Social Psychology Ultimate Exam! Quiz

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 805

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Social Psychology Ultimate Exam! Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _____ is a procedure for gaining compliance by first securing compliance with a small request, then escalating to a larger one.
    • A. 

      The compliance technique

    • B. 

      The low-ball technique

    • C. 

      The conformity technique

    • D. 

      The door-in-the-face technique allows an individual to gain compliance by first securing compliance with a small request, then escalating to a larger one.

    • E. 

      The foot-in-the-door technique

  • 2. 
    One reason for Milgram's (1965) surprising findings of very high levels of obedience to an authority figure is that _____.
    • A. 

      Many situations requiring obedience to authorities are dangerous for the person taking action

    • B. 

      Authority figures either explicitly or implicitly relieve individuals of responsibility for their own actions

    • C. 

      Authority figures appear to control information about the situation or circumstances and people are willing to comply with authorities in order to gain additional information

    • D. 

      Authority figures frequently threaten to harm individuals who do not comply with requests or instructions

    • E. 

      Persons in authority frequently use the door-in-the-face technique to gain compliance

  • 3. 
    _____ includes all efforts to change the attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, or behaviors of others.
    • A. 

      Ingratiation

    • B. 

      Conformity

    • C. 

      Obedience

    • D. 

      Social influence

    • E. 

      Compliance

  • 4. 
    Behavioral rules that indicate how people are expected to act in particular situations are _____.
    • A. 

      Cohesiveness regulations

    • B. 

      Descriptive norms

    • C. 

      Social norms

    • D. 

      Normative focus

    • E. 

      Compliance mores

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Coming to feel or think as others do; doing or saying what others around us say or do

    • B. 

      Doing what others think we should do; accepting as our own the beliefs that others provide for us

    • C. 

      Doing or saying what others around us say or do; coming to feel or think as others do

    • D. 

      Wanting to act as others think we should; wanting to act as others act

    • E. 

      Behaving as others tell us we should behave; behaving as we wish to behave

  • 6. 
    The social influence that is based on the desire to be liked or accepted by others is _____.
    • A. 

      Conformity social influence

    • B. 

      Normative social influence

    • C. 

      Informational social influence

    • D. 

      Compliance social influence

    • E. 

      Individuation social influence

  • 7. 
    Greater conformity occurs _____, while greater individuation occurs _____.
    • A. 

      In individuals with greater needs for personal control; in individuals with greater needs for acceptance

    • B. 

      When the deadline technique is used; when other persuasive techniques are used

    • C. 

      When individuation pressures are great; when deindividuation pressures are great

    • D. 

      In collectivist societies; in individualistic societies

    • E. 

      In individualistic societies; in collectivist societies

  • 8. 
    Lance has an intense emotional reaction to Ali and is sure he is in love with her. His friends think he is just infatuated with Ali. What type of love is it likely that Lance is experiencing?
    • A. 

      Consummate love

    • B. 

      Ludic love

    • C. 

      Passionate love

    • D. 

      Unrequited love

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT an element of Sternberg's theory of love?
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Intimacy

    • C. 

      Commitment

    • D. 

      Passion

  • 10. 
    _____ is a form of social influence in which individuals change their attitudes or behavior in order to adhere to existing social norms.
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Social influence

    • C. 

      Ingratiation

    • D. 

      Individuation

    • E. 

      Conformity

  • 11. 
    Paul is not concerned about Rachel losing interest in him and he believes that he is worthy and well liked. What tyoe of attachement style is Paul likely to have? Paul is not concerned about Rachel losing interest in him and he believes that he is worthy and well liked. What tyoe of attachement style is Paul likely to have?
    • A. 

      Dismissing

    • B. 

      Fearful-avoidant

    • C. 

      Preoccupied

    • D. 

      Secure

  • 12. 
    Suppose that during a conversation with one of your best friends, you discover that she dislikes social psychology.  You, on the other hand, like this subject a lot.  How would you describe the relationship under these conditions?
    • A. 

