Learning Systems Theory Quiz Questions

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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Learning Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In anterograde amnesia, which of the following is not present?
    • A. 

      Memory for events 20 years ago

    • B. 

      Memory for events in the past week

    • C. 

      Normal ability to do working memory tasks that take less than 30 seconds

    • D. 

      Normal phenomenological awareness

  • 2. 
    Considering a stimulus A that is presented for exactly 100ms. Immediately after Stimulus A is presented, Stimulus B is presented for exactly 200 ms. The interstimulus interval for stimulus A and B is
    • A. 

      100 ms

    • B. 

      0 ms

    • C. 

      200 ms

    • D. 

      300 ms

  • 3. 
    Synchronized EEG is found in which sleep stage(s)?
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      REM

    • D. 

      Stage 3 and 4

  • 4. 
    The Ebbinghaus forgetting curve shows, with regard to memory for learned information
    • A. 

      Precipitous decline in the first 30 seconds, then very slow decline

    • B. 

      Linear decline

    • C. 

      Precipitous decline in the first day, then very slow decline

    • D. 

      Slow decline in the first day, then precipitous decline

  • 5. 
    Pre-categorical means
    • A. 

      Processing that includes identifying the category of a stimulus

    • B. 

      Processing that falls short of identifying category

    • C. 

      Processing that occurs after the appearance of a mask

    • D. 

      Processing that occurs after the presentation of a category name

  • 6. 
    In working memory, a word written in green ink on a whiteboard would primarily be maintained in 
    • A. 

      The central executive

    • B. 

      Visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      Phonological loop

    • D. 

      Episodic buffer

  • 7. 
    The Karni et al. (1994) study published in Science makes use of a task that is considered procedural because
    • A. 

      It is nonverbal

    • B. 

      It explicitly requires participants to remember their earlier experience in the task

    • C. 

      It is verbal and involves statements, assertions and propositions

    • D. 

      Learning is impaired by the disruption of REM sleep

  • 8. 
    the three systems of memory in the Atkinson-Shiffrin (1968) model are
    • A. 

      Attention, rehearsal, retrieval

    • B. 

      Sensory, working memory, LTM

    • C. 

      Sensory, STM, LTM

    • D. 

      Decay, displacement, interference

  • 9. 
    which of the following pairs of words would be coded most similarly in LTM?
    • A. 

      Steal and steel

    • B. 

      Great and grate

    • C. 

      Friend and acquaintance

    • D. 

      Four and for

  • 10. 
    if not maintained by rehearsal, information in STM is lost in about
    • A. 

      100 ms

    • B. 

      2-5 s

    • C. 

      20 s

    • D. 

      5-10 minutes

  • 11. 
    memory of pictures in LTM is better when the pictures are studied along with verbal explanation of the content of the pictures. This has been taken as evidence that
    • A. 

      Pictures are rehearsed in the visuospatial sketchpad in LTM

    • B. 

      The capacity of LTM for pictures is for all intents and purposes infinite

    • C. 

      Visual memory in LTM is coded at least in part semantically

    • D. 

      Memory in LTM involves phonological coding

  • 12. 
    According to complementary learning systems theory
    • A. 

      All information is originally learned in semantic memory and then transferred to episodic memory

    • B. 

      For patients with amnesia, performance on recall tasks is about as good as performance of patients without amnesia

    • C. 

      The hippocampus is specialized for slow learning of patterns, while cortex is specialized for rapid learning that is not good at detecting patterns

    • D. 

      The hippocampus is specialized for rapid learning that is not good at detecting patterns, while cortex is specialized for slow learning that is good at detecting patterns

  • 13. 
    in recognition tests of working memory, participants often falsely report that a homophone of a studied word was on the studied list. This has been taken as evidence that
    • A. 

      Coding in LTM is semantic

    • B. 

      Coding in LTM is phonological

    • C. 

      Coding in working memory is phonological

    • D. 

      Coding in working memory is semantic

  • 14. 
    K-complexes and spindles are found in
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      REM

    • D. 

      Stage 3 and 4

  • 15. 
    The name of the briefly stored representation of visual information in sensory memory is
    • A. 

      The echo

    • B. 

      The mask

    • C. 

      The probe

    • D. 

      The icon

  • 16. 
    Subvocal rehearsal in working memory is considered to take place in 
    • A. 

      The central executive

    • B. 

      The visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      The articulatory loop

    • D. 

      Wernicke's area

  • 17. 
    The Baddeley and Hitch (1974) experiment in which subjects memorized a digit span of six numbers and then did a sentence verification task is problematic for traditional views of STM because
    • A. 

      In the traditional view, STM should not be able to retain a span of six numbers

    • B. 

      It seems to imply that people can store both numbers and letters in STm, and the traditional view is that STM can store letters or numbers, but not both

    • C. 

      In the traditional view, sentences are processed entirely by echoic memory

    • D. 

      It seems to imply a capacity greater than 7 plus or minus 2

  • 18. 
    search that continues through to the end of a memory set even after the sought-after item is found would be considered
    • A. 

      Serial self-terminating

    • B. 

      Serial exhaustive

    • C. 

      Semantic

    • D. 

      Phonological

  • 19. 
    Hopfield networks are said to "dream" when
    • A. 

      Periodic activation unlearns parasitic memories

    • B. 

      Their output indicates something analogous to rapid eye movements

    • C. 

      They fail to thermoregulate

    • D. 

      They are first learning which output is appropriate for which input

  • 20. 
    the very rare instances of the complete absence of atonia in human sleep lead to 
    • A. 

      Thermoregualtion

    • B. 

      Sexual arousal

    • C. 

      REM Behavior Disorder

    • D. 

      Desynchronization

  • 21. 
    Peripheral processing in the visual system refers to processing that
    • A. 

      Occurs between the retina and visual cortex

    • B. 

      Occurs where the two optic nerves cross at the center of the brain

    • C. 

      Occurs between visual cortex and areas to which information is sent from the visual cortex

    • D. 

      Occurs for saccade fixations at the very center of a visual scene

  • 22. 
    in the flowerpot or pedestal technique, the rat falls from the platform when
    • A. 

      It enters sleep

    • B. 

      It enters REM

    • C. 

      Place cells are activated

    • D. 

      Cells in the cortex are activated

  • 23. 
    dysarthria refers to 
    • A. 

      Severe damage to STM while LTM is intact

    • B. 

      An in impairment in subvocal rehearsal

    • C. 

      Speech that is fluent but nonsensical

    • D. 

      An impairment in articulating speech which has a neurological cause

  • 24. 
    masking disrupts
    • A. 

      Visible persistence

    • B. 

      Informational persistence

    • C. 

      Interstimulus interval

    • D. 

      Stimulus onset asynchrony

  • 25. 
    In sleep, atonia is present in
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      Stage REM

    • D. 

      Stages 3 and 4

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