Psychology Exam: Memory, Thinking, Intelligence And Language

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 2824

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Quizzing myself before my psychology exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    You tell your friends about the great time you had at the local Six Flags park. Most of the information that you have forgotten about this experience was most likely processed in your
    • A. 

      Personal memory

    • B. 

      Short-term memory

    • C. 

      Long-term memory

    • D. 

      Sensory memory

  • 2. 
    Short-term memory has a ________ capacity than sensory memory and a ________ duration.
    • A. 

      More limited; longer

    • B. 

      Less limited; longer

    • C. 

      Larger; shorter

    • D. 

      More limited; shorter

  • 3. 
    According to the connectionist network view or memory, memories are _________, and according to the schema theory of memory, memories are _________.
    • A. 

      Abstract concepts; large knowledge structures

    • B. 

      Neural connections; large knowledge structures

    • C. 

      Parallel concepts; electrical impulses

    • D. 

      Concurrent concepts; nodes of information

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Shallow level

    • B. 

      Intermediate level

    • C. 

      Personal level

    • D. 

      Deep level

  • 5. 
    One of the most effective ways to make our memories distinctive is to use mental
    • A. 

      Cues.

    • B. 

      Rehearsal.

    • C. 

      Imagery.

    • D. 

      Concentration.

  • 6. 
    The extensiveness of processing informationat a given level is called
    • A. 

      Scope of processing.

    • B. 

      Depth of processing.

    • C. 

      Span of memory.

    • D. 

      Elaboration.

  • 7. 
    Memory is the _________ of information or experience over a period of time.
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Intake

    • C. 

      Association

    • D. 

      Retention

  • 8. 
    When we take in information in the course of daily life, such as the words and diagrams presented during a lecture, we are using the memory process of
    • A. 

      Retention

    • B. 

      Encoding

    • C. 

      Fixation

    • D. 

      Retrieval

  • 9. 
    The three processes of memory are encoding, ________, and retrieval.
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Storage

    • C. 

      Recollection

    • D. 

      Fixation

  • 10. 
    A relatively permanent type of memory that stores a huge amount of information for a long time is known as your
    • A. 

      Personal memory

    • B. 

      Sensory memory

    • C. 

      Long-term memory

    • D. 

      Short-term memory

  • 11. 
    A person's knowledge about the world is also know as their
    • A. 

      Semantic memory

    • B. 

      Implicit memory

    • C. 

      Consciousness

    • D. 

      Sonomatic memory

  • 12. 
    A preexisting mental framework or concept that helps people organize and interperet information is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Schema

    • B. 

      Script

    • C. 

      Implicit memory

    • D. 

      Heuristic

  • 13. 
    Memory in which behavior is affected by prior experience without a recollection of that experience is known as
    • A. 

      Short-term memory

    • B. 

      Explicit memory

    • C. 

      Sensory memory

    • D. 

      Implicit memory

  • 14. 
    The memory process that occurs when information that was retained in memory storage comes out is called _______.
    • A. 

      Retention

    • B. 

      Retrieval

    • C. 

      Storage

    • D. 

      Encoding

  • 15. 
    A schema for an event often containing info about physical features people and typical occurences is called a _____________.
    • A. 

      Schema

    • B. 

      Script

    • C. 

      Memory

    • D. 

      Heuristic

  • 16. 
    In her research, Professor Kyoto seeks to identify circumstances in which confirmation bias is especially likely to impede effective problem solving. Which specialty area does her research best represent?
    • A. 

      Biological psychology

    • B. 

      Developmental psychology

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Humanistic psychology

  • 17. 
    According to the semantic/associate model proposed by Collins and Quillian, which memory concept is most likely to be activated when the person thinks about the concept “robin”?
    • A. 

      Eats worms

    • B. 

      Is an animal

    • C. 

      Has skin

    • D. 

      Breathes air

  • 18. 
    Pigeons can reliably discriminate pictures of cars from pictures of chairs. This best illustrates their capacity to develop:
    • A. 

      Concepts

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Heuristics

    • D. 

      Pragmatics

  • 19. 
    When Janet sees a coffee mug, a tall juice glass, and a short whiskey glass, she probably categorizes all these objects together as the ___ of "cup".
    • A. 

      Concept

    • B. 

      Phoneme

    • C. 

      Syllogism

    • D. 

      Mental set (Einstellung set)

  • 20. 
    Prototype is to category as ____ is to ____.
    • A. 

      Wheel; car

    • B. 

      Milk; beverage

    • C. 

      Waiter; retaurant

    • D. 

      Comedian; laughter

  • 21. 
    Kendra only classifies an animal as a fish if it swims, lays eggs, and has gills. She considers these necessary traits that all fish must have. In this case, Kendra’s classification method uses
    • A. 

      Family resemblance

    • B. 

      Prototypes

    • C. 

      Exemplars

    • D. 

      Defining features

  • 22. 
    What type of prototype of tree is a person living in Iowa likely to have?
    • A. 

      Palm tree

    • B. 

      Pine tree

    • C. 

      Dead tree

    • D. 

      Roots

  • 23. 
    Arnold had difficulty recognizing that bullfighting was a sport because it failed to resemble his ________ of a sport.
    • A. 

      Phoneme

    • B. 

      Prototype

    • C. 

      Algorithm

    • D. 

      Mental

  • 24. 
    We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird.
    • A. 

      Heuristic

    • B. 

      Prototype

    • C. 

      Algorithm

    • D. 

      Phoneme

  • 25. 
    If you have never seen a Chihuahua, but you have seen somewhat similar types of dog breeds, such as rat terriers and miniature Pinschers, which theory would better predict your ability to correctly identify a Chihuahua as a “dog”?
    • A. 

      Morphological rules

    • B. 

      Prototype theory

    • C. 

      Phenotypic theory

    • D. 

      Exemplar theory