What Do You Know About Memory And Cognition? Trivia Quiz

115 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Cognition Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements supports the notion of empiricism? 
    • A. 

      The IQ correlation between identical twins is higher than the same measure between fraternal twins

    • B. 

      The IQ correlation between identical twins is lower than the same measure between fraternal twins

    • C. 

      The IQ correlation between identical twins who grew up together is higher than the same measure between identical twins who were separated at birth

    • D. 

      The IQ correlation between identical twins who grew up together is lower than the same measure between identical twins who were separated at birth

  • 2. 
    1. Which of the following is correct regarding the introspection as a research method?
    • A. 

      A. It is reliable and cost effective

    • B. 

      B. It is contradictory and unreliable

    • C. 

      C. It was a main research methodology of functionalism

    • D. 

      D. It is applicable only to visual imagery

  • 3. 
    1. Probably the most noted contribution of the behaviorists to cognitive psychology was
    • A. 

      A. Refining the method of introspection to understand mental processes

    • B. 

      B. Providing functionalities of behaviors instead of simply establishing associations

    • C. 

      C. Adding a large body of relevant data for cognitive science to draw on

    • D. 

      D. Developing a set of rigorous experimental methods to use in psychology research

  • 4. 
    The information-processing approach to the study of cognition attempts to identify
    • A. 

      A. Neural elements underlying cognitive processes

    • B. 

      B. What information we need to know to perform a cognitive task

    • C. 

      C. How the environment imposes constraints on our performance of a cognitive task

    • D. 

      D. The stages involved in performing a cognitive task

  • 5. 
    1. A synaptic connection that reduces the potential difference between inside and outside of neuron is called _________, and a synaptic connection that enhances such potential difference is called ________________.
    • A. 

      A. Inhibitory; excitatory

    • B. 

      C. Excitatory; inhibitory

    • C. 

      B. Dopaminergic; acetylcholinic

    • D. 

      D. Acetylcholinic; dopaminergic

  • 6. 
    Which of the following does NOT characterize Broca’s aphasia
    • A. 

      Lack of semantic comprehension

    • B. 

      Ungrammatical sentence

    • C. 

      Problems with articulation

    • D. 

      Frequent stopping in speech production

  • 7. 
    Damage to Broca’s area is associated with _________, and damage to Wernicke’s area is associated with ___________.
    • A. 

      Grammatical but rambling speech; ungrammatical but semantically coherent speech

    • B. 

      Grammatical but semantically incoherent speech; ungrammatical but semantically incoherent speech

    • C. 

      Ungrammatical speech; semantically incoherent speech

    • D. 

      Long and ungrammatical sentences; short and ungrammatical sentences

  • 8. 
    A right-handed, split-brain patient would make a verbal response to the stimulus presented in the __________ visual field and a visuo-spatial response to the stimulus presented in the __________ visual field.
    • A. 

      Right; left

    • B. 

      Left, Right

    • C. 

      Left, left

    • D. 

      Right, right

  • 9. 
    The method that measures oxygenation level of blood as an index of activity in the brain is called
    • A. 

      Electroencephalography

    • B. 

      Positron emisson tomography

    • C. 

      Computer axial tomography

    • D. 

      Functional magnetic resonance imaging

  • 10. 
    According to Qin et al.'s (2004) research on adolescent students learning pseudo-algebra problem solving skills, which of the following does not seem to benefit from practice? 
    • A. 

      Encoding symbols externally (perceptually)

    • B. 

      Retrieving rules associated with symbols

    • C. 

      Encoding symbols internally (from memory)

    • D. 

      Programming motor sequences

  • 11. 
    In an fMRI study, an experimenter may make each trial last over a long period of time before the next trial begins because ____________.
    • A. 

      A participant may not be comfortable in a scanner

    • B. 

      BOLD signal is slow to rise from and fall to the baseline activation.

    • C. 

      Response time can be measured more precisely

    • D. 

      Sufficiently long time would secure high accuracy

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would be the most plausible explanation for the exhaustive search as opposed to self-terminating search?
    • A. 

      Encoding takes the same amount of time regardless of the set size

    • B. 

      Comparison takes place one after another

    • C. 

      Decision making is a separate process from comparison

    • D. 

