Psyc 248, Learning And Memory

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

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Learning Quizzes & Trivia

Psyc 248 Review for Exam 1. Learning and memory early lectures.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An organism is born with
  • 2. 
    Learning is...
    • A. 

      What an organism is born with

    • B. 

      The permanent records that underlie this adaptation

    • C. 

      The process of adaptation of behavior to experience

  • 3. 
    Memory is...
    • A. 

      Refers to the permanent records that underlie this adaptation (begins when the brain can change)

    • B. 

      What an organism is born with

    • C. 

      The process of adaptation of behavior to experience

  • 4. 
    In the _______ perspective, event leads to a change in behavior
  • 5. 
    What does the learning perspective focus on?
  • 6. 
    What is memory perspective and what does it use?
  • 7. 
    The learning perspective uses____. Why?
  • 8. 
    Memory perspective uses____. Why?
  • 9. 
    Explain Associationistic Approach and when it is used
  • 10. 
    Circle the supporting item(s) of inhibition hypothesis (NOTE: there can be more than 1)
    • A. 

      Forgetting conditioning

    • B. 

      Stimulus-Compounding

    • C. 

      Spontaneous Recovery

    • D. 

      Acquisition

    • E. 

      Disinhibition

  • 11. 
    Disinhibition effect is closely identified as...
    • A. 

      Phase 1. tone --> shock+fear, Phase 2. Tone + light - shock, Phase 3. Light + buzzer - shock...light=conditioned inhibitor of fear

    • B. 

      S-R view, stimulus-response, S-S view, stimulus-stimulus

    • C. 

      A distraction, it's a general tendency to stop what you're doing with strong and unexpected stimuli (light+food-->saliviation....light-->salivation...BAM!!! salivation stops! unexpected stimulus!)

    • D. 

      Phase 1. buzzer...light Phase 2. light ... food --> salivation (leads to light-->salivation) Phase 3. Buzzer... ? (salivation or no salivation?)

  • 12. 
    Stimulus-compounding experiments
  • 13. 
    S-R view is when __ (N, UCS, CS, UCR, CR) --> __
  • 14. 
    S-S view is when __ (N, UCS, CS, UCR, CR) --> __
  • 15. 
    Steps to Sensory Pre-Conditioning Experiment
  • 16. 
    Explain Konorski's (1948) second-order conditioning experiment
  • 17. 
    In Konorski's Second-Order conditioning experiments which type of learning is typically performed?
    • A. 

      Stimulus-stimulus

    • B. 

      Stimulus-response

  • 18. 
    In Pre-conditioning experiments, which type learning association is generally correct?
    • A. 

      Stimulus-stimulus

    • B. 

      Stimulus-response

  • 19. 
    Contiguity is best associated with which word?
  • 20. 
    Pavlov believed that in order to get conditioning you have to have the ___ and ___ occur at around the ____ time.
  • 21. 
    The modern view (Rescorla) believes that conditioning occurs, "If the __ predicts whether the __ will happen" and the ___ won't happen if not predicted by the ___. What is this called?
  • 22. 
    _____ proves that you need both contingency AND contiguity to obtain conditioning?
  • 23. 
    Explain the phases of blocking effect and the conclusion
  • 24. 
    You get conditioning when ______ AND when _______.
  • 25. 
    What is the general conclusion about the blocking effect?
  • 26. 
    Operant conditioning is learning by _____ and ______.
  • 27. 
    Responses followed by good things in Operant Conditioning are ____
  • 28. 
    Responses followed by bad things are _____
  • 29. 
    Omission and punishment ____ probability of a response.
  • 30. 
    The box that has 4 parts (a, b, c, d) is called a ______ ____.
  • 31. 
    When a*d > b*c you have ____ contingency and ____ happens. When you have a*d=b*c you have ____ contingency and _____ happens. Lastly, when you have a*d
    • A. 

      Negative, learning. positive, no learning. zero, negative learning occurs.

    • B. 

      Zero contingency, no learning. positive, learning. negative, learning occurs.

    • C. 

      Positive, learning. zero, no learning. negative, learning occurs.

    • D. 

      Positive, learning. zero, no learning. negative, an uncertain outcome is expected.

  • 32. 
    _____ reinforcer is learned, ____ reinforcer is something we already know or is often a "basic human need"
  • 33. 
    ____ reinforcers only work if organism is aware they can be traded in/exchanged for _____ reinforcers such as food.
  • 34. 
    In Seligman's experiment on learned helplessness ____ dogs can turn shock off by pushing a panel while ____ dogs can do nothing to escape.
    • A. 

      Yoked, control

    • B. 

      Control, yoked

  • 35. 
    What happens if a control dog now cannot escape the shock, what happens?
  • 36. 
    ____ _____ is when you can produce a list of words in ANY order
  • 37. 
    ______ is when you demonstrate you have a memory by producing it
  • 38. 
    ____ _____ is the term for producing a list of words in order
  • 39. 
    ____ _____ is when you are given a hint that reminds you of the word or memory
  • 40. 
    What is the difference between autobiographical memory and semantic memory?
  • 41. 
    Savings in relearning equation
  • 42. 
    Standard theory of memory has ____ of encoding.
  • 43. 
    Any symbol in STS will be lost in around ___ seconds if it is not reactivated by ____. This is called the ____ hypothesis.
  • 44. 
    _____ is a way to improve STS capacity by chunking symbols into one