Psyc 100 - Final Exam Multiple Choice (Weeks 12-24)

135 Questions | Total Attempts: 533

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A child who uses the word "wawa" to refer not only to water but to milk, juice, and other drinks is:
    • A. 

      Overextending the word

    • B. 

      Underextending the word

    • C. 

      Babbling

    • D. 

      Overgeneralizing a grammatical rule

  • 2. 
    The fact that language is infinitely generative means that:
    • A. 

      The relationship between a word and the thing that it refers to is arbitrary - there is no particular reason why we call babies "babies"

    • B. 

      It is fluid and changes over time

    • C. 

      It can be used to discuss new ideas

    • D. 

      Language allows us to talk beyond the here and now

  • 3. 
    Noam Chomsky accounts for children's ability to learn something as complex as language by hypothesizing the existence of a language-acquisition device in the brain. This device is:
    • A. 

      An innate mechanism that predisposes adults to speak slowly, simply, and with broad gestures when talking to young children

    • B. 

      A set of inborn aids that permit children to understand the elements of grammar common to all languages and to acquire the rules specific to their own

    • C. 

      an innate mechanism that permits children to understand how to use language operantly, in order to gain rewards

    • D. 

      A set of inborn aids that cue a child to attend to those who speak their language while disregarding other speakers

  • 4. 
    What are the key properties of human language?
    • A. 

      Categorical perception, generativity and displacement

    • B. 

      Syntax, generativity and pragmatics

    • C. 

      Generativity, syntax and displacement

    • D. 

      Semanticity, generativity and displacement

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about categorical perception?
    • A. 

      It demonstrates that our perception does not accurately reflect what is physically present in the sound

    • B. 

      It is innate

    • C. 

      It is unique to speech

    • D. 

      It simply means that, given a choice between two phoneme categories, we can figure out which is the better match for any speech sound

  • 6. 
    Individuals with higher cognitive abilities:
    • A. 

      Use fewer areas of their brains when solving complex problems

    • B. 

      Have lower levels of activation in areas of the brain used to perform a task

    • C. 

      Conserve energy (lower glucose metabolism) as problems become increasingly more complex

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    What advantage is there to using a heuristic rather than an algorithm?
    • A. 

      The heuristic will result in only one possible solution

    • B. 

      A heuristic is more likely to result in a correct response

    • C. 

      A heuristic will present more clearly defined solution

    • D. 

      A heuristic is often more efficient

  • 8. 
    Wechsler's IQ test differed from its predecessors in that it:
    • A. 

      Was valid for all age ranges

    • B. 

      Used a deviation (age-normed) instead or a ratio (mental age/chronological age) IQ

    • C. 

      Added nonverbal (performance) subscales to represent different forms of intelligence

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Spearman inferred the existence of a general intelligence g factor from:
    • A. 

      The positive intercorrelations for tests of different intellectual skills

    • B. 

      The fact that different tests tap different specific abilities

    • C. 

      The tendency for people to score well on either verbal or mathematical tests, but not on both

    • D. 

      High reliability coefficients for the results of individual tests

  • 10. 
    Executive functioning develops in late adolescence once ___________is complete.
    • A. 

      Plasticity

    • B. 

      Myelination of the frontal lobe

    • C. 

      Apoptosis

    • D. 

      Neurogenesis

  • 11. 
    The phase of the life-span characterized by the most rapid growth in development of the nervous system and the body is the __________ phase.
    • A. 

      Infancy

    • B. 

      Adolescent

    • C. 

      Prenatal

    • D. 

      Childhood

  • 12. 
    Experience-dependent plasticity describes:
    • A. 

      Changes in the brain in response to use

    • B. 

      Changes in the brain due to synaptic pruning

    • C. 

      Changes in the brain due to cell death

    • D. 

      Changes in the brain due to expectation of use

  • 13. 
    Which of the following determines the type of cell a given stem cell will become?
    • A. 

      It's genetic make-up

    • B. 

      The location in which it ends up

    • C. 

      Whether it comes from the mother or the father

    • D. 

      It's size

  • 14. 
    According to Lawrence Kohlberg, moral development proceeds from ________ control to ________ control.
    • A. 

      External, internal

    • B. 

      Societal, parental

    • C. 

      Ethical, individual

    • D. 

      Individual, societal

  • 15. 
    A sense of self, as demonstrated by the rouge test, is evident:
    • A. 

      In all species

    • B. 

      In human adults only

    • C. 

      In humans only from approximately age 2 onwards

    • D. 

      In humans, and some other species

  • 16. 
    According to Vygotsky, a cultural variable of paramount importance to a child's cognitive development is:
    • A. 

      Geographic location

    • B. 

      Parenting style

    • C. 

      Language

    • D. 

      Attachment

  • 17. 
    Which of the following best captures the development of social cognition?
    • A. 

      Intersubjectivity, sense of self, Theory of Mind, moral development

    • B. 

      Sense of self, Theory of Mind, moral development, intersubjectivity

    • C. 

      Sense of self, moral development, Theory of Mind, intersubjectivity

    • D. 

      Joint attention, sense of self, moral development, Theory of Mind

  • 18. 
    Theory of mind:
    • A. 

      Is only evident among humans

    • B. 

      Is often lacking in those individuals with autism

    • C. 

      Cannot be easily tested

    • D. 

      Occurs in typically developing children around age 5

  • 19. 
    Harlow set out to test Bolwby's theory of attachment by performing experiments with infant rhesus macaque monkeys. He was surprised by his findings that monkeys preferred to spent their time with the cloth 'mother' than the wire 'mother' who was equipped with a bottle and provided them with nourishment. This led to the discovery that:
    • A. 

      That the infant's development of affection is based on warmth.

    • B. 

      Monkeys differ from humans in their choices.

    • C. 

      That the results were inconclusive.

    • D. 

      That the infant's development of affection for the mother was based on contact comfort.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following has been shown to be a reliable finding in research on gender difference?
    • A. 

      Girls show stronger spatial abilities.

    • B. 

      Girls are influenced by social norms and as a result are less good at math.

    • C. 

      Both biological and environmental conditions contribute to some gender differences.

    • D. 

      Boys show earlier verbal development.

  • 21. 
    Rat pups that are frequently licked or groomed by their mothers are more relaxed as adults. This is because:
    • A. 

      Their mother's licking changed the expression of their genes.

    • B. 

      They inherited 'relaxed' genes from their mother.

    • C. 

      They developed secure attachment.

    • D. 

      Their mother modelled warm responsive parenting.

  • 22. 
    In interpreting studies showing correlations between parental disciplinary styles and children's behavior, we should bear in mind that the correlations:
    • A. 

      Are quite high but not statistically significant.

    • B. 

      Could reflect the influence of the child's behavioral style on the parent's disciplinary style.

    • C. 

      Explain that disciplinary styles are heritable.

    • D. 

      Prove that the parents' disciplinary style causes the child's behavioral style.

  • 23. 
    Parents who are warm and responsive promote their child's:
    • A. 

      Secure attachment

    • B. 

      Gender identity

    • C. 

      Sense of self

    • D. 

      Moral reasoning

  • 24. 
    The idea that behaviour, environment, and person variables interact to determine personality is called:
    • A. 

      The diathesis-stress model

    • B. 

      Locus of control

    • C. 

      The three-term contingency

    • D. 

      Reciprocal determinism

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is most accurate:
    • A. 

      Our personalities tend to fluctuate across the lifespan

    • B. 

      Personality tests are subjective and poorly validated

    • C. 

      Children sharing an environment are more likely to be different than similar

    • D. 

      Family environment has a significant influence on our personality

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