      Negative search may take longer than positive search

  • 13. 
    In an exhuastive serial processing search, people generally take ___________ amounts of time to find target, ______________.
    • A. 

      Different; depending on where in the list it is located

    • B. 

      The same; regardless of where in the list it is located

    • C. 

      Different; depending on how it sounds

    • D. 

      The same; as long as it is one of the first 3 items from the memory set

  • 14. 
    Which of the following descriptions of dopamine is NOT accurate?
    • A. 

      Dopamine is related to learning and motivation

    • B. 

      Low level of dopamine in the basal ganglia is related to Parkinson’s disease

    • C. 

      High level of dopamine is related to schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Low level of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex is related to Alzheimer’s disease

  • 15. 
    Which of the following does not support the view that face perception is a specialized module
    • A. 

      Bird experts and car experts show high activation in the fusiform gyrus when they made judgments about birds or cars as well as faces

    • B. 

      Recognizing parts of a face is context dependent but recognizing parts of a house is not

    • C. 

      Activation in the fusiform gyrus is higher when we process faces than any other objects

    • D. 

      Prosopagnosia

  • 16. 
    In motion parallax, near objects move
    • A. 

      Faster than far objects in the opposite direction from the viewer

    • B. 

      Faster than far objects and in the same direction as the viewer

    • C. 

      Slower than far objects and in the opposite direction from the viewer

    • D. 

      Slower than far objects and in the same direction as the viewer

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is the correct description of categorical perception?
    • A. 

      Categories of speech sound are the same regardless of languages

    • B. 

      Speech perception is distinctive (discrete) despite the continuous nature of auditory signal

    • C. 

      Within-category discrimination is just as easy as between-category discrimination

    • D. 

      Speech perception involves decision-making processes

  • 18. 
    According to the geon theory, or the recognition-by-components theory of object perception, objects are recognized based on the perception of the distinctive arrangements of various geons (a set of three dimensional geometrical elements) that compose each object. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Template theory

    • B. 

      Feature-based theory

    • C. 

      Prototype theory

    • D. 

      Top-down theory

  • 19. 
    An individual who has difficulty recognizing objects even though she/he can clearly identify simple shapes and even copy drawings of complex objects is diagnosed as having
    • A. 

      Prosopagnosia

    • B. 

      Apperceptive agnosia

    • C. 

      Global Agnosia

    • D. 

      Associative Agnosia

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is an accurate description of the processing of an ambiguous figure (e.g., the reversible "Duck-rabbit" figure)?
    • A. 

      People can hold both interpretations simultaneously at the same time

    • B. 

      Once the first interpretation is extracted, people can never discover an alternative interpretation

    • C. 

      People can extract either interpretation one after the other, but cannot hold both interpretations simultaneously

    • D. 

      People can extract either interpretation, but remember only the second interpretation

  • 21. 
    The importance of voicing, consonantal features, and place of articulation proves support for the notion that
    • A. 

      Speech perception requires templates to recognize sounds

    • B. 

      Speech recognition is primarily a feature analysis process

    • C. 

      Speech production is a relatively simple and mechanical process

    • D. 

      Speech recognition can only be understood at the level of elementary sounds

  • 22. 
    The difference between saying "zip" and saying "sip" illustrates whic feature of speech?
    • A. 

      Consonantal feature

    • B. 

      Coarticulation

    • C. 

      Lace of articulation

    • D. 

      Voicing

  • 23. 
    Which of the following would be the gestalt principle of organization found in the provided example? oooo xxxx oooo xxxx
    • A. 

      Similarity

    • B. 

      Proximity

    • C. 

      Good continuity

    • D. 

      Closure

  • 24. 
    Elements tend to appear more closely packed together as the distance from the viewer increases. Which depth cue is this?
    • A. 

      Texture gradient

    • B. 

      Relative size

    • C. 

      Motion parallax

    • D. 

      Binocular disparity

  • 25. 
    Which statement best explains how context influences perception according to Massaro's fuzzy logical-model perception (FLMP) model
    • A. 

      Context is relatively more powerful than features in pattern recognition

    • B. 

      Context and features have harmful effects on each other's influence in pattern recognition

    • C. 

      Features drive much of the pattern recognition process and context is used only when necessary

    • D. 

      Context and features contribute independently to determine pattern recognition

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