Memory [intro To Psych]

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 233

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Memory Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The steps to memory can best be described as follows:
    • A. 

      Putting it in, keeping it in, getting it out.

    • B. 

      Sensing it, perceiving it, remembering it, forgetting it.

    • C. 

      Finding it, using it, storing it, using it again.

    • D. 

      A series of passive data files.

  • 2. 
    Storage is the step of memory that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable by the brain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    What are the three processes of memory in order?
    • A. 

      Retrieval, storage, encoding

    • B. 

      Holding, storing, converting

    • C. 

      Encoding, storage, retrieval

    • D. 

      Informing, encoding, retrieving

  • 4. 
    What is the visual sensory memory that has a limited capacity and duration?
    • A. 

      Echoic

    • B. 

      Iconic

    • C. 

      Long-term

    • D. 

      Auditory

  • 5. 
    Information enters into short-term memory through a process known as 
    • A. 

      Primacy effect

    • B. 

      Selective attention

    • C. 

      Repetition

    • D. 

      Recency effect

  • 6. 
    The capacity and duration of short-term memory can be increased using the methods of chunking and maintenance rehearsal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    It is possible for memories to be available but not _______, when people cannot seem to "get to" the memories.
  • 8. 
    Brenda has been able to tie her shoes since she was 4 but now finds it difficult to explain to her baby brother how to tie his shoes but she can easily demonstrate it for him. Brenda's memory for shoe-tying is best characterized as a _____ memory.
    • A. 

      Declarative (explicit)

    • B. 

      Semantic

    • C. 

      Episodic

    • D. 

      Nondeclarative (implicit)

  • 9. 
    When you take your final exam in your psychology class, what type of memory will you most certainly need to access to answer each question?
    • A. 

      Procedural

    • B. 

      Semantic

    • C. 

      Episodic

    • D. 

      Working

  • 10. 
    What is the linkage between the surroundings and the remembered information that allows retrieval of information to be easier if in the same environment as it when it was input?
    • A. 

      Retrieval cues

    • B. 

      Encoding specifity

    • C. 

      Flashbulb memories

    • D. 

      Serial position effect

  • 11. 
    September 11th is an example of what kind of memory?
    • A. 

      Flashbulb memory

    • B. 

      Semantic memory

    • C. 

      Sensory memory

    • D. 

      Procedural memory

  • 12. 
    A ___ ______ is when people think they recognize some stimulus in memory that is not actually there.
  • 13. 
    Studies by Elizabeth Loftus find that memory 
    • A. 

      Is like a camera that can take pictures for people to recall and review as needed.

    • B. 

      Is surprisingly inaccurate up to age 12, at which time people begin to show vast improvements.

    • C. 

      Is highly influenced by culture and that today's technology is having a negative effect on memory.

    • D. 

      Is highly fluid and can be altered by the person even when the person is unaware he or she is doing it.

  • 14. 
    Collin is asked to repeat what his mother just told him. He says he "forgot" but in reality Collin wasn't paying attention to his mother at all. This is an example of the ____ explanation of forgetting.
    • A. 

      Interference

    • B. 

      Memory trace

    • C. 

      Encoding failure

    • D. 

      Repression

  • 15. 
    Which neurotransmitter is no longer readily produced in Alzheimer's patients?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      GABA

    • D. 

      Endorphins

  • 16. 
    According to Sperling, what is the capacity of iconic memory?
    • A. 

      Everything that can be perceived in a lifetime.

    • B. 

      Everything that can be seen at one time.

    • C. 

      Everything that can be sensed in one second.

    • D. 

      Everything that can be heard in one minute.

  • 17. 
    The semantic network model of memory suggests that the ____ nodes you must pass through to access information, the longer it will take for you to recall information.
    • A. 

      Fewer

    • B. 

      More

    • C. 

      Bigger the

    • D. 

      More complex the

  • 18. 
    Henry Gustav Molaison, infamously known as H.M. was unable to form new declarative memories. He suffered from what psychologists call ....
    • A. 

      Anterograde amnesia

    • B. 

      Psychogenic amnesia

    • C. 

      Retrograde amnesia

    • D. 

      Retroactive amnesia

  • 19. 
    Memory is unaffected by daily habits such as sleeping, nutrition, and sleep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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