General Psychology Quiz On Learning And Memory

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| By Paulericdimarfeu
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General Psychology Quiz On Learning And Memory - Quiz

Take this general psychology and see how to strong our learning parts and how to strong our memory!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Who is the proponent of classical condition?

    • A.

      Albert Bandura

    • B.

      Ivan Pavlov

    • C.

      John Watson

    • D.

      Wolfgang Kohler

    • E.

      B.F. Skinner

    Correct Answer
    B. Ivan Pavlov
    Explanation
    Ivan Pavlov is the proponent of classical conditioning. He conducted experiments with dogs, where he conditioned them to associate the sound of a bell with the presentation of food. Over time, the dogs began to salivate at the sound of the bell alone, even without the presence of food. This demonstrated the process of classical conditioning, where a neutral stimulus (the bell) becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus (the food) and elicits a response (salivation).

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  • 2. 

    Who pioneered operant conditioning?

    • A.

      Albert Bandura

    • B.

      B. F. Skinner

    • C.

      Edward Thorndike

    • D.

      Ivan Pavlov

    • E.

      Sigmund Freud

    Correct Answer
    B. B. F. Skinner
    Explanation
    B. F. Skinner is the correct answer because he is widely regarded as the pioneer of operant conditioning. He conducted extensive research on the subject and developed the theory of operant conditioning, which focuses on the relationship between behavior and its consequences. Skinner's work laid the foundation for understanding how behavior can be shaped and modified through reinforcement and punishment. His experiments with animals, such as the famous Skinner box, demonstrated the principles of operant conditioning and had a significant impact on the field of psychology.

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  • 3. 

    Who proposed the law of effect?

    • A.

      Albert Bandura

    • B.

      B. F. Skinner

    • C.

      Edward Thorndike

    • D.

      Ivan Pavlov

    • E.

      John Watson

    Correct Answer
    C. Edward Thorndike
    Explanation
    Edward Thorndike proposed the law of effect. This law states that behaviors that are followed by satisfying consequences are more likely to be repeated, while behaviors followed by unsatisfying consequences are less likely to be repeated. Thorndike conducted experiments with cats in puzzle boxes and observed that they learned to escape the box more quickly over time as they experienced the satisfying consequence of being released. This led him to formulate the law of effect, which had a significant impact on the field of psychology and laid the foundation for future research on learning and behavior.

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  • 4. 

     Who is the proponent of learning by imitation?

    • A.

      Albert Bandura

    • B.

      B. F. Skinner

    • C.

      Wolfgang Kohler

    • D.

      Ivan Pavlov

    • E.

      John Watson

    Correct Answer
    A. Albert Bandura
    Explanation
    Albert Bandura is the proponent of learning by imitation. He is a renowned psychologist known for his social learning theory, which emphasizes the importance of observational learning and imitation in the acquisition of new behaviors. Bandura's research demonstrated that individuals learn through observing others and imitating their actions, rather than solely relying on direct experience or reinforcement. His work has greatly influenced our understanding of how people learn and has had a significant impact on fields such as education, psychology, and social sciences.

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  • 5. 

    A learning process in which an association is made between a previously neutral stimulus and a stimulus that naturally evokes a response.

    • A.

      Operant conditioning

    • B.

      Observational learning

    • C.

      Insight learning

    • D.

      Classical conditioning

    • E.

      Latent learning

    Correct Answer
    D. Classical conditioning
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is a learning process in which an association is made between a previously neutral stimulus and a stimulus that naturally evokes a response. This process was famously demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov's experiments with dogs, where he conditioned the dogs to associate the sound of a bell with the arrival of food, causing them to salivate at the sound of the bell alone. This type of learning involves the automatic, reflexive response to a stimulus and is different from operant conditioning, observational learning, insight learning, and latent learning.

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  • 6. 

    A process in which learning occurs through the imitation of a model.

    • A.

      Classical conditioning

    • B.

      Observational learning

    • C.

