Social Psychology Practice Test!

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Quizzes Created: 18 | Total Attempts: 31,316
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 2,749

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Social Psychology Practice Test! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In-group bias is the

    • A.

      Tendency to favor one's group and see this group as correct

    • B.

      Tendency to see other members of a group as similar

    • C.

      Tendency to perform better when others are watching

    • D.

      Tendency to perform worse when others are watching

    • E.

      Tendency to conform to the social harmony of a group

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendency to favor one's group and see this group as correct
    Explanation
    In-group bias refers to the tendency of individuals to favor and support their own group over other groups. This bias leads individuals to perceive their own group as superior and correct. It can manifest in various forms such as favoritism, loyalty, and prejudice towards out-group members. In-group bias can influence decision-making, behavior, and attitudes, often leading to discrimination and exclusion of individuals from other groups. This bias can arise due to a sense of identity, belonging, and the desire to maintain a positive social identity.

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  • 2. 

    People who are less likely to help someone because there are a lot of people present would be exhibiting:

    • A.

      Groupthink

    • B.

      Group polarization

    • C.

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • D.

      Mere exposure effect

    • E.

      Ethnocentrism

    Correct Answer
    C. Diffusion of responsibility
    Explanation
    Diffusion of responsibility is the tendency for individuals to feel less personally responsible for taking action or helping others when they are in a group. In this scenario, people are less likely to help someone because they assume that someone else in the group will take responsibility. This phenomenon occurs because the presence of others creates a sense of shared responsibility and reduces individual accountability.

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  • 3. 

    At first, Jimmy did not like his teacher, but after sitting in this teacher's class for a number of weeks Jimmy started to like his teacher. this new perspective would be an example of:

    • A.

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • B.

      Bystander effect

    • C.

      In-group bias

    • D.

      Ethnocentrism

    • E.

      Mere-exposure effect

    Correct Answer
    E. Mere-exposure effect
    Explanation
    The mere-exposure effect refers to the phenomenon where people tend to develop a preference for things or people that they are repeatedly exposed to. In this scenario, Jimmy initially did not like his teacher, but after spending several weeks in their class, he started to like them. This change in perception can be attributed to the mere-exposure effect, as Jimmy's repeated exposure to his teacher's teaching style and personality led to a shift in his feelings towards them.

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  • 4. 

    Muszafer Sherif believed that __________ would reduce prejudice behavior.

    • A.

      Working together to solve a problem

    • B.

      Sharing background

    • C.

      Group sharing

    • D.

      Talking out differences

    • E.

      Competitive games

    Correct Answer
    A. Working together to solve a problem
    Explanation
    Working together to solve a problem can reduce prejudice behavior because it promotes cooperation and interdependence among individuals. When people from different backgrounds come together to achieve a common goal, they develop a sense of unity and empathy towards each other. This shared experience helps break down stereotypes and fosters understanding and acceptance. By focusing on a shared objective, individuals are more likely to see each other as equals and work towards a common solution, thus reducing prejudice behavior.

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  • 5. 

    Jimmy has constantly heard that he is not a good student, after a while starts to act how people perceive him. This recent behavioral change supports the:

    • A.

      Groupthink

    • B.

      Group polarization

    • C.

      Self-fufilling prophecy

    • D.

      Social influence

    • E.

      Altruism

    Correct Answer
    C. Self-fufilling prophecy
    Explanation
    Jimmy's belief that he is not a good student is reinforced by constantly hearing it from others. As a result, he starts to act in a way that aligns with this perception, which ultimately fulfills the prophecy that he is not a good student. This scenario exemplifies a self-fulfilling prophecy, where a person's belief about themselves or others influences their behavior and ultimately becomes true.

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  • 6. 

    If you have a friend who is reluctant to help you clean your entire room, you may be successful by asking him to simply help you move one item in your room. this approach is referred to as:

    • A.

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B.

      Altruism

    • C.

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D.

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E.

      Bystander effect

    Correct Answer
    C. Foot-in-the-door
    Explanation
    The foot-in-the-door technique is a persuasive strategy where a person is more likely to comply with a larger request after first agreeing to a smaller, more manageable request. In this scenario, asking the friend to help move just one item in the room is the small request, which increases the likelihood of them eventually agreeing to help clean the entire room. This technique works by gradually escalating the size of the requests, making it easier for the person to justify their actions and reduce cognitive dissonance.

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  • 7. 

    Jimmy is very quiet at school, but later that night at a party Jimmy gets 'crazy' and starts to cut the rug on the dance floor. Jimmy's classmates are stunned at this displayed behavior. Jimmy is experiencing:

    • A.

      Group polarization

    • B.

      The power of SSRI's

    • C.

      Deindividuation

    • D.

      Groupthink

    • E.

      Self-fufilling prophecy

    Correct Answer
    C. Deindividuation
    Explanation
    Deindividuation refers to a psychological phenomenon where an individual loses their sense of self-awareness and personal identity when they are part of a group or crowd. In this scenario, Jimmy's behavior at the party is unexpected and contrasts with his quiet demeanor at school. This sudden change in behavior can be attributed to deindividuation, as Jimmy may feel less self-conscious and more inclined to engage in uninhibited actions when surrounded by a larger group of people at the party.

