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| By Augusthau
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Augusthau
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 21,595
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 1,435

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Take This Memory And Learning Test Quiz! - Quiz

A test on Memory and Learning that will assess a student's basic knowledge and understanding of improving the efficiency of memory and gain beneficial learning experiences.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In amnesia, one will most likely retain or remember..

    • A.

      Name

    • B.

      Skills

    • C.

      Family background

    • D.

      Education

    Correct Answer
    B. Skills
    Explanation
    In amnesia, individuals are more likely to retain or remember their skills compared to other aspects such as their name, family background, or education. This is because skills are procedural memories that are stored in different areas of the brain than declarative memories, which include personal information like names and education. Skills are often deeply ingrained and can be accessed even when other memories are lost, as they are typically stored in the motor and sensory regions of the brain. Therefore, it is common for individuals with amnesia to still be able to perform tasks or activities that they have previously learned.

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  • 2. 

    Phonological buffer is controlled by..

    • A.

      Right hemisphere

    • B.

      Temporal lobe

    • C.

      Hippocampus

    • D.

      Left hemisphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Left hemisphere
    Explanation
    The left hemisphere controls the phonological buffer. This is because the left hemisphere is responsible for language processing and production in most individuals. The phonological buffer is a component of working memory that temporarily holds and processes auditory information, such as speech sounds and phonemes. Since language processing primarily occurs in the left hemisphere, it makes sense that the left hemisphere would also control the phonological buffer.

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  • 3. 

    George Sperling said that this is the condition wherein most information were retained by the participants..

    • A.

      Half report

    • B.

      Partial report

    • C.

      Whole report

    • D.

      No report

    Correct Answer
    B. Partial report
    Explanation
    Partial report refers to a condition in which participants retain most of the information. This term was coined by George Sperling, suggesting that participants are able to recall a significant portion of the presented information. In partial report, participants are asked to report only a subset of the information they were exposed to, allowing researchers to study the capacity and duration of sensory memory. This method provides insights into the limitations and capabilities of human memory and perception.

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  • 4. 

    Hippocampus is useful for..

    • A.

      Recalling names

    • B.

      Solving problems

    • C.

      Memorizing a song

    • D.

      Witnessing a crime

    Correct Answer
    A. Recalling names
    Explanation
    The hippocampus is a region in the brain that plays a crucial role in memory formation and retrieval. It is responsible for storing and retrieving information, including the ability to recall names. Therefore, the hippocampus is useful for recalling names.

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  • 5. 

    Right hemisphere is usually associated with..

    • A.

      Phonological buffer

    • B.

      Encoding

    • C.

      Storage

    • D.

      Visual-spatial sketchpad

    Correct Answer
    D. Visual-spatial sketchpad
    Explanation
    The right hemisphere of the brain is typically associated with the visual-spatial sketchpad. This refers to the brain's ability to process and manipulate visual and spatial information, such as mental imagery, navigation, and recognizing objects in the environment. This function is important for tasks such as drawing, reading maps, and understanding spatial relationships.

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  • 6. 

    If one has no idea of how many of his/her tasks will be rewarded, the schedule of reinforcement used is..

    • A.

      Variable ratio

    • B.

      Fixed ratio

    • C.

      Variable interval

    • D.

      Fixed interval

    Correct Answer
    A. Variable ratio
    Explanation
    If one has no idea of how many of his/her tasks will be rewarded, the schedule of reinforcement used is variable ratio.
    In a variable ratio schedule, reinforcement is provided after an unpredictable number of responses. This creates a situation where the individual does not know exactly when the next reinforcement will occur, making it similar to a gambling scenario and often resulting in a high rate of responding.

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  • 7. 

    Pavlov believed that learning is influenced by..

    • A.

      Punishment

    • B.

      Extinction

    • C.

      Schedule of reinforcement

    • D.

      Paired association

    Correct Answer
    D. Paired association
    Explanation
    Pavlov believed that learning is influenced by paired association. This means that an individual learns by associating a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that naturally produces a response. Through repeated pairings, the neutral stimulus eventually elicits the same response as the natural stimulus. This concept is known as classical conditioning and was famously demonstrated in Pavlov's experiments with dogs, where he conditioned them to salivate at the sound of a bell by pairing it with the presentation of food.

