D. 

      Practical and common intelligence

  • 3. 
    IQ tests show a pattern of distribution called a ___________
    • A. 

      Bimodal distribution.

    • B. 

      Normal (bell-shaped) curve.

    • C. 

      U-shaped curve.

    • D. 

      Skewed curve.

  • 4. 
    Alex sees his first duck and learns to call it by the name "duck." Then he sees a chicken and calls it a duck, only to be corrected by his mother. The chicken would be an example of what in concept formation?
    • A. 

      Positive instance

    • B. 

      Negative instance

    • C. 

      Conceptual rule

    • D. 

      Prototype

  • 5. 
    Concepts that are defined by the presence of two or  more features are called ____________
    • A. 

      Conjunctive.

    • B. 

      Relational.

    • C. 

      Disjunctive.

    • D. 

      Prototypical.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following refers to concepts such as  "larger," "above" and "left"?
    • A. 

      Conjunctive.

    • B. 

      Relational.

    • C. 

      Disjunctive.

    • D. 

      Prototypical.

  • 7. 
    Which describes a concept that is the ideal example of the concept?
    • A. 

      Conjunctive.

    • B. 

      Relational.

    • C. 

      Disjunctive.

    • D. 

      Prototypical.

  • 8. 
    When MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) wasfirst introduced as a brain-scanning technique, it was called NMRI (nuclear magnetic reso­nance imaging). The first word, nuclear, was dropped because people re­lated the world nuclear to becoming radioactive.  The change in names was to improve the _____________ meaning of the term.
    • A. 

      Semantic differential

    • B. 

      Social

    • C. 

      Denotative

    • D. 

      Connotative

  • 9. 
    Which term is actually a way of measuring the connotative meaning of a word?
    • A. 

      Semantic differential

    • B. 

      Social

    • C. 

      Denotative

    • D. 

      Connotative

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT considered faulty conceptualization ?
    • A. 

      Social stereotyping

    • B. 

      All-or-nothing thinking

    • C. 

      Prototypical thinking

    • D. 

      All of the above are faulty.

  • 11. 
    Glenna felt like she was hit with a bolt of lightning when she solved the story problem. She wondered how she had not seen the answer sooner. This ability to reorganize and solve the problem quickly is an example of _____________
    • A. 

      Insight.

    • B. 

      Understanding.

    • C. 

      Perception.

    • D. 

      Intuition.

  • 12. 
    Which type of bilingualism is undesirable for minority children?
    • A. 

      Additive

    • B. 

      Subtractive

    • C. 

      Two-way

    • D. 

      Interactive

  • 13. 
    Which aspect of language is violated by the English sentence, "I to school go."?
    • A. 

      Transformation rules

    • B. 

      Productivity

    • C. 

      Syntax

    • D. 

      Semantics

  • 14. 
    Which term is the set of rules for making sounds into words and words into sentences?
    • A. 

      Transformation rules

    • B. 

      Productivity

    • C. 

      Grammar

    • D. 

      Syntax

  • 15. 
    ASL _______________________
    • A. 

      Is a true language.

    • B. 

      Stands for American Sign Language.

    • C. 

      Is a gestural language.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 16. 
    Which statement about experiments in teaching animals to talk is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Early attempts were very successful.

    • B. 

      Chimps have been taught to use sign language through operant conditioning.

    • C. 

      Washoe had a vocabulary of more than 1,000 signs.

    • D. 

      Chimps cannot use conditional sentences to communicate with humans.

  • 17. 
    Trial-and-error learning is an example of  __________________
    • A. 

      A mechanical solution.

    • B. 

      Solutions by understanding.

    • C. 

      An insightful solution.

    • D. 

      A general solution.

  • 18. 
    If the number of alternatives for solving a problem is small, a(n) ______________ may work best.
    • A. 

      Heuristic

    • B. 

      Functional solution

    • C. 

      Random search strategy

    • D. 

      Insightful solution

  • 19. 
    Which term refers to a strategy that is a "rule of thumb"?
    • A. 

      Heuristic

    • B. 

      Functional solution

    • C. 

      Random search strategy

    • D. 

      Insightful solution

  • 20. 
    Bringing together seemingly unrelated bits of useful information is called _____________
    • A. 

      Selective comparison.

    • B. 

      Selective combination.

    • C. 

      Selective encoding.

    • D. 

      Functional fixedness.

  • 21. 
    Which common barrier to problem solving includes functional fixedness?
    • A. 

      Emotional barriers

    • B. 

      Cultural barriers

    • C. 

      Learned barriers

    • D. 

      Perceptual barriers

  • 22. 
    One of the differences between experts and novices in a particular field is _________________
    • A. 

      Experts use more trial-and-error thinking.

    • B. 

      Novices rely more heavily on acquired strategies than experts.

    • C. 

      Experts can recognize patterns in material more easily.

    • D. 

      Novices engage in more automatic problem solving than experts.

  • 23. 
    Thought that goes from general principles to specific situations is called ______________ thought.
    • A. 

      Inductive

    • B. 

      Deductive

    • C. 

      Logical

    • D. 

      Illogical

  • 24. 
    In creative thinking, ___________ is the total number of suggestions you are able to make.
    • A. 

      Fluency

    • B. 

      Flexibility

    • C. 

      Originality

    • D. 

      Automaticity

  • 25. 
    Multiple-choice items on an exam most probably measure ______________
    • A. 

      Divergent thinking.

    • B. 

      Convergent thinking.

    • C. 

      Flexibility.

    • D. 

      Originality.

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