Psychology Trivia Quiz: Introduction To Memory Questions!

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Psychology Trivia Quiz: Introduction To Memory Questions! - Quiz

As we know, psychology is the study of all things that the brain is responsible for, including mind, thought, and more. That list includes the concept of memory and how different memories are stored, which part of the brain holds long term memories? This psychology trivia quiz on introduction to memory is perfect for seeing just how good you actually are. How about you check it out and see what you may learn.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process by which we process an external event into memory is as follows:

    • A.

      Sensory Memory, Short-term Memory, Long-term Memory.

    • B.

      Short-term Memory, Long-term Memory, Sensory Memory.

    • C.

      Snesory Memory, Long-term Memory, Short-term Memory.

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory Memory, Short-term Memory, Long-term Memory.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sensory Memory, Short-term Memory, Long-term Memory. This is the correct order in which we process an external event into memory. Sensory memory is the first stage where information from our senses is briefly stored. Then, if we pay attention to this information, it moves to short-term memory, where it is held temporarily. Finally, if we continue to rehearse or actively process this information, it can be encoded into long-term memory for more permanent storage.

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  • 2. 

    There are two forms of encoding of sensory information. Automatic and Efortlful. One of the answers below falls into the automatic type. Select it.

    • A.

      Learning new language

    • B.

      Space

    • C.

      Learning to read

    • D.

      Remembering a series of numbers

    Correct Answer
    B. Space
    Explanation
    Space falls into the category of automatic encoding of sensory information. When we perceive and remember spatial information, such as the layout of a room or the location of objects, it is often done automatically without conscious effort. This type of encoding does not require deliberate attention or conscious processing, making it an example of automatic encoding.

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  • 3. 

    The fact that given a list or series of words or numbers we can recall the first and last numbers rather easily is an example of:

    • A.

      Short-term Memory

    • B.

      Spacing Effect

    • C.

      Serial Position Effect

    • D.

      Sensory Memory

    Correct Answer
    C. Serial Position Effect
    Explanation
    The serial position effect refers to our tendency to better remember the first and last items in a list or series. This is because the first item receives more attention and is more likely to be encoded into long-term memory, while the last item is still in our short-term memory when we recall the list. This effect highlights the importance of the order in which information is presented and how it impacts our memory retrieval.

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  • 4. 

    Learning new information and trying to place it into long term memory is more effective if we space the material out over time as we learn it. Meaning taking a longer spaced amount of time to encode the information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Spacing out the learning of new information over time is more effective for encoding it into long-term memory. This is because spacing allows for better consolidation and retention of the material. When information is learned in a concentrated manner, it is more likely to be forgotten quickly. However, when we space out our learning sessions, we give our brain time to process and reinforce the information, leading to better long-term retention.

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  • 5. 

    The process by which we associate a visual image with memory is called?

    • A.

      Visual Encoding

    • B.

      Visual Memory

    • C.

      Visual Sense

    • D.

      Memory of Vision

    Correct Answer
    A. Visual Encoding
    Explanation
    Visual encoding is the correct answer because it refers to the process of converting visual information into a format that can be stored and retrieved in memory. This process involves the brain interpreting and organizing visual stimuli, such as shapes, colors, and patterns, and associating them with existing knowledge and experiences. Visual encoding is an important aspect of memory formation and retrieval, as it allows us to remember and recognize visual images and stimuli.

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  • 6. 

    Long term potentiation is believed to increase the activity in________ and is thought to be the neural basis for learning and memory.

    • A.

      Neuronal synapse's

    • B.

      Neural ganglion

    • C.

      Cell division

    • D.

      Cell destruction

    Correct Answer
    A. Neuronal synapse's
    Explanation
    Long-term potentiation is a process that strengthens the connection between neurons at the synapse, which is the junction where two neurons communicate. This increased activity at the neuronal synapse is believed to be the neural basis for learning and memory. Therefore, the correct answer is "Neuronal synapse's."

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  • 7. 

    Your memory of your location as the WTC was being attacked can be attributed to?