      Operant conditioning

    • D.

      Latent learning

    • E.

      Insight learning

    Correct Answer
    B. Observational learning
    Explanation
    Observational learning is a process in which learning occurs through the imitation of a model. This means that individuals learn by observing and imitating the behaviors, actions, or attitudes of others. Unlike classical conditioning, which involves learning through association, observational learning focuses on learning through observation and imitation. Operant conditioning involves learning through consequences, latent learning refers to learning that occurs without reinforcement, and insight learning involves sudden problem-solving without trial-and-error. Therefore, observational learning is the most fitting explanation for the given description.

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  • 7. 

    1. A stimulus that has the ability to elicit a response without previous training.

    • A.

      Conditioned response

    • B.

      Conditioned stimulus

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Unconditioned response

    • E.

      Unconditioned stimulus

    Correct Answer
    E. Unconditioned stimulus
    Explanation
    An unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response without any prior training or conditioning. It is a stimulus that is biologically or instinctively significant to an organism, causing an unconditioned response. Unlike a conditioned stimulus, which is learned through association, an unconditioned stimulus elicits a response innately.

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  • 8. 

    1. A stimulus which initially does not elicit the intended response but comes to do so by being paired with the “natural” stimulus.

    • A.

      Conditioned response

    • B.

      Conditioned stimulus

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Unconditioned response

    • E.

      Unconditioned stimulus

    Correct Answer
    B. Conditioned stimulus
    Explanation
    A conditioned stimulus is a stimulus that initially does not elicit the intended response, but eventually comes to do so after being paired with a "natural" stimulus. In other words, it is a previously neutral stimulus that becomes associated with the unconditioned stimulus and elicits a conditioned response. This process is known as classical conditioning, where an organism learns to associate a neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus, leading to a learned response.

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  • 9. 

    1. The emergence of the conditioned response due to the repeated pairing of the conditioned stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus.

    • A.

      Spontaneous recovery

    • B.

      Stimulus generalization

    • C.

      Acquisition

    • D.

      Extinction

    • E.

      Stimulus discrimination

    Correct Answer
    C. Acquisition
    Explanation
    Acquisition refers to the process of learning a new behavior or response through repeated pairings of a conditioned stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus. In this case, the emergence of the conditioned response is explained by the repeated pairing of the conditioned stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus, which leads to the acquisition of the conditioned response.

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  • 10. 

    1. The reappearance of the conditioned response after a period of rest and with no further conditioning.

    • A.

      Acquisition

    • B.

      Stimulus discrimination

    • C.

      Extinction

    • D.

      Stimulus generalization

    • E.

      Spontaneous recovery

    Correct Answer
    E. Spontaneous recovery
    Explanation
    Spontaneous recovery refers to the reappearance of a conditioned response after a period of rest and with no further conditioning. This phenomenon suggests that the learning process is not completely erased during extinction and that the conditioned response can resurface under certain conditions.

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  • 11. 

    1. Giving of money is an example of primary reinforcer

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because giving of money is not an example of a primary reinforcer. Primary reinforcers are biological needs or desires that are inherently rewarding, such as food, water, and shelter. Money is considered a secondary reinforcer because it only has value and can be exchanged for primary reinforcers or other desired goods and services.

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  • 12. 

    1. It holds memory for a very short period of time, for a  few seconds or less.

    • A.

      Episodic

    • B.

      Semantic

    • C.

      Short-term

    • D.

      Long-term

    • E.

      Sensory

    Correct Answer
    E. Sensory
    Explanation
    The given explanation correctly identifies the correct answer as "sensory." Sensory memory refers to the brief storage of sensory information, such as visual or auditory stimuli, for a very short period of time, usually a few seconds or less. This type of memory allows us to retain and process incoming sensory information before it is either transferred to short-term memory or forgotten.

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  • 13. 

    1. It holds memory of about 30 seconds.  It is also called working memory.

    • A.

      Episodic

    • B.

      Semantic

    • C.

