Role support from significant others
Neither a nor b
Both a and b
Different subjects report the same thing
Different subjects report different things
Authorities confirm your view
Authorities reject your view
Locate the self outside of politics
Connect past, present and future
Give purpose to change
Organize personal and cultural meanings into plots
Determine adolescent girls' affect and behavior
Serve as an important cultural resource
All of these
Are learned through media sources
Come directly from adults
Measuring within a cultural group, the individuals tolerance for other cultures
Noting the assumptions people make within social groups regarding which foods are desirable
Showing that people's tastes usually lead them to act in ways contradictory to their beliefs
Asking people directly to say why they like the foods they choose to eat
Our various social positions relative to socio-political arrangements
Mentalism or control of life by positive thinking
An identity becomes a self
Significant others engage in social control
Deception infiltrates relationships
Humans seek self-improvement
Aspects of natural self-fulfillment
Based on one's nature and influenced by environment
Usually difficult because common sense distorts knowing oneself
Governed by common sense or the plausibility of being a recognizable self
An actor must choose which identity to present before entering a new situation, and disentangle that identity from its previous uses
The actors must come to an agreement about what sort of situation they are in and what sort of role each is playing
be considered a competent adult in interaction, humans must have a firm sense of their own personal identity
All of the above
Life is a linear order of progress –achieved by strength of will
Life is determined by a series of good and bad fortune
Life is largely determined by political arrangements outside of personal choice
Inspirations to make something of ourselves
Cultural artifacts that articulate the experiences of some groups and silence others
Reflections of who we really are
Determined by the best ordinary heroes.
The personal characteristics of an individual explain behavior in social situations.
People submit to social order because they are forced to do so by powerful individuals.
Cognitive processes intervene between the social environment and an individual’s behavior.
Attempts to control unconscious impulses are the primary reason for the development of society.
Cannot manipulate symbols the way true humans can.
Cannot comprehend the situated meaning of social interaction.
Continues to make cognitive mistakes in processing information on human activities
Tries to be too emotional in his interactions with human beings
Ongoing struggles to grasp one'e true identity
Participation in cultural narratives that connect personal experience and social interpretations
Modeling the decisions of high status individuals
Evidence how freedom transcends social divisions
An illustration how thomas the train engine story is true
Part of the dominant cultural myth of rational control
A reason why americans are comparitvely healthy
Ideal scripts for behavior
The true purpose of life
Universal stages people experience
General reasons for why social reality is as it is
The internal guidelines behind impression management
Consider our goals in life
Develop an original theory
Imagine how others see us
Submitting to group pressures despite knowing better
An ongoing negotiation of meaning and social activit relative to contexts and capabilities
The enforcement of social norms
Loss of self
A codified set of facts and possibilities
Something produced and reproduced through ongoing human activity
A codified set of rules and expectations
Something passed down intact through generations
Imagining yourself as a lawyer
Watching legal dramas on TV
Reading legal fiction
Reading news accountys of court cases
Culture and persons are in general opposition
Culture and persons are interdependent and involved in bi-directional change and constraint
Power is obtained by avoiding cultural influences
Culture and persons are in general harmony
The depiction of John Wayne and James Dean as rugged individuals is a myth.
In reality, there is no such thing as individualism
Individualism is a product of socialization and a culturally valued idea in American society.
It is almost impossible for human beings to overcome the restrictions placed on them by society.
Evidence of how history tends to liberate people from social control
An indicator that modern life is less dependent on others
A form of social control that has accompanied industrialization and urbanization
A way to discover what our real needs are
An elite organization
A reference group
A role support team
A situated identity
The interdependence and linkages of lives
The submission of persons to established narratives
Historicity of events and intergenerational change
The context of biographies
Society forces its members to view the world in socially acceptable ways.
Social norms and values often prevent humans from seeing reality as it truly exists.
Truth is relative to the social context, and reality does not exist outside of our ability to give it meaning.
Facts rarely need to be interpreted and really do “speak for themselves.”
The mass media
Bodies are frail
Narratives or stories are how embodied experiences are mediated
Disruption causes regression to childhood events
Understanding medical jargon confuses our assumptions
Men don’t make more money than women; in my family all of the women make more than the men.
Psychology helps explain the social situation of many Americans.
Despite declining racist attitudes, racial segregation is increasing in American schools
Psychology is superior to psychiatry because it is more accessible to the general population.
Various political positions about social issues
Distortions of the truth experienced during life disruptions
Plausible meanings in the service of prevailing arrangements of life
What other people have
All of these
Routinized social practices
One is aware of how one’s beliefs affect one’s construction of reality.
One thinks critically about the real meaning of the IQ test.
Something real is objectified as a concept.
A concept is treated as if it was real.
The internal debate on personal consistency
the ability to treat the self as an object that we observe and reflect on
The identification of in-born traits that direct our activities
The tendency of actors toward imagining conversations with others before actually confronting them
Actors assume responsibility for performing well and the audience agrees to go along with the performance and protect it from disruption
The audience is morally obligated to expose actors who are lying
Actors agree to always tell the truth and to say exactly what is on their minds
Persons who obnoxiously and/or cynically expose the performance as farce should be treated as moral heroes
People give in to their evil side
Situational factors and systemic legitimation of the non-membership of others normalizes practices of evil
People are compelled to follow orders
Groups are dominated by strong personalities
Improving the surveillance of dangerous social groups
Addressing social structures of power by preventive, counter-practices that work to alter social inequities and personal capabilities
Using psychiatry and other medical services to treat bad apples
Establishing better regulations in schools and other organizations
It is a human, not natural, product of the context in which it is constructed.
It results from applying the correct categories to phenomena.
It is a set of truths which has always existed for people to discover over time.
It is a body of facts apprehended by humans when they use the scientific method.
Humans act to alter their environment to suit their needs and desires.
What people choose to value and what motivates them come from their interpretations of their situations.
Humans would act on nothing but impulses except that we are controlled by internal conversations with a “self.”
Social context is more important than individual psychology when trying to understand human action.
Symbols are what explains social order
Persons act on the basis of meanings
Meanings are continuously made and remade in multiple contexts
Meanings are simultaneously political and personal
People learn to know what others are thinking
Social realities exist and are maintained and changed between people
People are freed from physical facts by mental powers
Everything is relative to what anyone thinks
Careful attention to forgetting the past is needed to get ahead
Nothing really changes from one generation to the next
Cultural artifacts and practices have multiple effects that are refracted over lifetimes
There is always payback
A distortion of what really exists
A series of deceptions countered by science
A conflict between what we are supposed to know and truth
Participatory in ways of being in relationship with multiple ways of knowing and doing.