Medical Science I

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 933

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Medical Science Quizzes & Trivia

Gastrointestinal, renal, and musculoskeletal system


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these are not retroperitoneal?
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Spleen

    • C. 

      Ascending colon

    • D. 

      Rectum

    • E. 

      Descending colon

  • 2. 
    Which of these are not Antigen Presenting Cells?
    • A. 

      T-Helper Cells

    • B. 

      B-lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Dendritic cells

    • D. 

      Macrophages

  • 3. 
    Which of these statements are FALSE about drug Imodium?
    • A. 

      Increase density of stools

    • B. 

      Reduces the amount of fluid in the stool

    • C. 

      Encourages water and electrolytes reabsorption

    • D. 

      Slows the rate at which the stomach and oesophagus move

  • 4. 
    Which of these statements are TRUE about erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      A glycolipid hormone that stimulates an increase in the production of proerythroblasts

    • B. 

      Increase the number of reticulocytes released into the lymphatic system

    • C. 

      It is stimulated when a patients has an oxygen saturation of 95%

    • D. 

      A glycoprotein hormone produced from the bone marrow

  • 5. 
    What is the treatment of hypovolaemia?
    • A. 

      Colloid solution

    • B. 

      5% dextrose

    • C. 

      0.9% saline

    • D. 

      Oral replacement solution

  • 6. 
    What is the most common cause of hyperkalaemia?
    • A. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • B. 

      Hypoaldosteronism

    • C. 

      Renal impairment

    • D. 

      Insulin deficiency

  • 7. 
    What is the least likely cause of hypokalaemia?
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

    • B. 

      Insulin treatment

    • C. 

      Loop diuretics

    • D. 

      Decreased intake of potassium

  • 8. 
    What are the microscopic features of Ulcerative Colitis?
    • A. 

      Inflammation protuding all layers

    • B. 

      Depletion of mucin from goblet cells

    • C. 

      Deep ulcerations

    • D. 

      Fistulae

  • 9. 
    Muscle weaknessCentral nervous system and cardiovascular problemsHeart diseaseBeri beriThese are the effects having ___________ deficiency.
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Cobalamin

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 10. 
    Which of these values does not exhibit the contraction characteristics of smooth muscles?
    • A. 

      Slow

    • B. 

      Periodic

    • C. 

      Incessant

    • D. 

      Protracted

  • 11. 
    What is the clinical use of drug Nifedipine?
    • A. 

      Used to lower hypertension

    • B. 

      Reduce swelling in the body

    • C. 

      Used to treat seizures

    • D. 

      Used to avoid nauseated feeling

  • 12. 
    Adult polycystic kidney disease is a/an ____________ genetic inheritance disease.
    • A. 

      Autosomal-dominant

    • B. 

      Autosomal-recessive

    • C. 

      X-linked recessive

    • D. 

      Mitochondrial inheritance

  • 13. 
    Where does type P pilli E.Coli binds to cause infection?
    • A. 

      Tamm horsfall protein

    • B. 

      Gal-Gal subunit

    • C. 

      Urothelial mannose

    • D. 

      Gap junctions

  • 14. 
    3 main chronic disease faced by indigenous?
    • A. 

      Hypertension, back pain, osteoarthritis

    • B. 

      Poisoning, diabetes, stroke

    • C. 

      Renal failure, neoplasm, respiratory infections

    • D. 

      Cardiovascular, diabetes, renal failure

  • 15. 
    What is the function of Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide (VIP)?
    • A. 

      Induce smooth muscle contraction

    • B. 

      Stimulate secretion of water into bile and pancreatic juices

    • C. 

      Promotes gastric acid secretion and absorption from lumen

    • D. 

      Increase vasoconstriction in blood vessels

  • 16. 
    The lesser omentum...Pick the wrong match.
    • A. 

      Runs between stomach and liver

    • B. 

      Forms the anterior wall of the lesser sac

    • C. 

      Is attached to the lesser curvature of the stomach

    • D. 

      Is derived from the dorsal mesogastrium

    • E. 

      Has a free edge containing the portal vein and common bile duct

  • 17. 
    Trauma at the following sites may have the stated results, except:
    • A. 

      Left eighth rib = ruptured spleen

    • B. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine = sensory loss in the thigh

    • C. 

      Nerve near McBurney's point = direct inguinal hernia

    • D. 

      Perineal body = faceal and urinary incontinence

    • E. 

      Spinal cord section at level of vertebrae T12, L1, L2 in male = impotence

  • 18. 
    Regarding the pancreas...Pick the wrong match.
    • A. 

      It is supplied by both foregut and midgut arteries

    • B. 

      The uncinate process is in contact with the spleen

    • C. 

      Pancreatic pain may be referred to the back

    • D. 

      It is in the posterior wall of the lesser sac

    • E. 

      Cancer of the head of the pancreas may block the common bile duct

  • 19. 
    At the hip joint, ___________________Pick the wrong match.
    • A. 

      Quadriceps femoris is the principal flexor

    • B. 

      The capsule is directly related to the sciatic nerve posteriorly

    • C. 

      Blood supply to the head of the femur may be impaired if the joint capsule is torn

    • D. 

      Disease in the hip may present as pain in the knee