      Short-term

    • D.

      Long-term

    • E.

      Sensory

    Correct Answer
    C. Short-term
    Explanation
    Short-term memory, also known as working memory, refers to the memory system that can hold a limited amount of information for a short period of time, typically around 30 seconds. This type of memory is responsible for temporarily storing and processing information that is currently being used or actively thought about. It is different from long-term memory, which is responsible for storing information for a longer duration.

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  • 14. 

    1. It refers to the kind of memory about personal experiences

    • A.

      Episodic

    • B.

      Semantic

    • C.

      Procedural

    • D.

      Sensory

    Correct Answer
    A. Episodic
    Explanation
    Episodic memory refers to the kind of memory that involves personal experiences, events, and specific details such as time, place, emotions, and people involved. It allows individuals to recall and relive past events and experiences. This type of memory is different from semantic memory, which involves general knowledge and facts, and procedural memory, which involves the memory of how to perform specific tasks or skills. Sensory memory, on the other hand, refers to the brief retention of sensory information. Therefore, the correct answer is episodic memory.

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  • 15. 

    1. It refers to the kind of memory that deals with concepts and rules.

    • A.

      Sensory

    • B.

      Semantic

    • C.

      Episodic

    • D.

      Procedural

    Correct Answer
    B. Semantic
    Explanation
    Semantic memory refers to the type of memory that deals with concepts and rules. It is responsible for storing general knowledge, such as facts, ideas, and meanings of words. This type of memory allows us to understand and interpret the world around us. Unlike episodic memory, which is specific to personal experiences, semantic memory is more abstract and focuses on the general understanding of concepts and information. Procedural memory, on the other hand, is responsible for remembering how to perform specific tasks or skills. Therefore, the correct answer is semantic.

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  • 16. 

    1. Which of the following sequences best reflects the order in which memory processes occur, from first to last?

    • A.

      Encoding - storage - retrieval

    • B.

      Storage - retrieval - encoding

    • C.

      Encoding - retrieval - storage

    • D.

      Storage - encoding - retrieval

    Correct Answer
    A. Encoding - storage - retrieval
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "encoding - storage - retrieval". This sequence reflects the typical order in which memory processes occur. First, information is encoded or processed and transformed into a format that can be stored in memory. Then, the encoded information is stored or retained in memory over time. Finally, when needed, the stored information is retrieved or recalled from memory for use or recall.

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  • 17. 

    1. Which of the following sequences best reflects the order in which memory processes occur, from first to last?

    • A.

      Encoding - storage - retrieval

    • B.

      Storage - retrieval - encoding

    • C.

      Encoding - retrieval - storage

    • D.

      Storage - encoding - retrieval

    Correct Answer
    A. Encoding - storage - retrieval
    Explanation
    The correct answer is encoding - storage - retrieval. This sequence reflects the typical order of memory processes. Encoding refers to the process of converting information into a format that can be stored in memory. Storage involves the retention of encoded information over time. Finally, retrieval is the process of accessing and recalling stored information from memory.

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  • 18. 

    1. It is combining pieces of data into units; allowing us to store more information in the STM.

    • A.

      Rehearsal

    • B.

      Recognition

    • C.

      Recall

    • D.

      Chuncking

    Correct Answer
    D. Chuncking
    Explanation
    Chunking is the process of combining individual pieces of information into larger, more meaningful units or chunks. This allows us to store and remember more information in our short-term memory (STM) by organizing it into manageable and meaningful chunks. Chunking helps to improve our memory capacity and recall by grouping related information together, making it easier for our brains to process and remember.

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  • 19. 

    1. When we use the term “remembering” in day-to-day life, we are making reference to the memory process of:

    • A.

      Encoding

    • B.

      Rehearsal

    • C.

      Retrieval

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    C. Retrieval
    Explanation
    The term "remembering" in day-to-day life refers to the memory process of retrieval. This is the process of accessing stored information from memory and bringing it into conscious awareness. It involves searching for and recalling information that has been previously encoded and stored in memory. Retrieval is essential for recalling facts, events, experiences, and other information that we have learned or experienced in the past. It is the final step in the memory process, following encoding, storage, and sometimes rehearsal.

