A unitary system through which information flows back and forth.
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through learning.
A multi-store system in which all information is active.
Three independent systems called sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory.
An illness or disease that is a normal part of ageing.
The phonological loop.
Irreversible when neurodegenerative.
Lack of sufficient time for consolidation of sensory information in short-term memory
Lack of attention during the half hour before the brain trauma
Lack of processing by the hippocampus in the parietal lobe
Lack of time for completion of changes in neurons involved in the formation of long-term memory
Short-term memory is like a mental ‘working area’ for processing information in conscious awareness.
Information in both sensory memory and long-term memory can be rehearsed, whereas information in short-term memory cannot be rehearsed.
Short-term memory can store information for only a limited period of time, whereas both sensory memory and long-term memory can potentially store information for an unlimited period of time.
Information in sensory memory and long-term memory has been encoded, whereas information in short-term memory has not been encoded.
The long-lasting strengthening of synaptic connections resulting in enhanced functioning of neurons.
Habituation in Aplysia.
The formation of a long-term memory.
The potential to form a long-term memory.
An exact sensory replica of the original information.
Echoic and iconic.
A brain trauma.
An inflicted or acquired brain injury.
A brain-related disorder associated with people of the older generation.
A progressive decline in the structure and/or function of neurons in the central nervous system.
There is an increase in the amount of synapses produced by neurons, thereby enabling them to flow more freely within a memory circuit.
When a memory is forming, new neurotransmitters grow and interconnect the neurons to form a pathway for the information.
Neurons change in structure and function when a memory is forming.
Neurons assemble in a formation that creates a neural pathway for the memory.
Organised in different levels depending on the depth of processing.
Organised systematically, but the information is not necessarily related within each part of a network.
Organised in the form of overlapping networks of nodes that are interconnected and interrelated by meaningful links.
Shallow or deep
Still in short-term memory.
Confused with information that precedes it and information that follows it.
Still in long-term memory.
Learned too late to be adequately rehearsed and too early to be held in the STM without rehearsal.
Distinguishing between a shark and a dolphin
Telling a friend about how the weekend was spent
Riding a bike
Recalling a word for a crossword puzzle