Thinking, Language And Intelligence

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 837

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Thinking, Language And Intelligence - Quiz

Thinking language and Intelligence


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Prototypes are especially important in the process of:
    • A. 

      Belief perserverance

    • B. 

      Trial and error

    • C. 

      Constructing algorithms

    • D. 

      Choosing heuristics

    • E. 

      Classifying objects

  • 2. 
    Heuristics are:
    • A. 

      Methodical step by step procedures for solving problems

    • B. 

      Mental groupings of similar objects, events or people.

    • C. 

      Problem solving strategies involving the use of trial and error

    • D. 

      Rule of thumb strategies for solving problems quickly and effeciently

  • 3. 
    The tendency to search for information consistent with our preconceptions is called:
    • A. 

      Functional fixedness

    • B. 

      Algorithms

    • C. 

      Confirmation bias

    • D. 

      The framing effect

    • E. 

      Representative heuristic

  • 4. 
    The Korean War paratrooper who fell to his death with a left handed parachute apparently suffered the consequences of:
    • A. 

      Overconfidence

    • B. 

      Functional fixedness

    • C. 

      The representative heuristic

    • D. 

      A fixation

    • E. 

      The framing effect

  • 5. 
    The tendency to estimate that the letter K appears more often as the first letter of the words thatn the third letter best illustrates our use of:
    • A. 

      The representative heuristic

    • B. 

      The availability heuristic

    • C. 

      Prototypes

    • D. 

      Algorithms

    • E. 

      The anchoring heuristic

  • 6. 
    Framing refers to:
    • A. 

      The way in which a problem or issue is phrased or worded

    • B. 

      A methodical step by step procedure for solving problems

    • C. 

      The grouping of similar objects, events or poeple into a category

    • D. 

      A rule of thumb strategy for solving problems efficiently

  • 7. 
    Two year old Dirk's sentences  "Dad come"  "mom laugh"  are examples of
    • A. 

      Babbling

    • B. 

      Artificial grammer

    • C. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • D. 

      Universal grammer

  • 8. 
    Behaviorists such as BF Skinner have emphasized that they acquisiton of language can be explained in terms of:
    • A. 

      The association of word sounds with various objects, events, actions, and qualities

    • B. 

      Children's imitation of the words and grammar modeled by parents and others

    • C. 

      The positive reinforcement that adults give children for speaking correctly

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    The chimpanzee Sultan used a short stick to retrieve a long stick, then used the long stick to retreive a piece of fruit.  Sultan's successful acquisition of the fruit was said to be the results of:
    • A. 

      Insight

    • B. 

      A fixation

    • C. 

      Trial and error

    • D. 

      The availability heuristic

  • 10. 
    Sorina has a mental age of 10 and an IQ of 125 as measured by the Stanford-Binet.  Sorina's chronological age is:
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      8

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      10

    • E. 

      12.5

  • 11. 
    A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of test items that seem to tap a common ability is ccalled:
    • A. 

      Correlational measurement

    • B. 

      Standardization

    • C. 

      Reliability assessment

    • D. 

      Criterion based validation

    • E. 

      Factor analysis

  • 12. 
    Spearman referred to the general capacity that may underlie all the specifc menatl abilities as:
    • A. 

      IQ

    • B. 

      Heritability

    • C. 

      G factor

    • D. 

      Factor analysis

    • E. 

      Emotional intelligence

  • 13. 
    The test that provides perarate "verbal" and "performance" intelligence scores, as well as an overall intelligence score, is the:
    • A. 

      WAIS

    • B. 

      SAT

    • C. 

      Stanford Binet

    • D. 

      Terman IQ test

  • 14. 
    The final exam in a calculus course would be an examples of a(n) ____ test.
    • A. 

      Aptitude

    • B. 

      Achievement

    • C. 

      Standardization

    • D. 

      General intelligence

  • 15. 
    A test has a high degree of validity if it:
    • A. 

      Measures of predicts what it is supposed to measure or predict

    • B. 

      Yields consistent results every time it is used

    • C. 

      Produces a normal distribution of scores

    • D. 

      Has been standardized on a representative sample of all those who are likely to take the test.

  • 16. 
    Intelligence tests are most likely to be considered cultually biased in terms of their:
    • A. 

      Content validity

    • B. 

      Predictive validity

    • C. 

      Normal distribution

    • D. 

      Reliability

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