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  • 8. 

    Flashbulb memory is unforgettable because..

    • A.

      The information is rehearsed

    • B.

      The information is emotionally-charged

    • C.

      The data is fixed

    • D.

      The information is important

    Correct Answer
    B. The information is emotionally-charged
    Explanation
    Flashbulb memories are unforgettable because they are emotionally-charged. When an event is emotionally significant or shocking, it can trigger a strong emotional response, leading to the formation of vivid and detailed memories. The emotional arousal associated with such events enhances the encoding and consolidation of the memory, making it more likely to be retained and recalled accurately over time. This emotional charge distinguishes flashbulb memories from ordinary memories and contributes to their long-lasting and vivid nature.

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  • 9. 

    Witnessing an event for a very short period, like witnessing a car accident, may entail the use of..

    • A.

      Sensory memory

    • B.

      Working memory

    • C.

      Short-term memory

    • D.

      Long-term memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory memory
    Explanation
    Witnessing an event for a very short period, such as a car accident, requires the use of sensory memory. Sensory memory refers to the brief retention of sensory information, such as visual or auditory stimuli, for a short duration. In the case of witnessing a car accident, sensory memory allows us to briefly hold the visual and auditory information of the event before it is either transferred to working memory for further processing or forgotten.

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  • 10. 

    Long-term memory lasts for

    • A.

      Brief period

    • B.

      A fraction of a second

    • C.

      Half a minute

    • D.

      Lifetime

    Correct Answer
    D. Lifetime
    Explanation
    Long-term memory refers to the storage of information over an extended period, ranging from hours to years. It is the ability to recall and retain information for a significant duration, often lasting a lifetime. This type of memory allows individuals to remember events, facts, experiences, and skills acquired throughout their lives, forming an integral part of their overall cognitive abilities.

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  • 11. 

    Animal training usually involves..

    • A.

      Punishment

    • B.

      Operant conditioning

    • C.

      Classical conditioning

    • D.

      Extinction

    Correct Answer
    C. Classical conditioning
    Explanation
    Animal training usually involves classical conditioning. This type of conditioning involves associating a neutral stimulus with a naturally occurring stimulus to elicit a desired response. In animal training, this is often done by pairing a specific cue or command with a reward or punishment to train the animal to respond in a certain way. Classical conditioning is effective in shaping behaviors and creating associations, making it a common method used in animal training.

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  • 12. 

    Operant conditioning uses..

    • A.

      Association

    • B.

      Memorization

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Habit

    Correct Answer
    C. Reinforcement
    Explanation
    Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened or weakened by the consequences that follow it. Reinforcement refers to the process of increasing the likelihood of a behavior occurring again in the future by providing a reward or positive consequence. In operant conditioning, reinforcement is a key mechanism that helps shape and maintain desired behaviors. It encourages individuals to repeat behaviors that are followed by pleasant outcomes, while discouraging behaviors that lead to unpleasant consequences. Therefore, reinforcement is an essential component of operant conditioning.

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  • 13. 

    Being exempted from requirements as a form of reward is..

    • A.

      Ommission training

    • B.

      Positive reinforcement

    • C.

      Punishment

    • D.

      Negative reinforcement

    Correct Answer
    D. Negative reinforcement
    Explanation
    Negative reinforcement is the correct answer because it involves the removal or avoidance of an unpleasant stimulus as a form of reward. In this case, being exempted from requirements is a reward because it relieves the individual from the burden or discomfort of having to meet those requirements. This removal of an unpleasant stimulus serves as a reinforcement, increasing the likelihood of the behavior being repeated in the future.

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  • 14. 

    If one is trained in driving a left-hand drive vehicle, he/she would have difficulty driving right-hand drive vehicle if this will be introduced to him/her. This shows..

    • A.

      Retroactive interference

    • B.

      Context effects

    • C.

      Anxiety

    • D.

      Proactive interference

    Correct Answer
    D. Proactive interference
    Explanation
    If someone is trained in driving a left-hand drive vehicle, they would have difficulty driving a right-hand drive vehicle if introduced to them. This difficulty is due to proactive interference, which occurs when previously learned information interferes with the ability to learn or recall new information. In this case, the person's prior training in driving a left-hand drive vehicle is interfering with their ability to adapt to driving a right-hand drive vehicle.

