Learning Systems Theory Quiz Questions

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Learning Quizzes & Trivia

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In anterograde amnesia, which of the following is not present?
    • A. 

      Memory for events 20 years ago

    • B. 

      Memory for events in the past week

    • C. 

      Normal ability to do working memory tasks that take less than 30 seconds

    • D. 

      Normal phenomenological awareness

  • 2. 
    Considering a stimulus A that is presented for exactly 100ms. Immediately after Stimulus A is presented, Stimulus B is presented for exactly 200 ms. The interstimulus interval for stimulus A and B is
    • A. 

      100 ms

    • B. 

      0 ms

    • C. 

      200 ms

    • D. 

      300 ms

  • 3. 
    Synchronized EEG is found in which sleep stage(s)?
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      REM

    • D. 

      Stage 3 and 4

  • 4. 
    The Ebbinghaus forgetting curve shows, with regard to memory for learned information
    • A. 

      Precipitous decline in the first 30 seconds, then very slow decline

    • B. 

      Linear decline

    • C. 

      Precipitous decline in the first day, then very slow decline

    • D. 

      Slow decline in the first day, then precipitous decline

  • 5. 
    Pre-categorical means
    • A. 

      Processing that includes identifying the category of a stimulus

    • B. 

      Processing that falls short of identifying category

    • C. 

      Processing that occurs after the appearance of a mask

    • D. 

      Processing that occurs after the presentation of a category name

  • 6. 
    In working memory, a word written in green ink on a whiteboard would primarily be maintained in 
    • A. 

      The central executive

    • B. 

      Visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      Phonological loop

    • D. 

      Episodic buffer

  • 7. 
    The Karni et al. (1994) study published in Science makes use of a task that is considered procedural because
    • A. 

      It is nonverbal

    • B. 

      It explicitly requires participants to remember their earlier experience in the task

    • C. 

      It is verbal and involves statements, assertions and propositions

    • D. 

      Learning is impaired by the disruption of REM sleep

  • 8. 
    the three systems of memory in the Atkinson-Shiffrin (1968) model are
    • A. 

      Attention, rehearsal, retrieval

    • B. 

      Sensory, working memory, LTM

    • C. 

      Sensory, STM, LTM

    • D. 

      Decay, displacement, interference

  • 9. 
    which of the following pairs of words would be coded most similarly in LTM?
    • A. 

      Steal and steel

    • B. 

      Great and grate

    • C. 

      Friend and acquaintance

    • D. 

      Four and for

  • 10. 
    if not maintained by rehearsal, information in STM is lost in about
    • A. 

      100 ms

    • B. 

      2-5 s

    • C. 

      20 s

    • D. 

      5-10 minutes

  • 11. 
    memory of pictures in LTM is better when the pictures are studied along with verbal explanation of the content of the pictures. This has been taken as evidence that
    • A. 

      Pictures are rehearsed in the visuospatial sketchpad in LTM

    • B. 

      The capacity of LTM for pictures is for all intents and purposes infinite

    • C. 

      Visual memory in LTM is coded at least in part semantically

    • D. 

      Memory in LTM involves phonological coding

  • 12. 
    According to complementary learning systems theory
    • A. 

      All information is originally learned in semantic memory and then transferred to episodic memory

    • B. 

      For patients with amnesia, performance on recall tasks is about as good as performance of patients without amnesia

    • C. 

      The hippocampus is specialized for slow learning of patterns, while cortex is specialized for rapid learning that is not good at detecting patterns

    • D. 

      The hippocampus is specialized for rapid learning that is not good at detecting patterns, while cortex is specialized for slow learning that is good at detecting patterns

  • 13. 
    in recognition tests of working memory, participants often falsely report that a homophone of a studied word was on the studied list. This has been taken as evidence that
    • A. 

      Coding in LTM is semantic

    • B. 

      Coding in LTM is phonological

    • C. 

      Coding in working memory is phonological

    • D. 

      Coding in working memory is semantic

  • 14. 
    K-complexes and spindles are found in
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      REM

    • D. 

      Stage 3 and 4

  • 15. 
    The name of the briefly stored representation of visual information in sensory memory is
    • A. 

      The echo

    • B. 

      The mask

    • C. 

      The probe

    • D. 

      The icon

  • 16. 
    Subvocal rehearsal in working memory is considered to take place in 
    • A. 

      The central executive

    • B. 

      The visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      The articulatory loop

    • D. 

      Wernicke's area

  • 17. 
    The Baddeley and Hitch (1974) experiment in which subjects memorized a digit span of six numbers and then did a sentence verification task is problematic for traditional views of STM because
    • A. 

      In the traditional view, STM should not be able to retain a span of six numbers

    • B. 

      It seems to imply that people can store both numbers and letters in STm, and the traditional view is that STM can store letters or numbers, but not both

    • C. 

      In the traditional view, sentences are processed entirely by echoic memory

    • D. 

      It seems to imply a capacity greater than 7 plus or minus 2

  • 18. 
    search that continues through to the end of a memory set even after the sought-after item is found would be considered
    • A. 

      Serial self-terminating

    • B. 

      Serial exhaustive

    • C. 

      Semantic

    • D. 

      Phonological

  • 19. 
    Hopfield networks are said to "dream" when
    • A. 

      Periodic activation unlearns parasitic memories

    • B. 

      Their output indicates something analogous to rapid eye movements

    • C. 

      They fail to thermoregulate

    • D. 

      They are first learning which output is appropriate for which input

  • 20. 
    the very rare instances of the complete absence of atonia in human sleep lead to 
    • A. 

      Thermoregualtion

    • B. 

      Sexual arousal

    • C. 