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  • 20. 

    1. The part of the brain responsible for emotional memory

    • A.

      Amygdala

    • B.

      Hippocampus

    • C.

      Cerebellum

    • D.

      Thalamus

    Correct Answer
    A. Amygdala
    Explanation
    The amygdala is the part of the brain responsible for emotional memory. It plays a crucial role in processing and storing emotional experiences, as well as in the formation of emotional responses. This small, almond-shaped structure is located deep within the brain's temporal lobe and is involved in fear, aggression, and other emotional reactions. Its connections with other brain regions allow it to influence and modulate emotional responses, making it a key component in the formation and retrieval of emotional memories. The hippocampus, cerebellum, and thalamus are not primarily responsible for emotional memory.

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  • 21. 

    1. Knowledge of how to play tennis (assuming one knows how) would be stored in _____ memory.

    • A.

      Implicit

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Short-term

    • D.

      Declarative

    Correct Answer
    A. Implicit
    Explanation
    Implicit memory refers to the unconscious or automatic memory that is not consciously available or easily verbalized. It includes skills, habits, and procedures that have been learned through repetition and practice. Since playing tennis requires motor skills and procedural knowledge, it would be stored in implicit memory. This type of memory is formed through repeated practice and is often difficult to explain or recall consciously.

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  • 22. 

    1. An identification test is a _________ test of memory; a multiple-choice question is __________.

    • A.

      Recall; recall test also

    • B.

      Recall; recognition test

    • C.

      Recognition; recognition test also

    • D.

      Recognition; recall test

    Correct Answer
    B. Recall; recognition test
    Explanation
    In an identification test, individuals are required to recall specific information from memory. Therefore, the first blank should be filled with "recall". On the other hand, a multiple-choice question presents a set of options from which individuals must recognize the correct answer. This aligns with the definition of a recognition test. Hence, the second blank should be filled with "recognition test".

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  • 23. 

    1. The inability to retrieve, recall, recognize information that was stored or is still stored in long-term memory.

    • A.

      Chunking

    • B.

      Encoding

    • C.

      Forgetting

    • D.

      Memory

    • E.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    C. Forgetting
    Explanation
    Forgetting refers to the inability to retrieve or recall information that was stored in long-term memory. It is a common occurrence where memories or information that was once stored become inaccessible or difficult to retrieve. This can happen due to various factors such as interference from other memories, lack of retrieval cues, or simply the passage of time. Forgetting can be temporary or permanent, and it is a natural process that everyone experiences to some extent.

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  • 24. 

    1. Proactive Interference occurs when recently learned information makes it more difficult to recall old information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Proactive Interference does not occur when recently learned information makes it more difficult to recall old information. Instead, proactive interference happens when previously learned information interferes with the ability to recall new information. This means that old information interferes with the recall of recently learned information.

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  • 25. 

    1. The unconscious forgetting of emotionally-threatening or anxiety-producing information.

    • A.

      Dementia

    • B.

      Repression

    • C.

      Interference

    • D.

      Suppression

    Correct Answer
    B. Repression
    Explanation
    Repression refers to the unconscious forgetting of emotionally-threatening or anxiety-producing information. It is a defense mechanism used by the mind to protect itself from distressing thoughts or memories. When an individual represses certain memories or feelings, they are pushed into the unconscious mind and become inaccessible to conscious awareness. This process helps to reduce anxiety and maintain psychological stability.

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  • 26. 

    1. Anterograde amnesia is forgetting events that occur before an injury or trauma

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Anterograde amnesia is actually the inability to form new memories or remember events that occur after an injury or trauma, not before. This means that someone with anterograde amnesia would have difficulty recalling new information or experiences after the injury or trauma occurred. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 02, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Paulericdimarfeu
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