2240 Action Prep, Attention And Memory

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 67

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Attention Quizzes & Trivia

Lectures including: - Action Preparation - Attention - Memory


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Briefly describe the case of "HM". What is the significance of HM's case for motor behaviour?
  • 2. 
    List and discuss some of the strategies that can be used to enhance memory performance
  • 3. 
    The most correct definition of Reaction Time is:
    • A. 

      An index of preparation required to produce action

    • B. 

      A common measure indicating how long it takes a person to preapre and initiate a movement

    • C. 

      How fast a person is able to react to a stimulus

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A) & b)

    • F. 

      A) & c)

  • 4. 
    A reaction time situation that has one signal and one response is considered:
    • A. 

      Simple RT

    • B. 

      Choice RT

    • C. 

      Discrimination RT

    • D. 

      Easy RT

  • 5. 
    The gun going off in a 100m race is defined as a:
    • A. 

      Warning Signal

    • B. 

      Foreperiod

    • C. 

      Go Signal

    • D. 

      Start Signal

  • 6. 
    Response Time is defined as:
    • A. 

      The interval of time between the onset of a signal (stimulus) and the initiation of a response

    • B. 

      The interval of time between the initiation of a movement and the completion of the movement

    • C. 

      The time interval from the onset of a signal (stimulus) to the completion of a response

    • D. 

      The time interval between the warning signal and the go signal (stimulus)

  • 7. 
    With EMG it is possible to fractionate RT into two components. Which of those components is defined as: the period from the increase in muscle activity until the actual limb movement.
    • A. 

      Foreperiod

    • B. 

      Pre-motor

    • C. 

      Response Time

    • D. 

      Motor Time

  • 8. 
    Which of the following orders of the Information Processing Model is correct:
    • A. 

      INPUT - Response Selection, Response Programming, Stimulus Identification - OUTPUT

    • B. 

      INPUT - Response Programming, Response Selection, Stimulus Identification - OUTPUT

    • C. 

      INPUT - Stimulus Identification, Response Programming, Response Selection - OUTPUT

    • D. 

      INPUT - Stimulus Identification, Response Selection, Response Programming - OUTPUT

  • 9. 
    A pitcher in baseball (who has many deliveries to choose from) predominantly slows a batsmens action preparation at what stage of information processing:
    • A. 

      Stimulus Identification

    • B. 

      Response Programming

    • C. 

      Response Selection

    • D. 

      Initiation of Response

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements regarding Stimulus Identification is FALSE:
    • A. 

      The individual analyses the environment (from vision, touch etc.)

    • B. 

      Important things taken into account include object speed, direction, if it is moving at all etc.

    • C. 

      Detection of movement pattern

    • D. 

      The decision of what, if any, response should be made

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE:
    • A. 

      RT will decrease when the stimulus is more predictable

    • B. 

      RT will increase when the foreperiod has a higher regularity

    • C. 

      RT will increase logarithmically as the number of stimulus response choices increases

    • D. 

      The more complex the movement, the greater the RT

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is not a Task or Situational Characteristic that influences RT preparation?
    • A. 

      The number of response choices

    • B. 

      The influence of the probability of pre-cue correctness

    • C. 

      The repetition of the movement

    • D. 

      The length of the stimulus

  • 13. 
    All of the following occur in the preparation stage of action except for:
    • A. 

      Postural organisation

    • B. 

      Limb performance characteristics

    • C. 

      Object control characteristics

    • D. 

      Spatial coding

    • E. 

      They all occur during preparation

    • F. 

      C) & d)

  • 14. 
    The psychological refactory period describes:
    • A. 

      The period of time between the onset of a stimulus and the initiation of a planned action

    • B. 

      A delay during which a person seems to put a planned action on hold while executing a previously initiated action

    • C. 

      The time it takes for a person to recognise a 'fake' or 'bluff' and then perform the correct response to the final stimulus

    • D. 

      The physical relationship between the stimulus and the response ie. the stroop effect

  • 15. 
    Which if the following statements about Attention is incorrect:
    • A. 

      Preparation for and performance of perceptual-motor skills are influenced by our limited capacity to select and attend to information

    • B. 

      Attnetion refers to the engagement in the perceptual, cognitive and motor activities associated with performing skills

    • C. 

      One of the issues with attention capacity is when there is a simultaneous performance of multiple activities

    • D. 

      Each individual has an unlimited attention capacity

  • 16. 
    The Filter Theory (otherwise known as the bottleneck theory):
    • A. 

      Proposed that attention limits were the result of the limited availability of resources

    • B. 

      Proposed that a person has difficulty doing many things at one time

    • C. 

      Propose there is one central source of attention resource for which all activities requiring attention compete

    • D. 

      Contends we have several attention mechanisms with limited resources

  • 17. 
    Kahneman's Model of attention shows that people display the greatest amount of attention when they have:
    • A. 

      High Arousal

    • B. 

      Low Arousal

    • C. 

      Medium Arousal

    • D. 

      One simple task to focus on

    • E. 

      A complex task to focus on

    • F. 

      Many tasks to supply attention to

  • 18. 
    When it comes to assessing Attention Demands and focussing Attention, which of the following states is FALSE:
    • A. 

      Width indicated focus to be large or small

    • B. 

      Direction indicates attention of focus to be internal or external

    • C. 

      Primary Task is the task of interest

    • D. 

      Secondary task performance is the basis to make influences about the attention demands of the primary task

  • 19. 
    When a person performs a skill or engages in certain information-processing activities without requiring attention resources, this is known as..
    • A. 

      Attention Deficiency

    • B. 

      Lack of Attention

    • C. 

      Motor Skill Proficiency

    • D. 

      Automacity

  • 20. 
    Three procedures are used to investige Visual Selective Attention. Which of the following is not one of these:
    • A. 

      Temporal occlusion of video/film

    • B. 

      Spatial or event occlusion of video/film

    • C. 

      Specific surveys given to novices and experts, asking questions about attention and visual components of the skill

    • D. 

      Eye-movement recordings

  • 21. 
    What is the difference between performance and learning?
    • A. 

      Performance is an observable behaviour while learning is a change (usually an improvement) in motor skill proficiency

    • B. 

      Performance is the execution of a movement whilst learning is a change in motor performance

    • C. 

      Performance is the level of skill proficiency a person has, whereas learning is how that person came to having that level of proficiency

    • D. 

      Performance is greater in experts (when compared with novices) whereas novices have great levels of learning in comparison to experts

  • 22. 
    What are the tow different structures of Memory?
  • 23. 
    Short term (working) memory deals with which of the following functions and attention processes (pick more than one):
    • A. 

      Decision making

    • B. 

      Protecting memory from loss

    • C. 

      Knowledge of "how to do" something eg. procedural

    • D. 

      General (factual knowledge)

    • E. 

      Problem solving

    • F. 

      Movement production and evaluation

    • G. 

      Store past memories

  • 24. 
    What is the general capacity for short term memory (in items):
    • A. 

      5 (-+2)

    • B. 

      7 (-+2)

    • C. 

      9 (-+2)

    • D. 

      8 (-+2)

  • 25. 
    The technique for memory that groups items into larger collections (ie. letters into words) is known as:
    • A. 

      Grouping

    • B. 

      Tasking

    • C. 

      Chunking

    • D. 

      Associating

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