      REM Behavior Disorder

    • D. 

      Desynchronization

  • 21. 
    Peripheral processing in the visual system refers to processing that
    • A. 

      Occurs between the retina and visual cortex

    • B. 

      Occurs where the two optic nerves cross at the center of the brain

    • C. 

      Occurs between visual cortex and areas to which information is sent from the visual cortex

    • D. 

      Occurs for saccade fixations at the very center of a visual scene

  • 22. 
    in the flowerpot or pedestal technique, the rat falls from the platform when
    • A. 

      It enters sleep

    • B. 

      It enters REM

    • C. 

      Place cells are activated

    • D. 

      Cells in the cortex are activated

  • 23. 
    dysarthria refers to 
    • A. 

      Severe damage to STM while LTM is intact

    • B. 

      An in impairment in subvocal rehearsal

    • C. 

      Speech that is fluent but nonsensical

    • D. 

      An impairment in articulating speech which has a neurological cause

  • 24. 
    masking disrupts
    • A. 

      Visible persistence

    • B. 

      Informational persistence

    • C. 

      Interstimulus interval

    • D. 

      Stimulus onset asynchrony

  • 25. 
    In sleep, atonia is present in
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      Stage REM

    • D. 

      Stages 3 and 4

  • 26. 
    The 2-back task involves phonological coding because
    • A. 

      The stimulus are masked

    • B. 

      Information is held in long-term memory

    • C. 

      Information is held in sensory memory

    • D. 

      Information is held in working memory

  • 27. 
    Henry Molaison developed anterograde amnesia after
    • A. 

      A bad skateboard accident

    • B. 

      Having surgery to treat his epilepsy

    • C. 

      Falling off his horse and then having his horse fall on him

    • D. 

      Shooting a crossbow bolt into his frontal lobe

  • 28. 
    In regards to dreaming "precognitive" means
    • A. 

      Processing that extracts only orthographic elements and is not categorical

    • B. 

      Processing that extracts meaning and category

    • C. 

      Having knowledge of some future event or information

    • D. 

      Inhibiting brain activation in response to stimulation outside of the body

  • 29. 
    the method of loci is
    • A. 

      A mnemonic strategy that involves memorizing a route

    • B. 

      An equation that represents the loss of information in the Ebbinghaus curve

    • C. 

      A surgical technique for curving epilepsy

    • D. 

      A means of presenting stimuli in a test of working memory

  • 30. 
    One possible function of sleep spindles appears to be
    • A. 

      To coordinate motor actions with information processed through the sensory system

    • B. 

      To synchronize memory storage in the hippocampus and neocortex

    • C. 

      To synthesize or make sense of random activation from the brainstem

    • D. 

      To implement atonia

  • 31. 
    In the Hobson-McCarley Activation Synthesis model, "activation" refers to
    • A. 

      Random periodic activation that originates in the brainstem

    • B. 

      Random periodic activation that originates in the cortex

    • C. 

      Random periodic activation that removes parasitic memories

    • D. 

      EEG spindles that occur simultaneously in the hippocampus and cortex

  • 32. 
    According to dual-coding hypothesis, which of the following words would be remembered best?
    • A. 

      Justice

    • B. 

      Suppose

    • C. 

      Elephant

    • D. 

      Absence

  • 33. 
    The word length effect refers to the fact that, on average, longer words are remembered less well than shorter words in working memory tasks, This is support for subvocal rehearsal in STM because
    • A. 

      Longer words have fewer homophones

    • B. 

      Longer words take up more capacity in the central executive

    • C. 

      Longer words take longer to rehearse so not as many of them can be held in STM

    • D. 

      Longer words are less frequent in language

  • 34. 
    Given two trials in working memory task, Trial A and Trial B, with an interstimulus interval of 20 s, such that A precedes B
    • A. 

      We can assume that Trial A is affected by proactive interference from Trial B

    • B. 

      We can assume that Trial B is affected by proactive interference from Trial A

    • C. 

      We can assume that because this is a working memory, there is no proactive interference

    • D. 

      We can assume that for Trial A and trial B, stimulus onset asychrony = interstimulus interrval

  • 35. 
    Counting backward by threes in the Brown-Peterson task, in which participants are first shown a trigram and asked to remember it
    • A. 

      Is considered to disrupt subvocal rehearsal of the trigram

    • B. 

      Has been taken as strong evidence for a major role of decay in forgetting

    • C. 

      Is considered to disrupt rehearsal in the visuospatial sketchpad

    • D. 

      Is assumed to have its strongest effect in the first few trials of the tasks

  • 36. 
    informational persistence is not inversely related to stimulus luminance. this fact has been interpreted as meaning
    • A. 

      The greater the luminance of a stimulus, the longer the informational persistence

    • B. 

      The longer the duration of a stimulus, the longer the informational persistence

    • C. 

      Informational persistence mainly involves peripheral processes in the visual system

    • D. 

      Informational persistence mainly involves central processes in the visual system

  • 37. 
    sleepwalking typically occurs in 
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      REM

    • D. 

      Stages 3 and 4

  • 38. 
    In Sperling's (1960) experiments, the instructed task in the partial report condition was to
    • A. 

      Report whether the cue was high, middle, or low

    • B. 

      Report as many letters as possible from the display

    • C. 

      Report all the letter in the cued row

    • D. 

      Report part of the cued row

  • 39. 
    production of actual, out-loud speech is thought to occur
    • A. 

      In working memory tasks that involve purely visual stimuli

    • B. 

      In wernicke's area and regions around the wernicke's area

    • C. 

      Only in tasks that involve LTM

    • D. 

      In Broca's area and regions around Broca's area