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  • 15. 

    The dancers must practice where they would perform because of the..

    • A.

      Repression

    • B.

      Proactive interference

    • C.

      Anxiety

    • D.

      Context effects

    Correct Answer
    D. Context effects
    Explanation
    The dancers must practice where they would perform because of the context effects. Context effects refer to the influence of the environment or setting on behavior and performance. By practicing in the same space where they will eventually perform, the dancers can become familiar with the specific context and adjust their movements, timing, and coordination accordingly. This helps them adapt to the performance space and reduces the chances of mistakes or difficulties during the actual performance.

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  • 16. 

    Forgetting about a traumatic event is a..

    • A.

      Context effect

    • B.

      Anxiety

    • C.

      Repression

    • D.

      Interference

    Correct Answer
    A. Context effect
    Explanation
    Forgetting about a traumatic event is a context effect. This means that the ability to recall or remember the event is influenced by the context or environment in which it occurred. In the case of a traumatic event, the context may include specific sights, sounds, smells, or other sensory cues that trigger memories of the event. When these contextual cues are absent, it becomes more difficult to recall or remember the traumatic event, leading to forgetting.

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  • 17. 

    Chunking means..

    • A.

      Organizing concepts

    • B.

      Finding the meaning of the concepts

    • C.

      Memorization

    • D.

      Retrieval cues

    Correct Answer
    A. Organizing concepts
    Explanation
    Chunking refers to the process of organizing concepts or information into smaller, more manageable units. It involves grouping related items together, which helps in improving memory and comprehension. By organizing concepts, individuals can better understand and remember the information, as it becomes easier to process and retrieve. This cognitive strategy is particularly useful when dealing with complex or large amounts of information, as it allows for better organization and retention.

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  • 18. 

    Reinforcement intends to..

    • A.

      Practice the behavior

    • B.

      Increase the probability of behavior

    • C.

      Decrease the probability of behavior

    • D.

      Extinction

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase the probability of behavior
    Explanation
    Reinforcement intends to increase the probability of behavior. This means that when a behavior is reinforced, it is more likely to occur again in the future. Reinforcement can be in the form of rewards or positive consequences, which serve to strengthen the behavior and encourage its repetition. By increasing the probability of behavior, reinforcement helps to shape and maintain desired behaviors in individuals.

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  • 19. 

    Omission training is similar with punishment in terms of..

    • A.

      Reinforcing the behavior

    • B.

      Increasing the habit

    • C.

      Decrease of behavior

    • D.

      Use of pleasant stimulus

    Correct Answer
    C. Decrease of behavior
    Explanation
    Omission training is similar to punishment in terms of decreasing behavior. Both techniques involve the removal or withholding of a stimulus to discourage or reduce a particular behavior. In omission training, the desired behavior is not reinforced, leading to a decrease in its occurrence. Similarly, punishment involves the application of an aversive stimulus to discourage the behavior. Both approaches aim to decrease the frequency or likelihood of a behavior by making it less rewarding or pleasant.

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  • 20. 

    A monthly salary is an example of..

    • A.

      Fixed ratio

    • B.

      Fixed interval

    • C.

      Variable ratio

    • D.

      Variable interval

    Correct Answer
    B. Fixed interval
    Explanation
    In the context of operant conditioning and reinforcement schedules, a fixed interval refers to a consistent time period between reinforcements. In the case of a monthly salary, the reinforcement (salary) occurs at fixed intervals of time (every month).

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  • 21. 

    Sales business is an example of..

    • A.

      Fixed ratio

    • B.

      Fixed interval

    • C.

      Variable ratio

    • D.

      Variable interval

    Correct Answer
    A. Fixed ratio
    Explanation
    Sales business is an example of a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement. In a fixed ratio schedule, reinforcement is provided after a specific number of responses. In the context of sales, this means that a salesperson may receive a commission or bonus after a certain number of sales or transactions. This type of reinforcement schedule can be motivating for salespeople as it provides a clear goal and reward system based on their performance.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 10, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Augusthau
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