      Balanced

    • B. 

      Vacillating

    • C. 

      Imbalanced

    • D. 

      Threatened

  • 13. 
    Scott and Jill grew up in the same small town.  They attended the same school and went to the same college, where they took many of the same classes.  At first they were not particularly attracted to each other but the more they saw each other the more their attraction increased and eventually they married.  How might you best explain this?
    • A. 

      Affect-centered model of attraction

    • B. 

      Attitude similarity effect

    • C. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • D. 

      Proportion of similarity

  • 14. 
    .  The motivation to seek and maintain interpersonal relationships is referred to as the _____.
    • A. 

      Need for affiliation

    • B. 

      Similarity-dissimilarity effect

    • C. 

      Anti-repulsion hypothesis

    • D. 

      Interpersonal attraction.

  • 15. 
    Which theory explains why we will favor in-groups over out-groups?
    • A. 

      Modern racism

    • B. 

      Old-fashion racism

    • C. 

      Self-esteem maintenance

    • D. 

      Social identity

  • 16. 
    What are created by meaningless criteria such as “Klee style” versus “Kandinsky style,” blue-eyes versus brown-eyes, and sushi eaters versus non-sushi eaters?
    • A. 

      Minimal groups

    • B. 

      . prejudice against the in-group

    • C. 

      . realistic conflicts

    • D. 

      . stereotype threats

  • 17. 
    .  When do advantaged groups show the most prejudice toward out-groups?
    • A. 

      When the advantaged group feels threatened

    • B. 

      When the disadvantaged group feels threatened

    • C. 

      When the advantaged group has strong leadership

    • D. 

      When the disadvantaged group has strong leadership

  • 18. 
    . _____ refers to hiring based on group membership or to situations in which individuals perform trivial positive actions for out-group members, and then use this as an excuse for not taking more meaningful positive actions at a different time.
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Tokenism

    • C. 

      The glass ceiling

    • D. 

      Discrimination

  • 19. 
    What is self-esteem?
    • A. 

      Desire to be esteemed by others

    • B. 

      Evaluations of others about the self.

    • C. 

      Positive or negative evaluation of the self by oneself.

    • D. 

      Positive emotion that one is experiencing at the moment.

  • 20. 
    What are the expectations that we hold about our abilities to accomplish certain tasks known as?
    • A. 

      An index of self-worth

    • B. 

      Our competency beliefs

    • C. 

      Self-efficacy beliefs

    • D. 

      The ought self

  • 21. 
    What are cultures that emphasize loyalty to the family, adherence to group norms, and the preservation of harmony in social relations with members of one’s own group called?
    • A. 

      Acculturated

    • B. 

      Collectivist

    • C. 

      Communalities

    • D. 

      Individualist

  • 22. 
    What is the part of an individual’s self-concept that is derived from his or her membership in a social group (or groups) and the value and emotional significance attached to that membership?
    • A. 

      Stereotype

    • B. 

      Social Identity

    • C. 

      The Latent self

    • D. 

      The "ought" self

  • 23. 
    Although you were opposed to the war with Iraq, your attitude changed when you were required to report on the justifications for it at your job as a newspaper journalist. Which theory for why attitudes follow behavior best explains the change in your attitude?
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance theory

    • B. 

      Self-consistency theory

    • C. 

      Self-presentation theory

    • D. 

      Social comparison theory

  • 24. 
    What is the internal state that results when individuals become aware of inconsistencies among two or more attitudes or behaviors?
    • A. 

      Selective avoidance

    • B. 

      Attitude accessibility

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Ego-defensive function

  • 25. 
    What is belief that leads to the belief coming true called?
    • A. 

      Behavioral perseverance.

    • B. 

      Belief confirmation

    • C. 

      Self-confirming validity.

    • D. 

      Self-fulfilling prophecy.