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  • 8. 

    _____________ set up an experiment, known as the Stanford Prison experiment, where people plaed the role of a prison guard. The goal was to observe if this authority position would cause them to act differently.

    • A.

      Stanley Milgram

    • B.

      Philip Zimbardo

    • C.

      Soloman Ache

    • D.

      Muzafer Sherif

    • E.

      Mike Mclane "The Mclaniac"

    Correct Answer
    B. Philip Zimbardo
    Explanation
    Philip Zimbardo set up the Stanford Prison experiment to observe if the authority position of being a prison guard would cause people to act differently.

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  • 9. 

    Social Facilitation occurs:

    • A.

      To the tendency for people to do less in a group setting

    • B.

      To the tendency to keep personal oppinions to themselves for fear of upsetting the group

    • C.

      When the presence of other people watching improves a persons performance

    • D.

      When the prescence of other people watching hinders a person's performance

    • E.

      When people listen more attentively to people of authority

    Correct Answer
    C. When the presence of other people watching improves a persons performance
    Explanation
    Social Facilitation occurs when the presence of other people watching improves a person's performance. This phenomenon suggests that individuals are more likely to perform better on tasks or activities when they are being observed by others. The presence of an audience can enhance motivation, increase arousal levels, and improve focus and concentration, leading to improved performance. This effect is commonly seen in situations such as sports competitions or public speaking, where individuals tend to perform better when there is an audience present.

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  • 10. 

    Believing that all homeless people are responsible for their outcomes or got what they deserved would be an example of which attribution process?

    • A.

      Actor observer discepency

    • B.

      Self serving bias

    • C.

      Blaming the victim

    • D.

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E.

      Modest bias

    Correct Answer
    C. Blaming the victim
    Explanation
    Believing that all homeless people are responsible for their outcomes or got what they deserved would be an example of blaming the victim. This attribution process involves attributing negative outcomes or circumstances to the individual's own actions or characteristics, rather than considering external factors or systemic issues that may have contributed to their situation. It often involves overlooking the complex factors that can lead to homelessness, such as economic inequality, mental health issues, or lack of social support.

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  • 11. 

    If you are in the market to buy a new stereo and you catch yourself getting caught up in the salesperson's life story and personal triumphs and setbacks, then according to the elaboration likelihood model you are too focused on the:

    • A.

      Central route of persuasion

    • B.

      Peripheral route of persuasion

    • C.

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D.

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E.

      Cognitive dissonance

    Correct Answer
    B. Peripheral route of persuasion
    Explanation
    According to the elaboration likelihood model, there are two routes of persuasion: the central route and the peripheral route. The central route involves careful evaluation of the arguments and evidence presented, while the peripheral route relies on peripheral cues such as the attractiveness or credibility of the source. In this scenario, getting caught up in the salesperson's life story and personal triumphs and setbacks indicates that the individual is focusing on peripheral cues rather than evaluating the actual arguments or evidence related to the stereo. Therefore, the correct answer is the peripheral route of persuasion.

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  • 12. 

    A contributor to prejudice behavior is when people blame others for their misfortunes and often respond with negative behavior and actions towards these people. this is referred to as:

    • A.

      Out-group homongeneity effect

    • B.

      Ethnocentrism

    • C.

      Altruism

    • D.

      Bystander effect

    • E.

      Scapegoat theory

    Correct Answer
    E. Scapegoat theory
    Explanation
    The scapegoat theory refers to the tendency of individuals or groups to blame a specific person or group for their own problems or misfortunes. This theory suggests that people often look for someone to hold responsible for their difficulties, and this can lead to prejudice and negative behavior towards the scapegoated individuals or groups. In this case, the given answer correctly identifies the scapegoat theory as the explanation for the behavior of blaming others and responding with negativity towards them.

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  • 13. 

    Information social influence occurs when:

    • A.

      The person presenting the information as seen as expert and making it more likely for a person to listen or conform to their ideas

    • B.

      A person is influenced by the presence or group oppinion encouraging conformity or changing of attitudes

    • C.

      A person is less likely to listen or conform

    • D.

      A person is less likely to perform behavior within a group

    • E.

      A person does not share his or oppinion from fear of upsetting the group

    Correct Answer
    A. The person presenting the information as seen as expert and making it more likely for a person to listen or conform to their ideas
    Explanation
    Information social influence refers to the phenomenon where individuals are influenced by the expertise and credibility of the person presenting the information. When someone is perceived as an expert, it increases the likelihood that others will listen to them and conform to their ideas. This can happen in various situations, such as when a doctor provides medical advice or when a teacher imparts knowledge in a classroom setting. The expertise and perceived credibility of the person presenting the information play a significant role in shaping the attitudes and behaviors of others.

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  • 14. 

    Groupthink is defined as:

    • A.