    • A.

      Short-term Memory

    • B.

      Long-term Memory

    • C.

      Stress-related Memory

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Stress-related Memory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stress-related memory because during highly stressful or traumatic events, our brain releases stress hormones that can enhance memory formation. This can result in vivid and detailed memories of the event, even years later. The attack on the World Trade Center was a highly stressful event for many people, so it is likely that the memory of one's location during the attack is due to the impact of stress on memory.

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  • 8. 

    The last question is an example of a/an?

    • A.

      Electric memory

    • B.

      Squar memory

    • C.

      Lightening memory

    • D.

      Flashbulb memory

    Correct Answer
    D. Flashbulb memory
    Explanation
    Flashbulb memory refers to a vivid and detailed recollection of a significant and emotionally charged event. It is characterized by the individual's ability to remember specific details surrounding the event, such as where they were, what they were doing, and how they felt at the time. This type of memory is often associated with highly emotional or traumatic experiences, and is believed to be influenced by the release of stress hormones that enhance memory consolidation. Flashbulb memories are typically long-lasting and resistant to forgetting, making them distinct from other types of memories.

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  • 9. 

    The two types of long term memories are explicit and implicit. Which is said to be the unconscious one?

    • A.

      Implicit

    • B.

      Explicit

    Correct Answer
    A. Implicit
    Explanation
    Implicit memory is said to be the unconscious type of long-term memory. Implicit memory refers to the memory that is not consciously controlled or intentionally recalled. It includes skills, habits, and associations that are formed without conscious awareness. In contrast, explicit memory involves consciously recalling specific information or events. Therefore, implicit memory is the correct answer as it aligns with the description of being unconscious.

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  • 10. 

    Functions such as Skills and motor Cognition are found to be this type of long-term memory?

    • A.

      Implicit

    • B.

      Explicit

    Correct Answer
    A. Implicit
    Explanation
    Implicit memory refers to the type of long-term memory that is unconscious or unintentional. It involves the retention and retrieval of information without conscious awareness. Skills and motor cognition are examples of implicit memory because they are acquired and performed without conscious effort or awareness. This type of memory is often formed through repetition and practice, and it is typically difficult to articulate or describe the knowledge or skills that are stored in implicit memory.

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  • 11. 

    This type of long-term memory is processed in the hippocampus?

    • A.

      Implicit

    • B.

      Explicit

    Correct Answer
    B. Explicit
    Explanation
    Explicit memory refers to the conscious, intentional recollection of information, events, or experiences. It involves the ability to consciously retrieve and recall specific details, facts, or events. The hippocampus, a region in the brain, plays a crucial role in the formation and retrieval of explicit memories. It helps in encoding and organizing information into long-term memory storage. Therefore, the correct answer is "Explicit."

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  • 12. 

    Multiple choice questions test our _________ ?

    • A.

      Recognition

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Relearning

    Correct Answer
    A. Recognition
    Explanation
    Multiple choice questions test our ability to recognize the correct answer among a set of options. This involves identifying the correct information or solution from the given choices without having to recall it from memory. Recognition is a cognitive process that relies on familiarity and matching the options with our existing knowledge or cues. It is different from recall, which requires retrieving information from memory without any external cues. Relearning, on the other hand, refers to the process of learning something again that was previously learned but forgotten.

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  • 13. 

    Fill in the ____________  questions test our?

    • A.

      Recognition

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Relearning

    Correct Answer
    B. Recall
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Recall". Recall questions test our ability to retrieve information from memory without any cues or prompts. These types of questions require us to actively remember and retrieve previously learned information. Recognition questions, on the other hand, test our ability to identify correct information from a set of options. Relearning refers to the process of learning information again after it has been previously learned and forgotten.

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  • 14. 

    Remembering a memory of an old girlfriend as you hear a song on the radio from the time you were dating is an example of?

    • A.

      Shaping

    • B.

      Perception Constance

    • C.

      Relearning

    • D.

