Psych 135 UCLA Social Psych Shapiro Ch 12/13/7

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

This is a final for a social psychology class :] WEEEEEEEEEE


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Group 
    • A. 

      Two or more people who influence each other; two or more interacting people who share a common goal, have a stable relationship, are somehow interdependent, and perceive that they are part of a group

    • B. 

      The process through which the presence of other increases the likelihood of dominant responses, leading to better performance on well-mastered tasks and worse performances on unmastered tasks

    • C. 

      The mere presence of others is sufficient to produce the effects

    • D. 

      Audiences produce arousal because they are a source of evaluation

    • E. 

      A concern about how one appears in the eyes of others - that is, about being evaluated

  • 2. 
    Social loafing 
    • A. 

      Division of labor - combine contributions of several individuals/see and correct individual erros

    • B. 

      Reducing one's personal efforts in a group - the tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable

    • C. 

      Make sure each person's work is identifiable/make the task personally meaningful

  • 3. 
    The process of losing one's sense of personal identity, which makes it easier to behave in way inconsistent with one's normal values 
  • 4. 
    Physical Anonymity 
    • A. 

      The larger the crowd, the more likely members will lose self-awareness

    • B. 

      Hoods, tops of cars up, masks

    • C. 

      Lots of noise, chanting, clapping

  • 5. 
    Role 
    • A. 

      A ranking of group members by their power and influence over other members

    • B. 

      The pattern of information flow through a group

    • C. 

      Expectation held by the group for how members in a particular position ought to behave

    • D. 

      The strength of bonds between group members

  • 6. 
    Transactive memory
    • A. 

      A group memory system made up of (1) the knowledge held by individual group members (2) a communication network for sharing the knowledge among the members

    • B. 

      Occurs when group discussion leads members to make decisions that are more extremely on the side of the issue than the group initially favored

    • C. 

      Occurs when opinion minorities persuade others of their views

    • D. 

      A style of group decision making characterized by a greater desire among members to get along and agree with one another than to generate and critically evaluate alternative viewpoints and positions

  • 7. 
    Transformational leadership 
    • A. 

      A prejudiced social environment provides permission for people to express bigoted opinions they already hold - suggests that people may not be expressing the prejudices they have

    • B. 

      Leadership that changes the motivations, outlooks,m and behaviors of followers enabling the group to reach its goals better

    • C. 

      Can make drastic difference in performance (Asian women experiment)

  • 8. 
    Communal sharing 
    • A. 

      A form of exchange in which members of a group share a pool of resources, taking when they are in need and giving when others are in need

    • B. 

      A form of exchange in which goods are divided according to a person's status in the group

    • C. 

      A form of exchange in which each person gets the same as the others

    • D. 

      A form of exchange in which everyone gets out of proportion to what they put in

  • 9. 
    Proximity-attraction principle
    • A. 

      Assets that can be drawn from one's network of personal relationships

    • B. 

      The tendency to feel positively toward people, places, or things we have seen frequently

    • C. 

      The tendency to become friends with those who live or work nearby

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