      When an attitude becomes stronger in group presence

    • B.

      Thinking that revolves around keeping harmony within a group through not disagreeing with group opinion

    • C.

      The tendency to do less in a group situation

    • D.

      Improved performance when people are watching

    • E.

      The loss of identity due to a group situation

    Correct Answer
    B. Thinking that revolves around keeping harmony within a group through not disagreeing with group opinion
    Explanation
    Groupthink is a phenomenon where individuals prioritize maintaining harmony within a group over expressing their own opinions or disagreeing with the group consensus. This can lead to a lack of critical thinking and independent decision-making, as individuals may conform to the dominant group opinion to avoid conflict or maintain social cohesion. Groupthink can hinder creativity, innovation, and effective problem-solving within a group setting.

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  • 15. 

    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ____________ was the person who worked with Milgram and played the part of an authority figure.

    • A.

      Teacher

    • B.

      Learner

    • C.

      Experimenter

    • D.

      Doctor

    • E.

      Dog

    Correct Answer
    C. Experimenter
    Explanation
    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on the role of obedience, the experimenter was the person who worked with Milgram and played the part of an authority figure. The experimenter was responsible for giving instructions to the participants and overseeing the entire experiment. They were the ones who enforced obedience and encouraged the participants to continue administering electric shocks to the learner, even when they expressed discomfort or resistance. The experimenter's role was crucial in shaping the behavior of the participants and testing the limits of their obedience.

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  • 16. 

    The fundamental attribution error occurs when a person underestimates or does not consider ________________ attributes and focuses too much on ________________ attributes or personal factors.

    • A.

      Situational; dispositional

    • B.

      Dispositional; situational

    • C.

      Unconscious; situational

    • D.

      Situational; unconscious

    • E.

      Unconscious; dispositional

    Correct Answer
    A. Situational; dispositional
    Explanation
    The fundamental attribution error occurs when a person underestimates or does not consider situational attributes and focuses too much on dispositional attributes or personal factors. This means that individuals tend to attribute someone's behavior to their internal characteristics or personality traits, rather than considering the external circumstances or situational factors that may have influenced their behavior.

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  • 17. 

    When you fail a test and believe that the test was too hard; but when a friend fails the same test it was because he or she did not study enough. This is an example of which type of attribution process?

    • A.

      Self-serving bias

    • B.

      Just world hypothesis

    • C.

      Blaming the victim

    • D.

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • E.

      Fundamental attribution error

    Correct Answer
    D. Actor-observer discrepancy
    Explanation
    The actor-observer discrepancy refers to the tendency to attribute one's own behavior to external factors (such as the difficulty of the test) while attributing others' behavior to internal factors (such as their lack of studying). In this scenario, the person failing the test is making an external attribution for their own failure (the test was too hard), but an internal attribution for their friend's failure (they did not study enough). This demonstrates the actor-observer discrepancy.

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  • 18. 

    According to Soloman Ache, in his experiment on conformity ____% of the subjects gave the wrong answer because the group unanimously also gave the wrong answer.

    • A.

      76

    • B.

      48

    • C.

      32

    • D.

      89

    • E.

      2

    Correct Answer
    A. 76
    Explanation
    In Soloman Ache's experiment on conformity, 76% of the subjects gave the wrong answer because the group unanimously also gave the wrong answer. This suggests that individuals are more likely to conform to the group consensus, even if they know the correct answer. The influence of the group can be strong enough to override one's own judgment or knowledge, leading to a high percentage of participants giving an incorrect response.

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  • 19. 

    When a person experiences guilt or discomfort because he or she realizes that he or she is not being truthful with their friends, then this person may be experiencing:

    • A.

      Blaming the victim

    • B.

      Self-serving bias

    • C.

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D.

      Constipation

    • E.

      Normative social influence

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognitive dissonance
    Explanation
    Cognitive dissonance refers to the psychological discomfort that arises when a person holds conflicting beliefs or attitudes, or when their behavior contradicts their beliefs. In this scenario, the person feels guilty or uncomfortable because they are aware that they are not being truthful with their friends, which creates a conflict between their behavior and their belief in honesty. This discomfort can lead to cognitive dissonance, as the person may experience internal tension and seek to resolve it by either changing their behavior or rationalizing their actions.

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  • 20. 

    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ___________ was the subject who was being observed and did not know what the experiment was about or what was being studied.

    • A.

      Learner

    • B.

      Experimenter

    • C.

      Dog

    • D.

      Teacher

    • E.

      Milgram

    Correct Answer
    D. Teacher
    Explanation
    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on obedience, the "teacher" was the subject who was being observed and did not know the purpose or details of the experiment. The teacher was instructed to administer electric shocks to the learner whenever they answered a question incorrectly. The experiment aimed to study the extent to which individuals would obey authority figures, even if it meant causing harm to others. The teacher's role was crucial in understanding the dynamics of obedience and the potential for individuals to act against their own moral judgment.

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  • Current Version
  • Nov 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 01, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Dwessler
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