      Retrieval Cue

    Correct Answer
    D. Retrieval Cue
    Explanation
    Retrieval cue refers to any stimulus that helps in accessing and retrieving a specific memory. In this scenario, the song on the radio acts as a retrieval cue, triggering the recall of a memory associated with the time spent with an old girlfriend. The music serves as a reminder and assists in retrieving the memory of the past relationship.

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  • 15. 

    If I am in a sour mood and you were to walk into the room I would likely have what type of memories of you?

    • A.

      Mad, negative.

    • B.

      Happy

    • C.

      Calming

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Mad, negative.
    Explanation
    If the person is in a sour mood and the question asks about the type of memories they would have of someone walking into the room, it suggests that their memories of that person would be negative. Being in a sour mood typically means feeling angry or upset, so it is likely that the person would associate negative emotions and memories with the individual entering the room. Therefore, the correct answer is "Mad, negative."

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  • 16. 

    The previous question is an example of?

    • A.

      Mood-latent memories

    • B.

      Mood-congruent memories

    • C.

      Mood-parallel memories

    Correct Answer
    B. Mood-congruent memories
    Explanation
    Mood-congruent memories refer to the phenomenon where individuals tend to recall information that is consistent with their current mood or emotional state. This means that when a person is in a particular mood, they are more likely to remember memories or information that aligns with that mood. In this case, the question is asking for an example of this phenomenon, and the correct answer is "Mood-congruent memories."

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  • 17. 

    Effortful processing, including rehearsal that is spaced out(space effect) over time, requires conscious attention and frequency? 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Effortful processing refers to the intentional and conscious allocation of attention and effort to encode and store information in memory. Rehearsal, which involves repeating information to aid in its retention, is an example of effortful processing. The space effect suggests that spacing out rehearsal sessions over time, rather than cramming them all together, leads to better retention of information. Therefore, it can be inferred that effortful processing, including spaced-out rehearsal, requires conscious attention and frequency. Hence, the correct answer is True.

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  • 18. 

    In _____________  _____________ we use new and stored information along with best case scenario guess work to construct the memory.

    Correct Answer
    Memory Construction
    Explanation
    Memory construction refers to the process by which we form and reconstruct memories based on a combination of new and stored information, as well as our own assumptions or guesses about what might have happened. This process involves filling in gaps in our memory with plausible details, often based on our prior knowledge and experiences. It is influenced by various factors such as our expectations, biases, and the context in which the memory is being recalled. Memory construction helps us make sense of the past, but it also means that our memories can be fallible and subject to distortion or manipulation.

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  • 19. 

    ___________ ____________ is the term coined when we have the memory correct but are unable to determine the source or have the wrong source.

    Correct Answer
    Source Amnesia
    Explanation
    Source amnesia is the term used to describe a situation where an individual remembers something correctly but is unable to recall or identify the source of that memory, or may mistakenly attribute the memory to the wrong source. This can occur when a person has difficulty remembering where or when they learned certain information, leading to confusion or uncertainty about its origin. Source amnesia can be particularly common in situations where there is a high volume of information or when memories are formed through multiple sources or experiences.

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  • 20. 

    _________________ memories are of the consciouse effort and are stored in the hippocampus.

    Correct Answer
    Explicit
    Explanation
    Explicit memories are memories that are consciously recalled and intentionally stored in the hippocampus. These memories are typically associated with specific events, facts, or experiences that can be consciously brought to mind. Unlike implicit memories, which are unconsciously formed and stored in other parts of the brain, explicit memories require conscious effort and intention to be formed and retrieved. The hippocampus plays a crucial role in the formation and consolidation of explicit memories, making it the key brain structure involved in their storage.

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  • 21. 

    Implicit memories are of the unconscious type and are stored in the _____________

    Correct Answer
    cerebellum
    Explanation
    Implicit memories are a type of memory that is unconscious, meaning that they are not consciously recalled. These memories are formed through repeated experiences and are stored in the cerebellum. The cerebellum is responsible for motor coordination and procedural learning, making it an ideal location for storing implicit memories. These memories influence our behavior and actions without us being aware of them.

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